Income Pooling and Relationship Quality of Cohabitating and Married Couples
Institute of Sociology of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic
Research suggests that cohabitating people are more likely to report less relationship satisfaction than married couples. Marriage improves cohabitators’ relationship quality; cohabitations that are not transformed into marriage within a few years experience especially low level of relationship happiness. Roles and expectations in cohabitation are not as clearly defined and broadly shared as they are in marriage; cohabitators must negotiate and actively devise norms. Incomplete institutionalization of cohabitation can lead to conflict and might undermine relationship quality.
One of these negotiable norms is household income pooling. Studies in the past indicated that cohabitating couples are less likely to pool their income than married couples. A joint bank account promotes relationship commitment and it increases the costs of leaving the partnership. However, there are only a few studies investigating the importance of joint banking for relationship quality in cohabitation.
The aim of this paper is to test the association between income pooling and relationship quality of cohabitating and married couples. The analysis was conducted using the data from the first wave of the Czech Household Panel Survey from 2015.
The preliminary findings were indicating that cohabitators were much more often keeping separate accounts than married couples. According to the analysis, keeping separate accounts was the strongest predictor of thoughts about breaking up for both cohabitating and married people. Also, the participants who were not pooling their household income were more prone to having conflicts with their partners.
Different income pooling strategies of cohabitating partners on one hand and married couples on the other might be one of the reasons for the overall lower relationship happiness of cohabitators.
Precariousness and Inequality in Families with Children in Spain
1University of Valladolid; 2University of Pompeu Fabra
Unemployment and job insecurity resulting from the economic crisis have had a great impact in countries such as Spain, especially in vulnerable families with children. The effects are different according to the family structure and the number of children. Analyzing the impact of the recession on the employment situation of those who are parents according to the type of family is of special relevance because the loss of employment and job precariousness has consequences for the wellbeing of their children,in the present ( Kalil & Ziol-Guest, 2005, Stevens & Schaller, 2011, Treanor, 2018) as well as in the future (Brand & Simon Thomas, 2014; Cueto, Rodríguez, & Suárez, 2017; Oreopoulos, Page, & Stevens, 2008; Oshio, Sano, & Kobayashi, 2010). Based on the question of how job insecurity has affected parents with children according to the family situation, this purpose of this study is analyze the evolution during the recession period and subsequent economic recovery, the precariousness of work in the families with children according to type of family, age, educational level and nationality of the parents based on the data from the Living Conditions Survey.
The first findings obtained show an increase in labor inequality among the most and least vulnerable families such a single parent families. This has consequences on child wellbeing that will have to be investigated and put into context to define family and child policies that contribute to reducing social inequality.
The Intergenerational Transmission of Poverty in Underprivileged families
University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany
This contribution deals with methodological arguments and empirical findings on the intergenerational transmission of poverty in families. In general, it is assumed that in these families there is socialization of specific attitudes and ways of life that result from and reproduce poverty, and which are also transmitted to the children. This im-plies that there is one-way influence between the generations and the idea that one is "born into" the family as a cultural entity. However, as Mannheim has argued, gen-erations are constantly influencing each other and cultural transmission between them does not come without "communicative work" among the group concerned. Therefore, the cultural milieu of a family can be understood as the result of joint ne-gotiations that can be "animated" and studied, even among adults. So, how do un-derprivileged families construct themselves as common destinies through "group work"?
This was the research question of a qualitative study which was conducted from 2016 to 2018 in Germany and which was funded by the German Research Foundation. The meth-odology consisted of open intergenerational family interviews and sequential data analysis. A typology was formulated to abstract the results from the individual cases. The results show how heterogeneous the perspectives and action orientations in poor families can be and how much effort it takes for them to create – or to cancel – common ways of life.
Configuration Strategies of Social Bond in Greek Society. The Case of Family Bond.
Panteion University Athens, Greece
Social bond is the basis of a society in order to keep solidarity and social cohesion. However, due to financial problems, social construction of social bond in the Greek society is in doubt nowadays. The fundamental Family bond changed drastically in the Greek society and it seems to be in a new way of configuration having lost its past habits.
In this study, we examined the way of configuration of social bond in the Greek society. Specifically, the study examined the configuration strategies adopted by employees due to the flexibility of working relations in order to maintain social bond. In the current presentation we focus on the family bond. In Greece, family has traditionally been one of the main resorts for citizens, however this status seems to change the last decade. Here, we sought to answer what are the differences observed in the Greek family in time of crisis.
In addition, we investigated whether the Greek family has limits to help their members. Moreover, we explored the future plans of young family members who face difficulties in the working field.
We recruited 45 participants (21 females, MEAN age = 36) and conducted in-depth interviews. Our participants were employees in various working environments and-of varying family status.
During the survey, we observed that family in Greece has lost their powerful. For example, in many cases we saw that family cannot assist their members due to the situation of financial, human and social crisis.