‘Let’s Have Some Coffee First!’ Drinking Coffee at Workplace in Finland
1University of Lapland, Finland; 2University of Tampere, Finland
In our earlier study, we have investigated gendered meanings in informal workspaces such as coffee rooms, corridors and so called chill-out areas (Kinnunen, Lempiäinen & Peteri 2017). One of the results was that organisations construct informal workspaces as platforms for innovation and aesthetic presentations. These aesthetic platforms, however, are not in agreement with the ideas how workers understand drinking coffee and meaning of the coffee-room at work in general. Here we continue the analysis by targeting our focus on drinking coffee in workplaces. Drinking coffee crystallizes sense of community, embodiment, gender relations, power hierarchies, control and resistance at workplace. The paper asks what sort of moments drinking coffee creates for people and their workplaces. What kinds of rules and ways of drinking coffee exist in work? We are also interested in the change of spaces, times and habits around coffee that we can detect from our earlier data collected in public workplaces and the memories people have constructed for this study in interviews, essays about drinking coffee and our own auto-ethnographies. We suggest that drinking coffee not just builds the social relations between people but it constructs the workplace and work as well. That what might seem informal and of little or secondary value to workplace, can become a central force of both people and the organisations they work in.
Blokes of all Genders? The Experiences of Women Journalists in UK Media
Leeds Beckett University, United Kingdom
There is a body of academic literature discussing the position of women in journalism, and the fact masculine work practice does not always suit all female journalists. For example, Mills (2014) argued that women who succeed in journalism “become so bloke-ified by the macho water in which they swim that many younger women looking up don’t see them as role models for the kind of women they might want to become” (p. 17). This is because the work culture in newsrooms is masculine and the view of what constitutes news is founded in a masculine way of thinking. However, when the so-called feminine topics came to the agenda, such as health, lifestyle and food, then a recently conducted research in the UK has shown that it is no longer women who write on these topics but rather men (Topić, 2018).
We are therefore building upon the discussion in above papers, and are conducting interviews with female journalists working in UK’s newspapers and magazines asking them questions on organisational culture such as office banter and sexism, as well as questions on leadership styles, differences in experiences when working for a female editor as opposed to male editors, whether those who worked for a women can identify with their female bosses and the general working culture (working hours, networking expectations, etc). In addition, we are asking general questions on discrimination and their personal backgrounds such as the parenting style they experienced, communication style and the early socialisation process.
Challenges Facing Women Entrepreneurs In Lithuania
Lithuanian Social Research Centre, Lithuania
Key words: women entrepreneurship, women economic empowerment, family economy.
The purpose of the presentation is to reveal social and economic challenges facing women entrepreneurs in Lithuania. The principle study areas of this issue are social and economic indicators, social gender roles in family and labour market, innovation policy, social and legal policies, and other obstacles on the way of women entrepreneurs. The presentation reflects the ongoing work on female entrepreneurship and its theoretical background within Lithuania, and provides a complex approach for enhancing women‘s economic empowerment by improving entrepreneurship and leadership, and covering all factors that influence women‘s business success, with a particular focus on social environment and family processes as one of the key factors of women‘s choice.
The main research question is: What are the main social, economic and cultural challenges facing women entrepreneurs on the way of starting and developing entrepreneurial activities in Lithuania?
Female entrepreneurship plays a significant role in the improvement of the country's social situation, economic processes, and positive changes in the field of gender equality and family welfare. Despite the popularity and significance of the subject, female entrepreneurship has not been sufficiently researched in Lithuania. This phenomenon requires active collaboration on local and international level that could lead to a comprehensive view and evaluation of the problem in question in order to characterize the picture of a successful female entrepreneur and to improve the socio-economic conditions favorable for women's leadership and entrepreneurship.
The Effect of Unemployment Experience to First Birth Fertility
Charles University, Faculty of Science, Czech Republic
The postponement of fertility to later ages suffers nowadays-European highly educated women. In the end, the fertility postponement can lead to a lower level of completed fertility of women. Nevertheless, the women do not only postpone their plan when they wish to have their first child (for example because they spent more time in education); they also additionally delay the childbearing due to unexpected life circumstances. The submitted paper answers these questions: How are the reasons for the additional postponement of first birth affected by individual life-cycle experience of women? Is the experience of unemployment a reason to postpone first birth due to material conditions? The paper presents selected data from Czech “Women 2016” survey (completed sample size N=1257). The analysis of contingency tables, binary logistic regression and Kaplan-Meier survival function were used. The women, who experienced unemployment before their first birth, additionally postpone their fertility. They significantly often postpone because of “material condition” circumstance than due to other reasons (i.e., “work & study”, “no suitable partner”, “health problem”). The experience of unemployment is related mostly to the lack of money. This economic deprivation can be a reason for the unplanned postponement of first-order fertility.
Unplanned postponement; First birth; Unemployment; Czechia
What’s Next? Athletes Reporting Opportunities In Their Sports After Their Sport Carrier
1Eszterházy Károly University, Hungary; 2Széchenyi István University, Hungary
Sport is the highlight of the male-female relationship system. We find that the concept of homogeneity is becoming more and more weakened, sport becomes unisex, which can strongly influence gender judgment in society. The "weaker sex" appearance and spread of the sport indicates that something has changed in the world, so thinking has to change also. Nowadays, there is a dual process in the field of sport: 1.) women appear in the traditionally masculine sports, and this plays an important role in the development of gender relations as mixed races arise; 2.) at the same time, men also appear in previously reserved areas for women, which they have not had opportunities so far (Béki, 2018). This phenomenon can be observed, though much slower in sports management. In other sports roles the gates for both sexes have not yet been opened in masculine and feminine sports.
Our research is focusing on how a top athlete develops at the end of sport, if she wants to represent her sport in other territory of sport, mostly coaching and judging. Special attention was given to those sports which are not socially accepted by both sexes.
In our survey, we examined female athletes, showing what career path they choose at the end of the athletes' past, how they are preparing themselves for life after sport, and how sport becomes an identity factor? The sample of the study was reported by hungarian female athletes. Firstly we made a semi structured in depth interview (n=123), and the survey was conducted using a questionnaire method (n=386).
Keywords: feminine-masculine sport, carrier opportunities, other sports role, athletic identity