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Overview and details of the sessions of this online conference.

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Session Overview
C04: Health and Fertility
Wednesday, 18/Aug/2021:
2:15pm - 3:45pm

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2:15pm - 2:37pm

Doing Good rather than Doing Well: What Stimulates Personal Data Sharing and Why?

Maclean Gaulin1, Nathan Seegert2, Mu-Jeung Yang3

1University of Utah, United States of America; 2University of Utah, United States of America; 3University of Utah, United States of America

Personal data markets have become ubiquitous. At the same time, the non-rivalry of data suggests that the social returns to personal data sharing will often exceed its private returns. Using a unique sequence of RCTs for randomized COVID-19 testing among tens of thousands of households in Utah, we analyze different tools to stimulate personal data sharing. We contrast the effectiveness of incentives for data sharing with mechanisms suggested by behavioral economics, including moral engagement, image motivation, and identity. Our results suggest that incentives by themselves can easily backfire and are highly complementary with framing effects. Furthermore, image motivation and identity are an order of magnitude more effective in influencing data sharing than monetary incentives.

Gaulin-Doing Good rather than Doing Well-334.pdf

2:37pm - 3:00pm

With Booze, You Lose: The Mortality Effects of Early Retirement

Patrick Chuard-Keller

University of St. Gallen, Switzerland

This study analyzes the effect of early retirement on male mortality. I exploit two reforms in a regression discontinuity design, which allowed men in Switzerland as of a certain cohort to retire one and two years before the statutory retirement age. I draw from two full sample administrative data sets: the mortality and the old age insurance register. Retiring two years before the statutory retirement age increases the absolute risk of death before the age 83 by 41 percentage points. Heterogeneity analysis reveals that the effect is driven by lifestyle diseases such as alcohol dependence and respiratory diseases related to smoking. There is no effect heterogeneity regarding income, which suggests that the negative health effect is not caused by a loss in income. The results support the lifestyle hypothesis suggesting that retirement increases mortality due to a loss of structure and a concomitant unhealthy lifestyle.

Chuard-Keller-With Booze, You Lose-483.pdf

3:00pm - 3:22pm

Curtailment of Civil Liberties and Subjective Life Satisfaction

Lisa Windsteiger1, Michael Ahlheim2, Kai Konrad1

1Max Planck Institute for Tax Law and Public Finance, Germany; 2University of Hohenheim, Germany

This analysis focuses on the lockdown measures in the context of the Covid-19 crisis in Spring 2020 in Germany. In a randomized survey experiment, respondents were asked to evaluate their current life satisfaction after being provided with varying degrees of information about the lethality of Covid-19. We use reactance as a measure of the intensity of a preference for freedom to explain the variation in the observed subjective life satisfaction loss. Our results suggest that it is not high reactance alone that is associated with large losses of life satisfaction due to the curtailment of liberties. The satisfaction loss occurs in particular in combination with receiving information about the (previously overestimated) lethality of Covid-19.

Windsteiger-Curtailment of Civil Liberties and Subjective Life Satisfaction-227.pdf

3:22pm - 3:45pm

Baby Bonus, Fertility, and Missing Women

Wookun Kim

Southern Methodist University, United States of America

This paper presents novel causal evidence on the effects of pro-natalist financial incentives on babies. I exploit rich spatial and temporal variation in the generosity of cash transfers provided to families with newborn babies and the universe of birth, death, and migrant registry records in South Korea. I find that the total fertility rate in 2015 would have been 3% lower without the cash transfers. These cash transfers were particularly effective among working mothers and encouraged them to have second and third children. This selection of working mothers into childbearing led to a decrease in gestational age, which in turn led to an overall reduction in birth weight, but no change in early mortality. The cash transfers had an unintended consequence of correcting the unnaturally male-skewed sex ratio closer to its natural level.

Kim-Baby Bonus, Fertility, and Missing Women-109.pdf

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