Cannabis Festivals: Social Protest or a Celebration of Cannabis Culture?
University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Cannabis festivals represent a category of special events in an era where cannabis legalization is gaining momentum. Cannabis festival is a term that is being used in a variety of contexts. In the current study, cannabis festivals are defined as social gatherings organized by civic society movements, where people congregate to oppose to cannabis prohibition, to advocate cannabis law reform and last but not least to celebrate the cannabis culture. A survey (N = 1355) was conducted in four European cannabis festivals in Summer 2016 and May 2017. Cannabis festivals in Amsterdam (The Netherlands), Berlin (Germany), Rome (Italy) and Athens have common features but also maintain and reproduce local, social, and cultural characteristics. Cannabis festivals, as well as their visitors, represent heterogeneous categories. They can be understood as an expression of cultural politics, a celebration of cannabis culture, or represent a protest movement. The style of the festival—music festival or march combined with music—affects the main reason for attendance by the participants. In cannabis festivals more similar to music festivals the majority of the respondents attended for entertainment while at the cannabis festivals in the form of a march combined with music, the majority attended for protest. In addition to that, increasing age and high frequency of cannabis use are factors that led the participants to attend for protest. Furthermore, regarding residency, locals more often reported “protest/activism” than expats and tourists, who most often chose “entertainment.”
Afterparties: Exploring Festive Sociability in Deviant Leisure Spaces and Times
University of Salford, United Kingdom
Sociology has long acknowledged the importance of leisure to our lived experiences, with celebrations evocatively described as the “salt-n-pepper of everyday life” (Rusu and Kantola, 2016). This paper explores temporality, spatiality and sociality as aspects of a specific form of deviant leisure (Smith and Raymen, 2018), namely post-dance music event parties, widely known as ‘afterparties’. Afterparties are absent from the research literature on post-rave dance music cultures, likely due to their largely ‘invisible’ nature which sits in opposition to other visible forms of ‘spectacular’ deviant leisure taking place on street corners, in the night-time economy, and at festivals. Previously I have explored afterparties as a (sub)cultural artefact (Moore, 2015). Here, I explore afterparties through the lens of ‘festive sociability’ as social acts of togetherness which take place in private, domestic spaces. Afterparties profoundly shape participants’ identities. They offer a ‘secret space’ in which participants’ need for belonging is expressed through the collective consumption of illegal drugs and/or the communal appreciation of particular dance music genres or tracks. I address the practical and ethical challenges of undertaking research in the private spaces of youth cultures, drawing on the work of Lincoln (2012) on teenage bedrooms and sociological thinking on spaces and times of music scenes (Nowak and Bennett, 2014). Finally, the negative underside of afterparty attendance is examined through accounts of the aftermath of afterparties, where celebration become commiseration as some party-goers struggle with drug dependency.
The X-Rust Organization – 25 Years Of Purism
University on Turku, Finland
The X-Rust Organization – 25 Years of Purism
The X-Rust Organization is a non-profit organization concentrating on keeping electronic music and the culture around it alive and kicking in Turku, Finland, through activities such as organizing events, participating in larger events and festivals, offering information and equipment as well as releasing music. X-Rust was founded in 1993 and registered in 1998, which makes it the oldest techno organization in Finland. Deeply rooted to the underground, main musical focus is on non-commercial and often not so familiar genres of electronic music.
25 Years of Purism is a dive in to X-Rust’s identity. How and why the organization started? More importantly, how has the members come together, to form a tight group with same musical preferences, or more specific, same musical believes? How these musical guidelines, doctrines, passes on? What or who is excluded, and why? This exclusion is explained by the term purism.
Through interviews with the organization’s founding members and a long time active, former chairman of the board and the Purist of the Year 2016, with an online survey to all the other members, purism is defined and explained when and why it plays such a significant role in X-Rust.
Bullying, Pulling and having a Ride in Transgressive Techno parties. And how to deal with it.
University of Turku, Finland
The techno party is commonly understood as a site of good feelings, transgressivity, and togetherness with unknown, anonymous, attendance. Of course it is also an instance with friends. So while mingling with friends and non-known visitors it is expected you maintain a confident assent to all of the attendance. This is the ideal presumed to be subscribed by any standard visitor of the ball.
However, transgressions of this rule of togetherness do take place. How do the organizers of the the events deal with this? How do the participants feel in the case, indeed?
The paper is based on an analysis of Internet contents on the topic of abuse in partying, clubbing and festive circumstances.