Déformation Professionnelle And The Construction of Occupational Identity: The Example Of Maritime Professionals
Bremen University, Germany
The notion „déformation professionelle“ was coined by the Belgian sociologist Daniel Warnotte and refers to a tendency of occupational role bearers to unconsciously apply certain occupational habits to other, non-work situational frames in dysfunctional ways. As socially inappropriate behaviour, this may then lead to irritations, for example in case of a teacher who cannot stop lecturing even in private situations. In Bourdieu’s terms, one could speak of an occupational habitus that does not fit non-work related social situations. This idea is also rooted in everyday knowledge and serves as a topos for the attribution of clichés to certain occupational groups.
In my presentation, I will talk about the role of this topos as a resource for self presentation within the construction of occupational identities by maritime professionals. I will draw on autoethnographic data collected during my time working in secondary branches of the shipping industry. The findings presented here are part of my doctoral dissertation about the interactive construction of occupational identities of seafarers in the global shipping industry.
My thesis is that the play with the notion of déformation professionnelle is employed as a strategy of boundary work (Frederik Barth) to mark the boundary between (former) seafarers as members of an occupational in-group and “landlubbers” as members of the out-group. The seafarers studied here play with the idea that they internalised certain practices and perspectives during their live at sea, in a way that they cannot but also apply these practices and perspectives in occupational as well as non-work contexts ashore. An example is the casual out-of-context use of nautical terms.
Gender in European Fisheries: Social Transformation and Cohesion Trends
University of Greenwich, United Kingdom
The deeply gendered culture in maritime spaces, which is driven by the view that women merely represent the “supporting” labour force on land, penetrates the political and administrative institutions at all levels. Therefore, negatively influences policy outcomes and the political participation of women in maritime fishery management. The effect of the division of labour in male-dominated maritime spaces has been the subject of maritime sociologist throughout Europe. Gender as a sub-field of sociology has offered the opportunity to study the sex power dynamic in various maritime activities (e.g. seafarers, the navy, fishing etc.) and has contributed to an informed knowledge on individuals as functional elements for the society.
This paper explores how the EU multinational structure has impacted the lifeworld of women through changing fishery governance and regulation in case study sites. It shows the current status of social cohesion in European fishery communities. Findings are the result of interviews carried out under the Geography of Inshore Fishing and Sustainability project during 2012 and 2015 in 14 cases studies sites in England, France, Belgium and the Netherlands.
The theoretical functional framework uncovers the functions of women within the fishery social structure in the maintenance of social cohesion and enables the analyse to explore different aspects of the fishery community capacity to self-maintain. Findings suggest that women’s inclusion in policy decision-making forums is beneficial for the achievement of the social cohesion strategy of “shared responsibilities” which aims to interconnect institutions and actors (public and private), situated at different territorial levels.
Outlining the identity of the Greek seafarer’s wife. The case of Chios Island.
1University of the Aegean, Greece; 2Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences, Greece
Greece constitutes a global power in the maritime sector. The Greek seafarers are well known for their seamanship. According to the Hellenic Statistical Authority, almost 12.500 Greeks work in ships which are either under the Greek flag or are Greek-owned flying a foreign flag.
Even though there have been many studies for the Greek seafarers, there are no studies for the contribution of the seafarers’ wives to the Greek shipping miracle. The wives of the seafarers are a special case. As their husbands are away during the largest part of the year, they organize family and social life in their very own way.
The purpose of the research is to record and highlight the social profile and the aspects of the daily life of the Greek seafarers’ wives. 70 wives of active seafarers, from Chios Island, were chosen and filled out questionnaires specially made for the purposes of this research. The selection of the specific location is not random, as Chios Island has a long history in the seafaring profession, from ancient times. The specific characteristic of these women is that the majority - due to the tradition of the island - comes from maritime families and is familiar with the particularities of the seafarer’s life.
A quantitative and qualitative analysis followed the completion of the questionnaires and the data processing was carried out using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS).
A Study on “Sense of Acquisition” of Elderly Fishermen on Islands: Two Islands in Zhoushan City of Zhejiang Province in China as Examples
Shanghai Ocean University, China, People's Republic of
Taking two islands in Zhoushan City of Zhejiang Province in China as examples, this paper attempts to study on the “sense of acquisition” of elderly fishermen on islands in the perspective of ocean sociology. “Why is the sense of acquisition of elderly fishermen still insufficient, although they have acquired something in recent years?” This question has become the focus of this research and reminds me that elderly fishermen’s dilemma is not only in terms of physical health and economic support, but also in terms of social support and psychological identity, while the latters have not been well paid attentions to. Drawing on in-depth interview materials of elderly fishermen, the author provides three reasons for the insufficiency of their sense of acquisition. At the end of the paper, the author proposes that we should develop ocean social work vigorously, not only helping elderly fishermen to improve their economic treatment, but also enhance their sense of acquisition.