Conference Agenda

Overview and details of the sessions of this conference. Please select a date or location to show only sessions at that day or location. Please select a single session for detailed view (with abstracts and downloads if available).

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Session Overview
Date: Monday, 22/Oct/2018
8:30am - 10:00am00B Opening: Opening Session

8:30 – Welcome and Introductions by David Keil, PNCWA President

Keynote: An Old Industry in a New Era: Business Opportunities for the Next 50 Year

 8:35 –  Keith Hirokawa, Professor of Law, Albany Law School

            Watershed Governance as an Ecosystem Services Opportunity

 9:00 – Holli Woodings, City Councilmember, City of Boise

           Cities Lead: Innovation and the future of water

 9:20 – Jackie Jarrell, Operations Chief, Charlotte Water (North Carolina) and President, Water Environment Federation

             WEF’s Looking to the Future

 9:28 – Amit Pramanik, Chief Innovation and Development Officer, Water Research Foundation

             The “New” Water Research Foundation and Clean Water Technologies for the Next 50 Years

9:35 – Questions & Answers

9:45 – Scholarship Announcements/Presentations (Andy McCaskill)

9:55 – Conference Announcements (Chris Horgan)

10:00 – Adjourn

Boise Centre East 400 
ID: 335 / 00B Opening: 1
Monday Oct. 22 Program
Topics: Innovation, Leadership, Planning
Keywords: Planning, Innovation, Workforce, Growth, Regulations

An Old Industry in a New Era: Business Opportunities for the Next 50 Year

David Keil1, Keith Hirokawa2, Holli Woodings3, Jackie Jarrell4, Amit Pramanik5

1WR2 Development; 2Albany Law School; 3Boise City Council; 4Water Environment Federation; 5The Water Research Foundation; , , ,

The focus for the opening session and many of the technical presentations in the following days will be on how our industry can be creative, reevaluate our foundational strengths, and evolve to meet future challenges like growth, regulations, and a changing workforce.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Keith Hirokawa, Professor of Law, Albany Law School
He joined the faculty at Albany Law School in 2009 where he teaches courses involving environmental and natural resources law, land use planning, property law, and jurisprudence. Professor Hirokawa's scholarship has explored convergences in ecology, ethics, economics, and law, with particular attention given to local environmental law, ecosystem services policy, watershed management, and environmental impact analysis. He has authored dozens of professional and scholarly articles in these areas and has edited several books, including Greening Local Government (2012), Environmental Law and Contrasting Ideas of Nature: A Constructivist Approach (2014), and Rethinking Sustainable Development to Meet the Climate Change Challenge (2015). Prior to joining the faculty at Albany Law, Professor Hirokawa was an Associate Professor at Texas Wesleyan University School of Law and an Adjunct Professor at the University of Oregon, School of Law. Professor Hirokawa practiced land use and environmental law in Oregon and Washington and was heavily involved with community groups and nonprofit organizations.

Holli Woodings, City Council member, City of Boise
Holli Woodings began her term on the Boise City Council in January 2018. She serves as the City Council liaison to Public Works, the Air Quality Board, the Community Planning Association of Southwest Idaho (COMPASS), and co-chairs Energize our Neighborhoods. Holli served as a State Representative for District 19 in Idaho’s 72nd Legislature. Prior to that, she helped develop and finance Idaho’s largest wind energy farm, founded Woodings Group, a consultancy specializing in startup energy companies, and co-founded the Idaho Clean Energy Association. The Idaho Clean Energy Association is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the advancement of renewable energy, energy efficiency and their associated technologies in the State of Idaho. One of the goals of the association is to educate Idaho’s citizens on the opportunities to use energy resources efficiently and develop Idaho’s own clean energy resources.

Sustainable Boise is a citywide initiative centered on strategies that create lasting environments, innovative enterprises, and vibrant communities. This initiative demonstrates the City's commitment to lead through policies and projects that ensure the sustainability of the community, economy and environment. Around water resources, Boise City has established programs, goals, and initiatives to support water protection and water conservation efforts. Those efforts include:

Operating two wastewater treatment facilities that give renewed life to nearly 30 million gallons of used water daily
Operating the first Class A Struvite Production Facility that uses phosphorus harvested from the wastewater treatment process to be sold as fertilizer.
Participating in the Lower Boise Watershed Council, a planning group that provides advice on water quality improvement plans
Holli’s mix of business acumen and public service, both aligned to a strong interest in sustainability, make her an ideal speaker for the Opening Session as we look toward the next 50 years.

Jacqueline A. Jarrell, Operations Chief of Charlotte Water, Charlotte, North Carolina and WEF Vice President
Jackie Jarrell, P.E., is the 2017-2018 Vice President of the Water Environment Federation. Jackie will speak to the topic of An Old Industry in a New Era from both the WEF perspective and her own perspective based on many years serving in the industry.

Jackie has been with Charlotte Water for more than 25 years. For the past 15 years, she has been responsible for the overall management of the operation and maintenance of five wastewater treatment facilities consisting of a total capacity of 123 million gallons per day (MGD), with the largest plant permitted at 64 MGD. She is also responsible for the related Residuals Program, producing more than 90,000 wet tons/ year, and the Industrial Pretreatment Program, with more than 60 significant industrial users. Recently, Jackie serves as the Operations Chief responsible for wastewater operations, and includes oversight of regulatory functions, process control, industrial pretreatment and continuous improvement programs within the operations areas.

As a WEF member, Jackie has held multiple leadership and committee roles, including serving as the chair of the Utility Management Program Symposia and the first vice chair of the Utility Management Committee. She is an active member of the North Carolina Water Environment Association (NCWEA) and is also actively involved with the North Carolina Water Quality Association, a regulatory advocacy organization of utilities in North Carolina, and is a past chair and a current board member.

Jackie is a registered professional engineer in the state of North Carolina and holds a Biological Wastewater Grade II OIT. In 2015, Jackie, along with her colleagues, was awarded the Gascoigne Wastewater Treatment Plant Operational Improvement Medal.
10:30am - 12:00pmSession 01A part 1: Leadership
Session Chair: Robert Lee, Murraysmith;
Boise Centre East 420B 
10:30am - 11:15am
ID: 203 / Session 01A part 1: 1
Monday Oct. 22 Program
Topics: Leadership
Keywords: Workforce, Training, Human Resources, Leadership, Needs Assessment

A Water Workforce Needs Assessment: Human capital for tomorrow’s challenges

Carrie Sanneman1, Paul Manson2

1Willamette Partnership, United States of America; 2Portland State University, Center for Public Service, United States of America; ,

In the next 50 years, utilities will face unprecedented challenges. Across the Northwest, the sector needs to adapt to new regulatory requirements, a changing climate, and an aging workforce. For urban areas, those issues are compounded by the need to keep pace with population growth. In rural areas, the challenge is more often about accessing the funding or financing to make costly upgrades. Northwest utilities need a diverse and prepared workforce to meet those challenges. Willamette Partnership and Portland State University’s Center for Public Service, in collaboration with the Center for Sustainable Infrastructure, are partnering to learn how workforce development can best support Oregon and Washington utilities to design, build, and maintain the infrastructure of tomorrow. Throughout 2018, the project team has investigated the critical barriers that water infrastructure providers face in developing and retaining a reliably qualified and talented workforce. The team used surveys, interviews, and literature review to identify workforce-related barriers to high performance (e.g., availability of training programs, recruitment, retention, etc.) and propose solutions to improve the region’s water infrastructure talent pipeline, including tailored recommendations for large, small, rural, and urban settings. But the work doesn’t stop there. After the results are available, anticipated September 2018, the team will begin extensive outreach to share the findings and draft recommendations, building a solution set that utilities, technical training and apprenticeship programs, engineering and management programs of the region’s universities, and other workforce development partners agree can best develop our precious human capital.
Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Carrie Sanneman is Willamette Partnership’s Clean Water Program Manager, lead on green infrastructure for water, and an expert in market- and incentive-based approaches to conservation. Her career has revolved around conservation and restoration- the laws and policies that drive resource management, the tools to evaluate and communicate the benefits nature provides, options for funding and financing that work, and the realities of moving dirt and planting plants.Carrie holds an interdisciplinary Master’s degree in Environmental Science and Management from UC Santa Barbara’s Bren School and Bachelors of Science in Biology and Environmental Studies from Iowa State University.

Paul Manson is faculty in Portland State University’s Center for Public Service (CPS). Paul specializes in complex infrastructure decisions and disaster resilience and recovery planning. He has built tools to support energy transmission siting and marine facilities. CPS has over four decades of experience building talent, providing technical assistance, and applying research to public service professionals in Oregon and beyond. CPS has provided emergency leadership and community resilience training for the Association of Oregon Counties.

11:15am - 12:00pm
ID: 290 / Session 01A part 1: 2
Monday Oct. 22 Program
Topics: Leadership
Keywords: Generational Handoff, Succession Planning, Diversity, Inclusion

Capitalizing on Generational Strengths: A Case Study of a Mid-Sized Engineering Firm

Thomas Walsh1, Shelby Asato2

1Murraysmith, Inc.; 2Murraysmith, Inc.; ,

Generational Handoff (GH)/Succession Planning (SP) are pivotal to an organization’s evolution and success, involving every individual from each generation and background. This presentation discusses the steps taken at a mid-size engineering firm, Murraysmith, to instruct and improve its approach to and inclusion of GH/SP. Murraysmith recognizes the importance of GH/SP through its core values. Murraysmith has incorporated GH/SP as part of its Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Program. The CSR program focuses on 28 initiatives within three pillars, including community, environment, and diversity/inclusion. GH/SP was recently tackled as part of a diversity/inclusion roundtable, which included employee polling and internally-guided discussions regarding stereotypes, communication, and value/appreciation. Roundtables were followed by dissemination of firm-wide resource, such as an active mentoring program. This presentation will: 1. Define the approaches taken at Murraysmith to enact discuss GH/SP 2. Classify the participant background 3. Explain how GH/SP was communicated and discussed 4. Summarize important takeaways from the GH/SP roundtables 5. Provide pertinent conclusions and recommendations for other companies 6. Outline the next steps being taken
Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Shelby Asato is a University of Washington alum and registered Professional Engineer in Washington. Shelby works in the Murraysmith Seattle office focusing on wastewater and water design projects for municipalities in Washington. She is currently on the Murraysmith Diversity & Inclusion committee and co-developed the Diversity and Generational Handoff Case Study.

Thomas Walsh received his BS from Colorado State and a PhD from the University of Utah. He is a registered Professional Engineer (WA) and works on water, sanitary, and stormwater modeling and planning projects for municipalities across Oregon, Washington, and Idaho. He is currently on the Murraysmith Diversity & Inclusion committee and co-developed the Diversity and Generational Handoff Case Study.
10:30am - 12:00pmSession 02A part 1: Asset Management
Session Chair: Eric Habermeyer, Seattle Public Utilities;
Boise Centre East 410A 
10:30am - 11:15am
ID: 131 / Session 02A part 1: 1
Main Technical Program
Topics: Asset Management
Keywords: asset management, performance management, level of service, engagement

And Now for the Hard Part: Evaluating and Measuring the Performance of Your Asset Management Program

Elizabeth Lowell

HDR, United States of America;

The need for an asset management program is greater than ever: infrastructure is aging, regulations are requiring higher and higher performance standards, and financing infrastructure maintenance and investment requires greater and greater supporting documentation.

And the truth is, asset management programs ARE documented at many utilities, with many more working through unofficial or ad hoc methods. So, is that it? Are we done? The answer of course, is no, and that’s because of the inevitable next question: is what we’re doing working?

Whether a utility or agency has been practicing asset management for years, or is just implementing its program, it naturally wants to know if all its efforts are paying off and delivering the desired results. In addition, savvy stakeholders, customers, and external management are starting to pay attention to that too. But measuring that kind of success can be a challenge. What does successful asset management look like? How do we measure that? And how can we use that to evolve into the future?

This presentation will tackle that topic by presenting a variety of ways to measure the impact of an asset management program, such as leveraging service levels, performing self-assessments using a standard framework, and engaging staff. It will also include defining what “success” looks like from different vantage points, including senior management, governing bodies such as boards and elected officials, the general public, and the employees of a utility or agency itself.

Attendees can expect to pick up tips on leveraging available industry resources, explore potential metrics or performance indicators that can be applied programmatically, identify opportunities and ways to engage with their stakeholders, and most importantly, learn from each other!

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Elizabeth Lowell is a Management Analyst for HDR Engineering. She is a process expert in optimization and efficiency studies for water distribution, wastewater collection, and surface water systems, specializing in asset management, the development of performance plans, and goal-setting and strategic planning. For the past five years she has worked directly with utilities on programmatic assessments of asset management practices, O&M strategies, and employee development. Previously, she spent four years as a Project Development Manager in sustainable solid waste management business strategy, process, and market analyses.

11:15am - 12:00pm
ID: 262 / Session 02A part 1: 2
Main Technical Program
Topics: Asset Management
Keywords: Asset Management, Software, Digital, IoT, Technology

How to Make the Most Effective Use of Emerging Technologies to Meet Service Level Demands

Scott Bash

Jacobs, United States of America;

What if we redesigned the work using smart machines and the Internet of Things? Assets can self-monitor, collect data and communicate with other assets, and send event notifications to the owner. For years organizations have been talking about automating the business, but technology today is allowing us to digitalize the business processes and dramatically improve the ability to share knowledge. Instead of dehumanizing work, the technology helps people get back to what doing what they are good at. The opportunity is to use machines to augment people’s work and help them reach their potential without the constraints of paperwork and bureaucracy.

Utilities across the USA are learning how to use digital information along with business analytics and business intelligence (BI) tools to meet the growing demands of a “do more with less”, and in some cases a “do less with less”, society. Under these new data rich conditions, utility managers in Spokane, Portland, Seattle, Boise and across the Region are trying to figure out how to deal with all the available technologies and make the most effective use of available data.

Digital business transformation helps the organization improve process workflow by streamlining the data flow. Environmental regulations become stricter; society expects faster results, and the customers want it all to cost less. Technology can make internal business processes more effective and overall service delivery more cost efficient. The advent of the Internet of Things, mobile computing, machine learning and almost everything moving to the cloud makes us data rich but we need to turn that data into knowledge and share it enterprise wide. How an organization can determine the best course of action and leverage existing technology needs to align with business goals and available budget. This paper addresses the framework for information technology planning and knowledge management in a digital world.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Scott is the Global Practice Leader for Management Systems at Jacobs Engineering in Bellevue, WA. He has more than 30 years of strategy, technology, and organizational management experience. He has demonstrated experience in asset management, business planning and using technology to improve organizational performance and achieve strategic business success. His approach to asset management and infrastructure replacement focuses on the way organizations use risk management to prioritize actions for meeting levels of service and making the most effective use of the communities money.
10:30am - 12:00pmSession 03A part 1: Public Outreach
Session Chair: Morgan Knighton, Gray & Osborne, Inc.;
Boise Centre West 120A 
10:30am - 11:15am
ID: 275 / Session 03A part 1: 1
Main Technical Program
Topics: Outreach/Communications
Keywords: Strategic, Communications, Outreach, Support

Strategic Communications Can Build Awareness, Mobilize Support, Engage Critical Decision Makers, And Help Utilities Maintain Positive Perception While Securing Funding For Infrastructure Renewal

Kim Pallari, Teresa Platin

HDR, United States of America;

Utility infrastructure is critical to functioning communities; yet the public have little understanding until issue arises or rates increase. To build a positive reputation while securing funds to renew or replace aging assets, utilities must take a programmatic approach to communication. The right plan can alter perception and position districts for successful, supported and smart growth. This presentation demonstrates how to employ strategic communications to strengthen public trust.

San Antonio Water System (SAWS) operates large, complex systems that provide vital services, however information was lost in translation between high quality services and a customer’s bill on the kitchen table. To close that gap, SAWS began engaging personally and dynamically with customers. Using data-driven technology emphasizing visual design, SAWS’ real-time capital project map website showed how SAWS’ investments benefit the community and environment. These efforts paved the way for SAWS’ investments in capital improvement projects to comply with mandated sanitary sewer overflow (SSO) reductions.

In 2005 the City of Sacramento began installing meters to 105,000 connections and updating aging pipes to comply with State Mandate. The City secured several funding sources to accelerate the Water Infrastructure Improvement Program while minimizing customer financial burdens. This example will explore controversy the City faced and how they conquered it through rebranded themselves, their program and communication tactics to educate, repair damage and create good will. New messaging and brand identity created the framework for implementation of traditional and innovative online tactics to reach the diverse audiences. As the City continues, creative leave behinds guide customers on topics like reading your bill and water conversation.

Padre Dam Utility Water District provides quality drinking water, recycled water and wastewater management. Their 2015 Comprehensive Facilities Master Plan (CFMP) provides long range planning and reflects issues, trends, regulations and analysis to provide recommendations for improvements over the next 25 years. To ensure the 400 page technical document would accurately tell their Master Plan story and build support amongst all target audiences from decision makers to the customer, the District reimagined the document in a highly visual way by reinventing the key messages within a 10 page graphical brochure.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Ms. Pallari leads HDR’s in-house Strategic Communications and Public Involvement group with 19 years experience as a project manager who focuses her expertise in conducting effective communications, education, and outreach programs for large and small infrastructure projects in community planning, water/waste water, transportation, environmental, federal and healthcare. She has extensive hands-on experience in developing and implementing multi-faceted and strategic public involvement programs for local, state, federal, and commercial clients during early planning, through environmental (CEQA and NEPA processes) and into design and construction phases; often working as an extension of staff and lead liaison with the community. Her experience affords her the ability to work within highly complex and technical environments to bridge communications with the public, understand their issues, and work collaboratively to address concerns and solve problems ensuring the project stays on track. Kim’s experience includes working within rural or urban settings to engage a wide and diverse target audience that spans the general public to local, regional, and state leaders

11:15am - 12:00pm
ID: 271 / Session 03A part 1: 2
Main Technical Program
Topics: Outreach/Communications
Keywords: strategic communications, transparency, utility management

Transparency Is Just Telling It Like It Is – Isn’t It?

