Conference Agenda

Overview and details of the sessions of this online conference.

Please select a date to show only sessions at that day. Please select a single session for detailed view (with abstracts and downloads if available).

Activate "Show Presentations" and enter your name in the search field in order to find your function (s), like presenter, discussant, chair.

Some information on the session logistics:

The last speaker of each session is the session chair. The discussant is always the following speaker, with the first speaker being the discussant of the last paper. Each paper has a 22-minutes-block in all sessions. There should be 15 minutes and no more than 18 minutes for the presenter. The discussion is then started by the discussant. Please note that the role of the discussant is different compared to previous years: The discussant has only 1-2 minutes and s/he is not allowed to give a lengthy summary of the paper together with comprehensive comments. Instead, her/his task is to raise one single question/comment and, in doing so, start the general discussion! All participants are asked to be strict in timing to allow people to change sessions during the general discussion. For a (rare) session with less papers in the session than the time slot allows, stick to the congress schedule and use 22 minutes per presentation to allow listeners to smoothly change between sessions.

Only registered participants can attend this online conference. Further information available on the congress website https://iipf2021.hi.is/ .

Please note that all times are shown in the time zone of the conference. The current conference time is: 27th Nov 2021, 01:55:51am GMT

 
 
Session Overview
Session
E07: Inequality, Progressivity, and Spatial Equity
Time:
Thursday, 19/Aug/2021:
12:30pm - 2:00pm


Show help for 'Increase or decrease the abstract text size'
Presentations
12:30pm - 12:52pm

Social Construction and the Progressivity of Local Tax Relief

Momi Dahan

Hebrew University, Israel

This paper reveals a noticeable difference between a high degree of progressivity of income-related local property tax relief versus the proportional or regressive incidence of recognition tax relief. Recognition tax relief is tax relief given to family members of war-related casualties and holocaust survivors that recognizes either their contributions to society or their suffering. Following Schneider and Ingram, I suggest that certain social groups benefiting from positive image and political influence are more likely to receive favorable tax treatment regardless of their economic status. The contribution of this study is to show that tax progressivity is affected by social construction in addition to the standard economic considerations such as efficiency, inequality aversion and earning inequality. The unintended consequence of such tax design is a higher degree of progressivity in Arab municipalities compared to Jewish and Druze municipalities due to greater prevalence of “recognition tax reliefs” in Jewish and Druze residents.

Dahan-Social Construction and the Progressivity of Local Tax Relief-158.pdf


12:52pm - 1:15pm

When Capitalism Takes over Socialism: (Missing) Capital Income and East-West-German Income Inequality

Stefan Bach1, Charlotte Bartels1, Theresa Neef2,3

1DIW Berlin; 2Freie Universitaet Berlin; 3World Inequality Lab

This paper constructs Distributional National Accounts (DINA) for East and West Germany to study the distribution of pre- and post-tax national income since reunification in 1990. We complement the universe of individual income taxpayers with the non-taxpaying population recorded in SOEP survey data and then align incomes with national accounts aggregates.

We document substantial income differences between East and West Germans 30 years after the German reunification, which we relate to the lack of capital ownership in the East. We show that capital income generated in East Germany flowing to West German capital owners can explain structural differences between the income distributions in East and West Germany.

Bach-When Capitalism Takes over Socialism-258.pdf


1:15pm - 1:37pm

From Battlefield to Marketplace: Connectivity, Industrialization, and Spatial Convergence in the Greater Mekong Sub-Region

Manabu Nose1,2, Yasuyuki Sawada2,3, Nguyen Tung4

1International Monetary Fund; 2The University of Tokyo; 3Asian Development Bank; 4Hitotsubashi University

We evaluate heterogeneous impacts of the highway construction between the mountainous China-Vietnam border and industrial hubs in northeastern Vietnam. We apply the market access approach to granular geo-coded highway network data and estimate aggregate impacts of highways, accounting for their treatment spillovers. We exploit the variation in topological conditions as an instrument to estimate the causal impact of market potential growth on the agglomeration of firms and workers. We find that an expansion of market potential triggered the agglomeration of manufacturing firms in both core and peripheral cities. Firm productivity grew significantly faster in rural peripheries through labor reallocation from agriculture to manufacturing. We also estimate the program’s treatment effect separately from local externality, finding the consistent evidence of agglomeration economies and the shifts to manufacturing industries in the area near the highways. The overall findings suggest that the interregional highway facilitated the economy-wide industrialization and income convergence across space.

Nose-From Battlefield to Marketplace-377.pdf


1:37pm - 2:00pm

Wealth Inequality Dynamics in the United States: 1962–2100

Thomas Blanchet

Paris School of Economics, France

I decompose the dynamics of the wealth distribution using a simple dynamic stochastic model that separates the effects of consumption, labor income, rates of return, growth, demographics and inheritance. Based on two results of stochastic calculus, I show that this model is nonparametrically identified and can be estimated using only repeated cross-sections of the data. I estimate it using distributional national accounts for the United States since 1962. I find that, out of the 15 pp. increase in the top 1% wealth share observed since 1980, about 7 pp. can be attributed to rising labor income inequality, 6 pp. to rising returns on wealth (mostly in the form of capital gains), and 2 pp. to lower growth. I then use the model to analyze the effect of progressive wealth taxation at the top of the distribution.

Blanchet-Wealth Inequality Dynamics in the United States-311.pdf


 
Contact and Legal Notice · Contact Address:
Privacy Statement · Conference: IIPF 2021
Conference Software - ConfTool Pro 2.6.142
© 2001 - 2021 by Dr. H. Weinreich, Hamburg, Germany