Public Finance in the Era of the COVID-19 Crisis
18-20 August 2021 | Online, Organized by University of Iceland, Reykjavík
Overview and details of the sessions of this online conference.
Please select a date to show only sessions at that day. Please select a single session for detailed view (with abstracts and downloads if available).
Activate "Show Presentations" and enter your name in the search field in order to find your function (s), like presenter, discussant, chair.
Some information on the session logistics:The last speaker of each session is the session chair. The discussant is always the following speaker, with the first speaker being the discussant of the last paper. Each paper has a 22-minutes-block in all sessions. There should be 15 minutes and no more than 18 minutes for the presenter. The discussion is then started by the discussant. Please note that the role of the discussant is different compared to previous years: The discussant has only 1-2 minutes and s/he is not allowed to give a lengthy summary of the paper together with comprehensive comments. Instead, her/his task is to raise one single question/comment and, in doing so, start the general discussion! All participants are asked to be strict in timing to allow people to change sessions during the general discussion. For a (rare) session with less papers in the session than the time slot allows, stick to the congress schedule and use 22 minutes per presentation to allow listeners to smoothly change between sessions. Only registered participants can attend this online conference. Further information available on the congress website https://iipf2021.hi.is/ .
Please note that all times are shown in the time zone of the conference. The current conference time is: 27th Nov 2021, 03:00:23am GMT
L04: Labor Supply
2:15pm - 2:37pm
Labor Market And Health Effects Of An Activation Program For The Long-term Inactive
Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands, The
Some active labor market programs have been shown to improve labor market outcomes, however they mostly target individuals relatively close to the labor market. Many long-term benefit recipients suffer from mental health issues, indicated by the high rate of mental health care use in this group. Activation strategies for this group may not improve labor market outcomes, but may benefit them by replacing some of the benefits that a job offers such as providing a routine or social network. We evaluate an activation program for individuals with a large distance to the labor market, at least five years out of employment and on general assistance. The staggered implementation of the program allows for a difference-in-difference design. We evaluate both labor market and mental health effects.
2:37pm - 3:00pm
Inducing Labor: The Impact of Health Insurance on Post-Natal Labor Force Participation
1Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago; 2University of Utah; Eccles School of Business; 3US Department of Treasury; Office of Tax Analysis
In this paper we analyze the role of access to health insurance plays in the widely documented, sharp fall in mother’s labor supply following childbirth. Our analysis exploits variation created by the Affordable Care Act (ACA), which substantially expanded access to health insurance within the U.S., and richly detailed administrative tax data. We find that mother’s relative post-childbirth employment increases by 12% for births that occur after the insurance expansion. This labor supply response is pervasive across mother’s pre-birth characteristics, and across the varied impact of the ACA expansion. Our analysis suggests that this response is likely driven by a combination of improved access to maternal health care, increased participation by mothers who do not work before birth, reduced exits among mothers who do work before birth, and a compositional changes in who gives birth following the ACA health insurance expansion.
3:00pm - 3:22pm
Means-Tested Child Care Subsidies and Parental Labor Supply
1Statistics Norway; 2Institute for Social Research
An important rationale for providing universal child care subsidies is to encourage maternal labor market participation. Often governments choose to prioritize means-tested child care subsidies, targeted at low-income families. In the present study we discuss the ambivalent effects of means-tested child care subsidies on parents’ labor supply both analytically and by microsimulations of a structural labor supply model. We then utilize the introduction of a national scheme of means-tested child care subsidies in Norway, which offers a natural experiment to isolate the price effect (positive effect of subsidized care) and the strategic effects (negative effect of means-testing) on parents’ labor supply. Surprisingly, we find no significant effect on neither of the two mechanisms. Effects close to zero are confirmed by the structural labor supply model, which helps us shed some light on the likely reasons for the small responses to means-tested child care subsidies in the Norwegian context.
3:22pm - 3:45pm
Did the $660 Billion Paycheck Protection Program and $220 Billion Economic Injury Disaster Loan Program Get Disbursed to Minority Communities in the Early Stages of COVID-19?
1University of California, Santa Cruz, USA; 2University of Nevada, Reno, USA
Social distancing restrictions and demand shifts from COVID-19 shut down many small businesses with especially negative impacts on minority owners. Was the unprecedented US federal government response to support small businesses, which had a stated goal of helping disadvantaged groups – the $659 billion Paycheck Protection Program and the $220 billion COVID-19 Economic Injury Disaster Loans – disbursed evenly to minority communities? From our analysis of the universe of loans from these programs, we generally find a slightly positive relationship between PPP loan receipt per business and the minority share of the population or businesses, although funds flowed to minority communities later than to communities with lower minority shares. PPP loan amounts, however, are negatively related to the minority share of the population. The EIDL program, in contrast, was distributed positively to minority communities.
Contact and Legal Notice · Contact Address:
Privacy Statement · Conference: IIPF 2021
|Conference Software - ConfTool Pro 2.6.142
© 2001 - 2021 by Dr. H. Weinreich, Hamburg, Germany