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Session Overview
RN33_04a: Care Practicies, Emotions and Markets.
Wednesday, 21/Aug/2019:
6:00pm - 7:30pm

Session Chair: Dilek Cindoglu, Hbku
Location: BS.3.14
Manchester Metropolitan University Building: Business School, Third Floor, North Atrium Oxford Road

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Intersection of State, Market and Family in the Fathering Experiences of Divorced Men in Turkey

L. Zeynep Beşpınar1, Fatma Umut Beşpınar2

1Marmara University, Turkey; 2Middle East Technical University, Turkey

This paper aims to question the role of state, labor market, and family in the reshaping process of fatherhood experiences of divorced men. Men’s perceptions and experiences of masculinity and fatherhood have been transformed in accordance with their work life and family experiences. In addition, the impact of the state’s changing perspectives in the divorce legislation and custody in the last years have been significant in men’s perception and experiences. We conducted in-depth interviews with 20 divorced fathers who are from working and middle classes. In this way, we also aim to examine the relationship between the class dynamics and the intersection of state, market and family in the fatherhood experiences. We asked men’s fatherhood experiences before the divorce, the transformation of their relations, experiences and strategies after the divorce and how they use their resources to deal with this new life experience. Social policies and economic conditions influence the fatherhood and divorce experiences of men (Bergman and Hobson, 2002; Orloff and Monson, 2002; Eydal and Rostgaard, 2016). The role of legal issues is important in the personal experiences of men and their relationships with their children (Guttman, 1989; Emmer and Sommer, 2003; Bokker, 2006). The demographic and economic characteristics of divorced men determine their access to social services provided by the state (Brown, 2000). Based on our fieldwork, we argue that the intersectionality of the state’s approach to the family and its care and custody policies, the rising unemployment rates and economic crisis experienced in the market and the family dynamics affect men differently based on their class positions. Fathers’ economic, social and cultural resources shape their divorce and fatherhood perceptions, experiences and strategies.

Local Loops of Care in the Helsinki Region– A Time-Economy Perspective

Lena Margareta Näre, Elisabeth Wide

University of Helsinki, Finland

Finland subsidises caring for young children at home by several cash-for-care schemes, starting in 2001 adopted a tax credit for domestic services, including care. This article adopts an everyday perspective to social policies to analyse how Finnish cash-for-care policies produce local care loops from a time-economy perspective. It examines the increase in private services alongside public ones through an analysis of the organisation of child care in time and space, paying attention to the micro-mobilities and daily choreographies of care. Drawing on interviews with Finnish employers of privately employed child carers, our results demonstrate that child care policies and tax credits are central means through which child care is increasingly being privatised. We argue that the notion of time as a scarce resource and the organisation of care loops in a way that maximises time available for wage labour and ‘quality time’ point towards the emergence of a classed time discipline. Time becomes a commodity with not only monetary value but also other inherent value, captured in the notion of ‘quality time with children’. Significantly, this quality time does not include time used for other reproductive labour tasks, such as cleaning or cooking.

Taking Care of Emotions

Deborah Guy1, Anne-Charlotte Millepied1,2

1EHESS, France; 2University of Geneva, Switzerland

« Relations of thinking and knowing require care and affect how we care »,

María Puig de la Bellacasa

Following Sandra Harding’s definition of method, methodology and epistemology, we wish to propose a paper on feminist methodologies and epistemologies through the lens of emotions. Our reflection emerged from our respective fieldworks on women’s postpartum emotional distress and endometriosis, in which we try to adopt a feminist standpoint.

Gathering our first narratives of violence, trauma and pain, we faced unexpected moral and emotional dilemmas : How should we receive such levels of emotional sharing, as well as respect the trust placed upon us ? How should we include our own feelings and physical reactions to those stories in our findings ? Since those feelings had already been framed in various settings in women’s lives, what role could we, and did we want to play in this affective economy ?

This urged us to question the status of emotions in feminist inquiry and find some new practical tools. We seeked to re-value emotions’ methodological and epistemological potentialities, searching for a way to include them at each level of the research process : during fieldwork and after, in the analysis and in writing.

In this paper, we wish to share the results of our reflection. We found help in care and standpoint epistemologies that we tried to make operational at a methodological level, in order to generate some feminist “tips” to pursue our investigation in a more conscious and affective way : to engage our emotions at all times; to avoid reproducing the epistemological break between discursive and practical reflexivities; to take up responsibility for the irreducible asymmetry in the researcher/researched relationship.

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