Education-“Quality”-Assessment: The Greek case
Panteion University of Athens, Greece
This paper relies on my Phd thesis at Panteion University of Athens and discusses the Greek Evaluation System of Secondary Education and its connection with the Quality of Education.
It is a known fact that nowadays all over the world there are several European and World organizations which study the connection between education and “quality” (PISA/TALIS, UNICEF, EERA). At the same time each country has its own educational system, which aims at a “quality” of education through assessment procedures.
In the Greek educational system a new assessment law regarding Secondary Schools was voted in 2019. This law sets certain criteria about assessment of school units. These criteria/standards are connected to the perspective and the meaning of the provided education by the Greek state. In this paper we will try to answer the following questions: How does the Greek state view the situation at Secondary Schools? What is the Greek state’s perspective on “quality”? Is this perspective similar to what teachers, principles, students and parents believe or witness to their every day interaction?
The theoretical context of this research is based on Sociology of Education and critical theories approaches. The methodology involves content analysis of the assessment law, of Greek newspapers’ articles and of the teachers’ answers regarding the actual problems of their work, as recorded during our research for a MA degree in Sociology at Panteion University of Athens.
Keywords: Assessment Law, Quality of Secondary Education, Greece
Corporate Governance in the Contemporary Corporation
1UNIVERSITY OF PIRAEUS, Greece; 2HELLENIC OPEN UNIVERSITY; 3OPEN UNIVERSITY OF CYPRUS
Corporations have experienced significant transformation from the traditional model to the contemporary modus operandi. The term “corporate governance” has a widening of meaning; the semantic evolution of the word usage is referring to evolutions and progress in the micro and macro levels. According to this assumption, the external environment had a continuous influence on the corporate context because of the progression of the sociocultural and economic living forms.
The modern corporation contributes to the health and welfare of society, recognizing its ethical responsibility to both shareholders and stakeholders. Therefore, corporate governance is about enhancing economic efficiency, financial stability, and sustainable growth. To this extent, we will make a special reference to accounting.
Corporate governance should apply high ethical standards by taking into account the interests of stakeholders. In this regard, the role of corporate governance in the contemporary corporation is influential because ethical leadership values as integrity, mutual respect, and ethical behavior, create a trusting work environment and ensure transparency, corporate disclosure, and profitability.
The scope of this paper is to analyze through an initial study, the quality of the relationship between stakeholders in the work environment. Primarily, we examine the quality of ethical leadership relations in the Greek corporations, based on subordinate’s perceptions. In this context, we consider the importance of ethical values as a key element for corporate responsible conduct.
Greek corporations confront the challenge of global competition, in the context of corporate social responsibility. Socially responsible conduct is part of the corporate culture and of the proactive leadership that both define corporate strategic decision. This aspect of the ethical corporation will probably conduct to a competitive edge, creating a different perspective on the contemporary corporation.
Keywords: corporate governance, contemporary corporation, corporate culture, ethical values, ethical responsibility, ethical leadership, work environment, strategic decision, accounting.
*This work has been partly supported by the University of Piraeus Research Center.
For a Theory of “Paramafia”. When Non-Mafiosi Act as Mafiosi
Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy
Is it possible that people unrelated to mafia develop mafia-type organizations? This paper aims at investigating in deep how mafia modus operandi has spread into non-traditional areas also generating imitative processes; in particular, the focus will regard group of people who are totally extraneous from mafia contexts, such as entrepreneurs, politicians, officials, with no connection to organized crime.
Studies on mafia hybridization put emphasis only on criminal groups that evolve into a mafia-type one. This research has a different focus. For 'paramafia criminality' we mean the systematic assumption of a modus operandi typical of mafia repertoire by organizations whose members are formally and originally unrelated to traditional mafia organizations. Members of a paramafia group are connected to each other in a lasting relationship, are hierarchically ordered according to a division of labour and aim to achieve profits and power, committing systematically crimes.
The research investigates two case studies localised in Bergamo, a district in Northern Italy. The research uses qualitative methodology, mainly through with analysis of judicial documents and interviews
A paramafia phenomenon could rise when there is an extended, strict (monopolizing) relationship between a group with public functions (politicians, entrepreneurs, officials) and the social fabric in which the group is operating. The group also needs a large relationship network, and the settlement area must be relatively small – therefore, there is a high density of social relationships.
The target of the research is developing an 'intermediate' model of organized crime, complementary to mafia model and economic crime.
The Social Construction Of Healthy Times And Spaces In A Mediterranean City
1Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain; 2Universidad de Alicante, Spain
This communication presents some results of a project carried out by the AEDIFICATIO research group, with the collaboration of researchers from the universities of Alicante, Valencia, Cartagena, Berlin, Milan, Bogotá, La Habana and New York. The general objective of the project is to design a sustainable and healthy city model, which serves as a global reference in the Mediterranean area. From an interdisciplinary perspective, the research process carried out to obtain a diagnosis and plan future actions that allow the municipalities of the Mediterranean arc to reach a status of healthy territory is detailed.
For this, the multidisciplinary analysis of secondary sources and the Participatory Action Research Techniques (PAR), which have been collected in a workshop of citizen participation, have been used. This activity was divided into two sessions: the first was composed of four activities (mental maps, population, tourism and leisure, healthy municipality, participatory activities for landscape assessment); and, the second session consisted in the preparation of a SWOT matrix based on the interaction between the participants and the emergence of their themes and speeches about the municipality. In the specific case of L'Alfàs del Pi, there is a general consensus on the issues that affect the municipal reality. In the discrepant topics, the participants consider that they would be solved with a more stable and fluid communication between the political class and the citizens. Thus, citizen participation is revealed as an efficient solution that allows us to respond to a specific social reality.
Key-words: healthy territory, Mediterranean arc, social time and space, Participatory Action Research, social change
Determinants of indebtedness in Southern European countries
University of A Coruña, Spain
The aim of this communication is to analyse the socio-demographic determinants of household indebtedness in Southern European countries in order to examine how these factors form different patterns of indebtedness. This analysis is conducted within the context of an increasing process of financialization in which housing finance is an integral part of macroeconomic policy (see Van der Zwan, 2014).
We will begin by identifying different models of household indebtedness in southern Europe and then determining the individual variables that best explain those differences and variations in household debt levels. The processes are examined by using the Household Finance and Consumption Survey (HFCS), a new dataset drawn up by the European Central Bank (ECB) and conducted in 15 euro area countries between 2009 and 2014. The methodological plan consists of a combination of a multiple correspondence analyses in order to identify the various household debt models and a logistic regression analysis in order to detect the explanatory variables that best explain the differences between the indebtedness models. The main contribution of this paper is the identification of institutional arrangements that explain the economic differences in household debt levels.