Nicki Pozos, Libby Barg

Barney & Worth, United States of America;

Ratepayers are telling utilities they want transparency in how decisions are made and projects are implemented. Technical professionals often interpret transparency as being based solely on facts, thinking of transparency as just the accurate transmittal of technical information. But to the public, transparency is not just about the information – it’s a feeling. One of the main barriers to feeling transparent is when information is complex and difficult to understand, even if it is accurate. It gives the feeling information is being occluded, even if that is not the intent.

This presentation will discuss approaches to convey in information in a way that is both technically accurate and feels transparent. The presentation will include audience interaction, having participants practice transforming complex information into easy-to-understand text.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Nicki Pozos brings a diverse background, encompassing a PhD in Civil Engineering, former work as a life coach, and current work helping leaders evolve their relationships with their staff, themselves, and their communities. Nicki was a founder of the Portland Women in Leadership Symposium and a new organization, Women Leading Water, dedicated to creating a more equitable future. She aspires to be the world’s first engineering psychologist, bringing engineering thinking to understanding what makes people tick!
10:30am - 12:00pmSession 04A part 1: Clarifiers and Filtration
Session Chair: Lazaro Eleuterio, Washington State Department of Ecology;
Boise Centre East 410B 
10:30am - 11:15am
ID: 188 / Session 04A part 1: 1
Main Technical Program
Topics: Headworks
Keywords: Clarifier, Hydraulics, DSS, FSS, Testing

Practical Field Techniques and Methods to Assess Secondary Clarifier Performance

Frank Dolemeyer1, Joyce Chang2, Theresa Gregonia1, Vince Chiu1, Kim Fries2

1Metro Vancouver; 2Jacobs; ,

In a secondary wastewater treatment facility, clarifiers are the final critical step for solids/liquid separation producing effluent that meets regulatory limits for total suspended solids prior to discharge. In-situ clarifier hydraulics are crucial to a clarifier’s efficiency and performance. Typical measures of secondary clarifier performance include effluent suspended solids concentration and solids capture efficiency at varying flow rates. Other clarifier performance indicators include surface overflow rates, solids loading rate, sludge blanket depth, and return sludge rate. This presentation covers the application of practical field techniques and methods on which operators can assess a clarifier’s hydraulic performance.

In 2001, the Water Environment Research Foundation (WERF) and Clarifier Research Technical Committee (CRTC) published a guidance document on protocols for evaluating secondary clarifier performance. The document outlines detailed steps for testing a clarifier and troubleshooting clarifier issues. Metro Vancouver operations staff have been regularly assessing the performance of secondary clarifiers at the Northwest Langley Wastewater Treatment Plant using the dispersed suspended solids/flocculated suspended solids (DSS/FSS) tests described in the WERF/CRTC protocol. In addition to the regular tests, Metro Vancouver also conducted a 2-month intensive test program in 2017 to further evaluate clarifier performance under different flow conditions.

This presentation will provide an overview of the test program, demonstrate DSS/FSS sampling techniques using a Kemmerer sampler, present two years of data, and highlight key lessons learned. The results from the 2017 intensive test program, including additional DSS/FSS test points beyond the standard WERF/CRTC protocol and dye test results, combined with microscopic observations of microorganisms, illustrate how test data can be used to assess a clarifier’s hydraulic performance and assist operators in identifying where to focus efforts on improving overall plant performance.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Frank Dolemeyer is currently Operations Supervisor at Metro Vancouver’s Northwest Langley Wastewater Treatment. Frank has 30 years of operating experience in secondary wastewater treatment at Metro Vancouver’s Lulu Island (70 MLD) and Annacis Island (500± MLD) Wastewater Treatment Plants in addition to Northwest Langley (12.5 MLD). Frank was involved with the commissioning of new secondary clarifiers at Northwest Langley which included performance testing and working with Jacobs in the clarifier testing program.

Joyce Chang is a wastewater process engineer with Jacobs. She has 15 years of experience in the design and commissioning of water resource recovery facilities in North America. Based in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, Joyce has been working closely with Metro Vancouver operations staff to assess secondary clarifier performance at the Northwest Langley Wastewater Treatment Plant and led the engineering effort in setting up the clarifier testing program.

11:15am - 12:00pm
ID: 230 / Session 04A part 1: 2
Main Technical Program
Topics: Headworks
Keywords: Seconcary Clarifier, Blanket Filtration, Adaptive Inlet

Stress Testing of a Secondary Clarifier with an Adaptive Inlet Structure

Mario Benisch1, JB Neethling2

1HDR Portland, OR , United States of America; 2HDR Folsom, CA, United States of America;

Conventional clarifiers are generally limited in their performance by the settling characteristics of the biological sludge and hydraulic conditions in the clarifier. In general, secondary clarifier (SCL) effluent total suspended solids (TSS) less than 10 mg/L are difficult to achieve consistently. The Hydrograv Adapt variable inlet structure (HA) changes that.

Unlike traditional inlet structures, mixed liquor is introduced near the bottom of the clarifier below the sludge blanket. In addition the inlet elevation and opening height adapts to the load thus always operating in ideal hydraulic conditions. Embedded in the functioning principal is the blanket filtration. Since MLSS is introduced near the bottom of the sludge blanket, all flow has to travel (filter) through the blanket. The results are impressive.

At Moers-Gerdt the average annual TSS concentration for 2017 is 1.5 mg/L. To investigate the performance of an HA clarifier under peak load conditions a full scale stress test was conducted at the Moers-Gerdt facility Nov 14th 2017. Pushing 100% of the plant through one of three clarifiers, effluent turbidity never exceeded 1.0 ntu and was closer to 0.5 most of the time.

The technology has the potential to reduce the compliance cost for utilities to meet lower effluent limits by improving solids capture in the clarifier. Upgraded clarifiers have demonstrated a 60% to 95% reduction of clarifier effluent solids. Full scale experiences show effluent from a HA clarifier can rival that of a sand filters. In fact, at two installations plant staff have since taken the effluent dual media filters offline as they are no longer required for compliance. To quote the lead Operator at Moers Gerdt, Guido Hammer “In my opinion this best innovation in wastewater treatment in the last 30 years”.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
1998: Graduated from University of Stuttgart, Germany with MS in Environmental Engineering
Since 1998 with HDR in Portland OR
Now senior wastewater process engineer with focus on nutrient removal and recovery.
10:30am - 12:00pmSession 05A part 1: Innovation with old technology
Session Chair: Angie Estey, Trane;
Boise Centre East 430 
10:30am - 11:15am
ID: 221 / Session 05A part 1: 1
Main Technical Program
Topics: Innovation
Keywords: ammonia, lagoon, case, cold, nitrification

Designing Lagoon-Based WWTPs for <1 mg/L Ammonia in <34°F Water: The Case of Harrah, Washington

CJ Strain1, Ted Pooler2

1Nexom, United States of America; 2HLA Engineering and Land Survey, Inc., United States of America; ,

Ammonia limits are in place in nearly every corner of North America, and for good reason. But in small- and medium-sized communities—like Harrah, WA—who are reliant on lagoon-based wastewater treatment that was never designed for nitrification, operators and their consultants may not be certain of what works and what doesn’t when it comes to beating these limits.

This presentation will cover the causes of lagoon nitrification failure—particularly related to cold lagoon effluent that can fall to <1°C in winter—and the validity of options that purport to beat those limits year-round (including recent developments in MBBR-based technologies as well as SAGR post-lagoon nitrification). It cuts through marketing noise to discuss the common pitfalls when piloting new technologies and how to evaluate data sets. Further, it addresses the question of inevitable nitrate limits, and how lagoon-based WWTPs are uniquely suited to address them.

The conclusions will be drawn from the experience of hundreds of lagoon upgrades over the last 20 years, including the Harrah, Washington wastewater treatment plant, where HLA Engineering and Land Surveying, Inc. chose to implement the SAGR technology to retain the existing lagoon infrastructure and treat the 70,000 GPD design flow so the plant can beat its 1.93 mg/L Winter Ammonia objective. The presentation will examine the engineers’ decision-making process and what made SAGR technology the logical choice, as well as the challenges overcome in implementing the SAGR at the Harrah site, within their lagoons’ existing footprint.

The presentation will also draw on the data set collected from the Harrah site as well as additional years of data collected at a comparable site in Kennard, Indiana (for even greater context) which explain why, even in the face of their ammonia limit, their operators sleep easy. Kennard’s data shows that since commissioning in 2014, the site’s Ammonia levels have consistently measured well below that limit, averaging 0.17 mg/L while also producing BOD levels averaging 1.92 mg/L and TSS levels of 4.97 mg/L.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Presenter Bio: CJ Strain, P.E.
Cornelius (CJ) Strain, P.E., is Nexom’s Product Manager, Filtration. He has two decades of professional experience with over twelve years in wastewater process improvement. Mr. Strain has specialized in filtration technologies and nutrient removal applications emphasizing process design optimization, increasing levels of treatment, process sustainability and improvement of conventional treatment economics. He utilizes an applied foundation in the sciences paired with construction experience to provide effective and reliable solutions to today’s treatment challenges.

Presenter Bio: Ted Pooler, P.E.
Theodore W. (Ted) Pooler began his civil engineering career in 1980 as an Assistant Engineer in Spokane, Washington, and came to HLA in 1989, where he is privileged to serve as Vice President. He is responsible for the planning, design, preparation of plans and specifications, and construction contract administration for water and wastewater facilities, residential subdivisions, drainage facilities, and streets and highways.
Ted is experienced with all facets of water system design, including system analysis and planning, water treatment facilities, pipeline design, and storage reservoirs. His wastewater related experience includes gravity sewer pipelines, lift stations, and wastewater treatment facilities. A graduate of both Washington State (BS ’80) and the University of Washington (MS ‘83), Ted is a registered Professional Engineer in Washington, California, and New Mexico, and a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers, WEF, National Society of Professional Engineers, Tau Beta Pi Engineering Honorary, and the Washington State University’s Civil Engineering Advisory Board.

11:15am - 12:00pm
ID: 198 / Session 05A part 1: 2
Main Technical Program
Topics: Innovation
Keywords: Lagoon, submerged fixed-film, wet-weather, nitrification

Soggy in Snohomish - Lagoon Nitrification via Biofilm Media 5 Years of Performance

Wayne Flournoy, Jeff Danner

Entex Technologies Inc., United States of America; ,

Lagoon systems are one of the oldest and most popular methods of wastewater treatment used today. They have remained appealing for both municipal and industrial treatment applications for their relatively low capital cost, low operating costs, and ease of maintenance. While aerated lagoons are typically well suited for carbonaceous biological oxygen demand (CBOD) removal, their susceptibility to inclement weather can make it difficult to maintain consistent biological nutrient removal. The City of Snohomish, Washington added fixed biofilm media in 2012 to solve a unique set of challenges in maintaining treatment at its wastewater treatment facility. While the plant’s average month daily flow is 1.2 MGD, maximum month daily flows can reach up to 7.9 MGD due to heavy rainfall events. High flows through the plant used to wash out the microbial populations responsible for ammonia transformation, making it difficult to maintain consistent nitrification. In 2012, the City completed a facility upgrade which included retrofitting its three partial-mix lagoons with a total of fifty-four (54) submerged fixed-film (SFF) modules, to improve CBOD removal and nitrification performance. To date, the SFF media system has proven to be an effective solution to the treatment issues presented by wet weather flows at the facility, as it quickly helped the plant meet or exceed its effluent criteria for CBOD and ammonia. In addition, the SFF system resulted in significant cost savings for the City, as it required less additional footprint and lower operating costs compared to alternative solutions.

This paper reviews the performance, effectiveness and economics over the 5-year span since the conversion.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Wayne Flournoy, President & CEO of Entex Technologies Inc began his water and wastewater career over 25 years ago. He has extensive technical and management experience with advanced wastewater treatment technologies, including both fixed and moving media systems, as well as IFAS and submerged fixed film systems. Prior to Entex, Wayne served as President of Kaldnes North America, delivering moving media systems, with responsibility for all activities for this North American subsidiary of a Scandinavian company. Before that, Wayne was Director of Water and Wastewater for Brentwood Industries where he gained extensive experience with attached growth biological systems. He is well versed in biological nutrient removal and activated sludge systems, having been involved with some of the industry’s groundbreaking work on biological phosphorus removal. Wayne has also contributed to industry leadership by serving two terms on the Water Environment Federation’s Manufacturing and Representative Committee (MARC).
He was recognized for his role as co-founder of Entex Technologies as a 2011 Top 50 Catalyst Entrepreneur by Business Leader magazine. Entex has received recognition as a North Carolina Company to Watch in 2010 by North Carolinas’ CED. Additionally, Entex has been recognized by Frost & Sullivan for the North American Water and Wastewater Industry, in 2009 for Customer Service Leadership and in 2014 for Product Line Strategy Leadership.
Wayne has a BS in Mechanical Engineering and an MBA, both from the University of Virginia.

Jeff Danner, PhD serves as Entex as Vice President of Engineering. He has over 20 years of experience and has held senior management positions in Research and Development, Engineering, and Operations in both the chemical and biotechnology industries. Jeff has a Bachelor’s degree in Chemical Engineering from the University of Virginia and Master’s and Ph.D. degrees in Chemical Engineering from the University of Pennsylvania.

Jeff supports Entex’s process design work, coordinate R&D and piloting programs, and helps to maximize financial return on the company’s intellectual property and technical expertise by accessing new markets and expanding our geographic reach.

Jeff has lived and worked in Denmark for two years and been responsible for engineering operations in four continents. In addition to his technical background, Jeff has unique insights into our customer’s perspective through his service on the Board of Directors of the OWASA water and sewer authority for Chapel Hill and Carrboro, North Carolina.
10:30am - 12:00pmSession 06A part 1: Stormwater
Session Chair: Cari Simson, Urban Systems Design;
Boise Centre West 120B 
10:30am - 11:15am
ID: 176 / Session 06A part 1: 1
Main Technical Program
Topics: Stormwater
Keywords: GSI, stormwater, green stormwater infrastructure, innovation, CSO

Green Stormwater Infrastructure for CSO Control— A Cost-Performance Model to Address Uncertainty & Risk in GSI design

Alice Lancaster1, John Phillips2

1Herrera Environmental Consultants; 2King County Wastewater Treatment Division; ,

The King County Wastewater Treatment Division (WTD) is embarking on large-scale implementation of roadside green stormwater infrastructure (GSI) retrofits to help control combined sewer overflows (CSOs). To support this effort, an innovative model was developed that allows decision makers to account for uncertainty and risk in design.

The GSI cost/performance model allows comparison of various GSI retrofit options given variability and uncertainty in right-of-way conditions and infiltration potential. Based on block-scale user inputs, the model assesses feasibility, CSO reduction performance, and cost for a suite of GSI practices. The model can be run in a probabilistic mode that uses a Monte-Carlo simulation to evaluate performance for a range of possible inputs, providing the ability to address variability and uncertainty in parameters such as: effective impervious surface area draining to the street, shallow infiltration rate, deep infiltration well capacity, and unit costs.

The Excel-based model includes bioretention, walled bioretention, and curb bulbs with a range of infiltration approaches (infiltration to shallow soil and infiltration to deeper soil horizons using pit drains, drilled drains and deep wells). The model also includes proprietary filtration treatment (Filterra) to deep wells.

The probabilistic model utilizes Crystal Ball software and is being used to evaluate a range of typical retrofit scenarios anticipated for future WTD GSI projects. The results of this analysis will be used to develop tools to guide alternatives development and evaluation, such as cost effectiveness curves and decision flow charts. In addition, this work will address key questions to support programmatic siting and design guidance, such as “Which block typologies are the most feasible/cost effective for GSI retrofits?” and “In what surface and subsurface conditions are deep infiltration practices more cost effective?”.

This presentation will include a description of the model, the design tools developed using the model, and the resulting programmatic siting and design guidance.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Alice Lancaster is a civil engineer at Herrera in Seattle Washington, offering specialized expertise in innovative stormwater management for CSO control. For 18 years, she has worked with western Washington jurisdictions to develop green stormwater infrastructure (GSI) engineering standards and design tools that reflect the latest science and engineering advances. As a senior designer, Alice has developed basin-wide GSI retrofit plans and GSI design packages for private and public projects, including complex right-of-way retrofits. She enjoys developing GSI design guidance and implementation tools that help CSO jurisdictions “lead with green”.

John Phillips has worked for the King County Wastewater Treatment Division for 17 years. He is currently the combined sewer overflow program manager. Over the last nine years he has worked on the Combined Sewer Overflow Control Program and is currently managing the program and implementation of the Long Term Control Plan. John has developed and is managing the Green Stormwater Infrastructure (GSI) and Climate Change Adaptation programs. His climate work has been referenced in both the IPCC and National Climate Assessment reports. He is Past President of the Pacific Northwest Clean Water Association (PNCWA). He serves on sustainability and climate action teams at King County. John has a Bachelor of Science Degree in Environmental Science from Oregon State University and served six years as a sonar man in the U.S. Navy on-board nuclear submarines.

11:15am - 12:00pm
ID: 106 / Session 06A part 1: 2
Main Technical Program
Topics: Stormwater
Keywords: Green Stormwater, Multi-Use

Multi-Function/Use Stormwater Facilities - The Future of Stormwater Management?

