Overview and details of the sessions of this conference. Please select a date or location to show only sessions at that day or location. Please select a single session for detailed view (with abstracts and downloads if available).
Location:UP.4.213 University of Manchester
Building: University Place, Fourth Floor
Dialectic on Enlightenment as a Critique of Antigypsyism
Technical University Berlin, Germany
Critical Theory has not only been largely influential on theories of antisemitism, it has also shaped our understanding of antigypsyism, especially through Maciejewski's widely recognised 1994 paper.
The presentation will show how an analysis of antigypsyism through the lens of Critical Theory is not only possible but will argue, that one of the main texts of early Critical Theory, the Dialectic of Enlightenment, should be read as a materialist theory of antigypsyism.
In a second part the presentation will then discuss what such a reading would mean for the theoretical understanding of Antisemitism and Colonial Racism and offer an approach describing the relation and interaction of Colonial racism, antisemitism and antigypsyism.
No Pollution and no Roma in my Backyard. Class and Race in Framing Local Activism in Eastern Slovakia.
Daniel Škobla1, Richard Filčák2
1Slovak Academy of Science, Slovak Republic; 2Slovak Academy of Science, Slovak Republic
The fight against ‘pollution’ had been an important item on the agenda of the local government in town of Trebišov, in Eastern Slovakia. It has, however, intertwined two main issues. First, it was air pollution linked to a highly controversial plan to build a coal-burning power plant in the immediate vicinity of the town centre. Second, it was an issue of municipal waste management, which was, by local ruling class, increasingly re-categorised as an ethnic problem. While the former could be considered a successful example of local resistance to environmentally irresponsible big capital investment, the latter was an example of racialisation and re-production of prejudices against local Roma, living in segregated settlement. Thus, this study can be seen as an account of the racialisation and class division in an environmental justice struggle and a contest of framing between ‘justice’ and racial oppression, in which the Roma ethnic minority are cast as no more than equivalent to environmental pollution. The study is methodologically based on ethnographic fieldwork and the analysis are guided by extensive literature on ethnicity, inequalities, and class divisions of society. Special attention was paid to Bourdieu’s concept of ‘embodied social structures’, as the cognitive structures that social agents internalise and implement in their practical knowledge of the social world. Analysis was guided also Wacquant’s theorising regarding segregated ghettos as an instrument of ethno-racial closure and control.
SARTUCUE: Roma women contesting gender violence within the Iglesia Evangélica Filadelfia
1UNIVERSITAT AUTÒNOMA DE BARCELONA; 2UNIVERSITY OF BARCELONA; 3UNIVERSITY OF BARCELONA; 4UNIVERSITAT AUTÒNOMA DE BARCELONA; 5University of the Basque Country
The Pentecostal Movement has experienced a rapid growth among Roma communities during the last decades. However, scarce research has focused on analysing its impact on gender-relations among this community and on its contribution to advancing towards more equal gender relationships and violence prevention. The Spanish RTD project “SARTUCUE” (together with you in Romany language) (2015-2019) aims at covering this gap, studying gender violence among the Roma. Specifically, it explores barriers to accessing services for victims and studies the strategies developed by the community to deal with these situations and its prevention. In doing this, one of the sites researched is the ‘Iglesia Evangélica Filadelfia’ in Spain (the Pentecostal denomination that gathers the biggest Roma proportion), focusing on its influence on gender relationships. Findings contest the predominant assumption about Roma women as ‘passive’ and subdued to men, showing their leading role in opening up informal spaces of dialogue within the house of worship, which serving to break the silence about gender violence, helping victims to seek for assistance and preventing other cases. Roma women are knitting networks of solidarity with other Roma women, with Roma men and with non-Roma agents, which interlinked with the Roma identity values, operates in these meeting spaces and serves to challenge and tackle situations of domestic and gender violence. Findings represent an important contribution in the field of Roma, women and religion studies, explicating how Roma women exert their human agency and defy anti-Gypsist stereotypes. In turn, they inform in which ways formal services for victims need to adapt in order to be responsive with ethnic-minority cultural traits.
“Us and Them & the Third”: The Politics of Fear within the Far Right in Germany & Austria
Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Germany
This lecture looks at the relationships between racism, antisemitism and anti-genderism within the contemporary far right´s politics of fear in Germany and Austria as those are the key elements underlying their interpretations of the social. All three include specific imaginations of “we” and “they” constructing an apocalyptic decadent society that has to be heroically saved. The paper presents the empirical findings of research into far right movements and shows that ethnopluralism figures as a key strategy which disguises the far right´s racism. This is a discourse that the far right adopts in order to appear not racist, but which in fact functions as a facade which covers the enduring and underlying racialized agenda of these movements and their politics. Ethnopluralism is also intertwined with anti-genderism, which itself sometimes comes packaged as a kind of national feminism.The main enemy of this form of racism are universal postulates that deny an ethnopluralistic world order and are blamed for making cultural differences invisible. Antisemitism serves as an ideology to stabilize ethnopluralistic world views, as Jews are constructed as the third, threatening the imagined ethnopluralistic world order.