Conference Agenda

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Session Overview
RN35_05a: Migration, Education, and Inequality III
Thursday, 22/Aug/2019:
11:00am - 12:30pm

Session Chair: Rina Manuela Contini, University of Chieti-Pescara
Location: BS.G.26
Manchester Metropolitan University Building: Business School, Ground Floor Oxford Road

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Devalued Education and the Health of Migrants in Germany

Johann Carstensen

German Center for Higher Education Research and Science Studies (DZHW), Germany

Education is one important determinant of one’s health. However, it is still unclear if this is due to the effects of educational certificates and their effect on resources such as the socioeconomic position or if higher education leads to better health behavior through competencies and knowledge. Earlier research for Germany shows that migrants have problems to fully capitalize their education on the labor market. Foreign certificates of education and academic degrees are often not acknowledged, leading to a discrepancy between competencies and employment. In this paper the question is addressed, whether migrant’s morbidity differs from those of the population of the host country, and especially if there is a different effect of education on health status. The focus lies on the question whether devalued education from the country of origin can be transferred into better health, or if the devaluation affects the usability of education for health purposes. The analyses using data from the German Socioeconomic Panel show that migrants’ education health gradients do not differ from those of non-migrants in general, but non-acknowledged certificates do not yield the same health-advantages as acknowledged ones. Examined aspects of labor-market integration cannot account for this difference.

Education as a Lifebuoy: Newly Arrived Academics and Establishment Programmes

Ida Lidegran1, Elisabeth Hultqvist2

1Uppsala University, Sweden; 2Stockholm University, Sweden

This article investigates newly arrived academics and their efforts to establish themselves on the Swedish labour market with special attention given to the role of establishment programmes. The theoretical starting points are derived from the sociology of Pierre Bourdieu (Bourdieu 1989; 1993) and Abdelmalek Sayad (Sayad 1999). Our aim in this paper is to understand the outcome of the encounter between newly arrived graduates and one of the rapidly emerging measures, namely the programme The fast track, which was created to enable establishment on the labor market for newly arrived graduates. The content and reach of cultural capital in its institutional form is at the forefront of the analysis of the 50 interviews with newly arrived academics. The results show that there is a strong confidence in the role of education for facilitating their establishment on the Swedish labor market. When other assets have been lost, education becomes the lifebuoy. However, the part of the labor market that this group is oriented towards is probably the most difficult one to enter, characterised by hard competition and possession of specific educational credentials. Our results indicate that this group of well-educated and qualified immigrants, who lack many crucial resources, especially social and linguistic capital necessary for successful career paths in Sweden, in the short perspective will undergo a process of strengthening the immigrant identity rather than quickly entering the labor market.

The Role Of Extra-curricular Youth Work For Integration

Manfred Zentner

Danube-University Krems, Austria

Integration of migrants in the host society take place in various ways. For the group of young migrants (aged between 10 and 25) access to education and the labour market is essential. Participation in organizations, clubs or youth work offer opportunities for migrants to develop both their own personality as well as to get in contact with other young people. However, the importance of youth work for integration has not been sufficiently investigated. An EU Presidency discussion paper on the role of youth policy and youth work with regards to migration started a reflection on the possible role of youth work . Subsequently, an EU expert group was established in 2017 to highlight models of good practice and prepare further steps regarding youth work for young migrants and refugees. This development culminated in an EU Council Conclusion regarding youth work for young refugees and third country nationals stating the importance of youth work for integration. But it remains vague which concept of integration is reflected in youth work policy as well as in youth work on the ground. Is youth work pursuing an approach to help youth with migrant background to adapt to the host community or is youth work per se integration work?

In this research project for the first time the role of extra-curricular youth work for integration processes is analysed on the level of policy makers, youth workers and young people. Differences in and between the groups regarding understanding of guiding terms and principles, both of youth work and of integration, are in the focus of qualitative research.