Christopher May

Kitsap County Public Works (KCPW), United States of America;

Kitsap County Public Works (KCPW) has designed and constructed a number of stormwater management facilities that have included significant features address functional goals other than stormwater treatment. These functions include community gathering spaces (parks?), walking trails, wildlife habitat, and other aesthetic related uses. With the costs for regional stormwater facilities and stormwater retrofits increasing, gaining public support and acceptance for stormwater treatment has become more difficult. The public also expects more cooperation from the various branches of local government to improve project cost-benefit ratios and provide multiple uses for projects as a whole. Green stormwater solutions (GSS) provide a unique opportunity to incorporate open-space or community amenities into stormwater treatment facilities on a neighborhood or regional scale. This presentation will show examples of this concept and stimulate discussion of other multi-use/function approaches to public works projects of the future.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Dr. Christopher W. May is a freshwater ecologist and environmental engineer with expertise in stream ecology and stormwater management. His areas of interest include green stormwater solutions (GSS) or low impact development (LID) and urban watershed restoration, including stream-floodplain restoration. Currently, he is the Senior Program Director of the Kitsap County Public Works (KCPW), Stormwater Division and the Clean Water Kitsap (CWK) Program. Prior to joining KCPW, Dr. May was the leader of the urban watersheds group at Seattle Public Utilities (SPU). Prior to that he was a senior research scientist and engineer at the Battelle Marine Sciences Laboratory (MSL) and a research engineer at the University of Washington Applied Physics Laboratory (UW-APL). His research focused on the cumulative impacts of urbanization on native salmonids in small streams in the Puget Sound lowland eco-region. Dr. May is an adjunct faculty member of Western Washington University, Huxley School of Environmental Studies and the University of Washington, Environmental Science and Engineering Programs.
10:30am - 12:00pmSession 07A part 1: Solids
Session Chair: Benjamin Haws, J-U-B Engineers;
Boise Centre East 410C 
10:30am - 11:15am
ID: 206 / Session 07A part 1: 1
Main Technical Program
Topics: Solids
Keywords: magnesium hydroxide, hydrogen sulfide, anaerobic digestion, sustainability, modeling

Sulfur Sequestration in Anaerobic Digestion Without the Use of Scrubbers

Tyson Schlect1, Doug Kelley2

1T-O Engineers, United States of America; 2Inland Environmental Resources, United States of America; ,

Sulfur can be a smelly culprit in wastewater treatment systems. It becomes problematic in its reduced form of hydrogen sulfide gas (H2S), to which it is converted via biotransformation in almost any anaerobic environment. H2S is commonly associated with collection systems and headworks, but is also a key consideration in anaerobic digestion systems, as it appears as a biogas constituent. When biogas is burned, H2S is converted to sulfur oxides and emitted to atmosphere. As sulfur dioxide is a primary contributor to “acid rain”, emissions can lead to rigorous air permitting limits. If biogas is utilized in an energy recovery system, the H2S can severely damage equipment.

Numerous biogas scrubbers are available on the market, but one simpler and more environmentally sustainable solution is often overlooked. Using fundamental aqueous chemistry principles, a regional food processor adopted a strategy to sequester sulfur in the liquid stream by raising the pH slightly in the anaerobic digester. This would reduce the concentration of H2S in the biogas at the source rather than cleaning it up later with a scrubbing system. Magnesium hydroxide (Mg(OH)2) was selected to achieve system buffering and pH increase because it provides stable digester operation and is environmentally sustainable.

The first fundamental principal at play is Henry’s Law, which states that if less H2S is present in the digester liquid, then less will be present in the biogas. The second fundamental principal is acid/base speciation in liquid, which means that as pH increases more of the total sulfur in the digester will be present as HS- rather than H2S. The overall effect of these two principles is that the higher the pH, the less H2S is in the biogas.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Tyson Schlect holds an M.S. in Civil Engineering from the University of Washington, and specializes in treatment system modeling and design in both municipal and industrial contexts.

Doug Kelley holds a Ph.D. in inorganic chemistry from Iowa State University, and is an expert in the areas of scale formation, corrosion control, microbial control, and wastewater treatment.

11:15am - 12:00pm
ID: 171 / Session 07A part 1: 2
Main Technical Program
Topics: Solids
Keywords: Struvite, brushite, phosphorus release, phosphorus recovery, dewaterability improvement

Comparison of Phosphorus Recovery Through Pre-anaerobic-digestion Brushite Precipitation And Post-Anaerobic-Digestion Struvite Crystallization

Zhongtian Li, Jerod Swanson

Centrisys/CNP, United States of America;

Phosphorus removal and recovery from sludge stream in water resource recovery facilities (WRRFs) bring multiple benefits including phosphorus recovery, digester and pipes protection, and improvement of sludge dewaterability. This study will evaluate two phosphorus recovery options through brushite (CaHPO4•2H2O) precipitation and struvite (MgNH4 PO4•2H2O) crystallization in terms of treatment process, phosphorus release and recovery strategy, and impacts on solids treatment processes.

Pre-anaerobic-digestion phosphorus recovery through brushite precipitation by CalPrexTM technology. The CalPrex system consists of three key processes. First, an acid phase digester is utilized for optimizing phosphorus release in sludge. Second, soluble phosphate is separated from sludge through a phosphorus stripping centrifuge, generating phosphorus rich centrate. Third, the phosphorus rich centrate is treated in controlled pH and calcium hydroxide dosage for brushite formation and precipitation. The phosphorus reduced sludge cake is recombined with a portion of the brushite clarifier effluent before piping to a methane phase digester.

Post-anaerobic-digestion phosphorus recovery through struvite crystallization by AirPrex® technology. The digested sludge is fed into a reactor located immediately after the anaerobic digester (AD). The reactor is equipped with air stripping; this will increase the pH value of the digested sludge. The addition of magnesium salts leads to the formation, and ultimately, to the sedimentation of struvite. The precipitated struvite crystals are extracted, washed and dewatered by a struvite washing unit immediately following the reactor. No additional chemicals or heat sources are needed to dry the product.

The objective of this study is to evaluate the performance of CalPrex and AirPrex pilot tests in terms of treatment process, phosphorus release and recovery strategy, and impacts on solids treatment processes. Both CalPrex and AirPrex pilot units are designed at the same hydraulic loading. The performance of dewaterability of acidogenically digested sludge and the anaerobically (methanogenic) digested sludge are compared. The phosphorus removal and recovery potentials are evaluated between brushite precipitation and struvite crystallization.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Li joined Centrisys/CNP in 2016 and is the lead developer of pilot test and project commissioning procedures for phosphorous recovery and thermo-chemical hydrolysis process initiatives in North America. Li has nine year of research and working experience in wastewater, water and sludge treatment. He received an M.S. from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln and a Ph.D. from the UCLA in Civil Engineering.

Jerod has more than fifteen (20) years of engineering and technical sales experience in the water and wastewater industry, as well as other related industries. Jerod joined Centrisys in 2014 as a Regional Sales Manager. Some of his previous roles include Industrial Regional Sales Manager and Commercial Leader at Parkson Corporation, and International Sales Manager at Aeration Industries. Jerod also served as a Navy Nuclear Engineering Officer for five (5) years prior to entering the private sector. He has a Bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering and an MBA, both from the University of Minnesota.
10:30am - 12:00pmSession 08A part 1: Secondary Treatment
Session Chair: Mark Walter, Waterdude Solutions, LLC;
Boise Centre West 110A/110B 
10:30am - 11:15am
ID: 170 / Session 08A part 1: 1
Main Technical Program
Topics: EBNR, nitrogen and phosphorus management
Keywords: EBPR, SRT, C/P, mechanisms

Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal Process for Achieving Extremely Low Effluent Phosphorus Levels

Bridget {Yueyun} Li Tse1,2, Per Halkjær Nielsen Nielsen4, April Gu2,3

1Black and Veatch, United States of America; 2Northeastern University, United States of America; 3Cornell University, United States of America; 4Center for Microbial Communities,Department of Chemistry and Bioscience,Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark;

U.S. EPA regulations are now implementing increasingly stringent wastewater phosphorus (P) controls to more areas across the country. The TMDLs for some sensitive areas (e.g. Spokane River basin) are as low as 0.05 mg P/L, and more facilities are faced with the extremely low P targets (e.g. 0.01 – 0.06 mg-P/L), which are near the limit of P removal technologies currently in practice. Enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) process is considered a promising strategy to simultaneously achieve sustainable P removal and P recovery, with economic and environmental advantages over traditional chemical/physical P removal technologies, especially for cases to meet compliance of extremely low effluent P levels. However, due to the yet insufficient fundamental understanding of the mechanisms involved in EBPR processes, there is still a lack of mechanisms-based design, model and optimization guidance, and the advantages of EBPR has not yet been fully realized.

In this study, we focused on systematically investigating the combined effect of two critical operational parameters, SRT and influent C/P ratio, particularly, to identify the key factors that govern the EBPR stability variation, using state-of- art and innovative microbial ecology tools that enable simultaneous examination and monitoring of both phylogenetic and metabolic/functional characteristics and dynamics in EBPR systems.

Our EBPR systems were demonstrated to be able to achieve < 0.01 mg P/L effluent phosphate level. Higher stability was observed with higher influent C/P ratio, and an optimal SRT range was revealed for each influent C/P conditions. The long-term P removal stabilities of our C-limited EBPR systems provided with relatively low influent C/P ratio were positively correlated with polyphosphate accumulating organisms (PAO) relative abundance, while the stability of those operated under relatively favorable conditions (i.e. C non-limiting condition with high influent C/P ratio) was found positively correlated with the overall EBPR phylogenetic diversity but not PAO or glycogen accumulating organisms (GAO) abundances.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Bridget has 6 years of research experience and 2 years of process engineer experience in the water and wastewater industry in the USA. Bridget’s experience includes: modelling bacterial filtration and deposition behavior in porous media systems; optimizing biological nutrient (N, P) removal processes; identifying and isolating phosphorus removal microorganisms; development of conceptual and detailed design drawings for wastewater treatment plants; hydraulic calculations; BioWin modelling; lab-scale and pilot-scale studies of innovative nutrient removal technologies. Bridget obtained her PhD degree from Northeastern University with the dissertation entitled “Link Phylogenetic and Phenotypic Characteristics to Reveal Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal (EBPR) Process Mechanisms”.

11:15am - 12:00pm
ID: 200 / Session 08A part 1: 2
Main Technical Program
Topics: EBNR, nitrogen and phosphorus management
Keywords: BPR, batch testing, VFA, PHA

Characterizing BPR Activity to Understand Overall Process Health

Gavin Bushee, Peter Schauer, Adrienne Menniti

Clean Water Services, United States of America;

Consistent and stable BPR is pivotal in meeting strict effluent limits and providing recoverable phosphorus downstream of the dewatering process. Historically, the BPR process can operate consistently for long periods of time, only to become upset during critical times of year. Developing a better understanding of the factors influencing the stability of the process is important so that different process configurations or corrective measures can be taken without relying on chemical phosphorus removal.

Factors affecting BPR include operational conditions, influent characteristics, availability of volatile fatty acids (VFA), rainfall, and competition for substrate with denitrifiers or glycogen accumulating organisms (GAO). However, readily available data for evaluating process performance is often limited to effluent phosphorus or sampling of the influent stream or mixed liquor, which is usually difficult or impossible to adequately use to predict process instabilities that lead to upsets. Extensive research and bench testing of phosphorus release and uptake has been performed at the treatment facilities to better characterize the BPR process and determine the most important factors affecting its stability.

Key findings of current bench testing indicate that:

• Batch phosphorus uptake rates of sludge from the end of the aeration zone can be substantial, indicating excess storage products (i.e. polyhydroxoalkoanate) remaining in the sludge.

• Phosphorus uptake rates are mainly a factor of PHA content and abundance of phosphorus accumulating organisms (PAO) (i.e. total PAO fraction) in the sludge.

• Batch phosphorus uptake rates correlate well with basin removal performance and VFA load, therefore, online measurements may be a useful tool in predicting process upsets and knowing when to shift VFA inventory. The status of an online uptake system developed at Durham will be presented.

• PAO/GAO competition is unlikely to be a current factor in BPR stability based on phosphorus release to acetate uptake ratios (P:HAc) and qPCR.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Gavin Bushee is currently an Operations Analyst at Clean Water Services and conducts research and testing in the Wastewater Treatment Division. He earned his BS and MS degrees in Environmental Engineering at Oregon State University.
1:15pm - 2:45pmSession 01A part 2: Leadership
Session Chair: Robert Lee, Murraysmith;
Boise Centre East 420B 
1:15pm - 2:00pm
ID: 239 / Session 01A part 2: 1
Monday Oct. 22 Program
Topics: Leadership
Keywords: Leadership, Generational Handoff, Professional Development, Management

Success with a New Generation of Leaders

John Beacham, Monica Ott

City of Post Falls;

From 2014 through the present, the City of Post Falls experienced a major demographic shift in personnel. Many experienced professionals retired and carried with them decades of knowledge and experience. At the same time, the City is experiencing both a major growth phase and significant new regulatory obligations which necessitate staffing increases and major capital upgrades. The first of these presents the challenge of hiring candidates from the new generation for both new and recently vacated positions and the second puts a big responsibility on these newly-hired, potentially inexperienced candidates. Currently, the top four leadership position within the Wastewater division are held by employees under the age of 35, yet the department is facing the largest projects and most stringent regulatory requirements it has seen to date. Of the remaining Operations staff, all but one are over 40 which poses inter-generational challenges in forming a cohesive Utilities team. The City’s Utilities Manager will share his perspective on being hired into a leadership role supervising staff with greater years of experience. He will also share his experiences recruiting from a workforce with limited career experience. Filling one of the newest positions, the City’s Environmental Specialist will share her perspective on joining a department in a professional role with limited industry experience. She will share her experiences trying to gain respect, earn credibility and demonstrate value to the division. To meet the challenges successfully, a significant goal and subsequent accomplishment of the new generation of management within the Division has been to establish reputations as reliable professionals within the City. These efforts have paid off. In discussions with long-time employees morale is at its highest level in years and the Division sees strong support from the City Council on both projects and new initiatives.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
John Beacham is the Utilities Manager for the City of Post Falls where his responsibilities include oversight of the water, wastewater, and stormwater systems. He has a bachelor’s degree in Civil Engineering from the University of Idaho and a Grade IV Idaho Wastewater Treatment License. John has worked as an operator, a consultant and in regulatory compliance. Outside of work, John would prefer to be found hiking, climbing, or kayaking but is more likely working on house remodeling projects.

2:00pm - 2:45pm
ID: 256 / Session 01A part 2: 2
Monday Oct. 22 Program
Topics: Leadership
Keywords: women in leadership, mentoring

Strategies to Build a Workforce of Women Leaders

Jennifer Price1, Courtney O'Neill2, Shailee Sztern3

1GHD; 2AECOM, United States of America; 3Seattle Public Utilities; ,

40% of women who earn engineering degrees quit the profession. This is a major challenge for all of our organizations. A majority of these women leave because of the organizational climate, characterized by non-supportive managers or co-workers and general incivility. Another reason tends to be that women don’t see any long-term potential for themselves in this industry. One former woman engineer quoted, “It’s hard to justify the long hours to go nowhere”. The infrastructure industry, similar to other technical industries, is still lacking in sufficient female leadership at the highest levels of organizations. Our industry has on average over 40% women in the workforce, yet on average there is only 10-20% women in leadership at the executive levels. Our presentation will address strategies for both public and private sector employers and leaders to increase the pool of women leaders at all levels of the organization and start to increase diversity in succession planning and leadership. We conducted multiple focused interviews of senior women leaders in our industry, on both the public and private sectors. We also included a few women in other technical industries. We asked each of these leaders to identify their keys to success, characteristics of strong leaders, and strategies they used to improve their leadership and navigate their career. We will focus on strategies that can be used by employees, managers, and executives to improve their own leadership and help increase the number of women employees at all levels. These could include effective mentoring, handling difficult conversations, and stepping into your leadership potential.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Shailee Sztern, Seattle Public Utilities, Project Manager
Shailee is a project manager and supervisor for SPU's drainage and wastewater projects.

Courtney O'Neill, AECOM, Water Resources Engineer
Courtney is a water resources engineer with ten years of experience in water resources planning. After receiving her undergraduate degree in Biosystems Engineering from Michigan State University, she worked for Texas A&M University, developing best practices and training courses for decentralized on-site wastewater treatment operators. She then went on to earn a Master’s degree in Water Supply Planning from the University of Washington, where she worked in the Water Resources Management and Drought Planning group with hydrology modeling, climate change forecasts and regional water planning.
Courtney’s broad array of technical and analytical skills have proven valuable to several large-scale multidisciplinary projects, including infrastructure reliability, resiliency, urban design, and master planning, flood protection, and alternatives analyses. In addition to her planning projects, she also leads the Pacific Northwest Water Market sector development at AECOM.
1:15pm - 2:45pmSession 02A part 2: Asset Management
Session Chair: Eric Habermeyer, Seattle Public Utilities;
Boise Centre East 410A 
1:15pm - 2:00pm
ID: 178 / Session 02A part 2: 1
Main Technical Program
Topics: Asset Management
Keywords: Condition Assessment, Asset Management

Ladies and Gentlemen Tip Your Cap For The City Of Portland Bureau of Environmental Services Wastewater Group's Systematic Condition Assessment Program

Mia Sabanovic

City of Portland/Bureau of Environmental Services, United States of America;

Condition assessment is vital for a comprehensive and robust utility asset management program. The Bureau of Environmental Services (BES) uses data generated by the Condition Assessment Program (CAP) to make strategic reinvestment decisions by systematically decreasing unforeseen asset failures and reducing overall business risk exposure. CAP is a two-way asset condition assessment communication conduit, from field experts to engineers to decision makers, and includes over 18,000 registered assets at two large wastewater treatment plants, 98 pump stations and appurtenances. The program is a comprehensive and proactive approach in defining the degree and pace of reinvestment required to meet and sustain optimal levels of service at an acceptable risk. The “super exciting” aspect of the program is that decisions are made on current information and there is a built in “means-to-madness” through a 2-level approach

Level 1 condition assessment includes visual and experience based assessment completed by operations and maintenance field technicians on a regular basis utilizing condition rating tables. Technicians communicate asset condition scores through the CMMS during preventive, predictive and corrective work order close out process or after completing inspection routes. After screening and prioritization, assets that have poor condition inspection scores are followed up with Level 2 condition assessment. Level 2 condition assessment entails a detailed analysis of the asset performance, invasive physical condition assessment, remaining useful life assessment, past failure history and performance. Level 2 condition assessment results in capital improvement project requests or modifications to the operational or maintenance strategies for identified assets to ensure business risk exposure reduction.

This presentation will describe how BES is realizing a culture set in life-cycle asset management that effectively integrates asset condition information to optimize asset reliability, extend useful life, and minimize asset life cost at an acceptable risk while meeting established levels of service.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Mia Sabanovic is a registered Professional Civil Engineer with the BES Wastewater Group. She currently manages the BES condition assessment program and has over 10 years of experience in water/wastewater asset management.

2:00pm - 2:45pm
ID: 118 / Session 02A part 2: 2
Main Technical Program
Topics: Asset Management
Keywords: Asset Management, Management, O&M, Engineering, Finance

Successful Asset Management Programs: A Sum of All Parts

Jeff Theerman

Brown and Caldwell, United States of America;

By nature, water utilities recognize and understand the need for asset management; most understand that a managed approach designed to wring the most life out of each asset is the best way to optimize costs and ensure reliability. To that end, many have invested in the various components of asset management like third party condition assessment and computerized maintenance management systems. Many utilities have in-house engineering expertise that drive capital projects through design and construction, and financial expertise for reviewing budgets and rates. This being the case, why does a fully functioning Asset Management program remain elusive for US Water Utilities?

