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RN04_04: Children navigating economic inequalities
6:00pm - 7:30pm
Session Chair: Claudio Baraldi, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia
Location:GM.327 Manchester Metropolitan University
Building: Geoffrey Manton, Third Floor
4 Rosamond Street West
Off Oxford Road
Time allocation: 15' presentation directly followed by 5' consecutive discussion on the paper presented, and at the end of the session 10' general discussion of all papers presented in the session.
Does Money Matter? Examining the Relationship Between Material Resources and Children’s Subjective Well-Being
Enna Sinikka Toikka
University of Turku, Finland
This study exams the links between children’s material resources and the overall subjective well-being (SWB) by using regression analysis. The data is based on the international Children’s Worlds Survey (ISCWeB) collected 2016 in Finland. ISCWeB’s main idea is to collect data on perceptions and evaluations of children (8, 10 and 12 years olds) especially on subjective well-being matters. The data (N=2840) used in this paper is a representative sample of Finnish school-children
Adopting a child-centred point of view and focusing on subjective well-being has significantly shaped the child indicators research. Children themselves are increasingly used as an informants of their own lives. Despite the growing interest in child-derived measures there is a shortage of examining the suitable measures in detail. Previous research indicates contradictory evidence on the relationship between material resources and subjective well-being. Qualitative studies suggest strong evidence whereas findings from quantitative studies are more elusive. In this study the measures of material resources are child’s concern over family’s financial situation, their satisfaction with the things they have in general and material deprivation index. The Brief Multidimensional Students’ Life Satisfaction Scale (BMSLSS) is used as an indicator of multidimensional subjective well-being. BMSLSS contains of single-item measures of five key domains in children’s lives – family, friends, school, self-image and living environment and is academically widely accepted measure of SWB.
The preliminary results indicate strong relationship between children’s material resources and the overall subjective well-being. However, the material deprivation index appear to be inconsistently connected to the overall subjective well-being.
The Liquid Lives of Poor Children: Water, Waste and Work in Informal Urban Childhood
Aston University, United Kingdom
This paper explores the social relations of urban childhood through the prism of water. More specifically, a focus on water permits understanding poor children’s integration into the informal social relations that increasingly define the cities of the global south (Davis 2006). Bounded by these informal urban childhoods, the paper specifically considers the opportunities and constraints that water presents to children when living in the context of acute urban poverty. As the basis of life, attention to water reveals some of the fundamental barriers children face to their existential reproduction and the labour required if access to clean drinking water is to be maintained. A focus on water further reveals how poor children confront the dilemmas posed by living in an environment where water is an endemic vector of dirt and disease, and the effort expended in maintaining a modicum of personal hygiene and well-being. As precipitation and flooding, water also reveals the precarious living conditions of children living on pavements or in dilapidated buildings and jerry-built shacks that increasingly define urban habitats. And in its commodified form, exploring the hawking and selling of water throws light on the terms upon which poor children are integrated into the informal economy. These themes will be explored by drawing on data from long-term research with street children in Accra, Ghana, and those living in a huge informal settlement adjacent to the city’s central business district.