“The Whole World’s Welfare Desk” and other Transnational Anti-Immigration Narratives on Deservingness
University of Helsinki, Finland
During the 2000s, right-wing populist parties have increasingly added economic arguments in their political rhetoric for the purpose of justifying an anti-immigration agenda. In addition to its function as a justificatory resource, this welfare nationalist framing of anti-immigration mobilization has helped (particularly Nordic) parties in appealing to a divergent electorate of blue and white collar workers. For the former, questioning immigrants’ deservingness to welfare redistribution carries the promise of better availability of the scarce redistributive resources, whereas the allure of lower tax burden is being harnessed to electrify the middle classes.
Around the globe, the recent years have seen many types of intransigent anti-immigration rhetoric channeled to potential electorates via countermedia, the ‘ultrapartisan‘ outlets that position themselves against the ‘elitist’ mainstream media. This paper assesses how these protagonists of immigration control – both the countermedia outlets and the discussants – narrate the role of the state to its citizens and other denizens. We then further explore the extent to which welfare nationalist anti-immigration narratives are particular to the Nordic culture of political mobilization – as opposed to being transnationally domesticated for local contexts.
We collect one month of coverage from three countermedia outlets Kansalainen (FI), BreitbartNews (US) and Fdesouche (FR), comparing the absolute and relative frequencies of articles that mention specific (i) immigration, (ii) redistribution and (iii) immigration and redistribution keywords. We then analyze the top shared articles and their comments quantitatively, axially coding the subject matter using ATLAS.ti.
European Transnationalism In The Making: Decolonialising The Normalised National Narratives Across The Isle Of Ireland
Queen's University Belfast, United Kingdom
The paper will explore how the paradox of contrasting sexual politics in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, sits uncomfortably, but temporarily at the table of wider processes of Europeanisation and transnationalism.
Whereas Northern Ireland is dominated by conservative gender and adversary ethno-religious/ national rule, the Republic is dismantling long established nationalist policy; the latter in recent years by democratic vote supporting gay marriage and also challenging constitutional sexist abortion law. Far right orientations across Europe have been normalised and mainstreamed, foremost in the last decade. But as far as the Island of Ireland is concerned far right populist narratives of national cohesion do not work: The North is split by sectarianism, and the South is undergoing fast secularisation of a predominant Catholic society. Though I will not focus on Brexit (e.g. the aftermath of it) the UK exit from the EU epitomises the fragility of nationalist as well as trans-nationalist narratives, and sheds light on a need to engage more fundamentally and by that de-colonialising normative ‘national’ orientations crossing the line of nation state imaginations.
First, the specific contexts of the two countries with respect to sexual politics and historical legacies of ethno-religious group identity containers will be briefly introduced, followed by a conceptual and critical reading of the notion of the colonial/ de-colonial and processes of transnationalism. Thirdly, it will be discussed how political identities are enmeshed with mainstream (hetero-)normative frameworks undermining a more inclusive outlook of transnational societies.
The Glocal Way To Deterritorialisation: Hybrid Identities, Hyrbid Imaginaries, Hybrid Products.
University Verona, Italy
The purpose of this paper is to reflect on the possibility of a change in the widespread idea of ‘Made in...’, which we all are familiar with, in relation to some values and an identity that remind us of the place where products are manufactured. In a world where the processes of globalisation, or rather of glocalisation, are deconstructing the fundamental paradigm of the nation-state and territoriality in favour of mobility (Elliot, Urry, 2013), connectography (Khanna, 2016) is it still possible to speak unequivocally of Made in…? In particular we need to rethink the meaning of “origin”. Process of deteritorrialization, virtualization and glocalisation of collettive identities are the frame of our work.
Most of researches (D’Astous and Ahmad, 1999; Hsieh et al., 2004; Kotler and Gertner, 2002; Nebenzahl et al., 2003; Papadopolous, 1993) had proven a significant effect of COO (Country of origin) information and/or brand name on consumer perception. In line with these researches, we can move to a sociological point of view showing how cultural processes are modifying the perception about the origin of a product or a particular identity.
If in the precedent ESA conference, in Prague (2015), we highlighted the relations between territory and Made in.., in this case we try to explain, through ideal type exemples (PRADA, Starbucks, Caffè Nero), how different hybrid products shed a light to the transition from a consumer perception affected by COO (Country of Origin) and by BOO (Brand of Origin) to the more perceived COPO (Cultural of Product Origin) or COBO (Cultural of Brand Origin). In other words, culture and hybridization before territory.