Religion Pluralism and Symbolic Boundaries in Urban Spaces. The Case of Goutte d’Or (Paris) and Raval (Barcelona)
Université Paris 8 - Saint Denis (France) & Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona ISOR-UAB (Spain)
This paper examines how religion draws symbolic boundaries among population in two different neighborhoods: Goutte d’Or (Paris) and Raval (Barcelona). Throughout the last decades, the arrival and settlement of migrant people from Africa, Middle East or Asia, transformed these neighborhoods to a superdiversity enclaves in which new religion expressions became common. Mosques, Sikh temples or Evangelical churches emerged in these urban landscapes near to new ethnic commercial establishments. These markers of cultural and religious diversity are perceived by the local population, French or Spanish, in different ways. From a performative appreciation of these multicultural flavours to an implicit or explicit rejection, religion plays an important role, as well as other factors such ethnicity or class, which draws boundaries between “us” and “them”.Based on the fieldwork that have been carried out between 2016 and 2018 in these two neighborhoods, combining different research methods as interviews, ethnographic observation and archival analysis, I suggest that religion is one of the factors that constructs the othering makes it act in the community life. In this presentation I show how the differences in a national level, while comparing France and Spain, are shaped by a common international context and by a very similar urban transformation ongoing process in the two neighborhoods.
Inter-faith And Intercultural Dialogue As A Way Of Preventing Radicalization. Moving Away From The Attraction And Fascination Towards Violence To Creating Cohesive Community
1University of Barcelona, Spain; 2University of Barcelona, Spain; 3University of Barcelona, Spain; 4University of Girona, Spain
Terrorism, organized crime and cybercrime are the three core priorities highlighted by the European Agenda on Security (2015), as ‘interlinked areas with a strong cross-border dimension threats, where the EU actions can make a real difference’. More specifically, in tackling terrorism the Strategy calls for addressing the root causes of extremism through preventive measures, focusing on the potential of education, youth participation, interfaith and inter-cultural dialogue, and employment and social inclusion. Framed in this contest, the H2020 PROTON (2016-2019) project is being developed, aimed at improving existing knowledge on the processes of recruitment to organized crime and terrorist networks. Within a consortium involving 21 international partners from leading research institutions and relevant policymakers, including enforcement agencies, our team at the University of Barcelona was in charge of studying the social and ethical impact of policies against terrorism and organized crime in the EU. This was done by conducting a literature review and qualitative fieldwork in six EU countries. In this paper, we present some of the findings related to the impacts of counter-terrorism policies. Specifically, it was identified that inter-faith and inter-cultural dialogue and the collaboration of religious leaders from different religions can serve as protective factors for violent radicalization when developed under specific conditions. This type of initiatives based on egalitarian dialogue promote a positive understanding of religion, enacting counter-narratives that do not glamorize violence and thus contest violent radicalization. Successful actions of inter-faith and inter-cultural dialogue are being developed within the educational field thus accompanying youth in their process of identity creation and search for meaning while moving away from the attraction and fascination towards violence.