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Session Overview
Session
A02: Intergenerational Mobility and Student Performance
Time:
Wednesday, 18/Aug/2021:
10:45am - 12:15pm


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Presentations
10:45am - 11:07am

Intergenerational Transmission of Welfare: Evidence from Germany

Jennifer Feichtmayer, Regina T. Riphahn

FAU Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany

We study the intergenerational transmission of welfare receipt in Germany. We first describe the correlation of welfare receipt experienced in the parental household and subsequent own welfare receipt of young adults. In a second step, we pursue several strategies to determine whether the observed correlations reflect causal effects. We take advantage of the long running German Socio-Economic Panel Survey (1984-2019) and contribute to a very sparse literature for the German case. We apply the Gottschalk (1996) estimation approach, look at sibling fixed effects, and use instrumental variables techniques. While our finding of strong positive correlations between parental and own welfare receipt confirm the international literature first results suggest that these correlations are spurious and do not hold up to controls for unobserved heterogeneities.

Feichtmayer-Intergenerational Transmission of Welfare-307.pdf


11:07am - 11:30am

Multigenerational Mobility in India

Anustup Kundu1,2, Kunal Sen2,3

1University of Helsinki, Finland; 2UNU-WIDER, Finland; 3University of Manchester, UK

Most studies of intergenerational mobility focus on adjacent generations, and there is limited knowledge about multigenerational mobility—that is, status transmission across three generations. We examine multigenerational educational and occupational mobility in India, using a nationally representative data-set the IHDS which contains information about education and occupation for three generations. We find that mobility has increased over generations for education, but not for occupation. We also find that there are stark differences across social groups, with individuals belonging to socially disadvantaged communities in India lagging behind in social progress. Multigenerational mobility for Muslims in education and occupation have decreased in comparison to Hindus over the three generations. While we find that there is an increase in educational mobility for other disadvantaged groups such as Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Classes compared to General Castes, we do not find evidence of increased occupational mobility over the three generations.

Kundu-Multigenerational Mobility in India-305.pdf


11:30am - 11:52am

Effects of Cooperative Learning on Student Performance: Evidence from Southern Thailand

Piyakul Somsiriwong

National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies, Japan

This study evaluates the effects of the Active Learning School (ALS) Project in the south of Thailand on national test scores during the period 2017–2019. Instruction in the project combines two interventions, the cooperative learning approach (CL) and professional development (PD), to improve the academic performance of students. The study provides regression discontinuity (RD) results on student performance pooled across years, grades and subjects. The results estimated from subsamples pooled across either subject and grade or subject and year are consistent with the main results. All results suggest that the project did not substantially improve student performance as measured by national test scores, since the effect sizes are very small with the 95 percent confidence interval estimates between -0.1 and 0.1 test score standard deviation. The major factors that prohibit the success of district-wide interventions are inadequate teacher training, imperfect classroom implementation, and lack of administrative support and follow-up.

Somsiriwong-Effects of Cooperative Learning on Student Performance-422.pdf


11:52am - 12:15pm

Does Reducing Income Inequality Prevent Residential Segregation?

Che-Yuan Liang1, Xiao Hu2

1Uppsala University; 2Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

We analyze how income inequality affects residential income segregation using Swedish population data for 1991–2014. Our exceptionally extensive data allows better inference on how to prevent segregation. We find that increasing pre-tax income inequality accounts for the entire dramatic segregation surge. In particular, growing shares of low-income residents can explain rising neighborhood concentration of such residents. Our results also indicate that raising the education levels of low-income residents is effective for fighting segregation. Moreover, residential preferences for similar neighbors could rationalize segregation patterns. However, disposable income inequality, which can be affected through public redistribution, only had limited segregation effects.

Liang-Does Reducing Income Inequality Prevent Residential Segregation-114.pdf


 
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