The reality is that most utilities struggle with really understanding how the asset management elements fit together to achieve success. Utilities often focus on the discrete elements of asset management without considering the human interconnections that make-up of the program. While each element is important, it is the sum of all the connected parts and their ability to function together that makes a program successful.

Asset Management depends on a clear understanding of the interconnected elements and committed team of players that has embraced the need to change long held methods and approaches. The concepts are not difficult but putting them into practice is daunting. When utilities think of asset management only as a series of building blocks they can lose sight of the complex web of staff interactions that create value.

This paper describes many considerations that are often missing in utility asset management programs. Attendees will gain insight on the critical linkages between asset management program elements and explore a real-world example of how these linkages and the human players involved can spell the difference between success and failure.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Jeff Theerman is a Senior Utility Performance Consultant at Brown and Caldwell. In his role he advises clients about how to create sustainable continuous improvement in their organizations. He has advised a variety of clients on operational optimization, organizational redesign, change management, asset management and regulatory enforcement.
Jeff joined Brown and Caldwell after completing 28 years with the Metropolitan St. Louis Sewer District (MSD) serving as their Executive Director for the past nine years. The District operates seven treatment plants, 6500 miles of wastewater collection system, and 286 pumping stations. While at MSD, Jeff held a number of positions including management of the District’s largest wastewater treatment plant, management of the wastewater and stormwater collection system, and Director of Operations with overall responsibility of the utilities infrastructure operations and maintenance.
While at MSD and in his role as a senior consultant Jeff has been involved in various initiatives designed to improve overall utility performance including:
•Assisting Jefferson County Alabama in an operational assessment which assistance in their exit from bankruptcy.
•The merging of the wastewater treatment and collection systems departments with a total of 600 employees and six labor unions into one integrated department.
•The flattening of the organizational structure to increase span of control within the management team and to reduce management head count by 50%.
•Serving as a level of service subject matter expert for water and wastewater master planning efforts.
•Organizational development efforts to increase staff effectiveness and flexibility; reduce jurisdictional issues in job assignments, and increased efficiency in operations staffing.
•Operational assessments at various utilities with recommendations for improved performance.
1:15pm - 2:45pmSession 03A part 2: Public Outreach
Session Chair: Morgan Knighton, Gray & Osborne, Inc.;
Boise Centre West 120A 
1:15pm - 2:00pm
ID: 260 / Session 03A part 2: 1
Main Technical Program
Topics: Outreach/Communications
Keywords: Strategy, Communications, Stakeholder Alignment, Brand

Strategic Communications Connects the Dots and Defines One Water Journey

Holly Tichenor

Water Systems Consulting, Inc., United States of America;

The alternatives are evaluated. The treatment technology is proven. The schedule and cost are feasible. But, not all the dots are connected.

While agencies are working toward reliable and sustainable water solutions, achieving envisioned results require new degrees of collaboration, partnership, and communications. This shift is driven by many factors, including advancements in treatment technology, greater public awareness, impacts of climate change and more.

This presentation will utilize case studies from the drought epicenter, the Central Coast of CA, where in a very short period, utility leaders had to quickly assess and address traditional water management approaches to align stakeholders and close the water gap. We will look at 3-4 examples where strategic planning and communications is the One Water implementation connector.

• Multi-Section Strategic Plan Update. City of San Luis Obispo desired to make their Utility Strategic Plan (Plan) more relevant, actionable, and transparent to staff. The effort identified gaps impacting project and strategic plan use and implementation. A cross-department approach to align around a common vision and plan.

• Water Program Branding. The City of Pismo Beach worked collaboratively with its five agency partners to rebrand and improve communications around its $30M groundwater recharge program. The effort demonstrates the value of branding water with the community interest at the forefront.

• Communications for Funding Support. Partners within the Big Bear Valley have invested in communications support that simply conveys a complex story and the critical need to restore and protect this natural gem.

• Workshop Role Playing. The effort demonstrates how a role-playing interactive workshop approach has promoted water leaders to look at water challenges differently to arrive at better solutions.

In summary, the case studies demonstrate how strategic plans, frameworks, and effective communications is an essential ingredient for developing successful water solutions.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Ms. Tichenor brings more than 20 years of communications experience in the water and wastewater industry. Her work has taken her across the US in supporting, guiding, and training clients, engineers, and other marketing and communications professionals in the best practices of visual and written communications. She is a writer, former newspaper reporter, and trained content development professional/journalist. Focusing on the value of effective industry communications, she has been an advocate, creator, and supporter of communications that advance programs, projects, organizations, and initiatives. She has experience in all forms of communications and has had a lead role in all numerous large programs throughout California’s Central Coast. Her passion for effective communications in our industry has led to her serving on key roles in industry-leading professional organizations, including current co-chair of Association of California Water Agency’s Education Committee, and former Chair of Water Environment Association of Texas’s Government Affairs Committee. Additionally, her experience in many cultures, communities, and with numerous agencies gives her the unique ability to understand what relates locally.

2:00pm - 2:45pm
ID: 258 / Session 03A part 2: 2
Main Technical Program
Topics: Outreach/Communications
Keywords: Water Reuse, Public Involvement, Planning, business case evaluation

Leveraging Community Input to Define an Unlikely Path to Water Reuse

Matthew Gregg1, Nate Runyan2

1Brown and Caldwell, United States of America; 2City of Nampa, Idaho; ,

The City of Nampa, Idaho has been working for several years to define the preferred path to meeting increasingly stringent water quality regulations for their wastewater system. Acknowledging the magnitude of this decision and the impact to the community, the City elected to utilize a robust stakeholder engagement process to support the evaluation process conducted as part of their recently completed planning efforts. The goal of these efforts was to understand the community’s priorities related to water so that these could be represented in the alternatives analysis process for the City’s facility planning.

The City used an engaged group of approximately 60 citizens as the primary means of gather public input. Beginning early in the City’s planning process, this group helped shape the goals for the City’s upcoming investments by relating them back to the City’s Strategic Plan. Technical alternatives were developed and presented to the citizen group from this input and guidance. The City then described how each alternative aligned with the citizen and community’s goals and presented approaches to quantify this alignment (or misalignment in some cases) so that the community interests could be considered in parallel with the technical aspects of the project. This process lead the City to develop a water reuse strategy that supports the community’s interest to make full use of their water assets and support economic development within the City, a somewhat unexpected outcome at the outset of the process.

This presentation will focus on the City’s path to developing a water use program grounded in its community’s interests. Specific attention will be given to how the public process was administered to get feedback that could be incorporated into the technical alternatives evaluation.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Matthew Gregg is a program manager, client service manager, project manager, and wastewater engineer in Brown and Caldwell’s (BC) Boise office. Matt’s primary focus is assisting clients with long-term utility management decisions and large program execution. Matt has a master’s degree in civil engineering with a focus in wastewater engineering and a bachelor’s degree in civil engineering, both from the University of Idaho.
1:15pm - 2:45pmSession 04A part 2: Clarifiers and Filtration
Session Chair: Lazaro Eleuterio, Washington State Department of Ecology;
Boise Centre East 410B 
1:15pm - 2:00pm
ID: 214 / Session 04A part 2: 1
Main Technical Program
Topics: Filtration
Keywords: Carbon Diversion, Primary Filtration, Cloth Depth Filtration, Advanced Primary Treatment, Energy Savings

Full Scale and Demonstration – Primary Filter Projects Show Great Promise

Onder Caliskaner1, George Tchobanoglous2, Terry Reid3, Brain Davis4, Zoe Wu1, Eassie Miller1, Ryan Atterbury1, Catrina Paez1

1Kennedy/Jenks Consultants; 2Univeristy of California, Davis; 3Aqua-Aerobics Systems, Inc.; 4Linda County Water District;

Primary Filtration (PF) is an advanced primary treatment technology that can be used to replace primary clarification at wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Based on several pilot and demonstration projects, PF has been established as a treatment method to achieve significant capital and energy savings at WWTPs. PF was found to increase the primary treatment removal efficiency by an additional 50% over conventional primary clarification. Primary filtration achieves an overall 40 to 60% carbon reduction, depending on the influent characteristics. Resultant advantages of the PF process are:

1. Decreased aeration power consumption (approximately 25%) required for secondary treatment,

2. Increased energy production up to 30% in the anaerobic digestion process resulting from the high organic energy content of the volatile suspended solids removed by the filter,

3. Expanded plant capacity of about 30% by reducing the organic loading upstream of the secondary process,

4. Reduction of footprint required for primary treatment of approximately 75%, and

Pilot testing of PF for sidestream and primary filtration began in August 2016 and was completed in June 2017 at City and County of Honolulu Sand Island WWTP. Another 1-year PF demonstration testing using cloth depth filter was completed in December 2017 for Los Angeles County Sanitation District at the Lancaster WWTP. Following numerous pilot and demonstration PF projects, construction of the first full-scale PF installation was completed in June 2017 at Linda County Water District (Linda) WWTP (Olivehurst, California). The detailed evaluation of this first full-scale PF installation at Linda WWTP will provide significant information for wider implementation of this promising technology.

This presentation will provide an overview of the PF technology with its significance for the WWTP industry. Several case studies will be discussed in detail including the full-scale installation at Linda WWTP and demonstration and pilot projects at Lancaster and Sand Island WWTPs. Field performance data, operational issues, and projected cost savings will be presented.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Dr. Onder Caliskaner has 22 years of consulting and research experience in providing project management, process engineering, planning, and design services to public agencies and private industries. He has a Ph.D. in Civil and Environmental Engineering from the University of California, Davis, M.S. from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and B.S. from the METU Technical University in Turkey. He is a principal at Kennedy/Jenks Consultants serving as a national technologist specialized in wastewater filtration and energy efficiency processes. Dr. Caliskaner has managed significant wastewater filtration demonstration and assessment projects including the approval of cloth depth and compressible medium filters by the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) for unrestricted reuse applications and demonstration of primary effluent filtration technology funded by the California Energy Commission (CEC). Currently, he is serving as the principal investigator and project manager of the CEC-funded primary filtration technology development and demonstration project. Onder is a registered Civil Engineer in California.

2:00pm - 2:45pm
ID: 174 / Session 04A part 2: 2
Main Technical Program
Topics: Filtration
Keywords: Filtration, Clarification, Wet Weather, CSO/SSO, Primary Treatment, Energy Savings, Cloth Media Filtration, Tertiary

Rushville, IN – First Cloth Media Filtration Case Study for Combined Tertiary Treatment and Wet Weather Flows

John Dyson1, Steve Gress2

1Aqua Aerobic Systems, Inc., United States of America; 2Donohue & Associates, Inc.;

After extensive use in tertiary applications for over two decades, cloth media filtration has now been adapted for wet weather treatment. Rushville, IN is the first full-scale CSO cloth media filtration system to be operational and started in July 2017. This new solution has emerged as a promising technology due to its many advantages compared to existing solutions. This wet weather/stormwater filtration technology offers a small footprint and is capable of treating extremely high solids while providing high quality effluent without the use of chemicals. This cloth media filter can be utilized in many wet weather/stormwater applications including sidestream CSO, SSO, or stormwater treatment and combination configurations. The combination configurations can be used in combination in tertiary filtration or primary treatment modes during dry weather conditions, but CSO/SSO sidestream treatment during wet weather events.

The presentation will cover the operational performance of the cloth media filtration technology during the first year of operation. Looking at the performance during dry weather conditions when the filter is operating in tertiary treatment mode for TSS and phosphorus removal. Then, the performance of the cloth media filtration system during wet weather event while treating both the secondary clarifier effluent flows and excess wet weather flows that are being blending around the secondary treatment process.

To validate this new wet weather filtration solution, many studies have been conducted on raw domestic wastewater and wet weather conditions. Pilot studies have been conducted at the Rock River Water Reclamation District (RRWRD) in Rockford, IL in 2014, Rushville, IN and other locations. The treatment scheme consists of fine screening and grit removal before the wet weather treatment system. These studies have documented the technology’s capabilities to achieve TSS and BOD5 removals of >80% and >45%, respectively. This high removal efficiency has been achieved without the use of chemicals.

This filtration technology is also a viable solution for primary treatment and tertiary filtration applications.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
John holds a B.S. degree in Chemistry from Longwood College. He has spent 28 years in the water/wastewater industry working with many treatment technologies including clarifiers, filters, headwork equipment, disinfection processes, biological processes, and membrane processes in both the water and wastewater segments of the industry. He has worked on many stormwater projects including the 232 MGD side-stream CSO treatment facility for Toledo, OH. In addition, John is involved in many industry organizations such as WEF, WWEMA and AWWA and participates on several committees within these organizations.
1:15pm - 2:45pmSession 05A part 2: Innovation with old technology
Session Chair: Angie Estey, Trane;
Boise Centre East 430 
1:15pm - 2:00pm
ID: 112 / Session 05A part 2: 1
Main Technical Program
Topics: Innovation
Keywords: Lagoon, nitrification, phosphorus, modelling, wastewater

Optimizing Lagoon Based Treatment Systems for Improved BOD, TSS and Nutrient Removal

Tom Birkeland

Lemna Environmental Technologies, United States of America;

Meeting tougher regulatory requirements for BOD, TSS and nutrient removal including ammonia, phosphorus and total nitrogen can be a daunting task for any community, especially those with aging lagoon systems. Add in a cold climate where treatment is adversely affected by winter temperatures and many lagoon facilities struggle to stay in compliance with current limits or plan for future requirements. This talk will demonstrate how advancements in lagoon technologies, design and operations are helping communities to effectively meet their current and future effluent requirements.

Using wastewater treatment process design modeling software, lagoon treatment designs can be optimized for performance and reliability, especially for nutrient removal. The latest innovations in lagoon treatment use a dynamic wastewater treatment process simulation model, to analyze performance of existing facilities and the expected performance of proposed facilities. The models can explore the impact of various changes in loadings and temperatures and verify process design and performance before project implementation. Models may be manipulated to reflect the size, configuration, loading, aeration and effluent requirements for current or future facilities and are especially useful in predicting and troubleshooting cold weather performance and nutrient removal. Models enable designers to consider the effects of non-steady state factors such as peak flows, constituent loading, and ambient air and water temperatures, improving upon traditional steady state wastewater treatment process design methodology.

This presentation will focus on an updated approach for aerated lagoon based wastewater treatment and include an introduction to lagoon technologies, a brief discussion of current design methods, and several case studies showcasing how lagoon systems have been successfully upgraded in order to meet stringent effluent requirements for BOD, TSS, ammonia and phosphorus removal.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Tom Birkeland is the Director of Project Development for Lemna Environmental Technologies (LET). He previously held project management positions with North American Wetland Engineering, Jacques Whitford, Stantec and Natural System Utilities, where he was responsible for 35 sustainable, decentralized water and wastewater treatment projects throughout Minnesota. He holds Class C Water and Wastewater licensees and the projects he managed received over 20 awards from the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency for operational excellence and compliance. He is a graduate of the University of Wisconsin-Madison and resides in Minnesota.

2:00pm - 2:45pm
ID: 130 / Session 05A part 2: 2
Main Technical Program
Topics: Disinfection
Keywords: peracetic acid, disinfection

Acid Reign: Use of Peracetic Acid for Disinfection at the Snohomish, WA WWTP

Tom Giese1, Duane Leach2, Jeff Harmon3

1BHC Consultants, United States of America; 2City of Snohomish, WA; 3TMG Services; , ,

The City of Snohomish, Washington owns and operates a lagoon wastewater treatment plant rated for 2.8 million gallons per day that discharges into the Snohomish River. The City had been using chlorine gas to disinfect effluent and sulfur dioxide gas to dechlorinate the effluent prior to discharge. Although there are no projected capacity issues with the chlorine gas disinfection system, that system requires a number of improvements to replace old equipment and enhance safety. Furthermore, the City would prefer to avoid the safety concerns of handling and storing chlorine gas. For these reasons, the City had tested application of peracetic acid (PAA) as an alternative method of disinfection. The City conducted full-scale testing to confirm effectiveness and evaluate the economics and performance of PAA versus replacing the chlorine gas system with sodium hypochlorite and using sodium bisulfite for dechlorination. A representative of the City, City’s consultant, and the PAA vendor will discuss the process that the City went through to evaluate the application of PAA, select a vendor, conduct the testing, and obtain approval of this “new and developmental technology” from the Washington State Department of Ecology, including:

• A brief overview of the WWTP and the drivers for considering PAA.

• Ecology requirements for “new and developmental technology”.

• Overview of PAA disinfection.

• Initial sizing parameters and bench-scale testing.

• PAA vendor selection process.

• PAA system requirements and process contingencies.

• Testing and sampling protocol.

• PAA system performance and challenges.

• Overview of PAA testing results.

• Discussion of next steps for implementation.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Tom Giese is a registered professional engineer with 23 years of consulting engineering experience working on wastewater treatment projects including wastewater treatment facility planning and design; wastewater process modeling; wastewater treatment pilot testing; and construction management for wastewater treatment system improvements. Mr. Giese received both his B.S. and M.S. degrees in Civil Engineering from Oregon State University.

Duane Leach is a Group II Wastewater Treatment Plant Operator and a Wastewater Collection Specialist II. He started with the City of Snohomish in 2007 as a collections maintenance worker and transferred to the WWTP in 2013 as their lead operator. He served his Country in the Marine Corps and has a degree in Landscape Design.

Jeff Harmon is a Territory Manager with TMG Services – a longtime manufacturer’s representative for equipment in the water and wastewater industries in the Northwest – as well as fabricator of custom panels and skids relating to chemical feed. Jeff has been with TMG Services for three years, seeking to provide innovative solutions to engineers and municipal accounts throughout Washington State.
1:15pm - 2:45pmSession 06A part 2: Stormwater
Session Chair: Cari Simson, Urban Systems Design;
Boise Centre West 120B 
1:15pm - 2:00pm
ID: 217 / Session 06A part 2: 1
Main Technical Program
Topics: Stormwater
Keywords: Membrane, CSO, Treatment, Wet Weather

Putting Membrane Technology to Work for CSO Treatment

Doug Berschauer1, John Phillips2, Marcos Lopez3, Mike Ollivant1, Mark Wilf3

1Parametrix, United States of America; 2King County; 3Tetra Tech; , ,

King County has been implementing a combined sewer overflow (CSO) control program for over three decades. The County’s CSO program includes the construction of facilities to treat CSOs prior to discharge. Over the years, the County has had periodic issues at various CSO treatment facilities with consistently meeting discharge requirements for fecal coliform, settleable solids and chlorine residual.

