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Session Chair: Raluca Petre, Ovidius University of Constanta
Location:UP.4.210 University of Manchester
Building: University Place, Fourth Floor
Online Migrant Communities And Transnational Digital Communication Networks: Italians Of London
University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Italy
The aim of this study was to investigate the participatory processes and aggregation/integration dynamics of migrants in online communities.
We focus on the Italians of London community, analyzing the storytelling of the users on the website, discussion forums, and the Facebook social platform.
The conceptual frame of the research is the narrative element, considering that experience can be translated into stories which are able to describe and preserve it. The Web is viewed as a narrative meta-medium consisting of “fragments” of narrations that, through devices and the logic of user generated content, are shared and made public.
The research employs a mixed methodological approach encompassing digital ethnography, the narration of experiences and the Social Network Analysis (SNA).
It was found that storytelling is strengthened by digital networks which help to enhance their performative nature, in the form of perception and action schemes that guarantee the compliance of practices and their constancy over time. This collective and connective capital of digital networks plays a key role in cross-cultural integration in the host community.
The importance and the performative nature of the narratives characterize the new Italian emigration. Italian emigration, represented in online stories, is transformed from a simple reproduction to a new experimental medium in which to explore the new identity of the 21th century man.
The Objectification Of Migrants In Television News Discourse On Slovenian Public Television
University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Slovenia
This paper provides discursive analysis of how daily TV news »Dnevnik« on Slovenian public television reported about the attempts of migrants to reach Western Europe across the Balkan borders in the period from 2015 to 2018. On the basis of the selected TV news we argue that migrant objectification in media reporting is the basis for the normalisation of migrant criminalisation. The migrant objectification is related to the effects of formal procedures of television reporting, i.e. the use of audiovisual as well as verbal techniques of television narration and representation on viewers' perception and understanding of structural relations among instances implied in reporting. Our analysis showed that migrants are merely passive objects of control and care, mute objects when spoken of by the media, politicians, police and care providers. They are rarely allowed to actively speak on their own behalves and voice their concerns. The combined elements of voiceless migrants and discursive construction of migrants as an invisible danger, threatening to invade Slovenian and EU territory by illegally crossing Slovenian border, normalises their criminalisation. Additionally, not allowing migrants an autonomous, self-representing voice, enables a variety of other discourses, primarily humanitarian discourse and discourse related to securitisation, to be applied to them as exclusively externally defined, mute, and thus objectified topic of discourse.
On Migration in the Media. Comparison of Media Discourses in Poland, the United Kingdom, Ukraine, Albania and the Czech Republic
Collegium Civitas, Poland
Attitudes towards migrants significantly differentiate the societies of EU countries (PEW Research Center 2015). Migrants and migrations are also one of the most important topics in the European media. "Refugee Crisis" is a phenomenon inscribed in the process of politicization and mediatization of immigration (Krzyzanowski, Triandafyllidou, Wodak 2018).
The aim of the text is to discuss the preliminary results of “The Migrants project. Analysis of the media discourse on migrants in Poland, the United Kingdom, Ukraine, Albania and the Czech Republic". We want to show a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the discourse in the media in Poland against the background of corresponding discourses in other countries.
The countries under analysis find themselves in different situations in terms of the real movement of people there. The study consists in the monitoring of the most important (the largest) media in a given country (press, internet) and then conducting a comparative analysis.
The analysis includes:
• number of mentions,
• sentiment of discourse,
• topics of texts,
• differences between political discourses within the media (left-wing vs. right-wing, liberal vs conservative).
The study used Natural Language Processing tools (Leetaru 2012, Manning, Schütze 1999), which allowed us to automatically assign the text to the theme and the sentiment of the utterance. This in turn made it possible to analyze not only mainstream media but also social media.
The research uses the Critical Discourse Analysis approach (Wodak, Meyer 2001), which allows for a description of the communication of individual actors of the public debate (political parties, NGOs, celebrities). This method enables one to take into account the differences on the internal political scene and allows comparisons between countries.