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Location:BS.G.34 Manchester Metropolitan University
Building: Business School, Ground Floor
Do we eat out ? : A socio-economic analysis for Colombian households between 1993 and 2014
Giselle Torres Pabón
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile
The aim of this conference is to analyze the relation between the proportion of expenditure on Eating-out and the Colombian household’s socio-economic conditions, between 1993 and 2014. The methodology is quantitative: a descriptive analysis and a linear regression model. The dependent variable is the proportion of Colombian hosehold's expenditure on Eating-out. The independent variables are: presence of at least one woman in the household, age of the head of the household, educational and income levels, sector, region and some interactions between those variables. The data used is from the National Survey of Quality of Life, conducted by the Colombian National Department of Statistics (Departamento Nacional de Estadística - DANE). The hypotheses are: (1) Eating out has increased in Colombian households and (2) There is an effect of the socioeconomic conditions of households on the consumption of Eating-out. The results have proved the hypotheses. Analyzing the results in the context, these allow to affirm the existence of diversification and distinction in the Colombian food practice, specifically on Eating-out.
Alternative food qualities and practices in Beijing and Guangzhou
Feng Chia University, Taiwan
Farmers’ markets and consumer cooperatives are being organized by some Chinese consumers in recent years as a response to food safety problems and environmental concerns. They have taken inspiration from alternative food movements in Taiwan developed 10 years earlier. The paper aims to understand how sustainable food as discourses and practices in another society facilitated the organization of social economy and consumption in a different context. It applies the Polanyian approach that sees “economy as instituted processes” to develop a framework on the organization of production, exchange and consumption. The framework is used to analyse farmers’ markets and consumer cooperatives in Beijing and Guangzhou. The analysis illustrates how the borrowed idea of sustainable food from Taiwan rests on distinctive bundles of food qualification practices. Food quality guides farming practices and also enable exchange practices in the alternative food markets. The paper argues that the instituting of the social economies involves the organization and coordination of farming and exchange practices through shared knowledge and purposes along with specific competences. It also argues that due to different social context these networks struggle to reorganize consumption practices and create sustainable demand.
Russia’s Food Revolution: A Solution or Challenge for Food Security?
Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Russian Federation
For the past two decades, the Russian government considered food security as national security and a state priority, which contributed to the fact that Russia is a relatively food secure nation though there are serious problems in the economic access to food. Two decades ago a significant percentage of Russia’s population experienced food insecurity, today the majority of population is food secure in terms of the traditional definition of food security as an efficient production-supply linkage. However, one should consider not only food security (‘quality’ and ‘quantity’ of food consumption) but also everyday food practices for in Russia rather distribution-delivery points impact food security, and this issue should certainly be defined as ‘food revolution’. Russia’s contemporary food revolution is not just an increase in caloric intake but also changes in where urbanites eat and where they buy food (private retail food chains and supermarkets, private restaurants and cafes, fast food chains, and traditional farmer markets). The bimodal Soviet system of food distribution left consumers vulnerable, which was the national challenge until the system breakdown in 1990-1991. Today Russia’s urban consumers are food secure not just owing to access and availability, but also because the food delivery system has multiple ways to deliver food. Russia’s food revolution is mainly an urban phenomenon and is most pronounced in large cities, which creates new challenges for food security, changes cultural perceptions of food, leads to an emancipation of women, transforms social contexts of food consumption, and has discernible economic impacts.