RN37_09: (Post)modern urban transformations
Vision of Global City and Transformation of the Old Towns: İstanbul Historic Peninsula as a Case Study
Istanbul University, Turkey
Since the second half of the 1970s, Istanbul’s goal and vision has been to become a world city. Although this vision has been slightly changed as a global city these days, the content has remained almost the same. This paper will analyze the undergoing changes of the old towns as a result of the global city vision. In order to understand that global city vision, we will discuss some projects, which were produced by different governments in the city of Istanbul, in-depth interviews and documentary analyses were used to carry out qualitative research. In-depth interviews were conducted with people who held posts as top executives in the Istanbul Municipality, such as mayors, council members, city planners, consultants etc. In conclusion, this vision has always been the showcase and strength of Turkey and put into practice in order to strengthen Istanbul’s position among world cities again. However, the projects that were carried out in line with this vision have brought about significant changes in city’s social, economic and cultural life. During 1970s the direction of the capital flow was towards cities, and clearly Istanbul has had its share of this economic change.
The Change Occurring in Daily Life by Culture-led Urban Transformation: Culture Valley Project Sample
İstanbul University, Turkey
Modernization has given rise to significant changes in daily life. It is claimed that the first thing which directly shows this change in Turkey is the neighborhood. Especially the degradation of neighbor relations is an important component of the changes taking place in daily life. Moreover, the structural transformations in the neighborhood are also one of the most important reasons for this kind of changes. A part of these transformations in Istanbul are carried out by the culture-oriented applications of urban transformation.
A project named "Kültür Vadisi (Culture Valley)" is conducted as a culture-oriented urban transformation project in Zeytinburnu, Istanbul. With this study, it was tried to understand how this project changed daily life in the relevant neighborhood, and it is hoped to contribute to developing a projection for the new projects which may be conducted in future and to determining of the sustainability of the current project.
In the study, the change of daily life in the Merkezefendi Neighborhood in which Culture Valley Project is conducted is tried to understand by depicturing. In the scope of the study, very few of the neighborhood residents could be reached because most of them have moved. Some of the residents of the neighborhood and, tradesmen, administrative directors and clergymen who still maintain the relationship with the neighborhood were met with. During the study, in-depth interviews were had and participant observations were made. The study which is performed during the transformation will shed light on what happened and what will happen in daily life.
Regeneration and Spatial Segregation in Post-Modern York, UK
Waseda University, Japan
In this presentation I will explore the re-segregation process of York. York is a typical commercial and trading city from medieval to modern.
Two rivers flow through the city center, and York used to be the hub point of water transportation leading to the North Sea. And in the 19th century a railroad passed through, became a hub point of new industrial age. In recent years, the tourism industry is very strong in York. Many tourists can enjoy elegant shops that offer refined local products in the historic city center. In this way redevelopment has proceeded in York from historical heritage to commercial and tourism city.
At the same time, new segregation has occurred in the city center. 120 years ago Rowntree conducted pioneering poverty research in York. He mentioned about poorest area in York where were Hungate and Walmgate located at the both banks across the River Foss. The changing process of both districts are very different. At present Hungate is a representative redevelopment area, and young rich families live there. On the other hand Walmgate keeps old street structure. Though tourists enjoy shopping at old local shops, but there are many public houses in the back street, poor elderly people live there. Though slum clearance projects were conducted in both districts by city of York, the characteristics of the two areas have become quite different. I will explain some reasons of these difference refer to the changing process of commercial city.