Partner Choice Dynamics Among Chinese Migrants ----The Case of Belgium
Ghent University, Belgium
This study examines the dynamics of partner choice among Chinese migrants in Belgium. More specifically, we differentiate between mixed marriages and two types of co-ethnic marriages: marriages between two partners of Chinese descent in Belgium on the one hand, and marriages of Chinese partners in Belgium with a partner in China (who migrates to Belgium after the marriage). Based on full population data extracted from the Belgian National Register in the period 2005- 2018, we use multinomial logistic regression analysis to assess effects on partner choice of gender, migrant generation, age at marriage, educational attainment, time and place of residence. Results are compared with those found for larger ethnic minority groups in Belgium, especially Turks and Moroccans - also allowing insight in contextual and structural effects, such as the size of the migrant group and gender ratio. First results indicate a remarkable high degree of mixed marriages among Chinese migrants, with a decrease after 2008. The latter could be understood from the growing number of Chinese people in Belgium. Contrary to other ethnic minorities, an increase in the preference for marriages with a partner from the country of origin is observed among Chinese. These trends and the results from the multivariate analyses will advance our insight in partner choice dynamics in smaller ethnic minorities.
Constructing the Ethnic Identity of Minority Youth in Northern Europe in 2019
Åbo Akademi University, Finland
The aim of this paper is to describe minority young people’s construction of their ethnic identity based on qualitative data collected in the spring of 2019. Data is gathered from minority young people in Finland, Finland-Swedes, whose mother tongue is Swedish while the majority in Finland is Finnish-speaking.
The empirical material consists of essays written in the spring of 2019 by ninth-form (15-16-year-old) pupils in Swedish-speaking upper-level schools in Finland. The qualitative data gathering is conducted in several cities in Finland. The cities are chosen by taking into consideration different language environments and geographical distribution. The aim of the essays is to have the respondents describe their subjective world of experience as young members of the Finland-Swedes. The essays are analysed through a qualitative content analysis (QCA) using NVivo 12.
The construction of an ethnic identity as members of an ethnic minority is central in the young Finland-Swedes’ identity work and the respondents try to construct a positive ethnic identity. For example, out-group conflicts are used as a means of identity work, which reflects how processes of inclusion and exclusion in the ethnic group may be manifested by group members.
The content analysis will show if there is a conflict between the ethnic identity and the identity as a citizen in Finland. The study will shed some light on the ethnic identity construction of minority youth in Europe in an era of globalisation. The first preliminary results will be presented at ESA 2019.
The peculiarities of Actualization of Ethnic Minoritiy Identities in Inter-ethnic Communication in LatviP
The Institute of Philosophy and Sociology (the University of Latvia), Latvia
The paper shows the nature of inter-ethnic communication in modern Latvia in the areas related to the implementation of identity of ethnic minorities. For the authors it was important to determine whether Latvians as majority are ready to discuss the related issues. It was also important to realise whether Russians as the largest ethnic minority in the country are ready to accentuate these issues in their communication with Latvians. The author relied on materials of two research projects, one in Latvia. The research project revealed a mixed assessment by the respondents of the values of ethnic minority identities in Latvia, and thus the significance of inter-ethnic communication on the issues directly affecting the preservation and development of ethnocultural identities of ethnic minorities. The recognition of equality of people with different ethnic identities in various spheres of social life coexists with the recognition of different roles that collective ethnic and cultural identities of Latvians and ethnic minorities play in the society. The current state of inter-ethnic communication in Latvia suggests differences in the status of identities of ethnic majority and ethnic minorities in public and political life and absense of policies to accomodate these statuses through an active interethnic diaolgue. There is a clear evidence of the collision of the proclaimed liberal principles and the existing ethnic division in Latvia.
Diasporic Citizenship and the Mapuche Case: The Black and The Red Atlantic in the Reterritorialization of Rights
1University of Pennsylvania, United States of America; 2University of Brasilia, Brazil
This paper is concerned to understand how the silences in the definition of the concepts of citizenship/ Human Rights are articulated with the struggles for rights that tie past and present to a silenced historicity. In other words, this investigation is interested in the concealed dimensions of Modernity that can be accessed if we depart from categories such as Diasporas, the Black and the Indigenous Atlantic, genocide, slavery and colonialism. My argument here is that these are important elements to understand the dilemmas in the sphere of International Law beyond the scope of conflicts among individuals versus states or states versus states. Specifically, when analyzing the Inter-American Court of Human Rights sentence condemning the state of Chile in the Case of the Mapuche Indigenous, the goal of this text is to narrate the palimpsestic dimensions of this decision. The objective is to demonstrate how, in this sentence, the disputes of a past that projects itself into the present remain alive, superimposed and contradictory. Meanwhile, we suggest the need to understand these struggles for citizenship departing from the notion of diasporic citizenship. This is a concept that allows us to interpret those struggles in the face of internal and international legal mechanisms because it reinscribes the tactical/strategic – and not foundational – character of the processes of territorialization and deterritorialization of the struggles for rights.