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Session Chair: Çigdem Adem, Ankara Rivers Study Group
Location:BS.3.22 Manchester Metropolitan University
Building: Business School, Third Floor, North Atrium
Local Governments and Green Revolution in China
National Chengchi University, Taiwan
This paper aims to explain why China has changed so rapidly in producing green energies, especially wind power and solar power. China has been promoting the development of new energies, including wind power, in order to respond to the international pressure to its greenhouse gas emission and its international deterioration of environmental conditions. This paper finds that local government tactically incorporates the central state’s climate change policy that emphases reducing coal-based energy production into the local developmental policy of encouraging wind power as well as solar power. Local officials are able to innovatively developed new strategies to combine both environmental demands imposed from above and local economic development at the same time. Local governments in northwestern and northern southwest parts of China took this opportunity to develop the local economy which simultaneously fulfills the central state’s policy. This paper follows the environmentally bundled economic development approach to explain the cases of Gansu and Inner Mongolia, and found that local governments use central state’s social development program such poverty alleviation to support the development of both types of green energies.
Farewell To Coal Mining In The Horna Nitra, Slovakia: Jobs, Environment And Challenges In The Transformation.
Richard Filcak, Daniel Skobla
Slovak Academy of Sciences, Slovak Republic
Phasing out coal mining in Slovakia is not question if, but when and how? Lignite produced is of problematic quality and the productive deposits are reaching their limits. The state subsidies through surcharges provided to TPP are increasingly unpopular and rising price of emission trading permits (under ETS) and evolving emissions norms and investments to BAT/BATNEEC will further undermine the present economic model. The area is one of the most polluted in the country and would require substantial investment to rehabilitation of the environment. The coal mine is still among the largest employers in the region, but their productivity (in terms of revenue per employee) declined by 19% in the period 2010-2017. We have analysed economic, social, and demographic trends and how do they create and/or block the transition. The transition of the Upper Nitra region from coal would require the matching of local capacities with strategic goals and objectives at the national, regional, and local levels. Environmental management provide key opportunities for green jobs creation. The focus of the research is placed on the assessment of the local opportunities/capacities vis-à-vis the framework of the enabling national and EU cohesion policies. Considering the economic, social, and environmental data, factors and trends, the region has a strong potential for successfully phasing out coal, and the present timing may provide a unique “window of opportunity.” Based on the research we analyse enabling economic, social, demographic and environmental conditions and discuss barriers in alternative jobs mobilization and key factors in strategies of the transformation.