JS_RN05_RN24_06: Digitalization, Data and Everyday Life 1
Digital Health and Big Data. Analyzing Knowledge and Criticism in digitized Health Care Systems
University of Basel, Switzerland
Against the background of increasing datafication and digitisation, the knowledge and practices transformations as well as the associated challenges and potentials in the health sector require intensive research. The motives, activities, visions and ethical concerns of those involved in the development and evaluation of large amounts of personal data guide the digital transformations in health care.
In light of the growing importance of digital health technologies and big data in primary health care, the talk investigates on following questions: Who are central actors in the field of institutionalised digital health? What are common and different visions or critiques associated with digital health, algorithm-driven medicine and big data? What are the challenges it poses, and how do organizations mediate between different or conflicting institutional demands? These questions will be answered by using qualitative interviews conducted with different actors in the digital health care system (clinical staff, digital health start-ups, clinical big data analysts) and taking into account the perspective of organisational studies.
The analysis of the interview data is based on the documentary method of interpretation, which is particularly suited to reconstructing the implicit knowledge and subjective experiences actors refer to when resolving institutional conflicts. It therefore serves as the basis to analyse what is crucial in dealing with digital change in health care. In addition, the lecture reflects the benefits of organizational studies for the understanding of digitization in the health care system. The findings show that positive visions associated with digital health care and big data are limited where big data and digital technologies meet between highly regulated health care sectors and less regulated consumption markets. This is where moral and ethical concerns emerge.
A Capital And Skills Perspective On The Social Use Of The Internet Of Things: Social Inequalities In The Advancing Network Society
University of Twente, the Netherlands
In this article we use survey data to explain different types of social uses of the Internet-of-Things (IoT) platform using forms of capital and internet skills. How people use the IoT socially is crucial in trying to understand how people create, maintain, or absolve social relations in a networked society. We argue that the IoT platform entices new manners of social communication that emphasize network individualization and increase the risk for exploitation of an information based economy. Based on research in Computer Mediated Communication we define four types of social uses for the IoT platform. Ranging from individual use, sharing with strangers, sharing with acquaintances, to sharing with a partner, we test two frameworks on sociocultural backgrounds: the effects of who you are in terms of structural position in relation to capital and the effects of what you can do in terms of acquired internet skills. We found that internet skills contribute positively to owning IoT devices however, forms of capital are better predictors for the social use of the IoT platform. The effects of social capital, income, and education are inversed on private use and on sharing IoT data with a partner. Suggesting the importance of household dynamics for the IoT platform in a social context. Sharing with acquaintances and strangers are both predicted by cultural activities. Sharing IoT data with acquaintances can especially be attributed to social capital in the form of relations that escape the immediate household. We conclude that varying figurations of capital and internet skills predict how the IoT is used socially and that the social advantages of the IoT platform is unevenly distributed.
Simply Complex? A Discourse Analysis On Future Living With The Internet Of Things
Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway
A commercial for the Norwegian telecommunications company, Telenor, invites us to imagine a “Smart Home of the Future” where an elderly woman navigates her house, using IoT devices with voice activation to, for instance, find her purse and water her plants. Another commercial for a Norwegian supermarket chain, REMA 1000 (with the slogan “simple is often best”), shows a man unable to get into his house using the voice activated door lock because his mouth is swollen from a dentist visit and the door thus does not recognize the command.
This paper looks at the emergence of “smart” and “connected” Internet of Things and environments, and how these are manifested in popular discourses around the “homes of the future” and smarter living. The increase in home devices and things connected to the Internet promises several positive features, such as enhancing convenience, comfort, leisure, and security. When you flip the coin, however, potential risks related to privacy and security emerge as well. Furthermore, IoT technologies require familiarization and adaptation by consumers, and may be time consuming and demanding to master.
This paper explores the tension between the envisioned simplicity of future living with Internet of Things and the complexities in landscapes and infrastructures that the new technologies represent. The discussion in this paper is based on a discourse analysis of promotional videos, product descriptions and other promotional materials by technology producers, as well as exhibitions on living with the Internet of Things.
Homo Interneticus - the Sociological Reality of the Mobile Online Life
West University of Timisoara, Romania
The digitalisation of the everyday life has become a common reality for more than a half of the global population. To be connected 24/7 on several devices, to be at only one click/touch away from a huge amount of digital contents, to be available for interactions with almost any users from around the globe have become common facts. The insertion of the communication technology in our daily life is higher and deeper than never before. Into this paper, we follow to identify the main sociological dimensions of the so-called Homo Interneticus. We started from the follow research questions: how long the Homo Interneticus spends on-line and why?
Today it is very easy to have 24/7 access to the Internet from the smart-phones. The classical idea "how long did you spend online?" is not any more calculated in hours. Usually the people go online as long as they need, any time when they need. Beside this reshape of the online time there are still the question how long did we spend online daily, or, with other words, how many hours we are not offline. For obtaining a more accurate answer, we intend to apply an online experimental questionnaire that will include several questions about the self-evaluation of the online activity and a screen captures with the statistics of the internet utilization from the smart-phone during a week. Thus, it will be collected a detailed profile of the online daily activities, and the amount of time spent with this from the mobile phone. Even if this study will be just an explorative one, the outputs will offer content for furthers research hypothesis.