The County is facing challenges of siting large CSO facilities in the urban area and rising costs for constructing facilities, The County is investigating innovative solutions that are operator friendly, fit within tight space constraints in highly developed portions of the City of Seattle and consistently meet the current regulatory requirements. The County would also like to incorporate newer technologies that not only achieve today’s water quality standards but also will meet future regulatory challenges.

Recently, the County and project team identified a new methodology for treating CSO discharges: using a combination of ceramic (silicon carbide) membranes and chemical coagulant commercialized by OVIVO. As a physical chemical process, this system can react quickly, activating within one minute. The County requested that Tetra Tech and Parametrix oversee a “live flow” site test of the OVIVO system, to assess its potential for addressing CSO conditions in the Seattle area.

This presentation will share the following with attendees:

• Process operation and key components;

• CSO simulation approach;

• Testing protocol and procedures;

• Results documented by an independent testing lab;

• Additional information needed;

• Lessons learned over the multi-day testing period, and;

• Why the County is now moving forward with a larger scale pilot program.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
John Phillips
King County, Department of Natural Resources and Parks, Wastewater Treatment Division, 201 S. Jackson St. KSC-NR-0512, Seattle, WA, 98104; PH (206) 477-5489; e-mail:
John has worked for the King County Wastewater Treatment Division for 17 years. He is currently the combined sewer overflow program manager. Over the last nine years he has worked on the Combined Sewer Overflow Control Program and is currently managing the program and implementation of the Long Term Control Plan. John has developed and is managing the Green Stormwater Infrastructure (GSI) and Climate Change Adaptation programs. His climate work has been referenced in both the IPCC and National Climate Assessment reports. He is Past President of the Pacific Northwest Clean Water Association (PNCWA). He serves on sustainability and climate action teams at King County. John has a Bachelor of Science Degree in Environmental Science from Oregon State University and served six years as a sonar man in the U.S. Navy on-board nuclear submarines.

Marcos Lopez
Tetra Tech, Inc., 1420 Fifth Avenue, Suite 600 Seattle, WA 98101, PH (206) 883-9439; e-mail:
Marcos has worked for Tetra Tech for 10 years. He a registered engineer with 33 years of experience in engineering and program management. His technical experience includes inflow/infiltration (I/I) control program management, civil site planning; water, sewer, and storm drain design; and project feasibility studies. Marcos is currently engaged in the SPU CSO Reduction Program Support project and serves as Project Manager for Tetra Tech’s ongoing projects for the Anchorage Water and Wastewater Utility. He serves on the Leadership and Communication Committees of the Pacific Northwest Clean Water Association (PNCWA), on the ACEC / King County Liaison Committee, and Chairs the ACEC / City of Seattle Liaison Committee.

Doug Berschauer
Parametrix, 1019 39th Avenue SE, Suite 10, Puyallup, WA 98374, PH (253) 905-4281; email:
Mr. Berschauer has 34 years of experience in wastewater facility planning and design. He is currently the Water Technology Leader for Parametrix. He specializes in public works projects and is experienced in planning, analysis, design, and construction management of wastewater conveyance and treatment projects. He has been responsible for all phases of implementation from feasibility studies through start-up assistance. His expertise includes evaluating innovative technologies and helping clients select the preferred alternative. He also has expertise in membrane technology and works closely with regulators to obtain approvals and assists with negotiations and startup.

2:00pm - 2:45pm
ID: 286 / Session 06A part 2: 2
Main Technical Program
Topics: Stormwater
Keywords: Green Infrastructure, Permeable Pavement, Monitoring

City of Spokane Sharp Avenue Porous Pavement Effectiveness Study

Marcia Davis1, Robin Kirschbaum2

1City of Spokane Integrated Capital Management; 2Robin Kirschbaum, Inc.; ,

The 2014-2019 Eastern Washington Phase II Municipal Stormwater Permit, Section S8.B, requires permittees to “collaborate with other permittees to select, propose, develop, and conduct Ecology-approved studies to assess, on a regional or sub-regional basis, the effectiveness of permit-required stormwater management program activities and best management practices (BMPs)”. Many Eastern Washington permittees worked collaboratively to meet this requirement by developing a ranked list of effectiveness studies.

The City of Spokane (City) proposed to implement the Sharp Avenue Porous Pavement Effectiveness Study to design, construct, monitor, and maintain a porous pavement system on an arterial street, Sharp Avenue, located in north Spokane. The City also proposed to collect data from the porous pavements with respect to durability, water quality (influent and effluent), and infiltration rates. Sharp Avenue is located in the Municipal Separated Storm Sewer System (MS4) basins that discharges to the Spokane River. The goals of the project are to:

• Gain a better understanding of stormwater runoff treatment capacity through the porous pavement profile

• Evaluate the effectiveness of the porous pavement systems with respect to durability, infiltration rates, and water quality

• Compare two different types of porous pavement: porous asphalt and pervious concrete

This presentation will discuss design, construction, monitoring, and lessons learned from past porous pavement installations in the City and from this on-going project.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
As the principal engineer of the City of Spokane’s Integrated Capital Management Department, Marcia is responsible for scoping, funding, and programming for capital projects. For the past 2 decades, she has designed and programmed water, sewer, stormwater, and transportation capital projects. Marcia has worked on the Sharp Avenue permeable pavement project from its inception: developing the scope, finding funding, and creating a matrix to measure the project’s success.

Robin Kirschbaum of RKI is a civil engineer specializing in stormwater management, Green Stormwater Infrastructure, and Low Impact Development. She brings over 20 years of experience in municipal stormwater facility planning, design, construction, and maintainenance; developing engineering standards and implementation tools to support NPDES compliance; and training professionals and municipal staff on stormwater program development and implementation.
1:15pm - 2:45pmSession 07A part 2: Solids
Session Chair: Benjamin Haws, J-U-B Engineers;
Boise Centre East 410C 
1:15pm - 2:00pm
ID: 197 / Session 07A part 2: 1
Main Technical Program
Topics: Solids
Keywords: Thermal Hydrolysis, biosolids advanced treatment, digestion

Thermal Hydrolysis, how well do full scale systems really work?

Todd Williams

Jacobs, United States of America;

There is growing significant interest in the use of thermal hydrolysis technology in conjunction with anaerobic digestion to manage biosolids in the North America marketplace. This is being driven by the desire to obtain Class A exceptional quality biosolids, to improve the dewaterability of the biosolids and to reduce the amount of solids that subsequently must be managed while at the same time optimizing the use of existing digestion assets. Because of this interest, several thermal hydrolysis vendors are entering the marketplace. Cambi has developed the most operating facilities worldwide. In North America Cambi has one operating facility at DCWater since late 2014. The first North American chemical-thermal hydrolysis system offered by CNP - Pondus also began operation in Wisconsin in early 2016. Other vendors are aggressively working to enter the thermal hydrolysis marketplace in North America including Veolia with their Kruger Biothelys and Exelys offerings, Sustec/Turbotec, Haarslev and Lysotherm. Many claims are being made in vendor literature related to these technology offerings and only recently has more information about full scale performance been available.

The purpose of this paper and presentation is to provide an unbiased review of the various full scale thermal hydrolysis systems currently available in the marketplace and to provide comparisons of full scale performance of several operating systems as reported in the literature. 22 full scale thermal hydrolysis systems with published operational performance data have been reviewed and analyzed and will be presented to show comparisons of actual operating data. Correlations between feed solids type (primary vs. waste activated solids), volatile solids reduction achieved in digestion, dewatering performance, digester residence time, improvements in dewatering and volatile solids reduction performance after thermal hydrolysis was added as well as other relationships will be presented. This information will be useful for water resource recovery facility engineers, operators and owners when considering, planning and designing thermal hydrolysis technology with anaerobic digestion as part of a facility’s sludge management strategy.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Mr. Williams has a 37-year career in environmental engineering with operating and design experience and specific emphasis in biosolids management planning, and product utilization. Todd has assisted many wastewater cities, agencies and communities throughout North America in developing sustainable biosolids management programs. He has direct experience with new and emerging biosolids treatment technologies such as digestion, drying, pyrolysis, gasification and composting. Todd is the past Chair of the Water Environment Federation’s Residuals and Biosolids Committee and currently serves as JACOBS/CH2M’s Residuals Resource Recovery Practice Leader.

2:00pm - 2:45pm
ID: 294 / Session 07A part 2: 2
Main Technical Program
Topics: Solids
Keywords: biogas, RNG, RINs, LCFS

Update on Biogas for RNG, Projects Around the Country

Jeremy Holland, Karen Bill

HDR, United States of America; ,

There is significant interest in reducing environmental impacts of wastewater treatment and recognizing the opportunities to reframe thinking of a wastewater treatment facility as a resource recovery facility. Water reuse and nutrient recovery have been focal points of this effort, but more recent opportunities have arisen that make anaerobic digestion and biogas use another attractive opportunity to improve the environmental footprint of wastewater facilities and increase the resources recovered from our municipal waste stream. Biogas provides an opportunity to generate renewable heat, electricity, transportation fuel, and even bioplastics. These opportunities can reduce the environmental cost of heat, power, or fuel from fossil fuel sources. And incentives are now available that will also provide significant revenue sources for communities to reduce operating costs and assist in capital projects. In addition to these onsite opportunities, many communities are recognizing the unsustainability of landfilling organics, and seeking ways to divert those organics. Wastewater facilities with existing digesters may have capacity to receive and process these organics, resulting in lower fugitive emissions at landfills and increased renewable fuels generated at the treatment plants. Fats, oils, and greases are also a maintenance challenge for collection systems. Grease trap programs that direct those wastes to treatment plants provide the benefit of reduced impacts due to overflows caused by blockage along with added organic feedstock to digesters for enhanced biogas production. This presentation will discuss the opportunities and challenges of implementing organics recovery and co-digestion to increase biogas production, along with the opportunities for use of the biogas to reduce energy consumption, greenhouse gas emissions, and transportation fuel usage. Some case studies of facilities that have implemented programs will be described and presented as well. The presentation will highlight the current status of renewable attribute programs such as the Renewable Fuel Standard and Low Carbon Fuel Standard, and any new programs that have been implemented. It will identify up and coming equipment for treating and/ using biogas.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
As Vice President/Biogas Practice Lead at HDR, Jeremy has spent a significant portion of his 20 year career on waste to energy projects. His focus has included numerous biogas use feasibility studies, procurements, and predesign, detailed design, bidding, and construction services for biogas distribution and conditioning facilities, cogeneration facilities, biogas upgrading facilities, hydronic and heat recovery systems, and standby power facilities. Jeremy is a regular communicator of biogas opportunities through articles, presentations, and white papers. He has Chemical Engineering and English undergraduate degrees from the University of Notre Dame, and an MBA from Portland State University.

Karen BIll has worked on several biogas projects during her career, including the City of Portland, Clean Water Service and Gresham Biogas projects. Karen's work includes early work managing data and performing analysis from the biogas feasibility studies and master planning to detailed design and construction management. In addition to her work on biogas, Karen has significant experience in wastewater treatment process design. Karen has a Civil Engineering degree from VMI and a Masters in Environmental Engineering from Virginia Tech.
1:15pm - 2:45pmSession 08A part 2: Secondary Treatment
Session Chair: Mark Walter, Waterdude Solutions, LLC;
Boise Centre West 110A/110B 
1:15pm - 2:00pm
ID: 173 / Session 08A part 2: 1
Main Technical Program
Topics: EBNR, nitrogen and phosphorus management
Keywords: Phosphorus, nutrient, limits, filtration, case

Beat Ultra-Low Phosphorus Targets with Reactive Filtration: How Citronelle, Alabama consistently hits 0.02 mg/L

CJ Strain

Nexom, United States of America;

As Phosphorus-fed algae blooms plague many North American bodies of water, regulators are pressuring wastewater treatment facilities to meet ever-lower Phosphorus limits, down to micrograms per liter. Phosphorus levels can vary significantly from region to region, but many states across the USA are seeing limits below 0.1 mg/L, with some introducing limits between 0.01 and 0.07 mg/L. In 2015, Citronelle, Alabama's 1 MGD plant was facing one of the lowest—if not the lowest—NPDES permits in the nation: 0.022 mg/L.

This presentation delivers an overview of available techniques for phosphorus removal and how installations currently meet end-user limits. The goal in each application should always be to provide the most reliable treatment system while minimizing the technology’s capital and life-cycle costs; as such, the focus technique in this presentation utilizes reactive filtration. Rather than dosing system influent and allowing coagulated particles to randomly be caught up in the filter, reactive filtration coats the filter media with the substrate needed to adsorb contaminants and nutrients, helping ensure phosphates don’t pass through the filter while improving headloss profile through the system. The process’ continuous backwash then serves to recycle unused reagent and assist in regenerating the adsorptive, reagent-coated media.

Case history, design considerations, and lessons-learned will include data sets up to and including its first full season of compliance to <0.067 mg/L TP at Grangeville, Idaho, as well as Citronelle, Alabama’s chosen solution: a continuous-backwash upflow sand filter-based reactive filtration installation (known by the Blue PRO trademark) which is producing <20 μg/L TP effluent. As an added bonus, for those looking for a complete nutrient removal solution, the presentation will also briefly show how the sand filter-based process is compatible with the Blue NITE process, which uses a similar filtration design to achieve Total Nitrogen reduction down to 3 to 5 mg/L through denitrification.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
CJ (Cornelius) Strain, P.E., is Nexom’s Product Manager, Filtration. He has two decades of professional experience with over twelve years in wastewater process improvement. Mr. Strain has specialized in filtration technologies and nutrient removal applications emphasizing process design optimization, increasing levels of treatment, process sustainability and improvement of conventional treatment economics. He utilizes an applied foundation in the sciences paired with construction experience to provide effective and reliable solutions to today’s treatment challenges.

2:00pm - 2:45pm
ID: 242 / Session 08A part 2: 2
Main Technical Program
Topics: EBNR, nitrogen and phosphorus management
Keywords: Phosphorus Removal, Pilot Tests, Chemical Addition, Recycled Water, Rare Earth

Achieving Ultra-Low Level Phosphorus at the Star, ID Wastewater Facility

Eric Roundy

Keller Associates, United States of America;

Low-level phosphorus effluent requirements are becoming a reality for many communities in Idaho. Star Sewer & Water District’s (SSWD) effluent discharge permit will soon require a seasonal monthly total phosphorus limit of 0.07 mg/L (as P). In addition to phosphorus removal, SSWD also received a more stringent ammonia limit, and is expected to receive a temperature limit in the future.

In preparation for these stringent limits, SSWD has studied and investigated a number of alternatives. SSWD owns and operates a membrane bioreactor (MBR), which provides a high quality effluent; however, they were concerned about chemical phosphorus removal negatively impacting their biological treatment. SSWD’s goal was to meet the new discharge limits while still producing effluent capable of meeting Class A recycled water requirements.

Recently, bench and pilot tests have been performed on the preferred technologies. This presentation will focus on the results of the pilot tests, which included chemical phosphorus removal using a rare earth solution. Other more commonly used chemicals, such as aluminum sulfate, were also tested. A description and comparison of the removal chemistry will be provided. The effect of the chemicals on nutrient removal will also be discussed.

The results of the pilot tests indicated that:

• The low-level phosphorus limit could be achieved with either aluminum sulfate or rare earth

• Ammonia and total nitrogen reduction can still be achieved while using chemical phosphorus removal

• Sludge production and dewaterability can be important factors in technology selection

• Pilot testing low-level phosphorus at the plant can provide significant savings

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Eric Roundy, P.E., BCEE, Project Engineer for Keller Associates, Inc.

Eric has 15 years of experience in the design and evaluation of wastewater treatment systems. He has a Master's in Environmental Engineering from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, a Bachelor’s in Civil Engineering from the University of Nebraska – Lincoln, and a Master’s in Business Administration from Mississippi State University. He is a licensed professional engineer in various states, including Idaho and Oregon.
3:00pm - 4:30pmSession 01B: Leadership
Session Chair: Lara Kammereck, Carollo Engineers;
Boise Centre East 420B 
3:00pm - 3:20pm
ID: 208 / Session 01B: 1
Main Technical Program
Topics: Leadership
Keywords: Mentorship, Leadership, Job Satisfaction, Retention, Human Capital

How to Grow your Career through Mentoring

Alena Thurman, Lara Kammereck

Carollo Engineers, United States of America; ,

Many believe that the key to career success is a combination of ambition, ability, and opportunity. While these factors are important, research shows that one of the biggest factors in career success and leadership development is actually mentorship. What’s more, it’s not just being mentored that shapes one’s career – mentoring others is equally, if not more, important for one’s career. This presentation discusses this research and highlights a successful mentorship between two female engineers.

It’s no stretch to believe that being mentored positively affects one’s career. Employees who are mentored experience faster growth in their career and greater career satisfaction. However, giving one’s time to mentor others is equally important. In a study of over 160 engineers, the most productive employees were those who consistently gave more to their colleagues than they received. In another study of those in sales, the top performers who averaged 50 percent more revenue than other employees were “givers”. Since giving is an intrinsic part of mentorship, this research holds true for mentors as well.

Over the past seven years at Carollo Engineers, Inc. the relationship between Lara Kammereck and Alena Thurman is proof that giving and receiving mentorship works. In fact they have found that mentorship is most successful when the parties are both receiving and giving mentorship. They share their different experiences and perspectives on work projects, office dynamics and personal life, exchanging the roles of “mentor” and “mentee” depending on the scenario.

To find opportunities for mentorship, either as the mentor or mentee, we recommend joining PNCWA's mentoring program, which matches mentors with mentees each January. With this program, and many others, anyone can reap the benefits of this important work relationship.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Alena Thurman is in her 7th year as a consultant with Carollo Engineers, Inc. In this role she has worked with dozens of water and sewer utilities throughout the Pacific Northwest on planning, design, and O&M documentation of their water and wastewater infrastructure.

