Conference Agenda

Session
RN16_07c: Migration and Health
Time:
Thursday, 22/Aug/2019:
4:00pm - 5:30pm

Session Chair: Francesca Sirna, CNRS EHESS
Location: UP.4.206
University of Manchester Building: University Place, Fourth Floor Oxford Road

Presentations

Patriarchal Cultural Models And Migrant Women's Sexual And Reproductive Health.

Giovanni Delli Zotti, Ornella Urpis

University of Trieste, Italy

The contribution examines of gender disequilibrium, generated by patriarchal cultural models present in many migrant communities, on women's sexual and reproductive health. The patriarchal family structure is still the paradigm of human relations in many countries of the world and in migratory processes loyalties to the traditional model often remain unchanged. Differentiated relations and power imbalance between the sexes remain undisturbed in the new social context, and tend to crystallize even more, being justified by the preservation of tradition. Migration dynamics intertwine with the marriage strategies of families and/or communities, and the preservation of traditional practices, such as forced marriages and genital mutilation, becomes functional to maintaining the boundaries of identity.

The analyzed data concern admissions as well as access to outpatient services and these data are crossed with statistics and estimates on foreign presence in the territory in order to verify two main underlying working hypotheses. First, due to higher birth rates, incidence of migrant women among patients of the hospital greater exceeds the foreign presence on the territory; in addition, it deals of a differential access, since foreign women with some ethno-national backgrounds are more reluctant to resort to gynecological and pediatric services. In addition to the results of the statistical analyses, the results of in-depth interviews and field observation will be presented, helping to understand the nature of the phenomenon and to outline good practices and guidelines that allow dealing with it effectively, together with indicators of sexual and reproductive health that allow monitoring the evolution of the phenomenon over time.



Equality and Equity in Norway's Health Policy

Lydia Mehrara

Nord University, Norway

This presentation addresses the issue of health provisions for migrant mothers in Norway asking the question: “what are the wider implications of Norway's decentralized approach to addressing reproductive and maternal health needs of migrant and refugee women across the country?” This PhD topic uses a qualitative case study approach focusing on maternal health clinics to illustrate the effects of Norway’s health policy.

Norway has adopted a decentralized approach to the governance of its universal health service provisions in order to ensure equal access across the country. The change in the population composition of Norway is relatively recent. This has required that service provision be suitable for, and accessible to people who are not ethnic Norwegians and come from many different cultural and linguistic groups. However, given the different patterns of migrant settlement across the country, health care initiatives taken to address specific population needs, such as migrant women’s health needs, can vary greatly across Norway in terms of availability, scope and quality. This study will examine the extent to which universal provisions meet the needs of diverse groups in two particular and different settings.

The research project will apply a policy analysis framework with roots in post-structuralist, social-constructionist, and feminist theory. My objective for this conference paper is to present my project and its methodology for which feedback will be welcome.



Multidimensional Determinants of Migrant Women Health. A case study on female Moldovans in Italy

Francesca Alice Vianello, Federica Zaccagnini

University of Padua, Italy

A large body of literature agrees that migrants’ health conditions are influenced by few causes (IOM, 2016; Marcelli, 2015; Vianello, 2018). Among these we can mention: job’s conditions in the host country, health behaviour, modality of the migratory process and current migratory conditions, life’s condition in home country before emigration. However, the studies on migrant women health are focused mainly on sexual and reproductive health (e.g. Keygnaert, 2014; Adanu, 2009; He et al., 2012; etc.), while limited are those focusing on their migration and working conditions. The paper aims to fill this gap, analysing the multidimensional determinants of migrant women health. We base our analysis on the case study of Moldovan female migrants, residing in Padua city, who are employed in a handful of jobs related mainly with care and domestic work (in particular elderly and sick individuals care). Through a Survey research on female Moldovan workers in Padua (Italy), we analyse the current women health conditions, considering three possible concurrent causes: 1) risks and save environment at work, 2) access to health prevention services including those focused on female sexual and reproductive health, 3) illness and disease occurrences in home countries before the emigration.



Patriarchal Cultural Models And Migrant Women's Sexual And Reproductive Health.

Ornella Urpis, Giovanni Delli Zotti

University of Trieste, Italy

The contribution examines of gender disequilibrium, generated by patriarchal cultural models present in many migrant communities, on women's sexual and reproductive health. The patriarchal family structure is still the paradigm of human relations in many countries of the world and in migratory processes loyalties to the traditional model often remain unchanged. Differentiated relations and power imbalance between the sexes remain undisturbed in the new social context, and tend to crystallize even more, being justified by the preservation of tradition. Migration dynamics intertwine with the marriage strategies of families and/or communities, and the preservation of traditional practices, such as forced marriages and genital mutilation, becomes functional to maintaining the boundaries of identity.

The analyzed data concern admissions as well as access to outpatient services and these data are crossed with statistics and estimates on foreign presence in the territory in order to verify two main underlying working hypotheses. First, due to higher birth rates, incidence of migrant women among patients of the hospital greater exceeds the foreign presence on the territory; in addition, it deals of a differential access, since foreign women with some ethno-national backgrounds are more reluctant to resort to gynecological and pediatric services. In addition to the results of the statistical analyses, the results of in-depth interviews and field observation will be presented, helping to understand the nature of the phenomenon and to outline good practices and guidelines that allow dealing with it effectively, together with indicators of sexual and reproductive health that allow monitoring the evolution of the phenomenon over time.