RS05_07: Multi-local family life: Work-family balance and attachment to place(s)
Childcare Arrangements in Context of Transnational Families
Institute of Sociology, Czech Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic
Work–life reconciliation strategies in the research on migrant population are largely neglected phenomena (see Williams 2012). Contributing to social policy research on work–life balance in the context of migration, I discuss childcare arrangements in transnational families as negotiated between different cultural models of care and welfare provision of (mutual) countries or origin, transition countries and country of destination and individual family situation. In the context of transnational families, the recent studies has focused on the role that state policies and international regulations play in facilitating or hindering family solidarity across borders. To enhance our understanding of the family life of transnational migrants, I have conducted a study on the work - family reconciliation strategies of migrants from a Vietnam and Ukraine living in a Central Eastern European Country (CEEC) – the Czech Republic. I discuss the everyday strategies of childcare provision supported by results from analysing 30 biographical narrative interviews and 6 focus groups with mothers of Vietnamese and Ukrainian origin. The pre-migrant ideals of care play an important role in deciding on care arrangements, provided in multi-local and transnational context. The dominant discourses on ‘good parenting’ in the country of destination are supported, reinforced and eventually changed through specific family policy designs but are not always accepted by migrant parents. Thought the care arrangements reflect the parents’ values regarding appropriate care in the context of the available institutional setting, the dominant model of care from the country of origin stays often unchanged. At the same time the changing family’s socio-economic situation and the labour market conditions in the country of destination contribute to fluidity of the childcare choices.
Place Attachment And Employers Ties Of Multi-local Knowledge Workers – The Case Of Stuttgart, Germany
ILS - Research Institute for Regional and Urban development, Germany
Many cities in western industrial countries deal with increasing work-related mobility and multi-locality (Williams et al. 2013). Particularly skilled workers in creative and knowledge-intensive branches are affected, because of project based work and flexible working conditions (Nadler 2014; Plöger 2016). Due to skills shortages and increasing competition for talent, cities and employers have started to attract and tie workforces within these sectors (Musterd/Murie 2010), but several employees move to a new place of work without their partners or families and decide to live multi-local. The existing literature barely deals with the individual workplace decision-making of multi-local knowledge workers. Also the employer’s role in work and residential decisions remains unclear. Contributing to this debate the paper deals with the question why multi-local knowledge workers in partnerships decide to live in several places and how employers influence their workplace decisions and residential location decisions. Furthermore, the paper deals with the question if and how multi-local workers create a sense of belonging and attachment to their cities of work as well as to their employers, even if they have relational attachments to other places. The paper focuses on the German city of Stuttgart and draws on ten qualitative interviews with multi-local knowledge workers.
Economic Migration - Divides or Connects Families?
Institut of Sociology of Academy of Science of the Czech Republic, Czech Republic
This paper focuses on the multi-local and transnational forms of economic migration and the impacts (positive and negative) of this strategy on the family and private life of migrants from Ukraine. The aim of this paper is to map strategies of economic and financial support in transnational families (supporting family members in the host country and in the country of origin). We analyse qualitative interviews with economic migrants from Ukraine coming to the Czech Republic. We focus on the specific strategies of migrants who have decided to establish entrepreneurship in the Czech Republic. We point out how legislation and working conditions (eg types of employment contracts, length of working hours, branches), as well as the group factors (ie specifics of position of migrants on the Czech labour market) contribute to strategies in providing financial security, which can multiply vulnerable position of migrants in the Czech Republic. These strategies of providing financial security for themselves and their families in Ukraine contribute to disadvantage and discrimination, which is, paradoxically, the main reason for the decision to start entrepreneurship. The decision to leave the country of origin for economic reasons may bring up a threat of loosening or breaking the family ties. However, ongoing efforts to support the family in the country of origin through remittances and other forms of financial support help to maintain the family relationships.