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Session Chair: Ana Patrícia Hilário, Instituto de Ciências Sociais, Universidade de Lisboa
Location:UP.4.205 University of Manchester
Building: University Place, Fourth Floor
Interpretative repertoires of immunization in Romania
University of Bucharest, Romania
The proposed research presentation aims at shedding new light on the issues of children immunization in Romania by focusing on the discourses that animate private decisions and public debates. I have approached the vaccine refusal and hesitancy subject from a Discourse Analysis (DA) perspective, in order to identify the detailed and multiple discursive resources that are available for parents and other stakeholders to justify the rejection, postponement or acceptance of vaccines.
The analytic unit of discourse analysis and discursive psychology that I have used is the ”interpretative repertoire” defined as: “building blocks speakers use for constructing versions of actions, cognitive processes and other phenomena” and also a “restricted range of terms used in a specific stylistic and grammatical fashion” (Wetherell and Potter, 1988, 172). The repertoires are usually associated with certain key metaphors and “will often be signaled by certain tropes and figures of speech”. Interpretative repertoires support ideological claims representing “recurrently used systems of terms used for characterizing and evaluating actions, events and other phenomena” (Potter and Wetherell, 1987, 149).
Thus, the present research aims to analyze and show:
1. The main pro- and anti- vaccine repertoires that are mobilized in the online environment in Romania (in Romanian language);
2. The extent to which the main repertoires that circulate in the online environment in Romania are reflected in the discourses of the parents that have to make a decision or have recently made a decision on the matter of immunization.
The Influence of Social Network on Health Behavior in South Korea
Korea University, Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
Compared with previous research on smoking, this paper mainly concerns the relationship between emotional labor and smoking. This paper also aims to investigate whether negative emotions and social support influence the causal relationship. In this study, emotional labor, a key independent variable, is composed of four sub-factors: work involvement, the autonomy of working hours, work feelings, and facing customers. Additionally, to verify this hypothesis, we have analyzed the mediating effects after inputting emotions, the interaction effects from interpersonal support, and independent variables. The results show a direct relation between lower work involvement and smoking due to negative sentiments, in addition to the effect of autonomy of working hours. The lack of social support was also found to affect smoking in interactions with a low-work involvement. Thus, the intensity of emotional labor affects smoking, and psychological factors are involved in the causal relationship. We suggest that emotional labor induces stress-related negative emotions and promotes smoking, and smoking can be reduced by an environment of social network.
Social Capital And Undergraduate Students’ Adoption Of Health Promotion Policies In Their University: A Case Study In Greece
Dimitra Spyropoulou, Amalia A. Ifanti
Department of Educational Sciences and Early Childhood Education, University of Patras, Greece
In this empirical case study, we aim to analyse research data from a sample of undergraduate students about the adoption of health promotion policies according to their social capital. A quantitative survey was carried out in a sample of undergraduate students on their fourth year of study in the School of Humanities and Social Sciences of the University of Patras, Greece. Research data were collected with the use of an anonymous questionnaire during the spring semester of the academic year 2017-2018.
The results of this study have provided us with important information on the health promotion policies that the University provides, as well as how students adopt these policies according to their social capital. We examined the social capital through the concept of social cohesion, i.e.: trust and reciprocity, and how it affects students’ health promotion. The findings of our study suggested that the social capital of undergraduate students greatly affected how they adopted these policies. More specifically, the main factors affecting the way students adopt health promotion policies in the place of their studies revealed to be the following: gender, living conditions, number of friends in the University, social interactions and trust towards family members, friends and the community of the University.
Summing up, the students of our sample proved that there was a strong connection between social capital and health promotion policies. Our research indicates that students need to create a strong social capital into their university. In order to achieve this, universities could help their students develop their social capital, as for example by creating ties between university staff and students, and also promote social interactive activities into the university community.