RS03_07: Maritime Economy
Barriers of Growth – Experts’ Views on the Stagnating Aquaculture Sector in Germany
Aquaculture can be seen as international success story. No wonder, that the EU formulates high expectations towards aquaculture in its strategy „Blue Growth“. Notwithstanding, the German aquacultures sectors stagnates since decades. Within the scope of the EU projects SUCCESS and AquaSpace, German stakeholders from the fields of nature conservation, politics, economy, science and administration was brought together. Following an open design of qualitative research, recorded discussions aimed to identify the key issues linked to an (non-)expansion of the aquaculture sector in Germany. A combination of sequence analysis (open coding) and structuring text analysis was used in order to code and interpret 2,496 paragraphs related to the thematic field of aquaculture. Following an explanatory approach (Grounded Theory), our study argue, why the first economic power of Europe fails in a quantitative growth in aquaculture. One dominating theme discussed was the role of entrepreneurship. A storyline of argumentation characterizes the theme: i) German aquaculture is characterized by peasant, small-scale family businesses, which produce and distribute their products locally. ii) The seafood market rate should be lowered as (regional) fish production is perceived as most sustainable. iii) The peasant structure leads to a high potential of development in a niche market (high quality, sustainable and assumed as highly demanded). iv) At the same time the peasant structure is seen as barrier for essential growth of the sector (low innovativeness and a lack of capital for investments). Like others barriers identified (bureaucracy, nature protection) the central players (fish farmers) are described as imposed passive observers rather than risk-takers in a struggle of economic and conservational societal paradigm.
The Ups and Downs of the Szczecin Shipyard in the 21st century – the Memories of its Former Workers
University of Szczecin, Poland
Szczecin Shipyard was one of the leading companies in the political fight to end the communist regime. It was then a subject to many changes during the transformation of the Polish economic system. Especially dramatic events took place in the first decade of the 21st century. In 2002 it was closed down but revived as a new company called Nova. However it struggled with many organizational, technological and financial problems and finally collapsed in 2009. The presentation shows the opinions of the former Szczecin Shipyard workers on the reasons of the collapse and their doubts about the official explanations about its condition before 2009 as well as their hopes for its revival.
Companies Of The Maritime Economy. Insights On Corporate Visions And Strategies Towards Sustainability
Kiel University, Germany
As the ocean has moved into the focus of the political discourse on the “blue economy“, ocean industry plays a key role in shaping “blue growth” as sustainable. However, little is known about the meaning of sustainability and the status of its implementation by corporations invested in the maritime economy. The present study addresses this gap. Drawing on the discourse theory of Laclau and Mouffe (2001 ), the discourse on corporate sustainability is explored. It is found that of 396 surveyed companies only 61 provide commitments to and reporting on the issue of sustainability. A detailed analysis of these companies shows that there has been a shift from a voluntary to a mandatory commitment to the concept as a direct consequence of being exposed to massive pressures to meet the expectations of their employees, customers and shareholders.
It is argued that Laclau and Mouffe's discourse theory provides an approach to help to explain the practice of corporations in re-framing these challenges as an entrepreneurial opportunity to save costs, to optimize efficiency in all business sectors, to stay competitive, and to gain a better public image. The paper concludes that it is likely that the current efforts of companies with regard to the anticipated increases in the exploitation of marine resources will not be sufficient to preserve ocean health in the long run. Finally, an assessment of corporate opportunities to strengthen the SDGs and contribute to a “sustainable blue growth” will be given.
Rights Based Management and the Perception of the Stakeholders on the "Limits to Privatization"
1SOCIUS; ISEG/University of Lisbon, Portugal; 2ISEG/University of Lisbon, Portugal
Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) failed to reduce fleet capacity thus exerting fishing pressure on stocks. Overcapacity and overcapitalisation was identified in several studies as the principal failure of this E.U. Policy. This conclusion may be important for the on-going CFP reform and for the discussion about the tools to get sustainable management.
Rights Based Management schemes have already been experimented in specific fisheries and localizations. The practical indications and lessons given by these experiences are fundamental to explore the feasibility of such tools and their social, economic and environmental impacts.
The purpose of this paper is to continue this debate: A special attention is given to the possibility of introducing a more focused approach on Rights Based Management, in the form of ITQs (Individual Transferable Quotas) in the CFP.
The paper introduces the basic theoretical framework of Individual Transferable Quotas and makes a critical review of ITQs introduction in European fisheries. The paper approaches the Portuguese case and reports the different perceptions of the Portuguese stakeholders facing this situation. Content analysis of semi structured interviews made with several agents, highlights significant social predicted impacts.