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Session Chair: Chiara Bertone, University of Eastern Piedmont
Location:BS.3.24 Manchester Metropolitan University
Building: Business School, Third Floor, North Atrium
Decolonizing the Boomerang Effect in Global Queer Politics: A New Critical Framework for Sociological Analysis of Human Rights Contestation
University of Glasgow, United Kingdom
This paper proposes a new critical framework for analysing transnational human rights claiming and contestation: a ‘critical model of the boomerang effect’, that can embody sociological understanding and insights from decolonizing analyses. The paper first develops a critique of Keck and Sikkink’s well-known original model of the ‘boomerang effect’, from politics and international relations. The new critical model is needed for analysis of global queer politics, particularly to analyse where and how actors in formerly colonized states in the Global South can draw on the United Nations human rights system. The new model requires analysis of specific themes that can be applied in methodology for data-analysis, including: articulation of human rights; social structures and resources; decolonizing contexts, and subjectivation. These themes are applied to illuminate two pivotal cases of claims for decriminalisation of same-sex acts: by LGBTQ activists Caleb Orozco in Belize, and Jason Jones in relation to Trinidad and Tobago, with reference to published autobiographical accounts and commentaries from these individuals, and related sources such as associated with their legal cases, plus public social media sources. The new critical framework points to a new research agenda for international political sociology.
Homonationalist values? A comparison between European countries over time.
Leon Freude, Màrius Domínguez i Amoròs, Núria Vergés Bosch
Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
Since the concept homonationalism was introduced in 2007, it has been discussed enthusiastically in the academic context. Homonationalism is still a controversial concept that has already influenced public policies and social movements. Much of previous research proved the emergence of homonationalism in 2001 in the United States, Canada, Israel and Europe. However, previous works mostly focused on the analysis of discourses and through qualitative methodologies. We propose to move this forward towards the analysis of homonationalist values of the Europeans, quantitatively and over time. Working with data between 1990 and 2017 of the European Values Study we propose to compare the populations of European States regarding prevalence, magnitude and growth of homonationalist values over time. We conceptualized Homonationalism as a confluence of LGBTQ tolerance, racism and nationalism. Therefore we measure the general association of LGBTIQ tolerance, racism and nationalism as well as the strength of the group of those who are highly tolerant with LGBTIQ, highly racist and highly nationalist. Our results indicate that homonationalist values do exist in Europe but they are far from being hegemonic; since 2000 they are growing steadily, though they are not completely new. These results are important in order to contribute to the theory on homonationalism, but also to public policies on LGBTIQ tolerance, racism and nation building. Our results have also potential for the redefinition of strategies of emancipatorian social movements.
Universality of "The Summer of Sangaile": Cinematographic Causes and Transnational Effects
Sciences Po, France
The 2015 Sundance Film Festival, one of the largest and most prestigious independent film festivals in the United States, marked a tipping point in Lithuania’s cinematic history as a film by Paris-based Lithuanian director Alante Kavaite, "The Summer of Sangaile", won the best directing prize in the World Cinema Dramatic category. Given that one of the main themes in "The Summer of Sangaile" was the depiction of a homoerotic relationship between two teenage girls and knowing Lithuania’s status as one of the most homophobic countries in Europe, according to the European Commission report on the “Discrimination in the EU in 2015” (European Commission, 2015), one would expect the reception of the film in Lithuania to be less laudatory and more controversial. And yet, both the mainstream public as well as the national film experts expressed similar levels of praise as their international counterparts. This paper will show how "The Summer of Sangaile" embodies the Lithuanian state’s political agenda pertaining to LGBT+ issues as the film turns away from sexual identity based politics and, instead, engages in elusive portrayals of homoerotic desire. It will become apparent how the state’s national agenda is being advanced through evoking LGBT+ visibility in Lithuania as a crucial part of the wider national discourse on modernity. Given the elusive and ambivalent nature of the homoerotic relations depicted in "The Summer of Sangaile", the film functions as an ideal lens through which the construction of a politically neutral and heavily fabricated LGBT+ visibility takes place.