Conference Agenda

Overview and details of the sessions of this online conference.

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The last speaker of each session is the session chair. The discussant is always the following speaker, with the first speaker being the discussant of the last paper. Each paper has a 22-minutes-block in all sessions. There should be 15 minutes and no more than 18 minutes for the presenter. The discussion is then started by the discussant. Please note that the role of the discussant is different compared to previous years: The discussant has only 1-2 minutes and s/he is not allowed to give a lengthy summary of the paper together with comprehensive comments. Instead, her/his task is to raise one single question/comment and, in doing so, start the general discussion! All participants are asked to be strict in timing to allow people to change sessions during the general discussion. For a (rare) session with less papers in the session than the time slot allows, stick to the congress schedule and use 22 minutes per presentation to allow listeners to smoothly change between sessions.

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Please note that all times are shown in the time zone of the conference. The current conference time is: 5th Dec 2021, 05:30:34pm GMT

Session Overview
J06: Gender Pay Gap
Friday, 20/Aug/2021:
10:45am - 12:15pm

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10:45am - 11:07am

The Smarter, the Richer? Distributional Analysis of Gender Gaps in Wages and Skills

Michele Battisti1, Alexandra Fedorets2, Lavinia Kinne3

1University of Glasgow; 2German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin); 3ifo Institute, Germany

For many different definitions of skills, higher skill levels relate to higher wages. We study the gender-specific patterns in distributions of numeracy measured by standardized tests in the international PIAAC survey. We confirm that higher numeracy levels relate to higher wage returns. However, women with top-numeracy levels experience a skill penalty among the top earners, compared to men with same numeracy levels, which points at the existing glass ceiling. Factors that explain high numeracy levels are also gender-specific: in particular, child care and labor market attainment explain why women are underrepresented at the highest numeracy level.

Battisti-The Smarter, the Richer Distributional Analysis of Gender Gaps-408.pdf

11:07am - 11:30am

The Effect Of Childcare On Parental Earnings Trajectories

Matthias Krapf1, Anja Roth2, Michaela Slotwinski2

1University of Lausanne, Switzerland; 2University of Basel, Switzerland

We study the effect of institutional childcare on child penalties. Using Swiss administrative data, we exploit the staggered opening of childcare facilities across municipalities in the canton of Bern. We find that the presence of childcare facilities in the year of birth of the first child reduces the child penalty. The availability of childcare increases maternal earnings and decreases the compensating increase in fathers’ earnings in households with below median earnings, but not in households with above median earnings. Although childcare affects relative earnings contributions within the household, there is no effect on total household earnings.

Krapf-The Effect Of Childcare On Parental Earnings Trajectories-216.pdf

11:30am - 11:52am

Early Career, Life-Cycle Choices, and Gender

Frederik Plesner Lyngse1, Torben Heien Nielsen1, Itzik Fadlon2

1University of Copenhagen, Denmark; 2University of California, San Diego

Do early labor market experiences determine longer-run life and career outcomes, and do they operate differentially for males and females? We study this question in the context of the physician labor market by exploiting a randomized lottery that determines the sorting of Danish physicians into internships, where students with bad lottery numbers end up assigned to less desirable local labor markets and entry-level jobs. Using administrative data that span up to ten years after physicians’ graduations, we study key decisions that determine their longer-run life trajectories. We find causal effects of early-career labor market sorting on a range of life-cycle outcomes that cascade from longer-run labor market sorting, to human capital accumulation, to occupational choice, and even to fertility. Notably, we find that the persistent longer-run effects are entirely driven by females, whereas males experience only temporary career disruptions from unfavorable early-stage sorting.

Lyngse-Early Career, Life-Cycle Choices, and Gender-437.pdf

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