Prevention of the Risk of Radicalization of the Second-generation of Islamic Migrants through Strategies of Communication
1University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy; 2University of Cagliari
The paper presents the first results of the analysis on the application of the four phases (prevention, knowledge, incorporation, change) that compose the Communication Model of Prevention (Volterrani, 2017) within the “Oltre” project (funded by DG Home of the European Union) whose aim is to prevent the radicalization of the second generation of migrants of Islamic origin.
The application of the model has been preliminarily focused on the analysis of the phenomenon of radicalization (perception phase) through in-depth qualitative interviews and focus groups in seven Italian cities, together with an analysis of Facebook, Instagram and Twitter profiles. Subsequently, through the Theater of the Oppressed methodology and specific laboratories on social communication, the contents of the prevention of radicalization (knowledge phase) have been deepened. Finally we started the third and the fourth phase of the model (incorporation and change), by the action research methodology and the direct involvement of the recipients of the analysis (second-generation young migrants of Islamic origin) in the communication campaign (Volterrani, 2018).
The first results confirm the validity of the prevention communication model, especially for what concern the perception and knowledge phase. The last two stages need more time for an adequate evaluation of the impact on second-generation young people.
Volterrani A., (2017), From perception to change. A model for prevention communication, Proceedings of the 3rd World conference on Media and Mass Communication, vol. 3, pp. 82-90
Volterrani A. (2018), Participation and Communication in the Time of Social Media: A Chimera or an Opportunity, Sociology Study, May 2018, Vol. 8, No. 5, 213‐219, doi: 10.17265/2159‐5526/2018.05.002
Effects of Military Conflict on Combatants, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and their Relatives in Ukraine
1Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain; 2Institute of Sociology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Since 2014, the majority of Ukrainians have been affected by the hybrid war in the Donbas region in different ways. Some were forced to leave their homes and business and others were called or volunteered to engage in military actions. Many of these persons, whether combatants or Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) had friends and relatives living elsewhere in Ukraine who indirectly were also affected by this trauma. The Ukrainian Society Survey, conducted on a biannual basis by the Institute of Sociology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, has gathered in its 2018 field survey data which serves to identify these individuals and to measure the degree to which they have been affected by the war (subsample varies from 400 to 850 respondents depending on the nature and level of implication in the conflict). It is possible to distinguish those who suffered personally the loss of a relative or a friend or had to abandon their houses or business from those who report to have a relative or a friend who endured such circumstances. Our research explores to what extent these persons differ from those Ukrainians who do not report to have suffered personally the impact and consequences of the war. We plot the different levels of involvement in the conflict (combatants, IPDs, victims and relatives or close friends of victims) against those items from the survey that measure attitudes towards the war, possible solutions for the conflict and what direction the future of Ukraine should follow. Moreover, a set of indicators of personal well-being are also considered to measure stress and resilience of those most affected by the war.
From 9/11 To Dorotea: A Story Of How The War On Terror Ended Up In A Rural Municipality In The North Of Sweden
University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Dorotea (approximately 2400 inhabitants) is a quiet municipality in the cold, depopulated and rural north of Sweden. Despite having no extremist groups or activities in the municipality, the council of Dorotea chose to adopt a policy to prevent violent extremism (PVE) on the 10 of August 2016. This aim of this paper is to understand why Dorotea, and many comparable Swedish municipalities, did so. Three questions are posed: (1) How do representatives of the municipality of Dorotea describe the rationality behind adopting a PVE-policy? (2) How did the PVE-field emerge in Sweden and how were municipalities mobilized to the field? (3) What stages and mechanisms constituted the structuration of the field? To inform the analysis, qualitative data is collected from national PVE-policies, media content and interviews with national PVE-policymakers and local stakeholders in Dorotea. To understand and conceptualize how the field was structured and municipalities mobilized to it (e.g. Dorotea), the paper departs from organizational neo-institutional theory and in particular the concept of fields. The paper maps out the stages and mechanisms by analyzing how the institutionalization of the field, the institutional elements and framing(s) of the problem of violent extremism changed over time. Attention is also given to the role of disruptive events of importance had (e.g. terror attacks), the key actors involved and the field-configuring events that contributed to structuring the field. Theoretically, the paper contributes with an integrated framework for understanding state mobilization of new sets of actors to emerging issue fields in order to deal with a societal grand challenge.
Value Consequences of the Armed Conflict
Chechen State University, Russian Federation
In the modern world, the economic, technological, informational links and relations are intensively developing, international and domestic conflicts in some regions are periodically sharpened. Armed conflicts arising in different parts of the world pose a threat to regional and world security; their consequences need a sociological understanding.
Subject: peculiarities of the social and cultural consequences of the armed conflict.
Objective: To identify the general and particular consequences of military conflicts in different regions.
Method: The study used conflict and sociocultural approaches, methods for quantitative analysis of sociological and statistical indicators, the principle of comparative study of the consequences of armed conflicts in different regions and countries.
Result. Armed conflicts arise for various reasons, but their common symptom is the devaluation of human life. In conflicts, the right to life, dwelling, and movement is violated, arbitrariness is committed, violence against the defenseless layers of the population is allowed. The external side of the conflict and its consequences are human losses, the destruction of the economy, livelihoods, cultural monuments, environmental pollution, the flow of refugees. The deformation and destruction of the social structure, civil institutions, the change in the hierarchy of sociocultural values should be recognized as an internal or latent side. In a society, the level of faith in justice, trust in each other and in government is decreasing.
Conclusion. In a post-conflict situation, social and cultural values, post-traumatic injuries are inevitable, state and international complex programs for the population rehabilitation and revival of the region are necessary.
Keywords: conflict, war, values, security, adaptation, refugees