Lara Kammereck is a project manager and Vice President, for Carollo Engineers, Inc. In her 25 years of experience she has worked for private and public agencies in the water/wastewater industry. She enjoys being an engineer while balancing her role as a mom, wife and mentor.

3:20pm - 3:40pm
ID: 293 / Session 01B: 2
Main Technical Program
Topics: Leadership
Keywords: diversity, war for talent, strategic plan

Making the Case for Diversity - Is It Part of Your Strategic Plan?

Ann Hajnosz

Harris & Associates, United States of America;

The water utility industry has grown increasingly complex and challenging, making it a great time to be in this industry! But there is a catch to this rosy outlook – we are in a war for talent. Demographics point to increasing retirements from the field and an acute shortage of professionals entering the field. Furthermore, water professionals need to be equipped with skills and knowledge that many us who have been in this industry for decades may not have valued or even thought much about. Attributes such as “team player”, “emotional intelligence”, “connecting the dots”, “stakeholder engagement” and other so-called soft skills are rising to prominence in an industry that is finding its footing in a world that is suddenly “curious” about everything water-related or more appropriately, “One Water-Related”. The ability to engage, connect and resonate with an increasingly diverse customer base and associated stakeholders is one of the biggest challenges of our industry. Without stakeholder support, the best technical solutions will be difficult to implement; difficult to fund and could possibly jeopardize our goals of ensuring public health and safety and being stewards to our natural resources. We need water utility staff who understand these challenges and embrace the idea of finding solutions amidst an array of diverse ideas.

If attracting and retaining the right staff to address these industry challenges is not part of your organization’s Strategic Planning process – it should be! Specifically, how will we as an industry respond to the war for talent?

This presentation will:

• Report on current findings around the idea that successful organizations are positioning themselves to attract and retain increasingly diverse employees

• Define diversity in the eyes of successful organizations – it’s not just what you look like!

• Define success for these organizations – is it really just about the bottom line?

• Suggest ways for those of us in the water utility industry to win the war on talent

• Recommend specific steps to incorporate diversity into your Strategic Plan

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Ann Hajnosz has worked with water, wastewater, electric, and solid waste utilities for 32 years in the areas of financial planning, rates, best practices, and general utility planning and operations. Her collaborative leadership style is grounded in her diverse engineering and financial background. Recently Ann was part of the Seattle Leadership Tomorrow Class of 2016 – a one-year deep dive into understanding the building blocks of a just and equitable community in Seattle.

3:40pm - 4:25pm
ID: 307 / Session 01B: 3
Main Technical Program
Topics: Leadership
Keywords: Diversity, investment, return

Panel Discussion: Return on your Diversity Investment

Lara Kammereck1, Nicki Pozos2, Ben Marre3, Rob Lee4, Holli Woodings5, Catherine Chertudi6, Corinne DeLeon3

1Carollo Engineers, United States of America; 2Barney and Worth; 3Seattle Public Utilities; 4Murraysmith; 5Boise city Council; 6City of Boise; , , , , ,

A diverse panel of active, local leaders with over 100 years of combined experience in water issues will share insight and experience from their careers. The panel will discuss the leadership successes and challenges they have faced in their career. They will also discuss the advantages of a diverse workforce in our industry. Finally, the panel will answer questions on how leadership can influence diversity and how culture helps create opportunities for workplace diversity.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Lara Kammereck is a Vice President at Carollo Engineers, Inc. She has over two decade of civil engineering experience focused on water and wastewater master planning for public utilities. She received her B.S. in Civil Engineering from Gonzaga University and her MBA from Seattle University.

Nicki Pozos, PhD, PE brings 18 years of experience developing infrastructure projects in the Pacific Northwest. Nicki has a diverse background, encompassing a PhD in Civil Engineering and current work leading Strategic Communications projects with Barney & Worth. She aspires to be the world’s first engineering psychologist, bringing engineering thinking to understanding what makes people tick!

Catherine Chertudi has worked for the city of Boise Public Works Environmental Division for nearly 28 years and oversees a broad range of environmental issues including trash, recycling, composting, ground water remediation and protection, and hazardous materials management. In 2013, Catherine was the local chairperson for the Stockholm Junior Water Prize competition held in Portland, Oregon and she has been a long time member of the PNCWA Communications and Outreach Committee. Catherine was selected as a 2016 Idaho Business Review. Idaho Women of Year award winner. In her spare time, she loves photography, hiking and gardening!

Ben Marré has worked for Seattle Public Utilities for 11 years. He oversees SPU’s stormwater and wastewater $150M/yr capital program, system planning, policy and regulatory team, and Combined Sewer Overflow Consent Decree compliance. Before Seattle Public Utilities, he worked for Black and Veatch as a design engineer and project manager. Ben is a graduate of Seattle University and most recent continuing education includes extended studies at Harvard Law School, where he studied – Negotiation and Leadership / Dealing with Difficult People and Problems.

Rob Lee is a Principal Engineer with Murraysmith. He is a graduate of Cornell University with both a Bachelor’s and a Master’s degree in Environmental Engineering. As a child of immigrants and having grown up in the Pacific Northwest, Rob has a very personal passion for seeing increased diversity in our region and within our industry. Rob is currently leading his firm’s Diversity initiative, focused on raising awareness of the needs and benefits of diversity and inclusion both internally and externally.

Holli Woodings was elected to the Boise City Council in November of 2017 and began her term in January 2018. Holli believes that Boise is a great place to raise a family, start or grow a business, and inspire the next generation of young leaders. Keeping our community strong and sustainable is what drives her to give back through public service. A graduate of Boise State University, she served as a State Representative for District 19 in Idaho’s 72nd Legislature. Prior to that, she helped develop and finance Idaho’s largest wind energy farm, founded Woodings Group, a consultancy specializing in startup energy companies and co-founded the Idaho Clean Energy Association. In 2013, Holli was honored as one of Idaho Business Review’s Women of the Year. Holli’s other community service includes serving as Board Chair for Girl Scouts of Silver Sage, a board member of the Boise State Foundation, and on the board of advisors for Idaho Women in Leadership. Her past volunteer service has included a term as president of the North End Neighborhood Association, where she helped craft “Blueprint Boise” and the urban agriculture ordinance as the neighborhood association representative. She has also volunteered for many local organizations including Boise State Venture College, NEW Leadership Idaho, and the 2012 Yes! For Boise Schools campaign.
3:00pm - 5:15pmSession 02B: Asset Management
Session Chair: Jesse Hartman, City of Boise;
Boise Centre East 410A 
3:00pm - 3:45pm
ID: 257 / Session 02B: 1
Main Technical Program
Topics: Asset Management
Keywords: asset management, condition assessment, risk

Risk-Based Asset Management Communication Tool

Michael Comeskey1, Neil Jenkins2

1City of Boise Public Works; 2Jacobs; ,

The operators and mechanics know that an asset is broken and will stop working for the last time any day now. Duct tape and baling wire have extended its life and the engineering department has had it on the list to replace for years. Now, with stiff competition throughout the utility for limited resources, how do we get decision-makers to prioritize replacement funding?

The City of Boise has instituted an asset management approach to help close the gap between what operators and mechanics live with, what engineering staff knows about and would like to solve, and what makes it high enough on the decision makers list of priorities to fund. Based on the best practices in the International Infrastructure Management Manual and the ISO-55000 standard, the refreshed strategy relies on inputs like condition assessment to break down communication barriers by creating a common language based on risk. The project was multi-disciplinary within the utility, involving staff from operations, engineering, maintenance, and finance. Starting with a desktop review of all assets to determine how critical each asset is to the overall utility goals and objectives, participants then walked through the facility to validate the workplan in the field. Recognizing the importance of consistent and repeatable assessments, the team then brought in technical experts from outside the organization to train utility staff and perform quantitative condition assessments. The information gathered was processed and reviewed before communicating the results throughout the organization. The risk prioritization process allows team members at all levels to understand where the limited resources should be used and aligned the plan and priorities across the workgroups. As a result, capital spending was targeted to maximize risk reduction across the utility.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Michael Comeskey

Michael Comeskey is the Capital Improvement Program Manager for the City of Boise Public Works Department. He is leading the capital improvement, facilities planning, and strategic asset management programs for the City’s Water Renewal Services utility. His experience includes utility management, asset management, business operations, and leading innovation in utilities.

Neil Jenkins

Mr. Jenkins is a water and wastewater engineer with Jacobs Buildings and Infrastructure business in Boise, Idaho. He has a diverse background and experience supporting water and wastewater facility planning efforts, stormwater management plans, capital improvement plans, condition assessment, facility design, and construction management. His experience spans all phases of the design process from field data collection and initial investigations, to concept development and final design, to construction management and startup services.

3:45pm - 4:30pm
ID: 109 / Session 02B: 2
Main Technical Program
Topics: Asset Management
Keywords: SharePoint, Operations, Maintenance, Electronic, Manual

An Electronic Operator’s Manual On SharePoint - Wikipedia Style

Joel Borchers1,2, Prashant Sinha1, Brad Rumbaugh1, Matthew LaForce2,1

1Clean Water Services, United States of America; 2Clackamas Community College;

A cloud-based Electronic Operator’s Manual (EOM) was implemented in order to consolidate reference materials and bring new hires up to a level of competence in a limited amount of time.

Plant Documentation covers a wide array of materials; vendor O&M manuals, As-Built Drawings from past projects, equipment information, Control Descriptions, Standard Operating Procedures. In addition to these reference items, a narrative along with videos, pictures and drawings show how the various processes operate and what pieces of equipment are used to implement those processes. When new projects are underway in certain areas of the plant, resources are directed to that particular area of the plant to insure the information that is generated during the project is captured and that the information needed is created.

The EOM design in similar to Wikipedia in that users have the ability to add content to the EOM themselves. When new content is first entered into the EOM, the new content is available to only the person who created the new content along with a team of Subject Matter Experts. The Subject Matter Experts will review, and if needed modify, the new content prior to approval. Once approved, the new content is viewable to the general audience. The ability to add content to the EOM is designed to create a sense of ownership among the Operations staff.

The Electronic Operator’s Manual has also integrated an online learning platform based on a documented list of tasks, skills and information that an Operator needs to master in order to operate certain areas of the plant.

Even though the EOM contains some specific information on equipment, plans are underway to integrate the Computerized Maintenance Management System in the near future.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Joel is the Senior Operations Analyst for the Wastewater Treatment Department of Clean Water Services where he is currently the designer, administrator and content developer of the past two versions of their Electronic Operations Manual.

Joel is an Oregon level 4 certified operator with over 30 years of experience in the design, construction, and operation of Wastewater Treatment Plants.

Joel has served on the Oregon DEQ Wastewater Certification Advisory Board, he served numerous years on the Oregon Water Education Foundation and was the chair of their annual Water Environment School held at Clackamas Community College. Joel is also an instructor at Clackamas Community College.

He is a Past-President and a Director of the Lower Columbia Section and is a past-chair of Pacific Northwest Clean Water Association's Plant Operations and Maintenance Committee.

4:30pm - 5:15pm
ID: 128 / Session 02B: 3
Main Technical Program
Topics: Asset Management
Keywords: SCADA, Cloud, Automation, Asset, Hosted

Cloud Hosted SCADA and Asset Management Automation

Rick Patton

Advanced Control Systems, LLC, United States of America;

Problem: Rural towns are finding it more and more difficult to support water and wastewater delivery systems, in part, due to the increasing trend for their youth to migrate to larger cities. With fewer recruits to fill operations positions, Cities have less tax revenue and less maintenance personnel forcing them to do more with less. Many small towns and privately owned operations are considering automation to enable fewer operators to manage and maintain their systems through remote monitoring, control and preventive maintenance. However, automation itself has traditionally required maintenance, so a solution must be found to reduce operational overhead without adding maintenance.

Solution: Cloud hosted solutions are the way of the future. Software as a Service (SAAS) is being adopted by nearly any company that has historically provided tactile software products. The customer will no longer “own”, but rather “pay to use”. The reasons for the providers to move to the cloud are many, but the value proposition for their customers is the same – unlimited scalability, high reliability, zero maintenance, zero obsolescence, remote support and unlimited access.

Conclusion: Cloud hosted solutions can be provided with a lower initial price when compared to traditional and, over their lifespan, provide superior value and with lower overall cost of ownership.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Mr. Patton joined ACS in 2010 as Director of Marketing and Sales. Mr. Patton is the face of the company to the industries and communities served by ACS. He enjoys helping clients and working with them to achieve mutual success. In this role he also works to recognize and identify evolving client needs while then helping to formulate offerings that leverage the unique system controls capability that ACS brings. Mr. Patton has a proven track record of success and is known for adding value by partnering with communities and industry associations and being actively involved for their betterment. Mr. Patton has enjoyed 28 successful years in the technical marketing and sales profession and is a BSEE graduate of the University of Idaho.
3:00pm - 5:15pmSession 03B: Public Outreach
Session Chair: Hunter Bennett-Daggett, Tetra Tech;
Boise Centre West 120A 
3:00pm - 3:45pm
ID: 227 / Session 03B: 1
Main Technical Program
Topics: Outreach/Communications
Keywords: innovation, community engagement, partnerships, stormwater

Thinking Past the Pipe: Innovation and Community Engagement on the Georgetown Wet Weather Treatment Station

Kristine Cramer1, Cari Simson2, Bibiana Ocheke-Ameh1

1King County Wastewater Treatment Division; 2Urban Systems Design; ,

Sited in the industrial-residential heart of Seattle’s Georgetown neighborhood, King County’s Georgetown Wet Weather Treatment Station (GWWTS) is a combined sewer overflow control facility designed to protect the Duwamish River from future stormwater and wastewater pollution. The Wastewater Treatment Division (WTD) saw the facility siting, design, and construction as an opportunity to build strong relationships with a historically underserved population in a growing neighborhood, on the banks of a Superfund site. The project reimagined community engagement for a new era in which Equity and Social Justice is a top priority, the idea of “neighborhood” extends beyond the project site, and a project incorporates community initiatives into its plans.

WTD achieved these community engagement goals by:

• Bringing business leaders and residents together in a community Design Advisory Committee to guide the site’s architecture and landscaping.

• Implementing a robust Equity and Social Justice Action Plan to ensure the County fully considered the area’s equity opportunities.

• Leveraging community-driven initiatives to help further protect water quality, including:

o Partnering with Urban Systems Design (USD) to install cisterns and rain gardens at a popular neighborhood grocery.

o Working with the City of Seattle, USD and Seattle Parks Foundation to seek grant funding to revive a long-desired neighborhood project connecting the community to Georgetown’s only riverfront park.

o Funding a community-initiated Green Wall along a traffic arterial to improve air and water quality.

o Joining forces with a small non-profit and local elementary school to improve educational opportunities and create art beautifying the project site.

• Prioritizing local hires in the construction contract.

Achieving big results requires big effort. Together, a committed outreach team, a supportive project manager, and an engaged community created a project that will improve water quality beyond the bounds of the treatment station. The GWWTS approach is a model for all large infrastructure projects seeking to leverage capital investments to build better infrastructure and enduring positive relationships with stakeholders and ratepayers.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Since 2005, when Kristine Cramer received her MS in Social Science from the Forestry Department at the University of Washington, she has worked with people of all ages to educate and engage them on environmental topics. As a consultant for King County, Kristine developed and implemented hazardous waste, waste reduction and recycling education programs for students and adults around the region. Kristine joined King County Wastewater Treatment Division (WTD) in 2011. Since then, she has led community outreach on a range of high-profile capital improvement projects. From WTD’s first large-scale green infrastructure project to pump station and pipe upgrades to a new wet weather treatment facility, Kristine aims to engage and inform a broad range of community stakeholders. Her work has been featured at regional and national conferences and has won awards for outstanding public engagement.

Urban Systems Design LLC was founded by Cari Simson in 2009 and provides professional consulting services to clients through integrating collaborative, whole systems approaches to improve urban livability and resilience. The firm specializes in delivering expert leadership to projects that exemplify effective public-private partnerships, interagency coordination, and community engagement to transform the built environment. The firm’s work is dedicated to promoting service equity and broad participation to develop creative, resilient solutions to urban green infrastructure challenges.

3:45pm - 4:30pm
ID: 249 / Session 03B: 2
Main Technical Program
Topics: Outreach/Communications
Keywords: outreach, education, communication

Engaging the Public with Water Renewal

Colin Hickman, Cindy Busche

City of Boise; ,

In 2016, the City of Boise embarked on the mission of rebranding the wastewater treatment facilities. The City recognized that the public did not have an understanding of the work we do and that our previous model of citizen understanding and engagement needed to change. As we moved to a resource recovery focused operation, we needed to tell our story – or risk having someone tell it for us. Now, two years later, the City has developed a multi-pronged approach to generate community awareness to gain community understanding and support. At the foundation of the community engagement process was the rebranding to identify our organizational personality, defining purpose and positioning statements and ultimately determining a new name for the utility. Then a series of public communication campaigns and direct citizen outreach strategies were implemented. In addition, changes to the programming and exhibits at the Boise WaterShed Education Center, which traditionally reached youth, expanded its offerings to target adults in our community. We are excited to share these outreach and education strategies with you to take home ideas to implement in your community.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Colin Hickman is the Public Works Communication Manager for the City of Boise.
He is responsible for overall department communications, messaging and marketing. Colin manages projects from the overall content strategy, creative process and public relations for major citywide initiatives. He serves as the primary media contact and public information officer for the department.

Cindy Busche is the Environmental Education Manager at the Boise WaterShed Education Center where she develops and teaches programs about water protection and water conservation. In 2016 she became the SW Idaho Project WET Coordinator in which she develops and leads teacher professional development courses. Her employment with Boise City Public Works began more than ten years ago with the Stormwater program.

4:30pm - 5:15pm
ID: 269 / Session 03B: 3
Main Technical Program
Topics: Outreach/Communications
Keywords: utility management, facility planning, outreach, education, communication

Engaging the Community to Plan Boise’s Water Future

Colin Hickman1, Natalie Podgorski2, Matt Gregg3, Haley Falconer1

1City of Boise, United States of America; 2Atlas Strategic Communications; 3Brown and Caldwell; ,

The City of Boise (city) is developing a long-term facility plan for its Water Renewal Services. Traditionally, facility plans have engaged stakeholders at the end of the planning process to endorse the proposed plan. Boise is aiming to do things differently. The city has sought to proactively engage and educate a diverse group of stakeholders throughout facility planning. The city has made ratepayer input a crucial element of the planning process to ensure decisions made today reflect the priorities of the community for the next several decades.

