RN05_03a: Stratification 1
Cultural Evaluation of Urban Space: Mixed Methods Study of University Students in Prague
Charles University, Czech Republic
Study of taste and symbolic boundaries mostly focus on explicit cultural fields like music, movies or fashion, while specific urban locations of cultural consumption and taste inscribed in materiality of urban places are neglected or taken-for-granted. There are significant accounts of evaluation and production of urban places from perspective of producers or connoisseur users (e.g. Zukin 2010), however there is still little attention paid to more general evaluation of urban space approached in similar way as analysis of other cultural fields.
This paper is based on mixed methods research focused on university students in Prague that combines large survey data of student population and in-depth interviews with photo elicitation. Study explores differences in evaluation of urban places in the context of students’ cultural consumption. Preliminary findings show affinity between cultural capital axis of cultural space and preferences of alternative or ‘hipster’ cultural venues. On the other hand, mention of traditional Prague heritage spots could be considered as a sign of weak urban connoisseurship, as a cultural goodwill of students endowed with a low level of cultural capital. These issues will be further developed based on detailed analysis of in-depth interviews.
Highbrow Parents Raise Omnivorous Children? The Inheritance of Cultural Capital in Finland in 2007 and 2018
Tampere University, Finland
Parental influence on cultural capital and lifestyles as a research theme has gained prominence in recent sociology of culture. Following Bourdieu’s division between embodied cultural capital (taste, participation, dispositions) and institutionalised cultural capital (educational credentials), it has long been known that institutionalised capital is intergenerationally transmitted. Recent research on the inheritance of embodied cultural capital has provided evidence that parents’ cultural participation increases the cultural participation of their children. In Finland, research on the topic has been scarce. This paper contributes to this discussion by focusing on the degree to which parents’ cultural capital (both embodied and institutionalised) influences the level and type of cultural participation of their children in contemporary Finland. More precisely, drawing on two nationally representative and comparable Finnish survey data from 2007 (N=1279) and 2018 (N=1425), I analyse how parents’ example in appreciation of culture and parents’ active guidance (during children’s childhood) influence the cultural participation of their children. The datasets also permit an analysis of change over the past decade. Parents’ example and guidance are measured by an array of cultural activities, out of which a highbrow orientation seems to have the best explanatory power regarding children’s participation. However, children’s participation (measured with the same array of activities) seems to be omnivorous, not highbrow. This suggests that while there is an intergenerational transmission of cultural capital, the content of the capital has changed between the generations from highbrow towards omnivorous.
Barriers and Catalysts of Cultural Consumption: The Role of Family and School
Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Germany
Tendencies of intergenerational transmission of cultural consumption are well established in sociological research. However, patterns of cultural mobility can also be found. There is not much systematic evidence of the detailed processes that stimulate the development of cultural taste and consumption patterns deviating from parental exemplars. Drawing on a large population survey on cultural education and participation conducted in Germany in 2018, we take a socialisation perspective on high and popular forms of cultural consumption. In contrast to many conventional studies, we collected quite detailed retrospective information on parents’ taste and behaviour, their children’s consumption patterns at age fourteen and at present. We also investigate the cultural influences induced by curricular and extracurricular activities at school. Although indicators from several cultural domains are available, our presentation will have a special focus on the development of musical taste, consumption and (auto-) production.
Building a Sociologically Meaningful Classification of Food Products for National Household Budget Surveys
1INRA, France, CMH; 2INRA, France, ALISS
Do food consumption patterns remain different across social class? This question has been vastly debated in the 1980s and 1990s. Updating the debate is urgent, tempting, yet difficult.
It is urgent because after the eastward European enlargement and the economic downturn of 2008, one can hardly assume that every European household is affluent enough to buy whatever food they like. It is tempting because new theories of the social stratification of taste (the omnivore thesis) have yet to be fully tested as regards at-home food consumption; and because Eurostat is harmonising national Household budget surveys (HBS) and adopting a proper social class scheme, ESEG.
It is difficult because HBS still raise a number of problems. Notably, the European Classification of individual consumption by purpose (COICOP), may not suit the interests of consumption sociologists. The authors of this presentation have been working at building a nomenclature of food products based on COICOP, that allows them to capture sociologically relevant processes such as distinction (through the difference between varieties of fruit or vegetables), convenience (ultra-processed foods), or adherence to nutritional norms (foods containing added fat, sugar or salt). The presentation will introduce the COICOP nomenclature and its critique, present our ongoing attempt at rearranging items into more sociologically meaningful categories, and first results on the French HBS 2011 data.