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Session Chair: Lena Kahle, Stiftung Universität Hildesheim
Location:BS.G.27 Manchester Metropolitan University
Building: Business School, Ground Floor
Screening the Refugee: Freedom Stories and the Performance of Empathy in an “Emotional Community”
University of Wollongong, Australia
In Australia, the policy of deterrence with regards to asylum seekers is occasionally questioned when the courts insist that it must not violate Australian law, or when the public sporadically shows compassion for individual asylum seekers, especially children.
This paper takes the preoccupation with empathy in documentaries advocating for asylum seekers as a point of departure to understand how the mediation of emotions in late modernity may impact the formation of publics, and possibly facilitate social change. Through a focus on the Australian documentary Freedom Stories (Steve Thomas 2015), I unpack the performance of empathy in a Q&A session after a community screening.
The European Borders Pressed to the Global South: Notes on the Externalization of Borders through the Politics of Agreements for Refugees and Migrants between the European Union and ‘Safe Third Countries’
Ingrid Berns Pavezi
Albert-Ludwgis-Universität Freiburg, Germany
The departure point of this paper is the current politics between the European Union and the so-called 'Safe Third Countries', as i.e. Turkey and Libya, for the management of migrants and refugees towards the European continent. This politics will be analyzed through the following developments: (1) the contextualization of the politics between the European Union and third countries in a broader context, from a sociological-historical background and world-system analysis perspective; (2) the policies and developments of the political relations and agreements between European Union and third countries on the topic of migration, asylum and visa policies and (3) the dynamics in the world-system that the actors involved have been assuming, related to the topic in its plural aspects.
One can also ask which are the current political and epistemological borders of the European Union, beyond its geographical well-known delimitations. Moreover, the world-system analysis provides a comprehension of the world, understanding the unequal regions of the globe as core, semi-periphery and periphery. Moreover, the postcolonial sociological perspectives comprehend those inequalities in relation to the political and economic negotiations between state actors from these unequal and diverse regions of the globe.
This paper aims to contribute to the theoretical and methodological developments of the critical borders and migration studies. Especially, through questioning the socio-historical and postcolonial inequalities between the political actors involved in those politics that are setting and constraining the mobility of refugees and migrants.
Media Discourse Rebordering The Post-Brexit UK
Agnieszka Radziwinowiczówna1,2, Aleksandra Galasińska1
1University of Wolverhampton, United Kingdom; 2University of Warsaw, Poland
Exiting the European Union by the UK will involve the cease of the freedom of movement, the rebordering, and the new regulations concerning the mobility of the EU citizens. Therefore, Brexit makes possible the observation of the inception of a new immigration regime targeting the EU nationals, whose freedom of movement in the EU Member States can be circumscribed only under very specific conditions. The writings in political philosophy and political anthropology discuss immigration enforcement as a means to fund or reproduce state sovereignty. The debate preceding Brexit provided empirical examples of this process, with the ‘leave’ voters and Brexiters mentioning the ‘recuperation of UK sovereignty’ as one of the most crucial arguments and the EU migrant workers presented as a competition to the natives. This paper demonstrates how the future of the freedom of movement and immigration regulations targeting the EU citizens following Brexit are depicted in the British and Polish media.
The paper, methodologically anchored in the Critical Discourse Analysis, examines samples of texts (including readers’ comments) from online issues of four daily newspapers, representing the spectrum of political opinions in the UK (The Guardian, The Times, Daily Mail, The Sun). That will be compared with matching samples of daily newspapers in Poland, the country of origin of the biggest migrant group in the UK. It is important to grasp and critically evaluate how the media discourse before and after the EU Exit create the reality that shapes and becomes a part of the life worlds of EU migrants.
Asylum Reforms, Discrimination of Refugees with Special Needs and Practices of Resistance in Local Contexts of Europe
University of Palermo, Italy
The standardization of the asylum system demonstrated a gap in providing specific assistance to asylum seekers with specific vulnerabilities as required in the Art. 17 of the 2013/33/EU Directive.
The aim of this proposal is to describe the results of the research "Provide", founded by the EU (Rights, Equality and Citizenship Program 2014-2020), conducted in the last two years .
The reasearch, based on mixed methods, highlights a problem of legislative discomfort between the EU and the different States; a gap in the assistance of migrants with specific needs; a problem of lack of understanding of phenomenon of proximity violence.
In France, it is highlighted a lack of porosity between the Common Law and the asylum Law, especially regarding the granting of protection to vulnerable categories.
Similarly, in Spain, violence suffered by migrants after leaving the origin country is not considered as a motive for International and national protection.
In Italy there was a disparity in approaches in the assistance of migrants with specific needs.
In the different regions and municipalities of three Countries involved there is no formalized coordinated system between asylum law and common law, between the asylum seekers’ reception system and the system of protection of victims of violence.
Furthemore, asylum reforms currently underway risk of increasing the vulnerabilities related to the perpetuation of proximity violence among migrants.
This is due to some of the measures envisaged by legislative reforms relating to asylum, including those concerning shorter waiting times for asylum applications and longer periods of administrative detention.
The effect could be to make the victims of proximity violence even more invisible. Few are the practices of resistance in local contexts.