The city has employed various stakeholder engagement tactics that provide for both breadth and depth of feedback. To gather feedback and rich dialogue on water and energy concepts, the city started by holding a series of ratepayer focus groups. These meetings allowed the city to gain insight into the baseline knowledge of ratepayers and gauge reactions of future opportunities. The city also held a meeting with key stakeholders, including business leaders, environmental groups, associations serving some of Boise’s most vulnerable citizens, and neighborhood associations, to educate them on future opportunities and solicit feedback. Finally, the city developed an online survey and hosted two community workshops along with a Facebook Live town hall to gain broader feedback from even more residents. Throughout these efforts the city received praise for involving the community and an appreciation from the outreach participants in having a role shaping the city’s plan.

This process can serve as a roadmap for other utilities looking to more effectively engage with community stakeholders. This presentation will highlight why Boise placed such an important emphasis on community feedback, how the communication strategy was developed to align with the planning outcomes, and the tactics utilized to engage with ratepayers.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Haley is the Environmental Division Manager for the City of Boise. In this role, she is responsible for the City of Boise’s environmental programs, including water quality and permitting, wastewater planning and capital improvement program, trash, recycling and composting, energy, air quality, and sustainability. Over the past two years, she has led the City’s Water Renewal Facility Plan – a 20-year planning document for our water renewal (wastewater) facilities. This process includes a focus on resource management and recovery, community input, regulatory changes, and economic development.
3:00pm - 5:15pmSession 04B: Clarifiers and Filtration
Session Chair: Anthony Tartaglione, Black and Veatch;
Boise Centre East 410B 
3:00pm - 3:45pm
ID: 212 / Session 04B: 1
Main Technical Program
Topics: Filtration
Keywords: EBPR, Phoshporus Reduction, Pilot Study, TMDL

City of Post Falls, Idaho – Membrane Tertiary Treatment Pilot Study for Low-Phosphorus and Reuse

Michael Conn1, Mark Esvelt2, Ben Carleton2, Monica Ott3, John Beacham3

1J-U-B Engineers, Inc, United States of America; 2Esvelt Environmental Engineering; 3City of Post Falls; , ,

The City of Post Falls, Idaho owns and operates a secondary treatment Water Reclamation Facility (WRF) utilizing enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) to treat municipal wastewater. Under an NPDES Permit, reclaimed water from the Post Falls WRF is discharged to the Spokane. New NPDES limits and a compliance schedule targeting a reduction of CBOD5 and total phosphorus (TP) are being driven by a TMDL for dissolved oxygen in the downstream receiving water. To meet loading caps of 255 lbs/day CBOD and 3.19 lbs/day TP, concentration limits will decrease as future flows increase to <6 mg/L CBOD5 and <50 ug/L TP, arguably some of the most stringent limits in the nation. The City has undertaken an 18-month pilot study to test three MF/UF pressurized membranes in a tertiary filtration application to determine the ability of the systems to meet the new effluent requirements (and for future Class A reuse). In addition to the membrane pilot study, three high-rate clarification (HRC) systems were tested for pre-treatment to the membranes, including solids-contact clarification, dissolved air flotation, and plate settlers. During planning for the pilot study, pressure membranes (downstream of the HRC’s) were evaluated for the application, specifically targeting systems’ capable of handling heavy chemical doses. Further, research of full-scale facilities identified very few systems operating with EBPR followed by tertiary membranes targeting ultra-low TP. This lack of industry knowledge led the City to undertake a robust pilot protocol to enhance their knowledge of their potential full-scale tertiary system that they are targeting for full-scale. The paper will present the operational parameters tested including variable influent conditions, coagulant dosing, laboratory procedures and results for ultra-low TP. The conclusions of the study will be presented along with how the pilot study data was utilized to inform the membrane procurement, and design for the full-scale system.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Mike Conn is a project manager with J-U-B Engineers in their Coeur d'Alene Idaho office with 15 years in the Water & Wastewater industry. Mike has an MS in Civil Engineering and is a PE in Idaho and Washington. Mike's career emphasis has been in membrane applications for drinking water, wastewater treatment, and reuse.

Mark Esvelt, BS, Mining Engineering, University of Idaho. MS, UC Berkeley, Civil Engineering, Water Quality Engineering Emphasis. 24 years Environmental Engineering Consulting. Partner in Esvelt Environmental Engineering. Professional Engineer in Washington, Idaho, and Oregon.

Ben Carleton. B.S. Chemical Engineering, University of Idaho. M.S. Chemical Engineering, University of Idaho. Environmental Engineer at Esvelt Environmental Engineering, emphasis in municipal and industrial wastewater. EIT license in ID and WA (P.E. in 2-4 years). One year work experience at Cd’A WWTP as pilot plant operator; Class I Operator license in ID (pending).

3:45pm - 4:30pm
ID: 241 / Session 04B: 2
Main Technical Program
Topics: Filtration
Keywords: MABR, Nutrient Removal, Energy Efficiency

Practical Considerations for the Full-Scale Application of a Membrane Aerated Biofilm Reactor (MABR)

Tom Johnson, William Leaf

Jacobs/CH2M, United States of America;

For any new technology, there is often a large leap that is required to move from pilot scale testing to full scale application. The development of new technologies has typically followed an “S-Curve” in the wastewater industry. As discussed in the recent Water Resources Utility of the Future Annual Report (2015), this acceleration of the S-Curve has led to the emergence of an Innovation Ecosystem. Within this ecosystem, technology developers, consulting engineers, utilities, and universities are collaborating to better define risks associated with innovative technology. This collaboration results in a deeper understanding of technology risks and benefits, and increased implementation of innovative technologies that provide clear resource reduction and recovery benefit for a utility. The membrane aerated biofilm reactor (MABR) technology development has actually had an extended bench scale and pilot scale period. Several manufacturers are now developing commercial scale MABR reactors. The challenge now is accurately identifying whole plant impacts of the MABR, and developing practical design standards for both the MABR and the ancillary components.

VCS Denmark manages the Ejby Molle facility in Odense, Denmark and recently completed a full-scale MABR demonstration project. The drivers for VCS with the incorporation of the MABR is to: 1) provide energy efficient total nitrogen (TN) removal, and 2) increase peak wet weather capacity. The whole plant impacts of incorporating the MABR in the full-scale pilot are documented. The optimal location for the MABR in the existing bioreactors is presented. A 40-percent net energy reduction was estimated in the activated sludge process. The average effluent TN was not impacted, but the overall annual TN discharge was reduced given the improved process stability. The peak wet weather capacity increased by 45 percent. A detailed process modeling (with Dynamita's SUMO) effort is also completed, with calibration and validation against the MABR performance.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Tom Johnson is a Principal Technologist with Jacobs/CH2M, specializing in wastewater treatment projects (planning, design, and plant optimization). Tom helps lead the development of Jacobs/CH2M process models (Pro2D2 and Dynamita's SUMO).

4:30pm - 5:15pm
ID: 299 / Session 04B: 3
Main Technical Program
Topics: Filtration
Keywords: Resource Recovery, Reuse, Ion Exchange, Advanced Water Treatment

Beads to Brine to the Bank: Piloting Electrodialysis for Reuse of Concentrated Brine

Katerina Messologitis

Stantec Consulting, United States of America;

Anionic exchange resins are becoming more widely used in advanced industrial wastewater treatment and to target specific constituents for potable reuse. Anionic resins can be regenerated to 99.9% recovery with NaCl, but leave behind a saline waste stream, referred to as brine. This brine contains left-over NaCl, as well as desorbed inorganic and organic anions (SO42-, HCO3-, HS, etc.) from the feed water. Dealing with this brine has always been a problem when trying to do large-scale treatment; especially with increasingly strict regulations.

Fortunately, compounds in the brine can be reclaimed if properly separated: NaCl for direct reuse in the regeneration process; and HS as a bio-stimulant for crop growth. Previous investigations have highlighted the efficiency of using electrodialysis (ED) technology to achieve the separation of 1) NaCl with mono-selective membranes and 2) divalent ions from HS with non-selective membranes. However, little was known about the effect of high organic loads from the brine on operations causing fouling or spacer clogging.

The purpose of this presentation is to share pilot-scale findings, which evaluated the long-term feasibility of ED technology for treatment of an anion exchange brine, including NaCl and HS recovery. ED treatment with mono-selective membranes took place over a six-month period while recording operational data and quality of the by-products. Results demonstrate that ED treatment with mono- and non-selective membranes is an innovative process that can be effective at targeting the recovery of resources from concentrated waste streams.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Katerina has a Masters degree in Civil Engineering from the University of New Hampshire. She conducted a pilot study on the feasibility of using electrodialysis for the recovery and reuse of concentrated brines from advanced water treatment.

Katerina currently works at Stantec primarily with a team of process engineers who operates a proof of concept pilot plant testing the efficacy of an industrial wastewater treatment and reclaim facility. Katerina applies and builds upon the skills learned during her thesis work to understand and synthesize the results from the current pilot project she is working on.
3:00pm - 5:15pmSession 05B: Innovation with old technology
Session Chair: Kevin Goss, Tetra Tech;
Boise Centre East 430 
3:00pm - 3:45pm
ID: 157 / Session 05B: 1
Main Technical Program
Topics: Innovation
Keywords: creative wastewater reuse

City of Prineville Crooked River Wetlands

Brett Moore

Anderson Perry & Associates, Inc., United States of America;

The City of Prineville’s Crooked River Wetlands Complex demonstrates a new approach to dealing with wastewater. Constructed for just $8 million, a fraction of the $62 million price tag of a previously recommended mechanical treatment plant, the complex utilizes natural processes found in the wetlands to further treat reclaimed water. Designed to operate entirely by gravity, the wetlands offer habitat to numerous plants, wildlife, waterfowl, and insects that support a healthy ecosystem. The nearly 5 miles of trails built throughout the complex also double as a biology and wildlife laboratory for area schools and a recreational get-away for visitors.

The wetlands in the complex were designed to augment the flow of water into the adjacent Crooked River. After the water is polished by the microorganisms growing on the plants in the wetland cells, the water is cooled as it flows underground into the Crooked River, providing as much as 2 million gallons per day of clean, cool water to aid in the reintroduction of steelhead and salmon.

As with most innovative ideas, this approach met with a fair amount of skepticism from regulatory agencies during the permitting process. Anderson Perry and the City conducted a number of studies to convince the agencies that this approach would not adversely affect area groundwater and the City agreed to meet extremely rigid monitoring requirements and increased water quality standards in order to secure permits.

Since beginning operations, the system is exceeding the stringent permit requirements and has helped pioneer a new permitting process and regulatory agency mindset for other communities and engineers who are interested in this non-traditional method for treating and disposing of wastewater. This project proves that treating wastewater can provide more to a community than smelly ponds or energy-consuming treatment plants, and can benefit the environment and provide recreational and educational experiences at the same time.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Brett is a senior project engineer and member of the AP Board of Directors whose 23 years of experience includes the planning, design, and construction administration of private and public infrastructure projects, including wastewater collection, treatment, disposal, and reuse systems. Brett holds an M.S. in Water Resource Engineering and a B.S. in Civil Engineering from Brigham Young University. Brett has lived in eastern Oregon for the past 18 years and has designed wastewater improvements that were successfully implemented for many local communities.

3:45pm - 4:30pm
ID: 183 / Session 05B: 2
Main Technical Program
Topics: Innovation
Keywords: Natural treatment system, vertical-flow wetlands, intensified wetlands, nitrification, nitrogen removal

Low-Energy Nitrification in Intensified Vertical Flow Wetlands

Jamie L. Hughes, Kenneth J. Williamson, Leila Barker

Clean Water Services, United States of America; ,

Clean Water Services constructed a 95-acre Natural Treatment System (NTS) adjacent to the Forest Grove Wastewater Treatment Facility (WWTF) in Forest Grove, Oregon, in 2017. The wetlands complex provides additional treatment of the secondary-treated wastewater effluent from the Hillsboro and Forest Grove WWTFs. As part of the NTS, an intensified vertical flow wetlands (VFW) was installed after the WWTF to achieve nitrification; the VFW was chosen to achieve significantly lower energy and maintenance costs.

A pilot-scale system was operated to determine the media type and optimum design parameters for a full-scale VFW. Six-foot-deep columns were filled with rock media with a high ammonium exchange capacity to facilitate biofilm growth. Effluent from the Forest Grove WWTF was supplemented with ammonia-nitrogen to ~20 mg nitrogen/L and dosed onto the columns in 5-centimeter-depths at set intervals using siphons. Pilot testing results (presented at the 2014 PNCWA Conference) showed ammonia removal rates of 93 to 98 percent when operated under loading rates of 1 to 16 m/d under either of two operational flow conditions: vertical flow or flood-and-drain flow.

Based on the results of the pilot-scale testing, 12 VFW cells with a horizontal area of about 55,000 square feet were constructed at the NTS. The 6-foot-deep cells were filled with ¼-inch to ½-inch river rock with an ammonium exchange capacity of >40 mg/kg. The VFW was designed to treat up to 14 MGD.

Full-scale testing is underway and results will be presented. Data including examination of loading rates and operational flow conditions on removal efficiencies will be presented along with a description of the final full-scale design and construction process. The full-scale removal rates will be compared to the pilot-scale results.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Jamie Hughes is a Water Resources Analyst in the Regulatory Affairs Department at Clean Water Services, a water resource management utility in Washington County, Oregon. Jamie led the operation of the vertical flow pilot plant and has given presentations on her research results at several conferences including at the 2014 PNCWA conference and at WEFTEC in 2015. Currently at CWS, Jamie assists in the implementation of the watershed-based NPDES permit and permit-related programs including the water quality credit trading program for temperature. Jamie also reviews and provides feedback on state and federal regulatory policies, studies, and rulemakings. Jamie is an active member of WEF, Oregon ACWA, and PNCWA and serves on several committees within those organizations. Prior to working at Clean Water Services, Jamie graduated from Oregon State University with a Master’s degree in Environmental Engineering and a minor in chemistry. She is excited to be back here presenting again at PNCWA!

Leila Barker is a Water Resources Analyst in the Regulatory Affairs Department at Clean Water Services in Hillsboro, Oregon. She coordinates implementation of the District’s research program and manages data collection and research projects related to permit compliance. Her work includes the design and implementation of monitoring programs aimed at optimizing treatment performance in the natural treatment system at Forest Grove. Leila holds an M.S. in Environmental Engineering from Oregon State University and a B.S. in biology from Emory University.

4:30pm - 5:15pm
ID: 137 / Session 05B: 3
Main Technical Program
Topics: Innovation
Keywords: treatment wetland, nutrient removal

Treatment Wetlands for Nutrient Removal at Small Facilities

Jack Wallis1, Otto Stein2

1Wallis Engineering; 2Montana State University;

As water quality regulations become stricter, small facilities face significant challenges to providing cost-effective wastewater treatment. Treatment wetland systems are becoming increasingly attractive due to their ability to provide a high quality effluent at a fraction of the cost of conventional wastewater treatment systems. The Montana State University Treatment Wetland Lab Group recently designed and constructed two vertical flow treatment wetland systems in Montana in response to new regulatory requirements. A pilot-scale system was constructed at the Bridger Bowl Ski Resort to demonstrate nitrogen removal in anticipation of a nitrogen TMDL, and a full-scale system was constructed at the Ennis National Fish Hatchery to meet the requirements of a new Concentrated Aquatic Animal Production General Permit.

Both systems receive high strength wastewater: the Bridger influent is high in ammonia nitrogen and chemical oxygen demand from kitchens and restrooms, and the Ennis system receives solids rich wastewater from raceway cleaning. Both systems are two stage vertical flow wetlands, with design features tailored to specific wastewater characteristics and treatment requirements. The Bridger system has been optimized for nitrogen removal over four operating seasons, and has shown consistently high COD removal (95%) and nitrogen removal (up to 75% depending upon operating conditions). The Ennis system has been operating for only one year, and preliminary results have shown high removal efficiency of COD (98%), TSS (99%), TN (59%), and TP (95%).

Treatment wetland systems are particularly well suited to rural applications, where land area is available, but funding for capital improvements and operations and maintenance is limited. These results show that these systems can be a cost-effective solution for small facilities when high levels of treatment are required, and conventional systems are cost-prohibitive.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Jack Wallis recently completed his masters degree in environmental engineering at Montana State University, focusing on maximizing phosphorus removal in a recently constructed treatment wetland in Ennis, Montana. He now works at a consulting firm designing wastewater infrastructure for municipalities in the Pacific Northwest.
3:00pm - 5:15pmSession 06B: Stormwater
Session Chair: Ed Wicklein, Carollo Engineers;
Boise Centre West 120B 
3:00pm - 3:45pm
ID: 255 / Session 06B: 1
Main Technical Program
Topics: Stormwater
Keywords: stormwater, watershed, planning, water quality, pollutants

From Stormwater Monitoring to Adaptive Management: Getting the Most Out of a Permit-Driven Effectiveness Evaluation

Andy Weigel

Brown and Caldwell, United States of America;

Solutions for reducing pollutant loads in urban stormwater runoff are almost never a one-size-fits-all proposition. Advances in design of Green Stormwater Infrastructure, proprietary treatment systems, and innovative policy strategies have grown at an exciting pace in recent years. With a wealth of solutions, it can be difficult for public entities managing stormwater infrastructure to collect and analyze the various data and information needed to make sound decisions when selecting solutions for specific stormwater management needs. Monitoring data collected for permit compliance alone may not be adequate to answer these questions.

The Ada County Highway District (ACHD) is the lead agency for the only Phase I MS4 Permit in Idaho. ACHD shares permit compliance and stormwater management responsibilities with five other permittees to cover a 58,000-acre permit area that includes the cities of Boise and Garden City. In 2017 ACHD completed an intensive two-year data collection effort in a small residential subwatershed draining to an infiltration best management practice (BMP). Monitoring and modelling results were used to evaluate the effectiveness of this widely used BMP.

The evaluation included:

• Continuous flow and rain monitoring covering 55 rain events;

• Flow-weighted composite water quality sample collection for 6 rain events;

• Modelling of BMP pollutant removal, source loads, and stormwater runoff volume using the Source Loading and Management Model for Windows (WinSLAMM); and

• event-based qualitative observations.

The presentation will provide information on how the results of this evaluation are being used to refine runoff volume and pollutant loading estimates for larger, more complicated, subwatersheds throughout the permit area, and inform updates to BMP design guidance. The presentation also includes a discussion of how the results of this effectiveness evaluation and other permit-driven studies and evaluations are being used to guide the next phases of data collection and planning efforts to achieve higher pollutant load reductions in urban stormwater runoff.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Andy Weigel is a senior hydrogeologist with Brown and Caldwell. He focuses on stormwater quality management and water resources planning projects for both the public and private sectors. He graduated from Boise State University in 2009 with a BS in Geosciences.

3:45pm - 4:30pm
ID: 168 / Session 06B: 2
Main Technical Program
Topics: Stormwater
Keywords: Low Impact Development, SLOPES V Permitting, Fish Passage

Merging Stormwater and Safety Opportunities; When Forces Unite

Nick McMurtrey1, Kaaren Hofmann2

1Murraysmith, United States of America; 2City of Newberg, Yamhill County, Oregon, United States of America; ,

Despite the building boom underway in the Pacific Northwest, stress prevails within the capital budgets available to municipal agencies. Resource demands from regulatory requirements, a saturated bid climate, active community members, right-of-way encroachments, and franchise utility conflicts all compete for infrastructure improvement funding.

The City of Newberg commenced a corridor safety upgrade in 2015 on a prominent collector route. Upgrades involved improving multi-modal safety through introduction of bike lanes, sidewalks, lighting, enhanced pedestrian crossings, and speed appropriate geometric roadway design. During the process, Murraysmith and the City identified multiple synergetic opportunities along the way to incorporate stormwater management, fish passage upgrades, right-of-way acquisition and utility undergrounding while managing a deficit in CIP funding.

This presentation will help attendees:

1. Identify stormwater opportunities for projects considering similar safety improvements

2. Provide budgeting assumptions for stormwater improvements relative to existing CIP’s and master plans

3. Inform public involvement campaigns to show rate payers tangible results

4. Review construction options available for rapid assembly fish passage structures

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Nick McMurtrey, P.E., has Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering from Oregon State University. Nick has worked as an engineering consultant for 15 years, serving a variety of planning, design and construction roles on transportation and water projects for municipal clients.

Kaaren Hofmann, PE has a Bachelor of Science in Engineering from Saint Martin’s University. Kaaren has worked in municipal government for 22 years, the last 3 as the City Engineer in Newberg.

4:30pm - 5:15pm
ID: 192 / Session 06B: 3
Main Technical Program
Topics: Stormwater
Keywords: Stormwater Public Outreach

Creative Community Engagement Improves Stormwater Outcomes

Elizabeth Spaulding1, Emiline Hogg2

1The Langdon Group; 2City of Nampa Environmental Compliance Division; ,

It takes an entire community to meet the challenges of reducing pollutants in stormwater. Individual behavior changes can have a significant impact on what pollutants end up down the drain, and public education on stormwater issues can drastically improve water quality outcomes.

The City of Nampa Environmental Compliance Division’s Stormwater Outreach Program has been recognized as a leader in engaging the public to meet its stormwater objectives. The program strives to improve local waterways by providing education and outreach about the benefits of clean water, with a special focus on underserved populations. Not only do these efforts improve water quality outcomes, they empower the local community members and strengthen the relationship between the city and its citizens.

This presentation will highlight the variety of activities that the City of Nampa’s Stormwater Outreach Program has implemented since 2010, including:

• Community Clean Up Days

• Nampa School District Partnership

• Nampa Stormwater Advisory Group

• City Acres Park Stormwater Kiosk

• Stormwater Summer Camp

• Bilingual Educational Material

This presentation will also address the importance of engaging underserved populations, and speak to the City’s approach for ensuring the interests and needs of these populations are incorporated into the outreach programming.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Elizabeth Spaulding is a project manager and facilitator with The Langdon Group. She has extensive experience supporting local, state and federal agencies in engaging the public to address complex environment and natural resource issues across the west. Elizabeth has provided public outreach support to the City of Nampa’s Stormwater Outreach Program since 2016.

Emiline Hogg is the Public Outreach Coordinator for the City of Nampa’s Environmental Compliance Division. Prior to joining the City in 2015, she worked as an educator for the Nampa School District.
3:00pm - 5:15pmSession 07B: Solids
Session Chair: Preston Van Meter, Murraysmith;
Boise Centre East 410C 
3:00pm - 3:45pm
ID: 114 / Session 07B: 1
Main Technical Program
Topics: Solids
Keywords: Filtration Theory, Dewatering, Thickening, Equipment Specifications

Moneyball for Biosolids Dewatering

Kelly Brown

BDP Industries, Inc., United States of America;

Problem Statement:

It is a common problem in the wastewater industry for a plant wanting to go from ponding or liquid field application of waste sludge to dewatering followed by drying or land application or haulage to a landfill. In accomplishing this process change the dewatering step is critical. If the discharge moisture is too high the landfill won’t take the waste, the energy balance of a Thermal Dryer is primarily a function of moisture, so the overall economics of the project are significantly impacted by the performance of the dewatering stage. What steps should be taken to insure the dewatering process is achieved?

What is typically done is pilot testing with small scale dewatering units. This article will cover the belt press and screw press options and the analysis to use that based on established filtration theory will develop bid specifications that insure the acquired dewatering equipment will meet the process objectives. A perusal of dewatering bid specifications shows few incorporate the specifications items that should be reference if basing the equipment selection on dewatering theory and the pilot test results.


This article will cover a recent pilot trial for determining equipment sizing on a project and go through an analysis of the test results based on filtration theory so that specifications are written that will insure the desired process objectives are met. What are the equipment specifications that relate to filtration theory and process performance, they are in order of their importance:


1. Filtration Area

2. Feed Distribution

3. Gravity Section Control

4. Cake Pressure / Time Under Pressure

5. Drive System: Speed / Control

The article will go through an analysis of all the filtration data that can and should be taken and demonstrate how using filtration theory the bid specifications can be generated that will insure desired process objectives are met.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Education: BS Chemical Engineering, Masters Business Administration

1999 to Present: Director Sales and Marketing BDP Industries.

1985 to 1999: Director of Research / Product Development, Eimco Process Equipment Co

1979 to 1985: Project Manager Getty Minerals

1972 to 1979: Project Engineer: Research and Development Group, Eimco

My entire career has been involved in Filtration Technology.

3:45pm - 4:30pm
ID: 308 / Session 07B: 2
Main Technical Program
Topics: Wastewater Treatment Processes, Solids, Energy
Keywords: anaerobic digestion, solids handling, biosolids, biogas, CHP

City Of Moscow Solids Management Alternative Feasibility Study

Casey Bryant, Kenny Sheffler, Kirsten Dolph, Nicole Tompkins, Cody Sprague

University of Idaho, United States of America; , ,

This project investigates an upgrade to the solids handling of the City of Moscow’s Water Reclamation and Reuse Facility (WRRF). Currently, waste activated sludge (WAS) is dewatered and transported to Latah Sanitation where it is composted to achieve Class A biosolids status. This is a costly method of solids handling which has few opportunities to realize resource recovery. Additionally, Moscow forgoes primary clarification – opting to treat all influent wastewater in its activated sludge basins.

In this study, anaerobic digestion is considered due to its ability to produce biogas. Biogas, rich in methane, can be used with combined heat and power (CHP) to provide electricity and heat to the WRRF, with the potential to offset operational costs and contribute to achieving resource recovery. Three different high-rate digestion alternatives were considered: single stage, acid-gas phased, and thermal hydrolysis pretreatment coupled with a single stage digester. Due to the complexity and uniqueness of the Moscow WRRF, using thermal hydrolysis to pretreat WAS before digestion proved the best of the three alternatives. However, when compared to the current operations, the disadvantages outweighed those of the current operations resulting in a final recommendation of a “no-build”.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Nicole is a senior from Vancouver, Washington studying Civil Engineering at the University of Idaho.
Kenny is a senior studying electrical engineering at the University of Idaho. He has an interest in biogas as it relates to his passion for renewable energy.
Casey is a graduate student at the University of Idaho working on his master’s under Dr. Coats. His research focuses on resource recovery and process modelling. He is expected to graduate in Spring 2019.
Kirsten is a senior at the University of Idaho studying Civil Engineering and Spanish.

4:30pm - 5:15pm
ID: 189 / Session 07B: 3
Main Technical Program
Topics: Solids
Keywords: Thickening, digestion, capacity, biogas

Unlocking Idle Capacity in Old Digesters

Patricia Tam, Chris Muller, Tadd Giesbrecht

Brown and Caldwell, United States of America;

Increasing digester capacity is one of the costliest capital improvements in a wastewater treatment plant. This could take the form of adding new digester tanks, converting to an enhanced digestion process, or upgrading the thickening process. Of these, thickening process improvements could provide significant capacity gain at a cost much lower than the other approaches. This case study is related to the recent upgrade at the Central Kitsap Treatment Plant (CKTP), which includes upgrades to both liquid-stream and solids-stream processes.

The digestion system at CKTP treats primary and waste activated sludge (WAS) generated at CKTP, as well as secondary sludge generated at three other, smaller plants operated by Kitsap County. The two existing anaerobic digesters were approaching capacity and it was not possible to safely and reliably take one unit out of service for maintenance for extensive periods. In addition, the existing boilers could no longer beneficially use the biogas, so that the biogas was routinely combusted in a flare and wasted to the atmosphere.

As part of a larger plant upgrade, the thickening scheme was changed from co-thickening in two existing gravity thickeners to separate thickening of primary sludge thickening in the gravity thickener and WAS thickening in a new rotary drum thickener (RDT). This results in digester feed sludge at about twice the percent solids compared to that prior to the upgrade and doubling of the solids processing capacity of the digestion process. The thicker digester feed sludge also allowed for a new, more efficient energy strategy for the plant. A new combined heat and power (CHP) system was included in the upgrade, which provides beneficial reuse of the biogas, significantly reduces the use of fuel oil while meeting the system process heating needs and producing power, and reduces greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Patricia Tam is a process engineer at Brown and Caldwell with 22 years of professional environmental engineering experience. She has extensive experiences in process design and modeling of biological treatment systems, plant capacity assessment, aeration system design, and facility planning. Ms. Tam also has experience in hydraulic modeling, UV disinfection system, odor control, and predictive fate modeling for air emissions.
3:00pm - 5:15pmSession 08B: Secondary Treatment
Session Chair: Mike McKamey, Beaver Equipment;
Boise Centre West 110A/110B 
3:00pm - 3:45pm
ID: 132 / Session 08B: 1
Main Technical Program
Topics: EBNR, nitrogen and phosphorus management
Keywords: Nitritation, EBPR, post-anoxic denitrification

Toward Achieving Mainstream Nitritation with Post-Anoxic EBPR

Jason Mellin

University of Idaho, United States of America;

Due to the potential for significant energy savings, achievement of stable nitritation for treatment of municipal WRRF mainstreams has received increasing research attention in recent years. Despite this attention, practical implementation by full scale facilities remains difficult. Specific challenges include lower wastewater temperatures, lower influent nitrogen, and variable influent loading, as compared to conditions realized in the most conventional sidestream treatment (i.e., ANAMMOX). Moreover, achieving stable nitritation within a biological nutrient removal process is hindered by additional factors, including competition for nutrient resources between different microbial groups. Recent research at UI has indicated, however, that a nitritation process coupled to EBPR in a post-anoxic configuration is viable and holds the potential for significant energy savings while achieving low effluent ammonia, NOx, and phosphorus concentrations. Furthermore, this process has the potential to provide a microbial source for bioplastic production, thereby further advancing the Resource Recovery concept. This presentation will discuss research performed at the University of Idaho on this EBPR process, with a focus on operating parameters, aeration and ammonia control strategies, process resiliency, and relevant microbial species interactions and metabolisms. In addition, the potential benefits and feasible implementation of this process at full scale facilities will be discussed.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Jason Mellin is currently pursuing a PhD. in Civil Engineering at the University of Idaho. He obtained a Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering from UI and worked as an engineer in consulting previous to returning to school; he earned his MSc in Civil Engineering from UI in May 2017. In addition, he was a PNCWA scholarship award recipient in 2014 and 2017.

3:45pm - 4:30pm
ID: 155 / Session 08B: 2
Main Technical Program
Topics: EBNR, nitrogen and phosphorus management
Keywords: VFA, Phosphorus, Filtrate, EBNR, EBPR

Optimizing Volatile Fatty Acid Filtrate Extraction from Fermented Primary Sludge

Austin Carnes, Ron Gearhart, Zane Custer, Tony Harmon

City of Boise, United States of America;

The West Boise Water Renewal Facility was found to be constrained in its capacity to biologically remove phosphorus due to a limited supply of volatile fatty acids (VFAs), the preferred food source of phosphorus accumulating organisms. West Boise’s supplemental VFAs are produced by side stream primary sludge fermentation. A VFA rich filtrate is extracted from the fermented primary sludge (FPS) using rotary screen thickeners (RSTs). An optimization study of this extraction process was undertaken to determine if the supply of VFAs delivered to the treatment process could be increased. It was hypothesized that the thickened, fermented primary sludge (TFPS) that was being sent to digestion contained significant residual VFAs. To test this hypothesis, several samples of TFPS were obtained, diluted with deionized water, mixed, and the liquid fraction extracted using a pilot screen of the same material as the RSTs. Analyses of these samples showed VFA concentrations as high as those of the filtrate already being delivered to treatment. As a result, a two stage extraction pilot test was initiated. FPS was pumped through an RST, in which first stage extraction took place. It then discharged into a hopper along with dilution water. The contents of this hopper were pumped to a second RST in which second stage extraction took place. Testing of the filtrate from prior to and during the two stage extraction pilot showed an increase in VFA extraction of 677 pounds per day, a 48.5% increase. After the two stage extraction pilot, effluent dissolved reactive phosphorus from the best performing aeration basin fell by 70%. Plant effluent dissolved reactive phosphorus fell by 10%.

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
30 W HAVASU FALLS ST - MERIDIAN, ID 83646 - Phone: (503)367-3033 - Email:

CITY OF BOISE Boise, Idaho
Wastewater Operator II May, 2016 – Present
•Monitored, adjusted, maintained, and analyzed complex wastewater treatment processes.
•Performed sample collection, laboratory testing, and process profiling.
•Reviewed laboratory and statistical data to make process recommendations.
•Assisted with special projects such as stress, pilot, and optimization testing of equipment and processes.
•Provided training and observation of new wastewater operators.

CITY OF BOISE Boise, Idaho
Wastewater Operator I March, 2015 - May, 2016
•Maintained and operated wastewater plant equipment and processes.
•Sampled and analyzed influents and effluents as prescribed by analytical procedures.
•Recorded and analyzed test results and other pertinent data to identify variations.
•Maintained accurate records of process and lab results.

Microbial Source Tracking Intern June, 2014 - September, 2014
•Performed field analysis of water samples for chemical and biological contaminants.
•Performed advanced microbiological assays to classify bacterial contaminants in surface water.
•Wrote SOP for human bacteriodetes and enterococci real-time PCR.
•Translated complex scientific information into plain language for blog posts.

Wastewater Treatment Plant Operations Intern April, 2014 - May, 2014
•Collected and ran permit and process control tests on wastewater and solids samples.
•Maintained wastewater treatment plant structures and equipment.
•Assisted in plant equipment operation and process control.

Learning Support Specialist January, 2014 - June, 2014
•Tutored students in water treatment, wastewater treatment, chemistry, biology, microbiology, and math.
•Assisted faculty in improving course materials for better student outcomes.
•Created and modified homework problems sets and assisted faculty in creating exams.
•Substitute taught environmental chemistry lab.

PORTLAND STATE UNIVERSITY Completion Date Bachelor of Science, summa cum laude, Environmental Science June, 2013


4:30pm - 5:15pm
ID: 195 / Session 08B: 3
Main Technical Program
Topics: EBNR, nitrogen and phosphorus management
Keywords: VFA, fermentation, lab testing

Heating Primary Sludge for Increased Volatile Fatty Acid Fermentation

Jana Otero, Adrienne Menniti, Peter Schauer

Clean Water Services, United States of America;

The Durham Advanced Wastewater Treatment Facility has been practicing biological phosphorus removal (BPR) for over two decades. The facility relies on a primary sludge Unified Fermentation and Thickening (UFAT) process to augment the influent Volatile Fatty Acids (VFA) and support BPR. The process currently needs to be expanded because the solid residence time (SRT) available is too low to provide adequate VFA production when wastewater temperatures are low. A capital improvement project to expand the UFAT process is scheduled for completion in 2022. As an interim solution, primary sludge heating is being installed to increase VFA production.

Preliminary bench-scale testing will develop the start-up and operational plan for the full scale heating. Two temperature controlled jacketed reactors will be used to operate continuous flow, bench-scale fermentation at temperatures ranging from 15-30 deg C and SRT ranging from 1-5 days. Testing for each condition will be conducted for longer than three SRT to reach steady state operation. Influent primary sludge TS, reactor pH, soluble VFA concentration, and effluent TS will be monitored.

Year-round operational data already shows that increasing the primary sludge temperature from 15 to 20 degrees C almost doubles the VFA produced. Heating the primary sludge should stabilize VFA production throughout the year and promote more stable BPR. This is exceptionally important in the early months of the summer permit season when BPR is highly VFA deficient.

This presentation will review the full-scale operational data that supports the potential benefit for heating the unit process, the bench-scale testing results, and the implications the heating project has on the overall facility expansion. The following key questions will be addressed:

• What SRT and temperature combination produces the most stable performance for VFA production?

• With sludge heating, what design SRT should be used for fermentation capital expansion design criteria?

Brief Biography and/or Qualifications
Jana Otero is an Operations Specialist in the Technology Development & Research group for Clean Water Services. She received her bachelor’s degree in Environmental Engineering from Oregon State University. Jana graduated with summa cum laude honors.

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