Conference Agenda

Overview and details of the sessions of this conference. Please select a date or location to show only sessions at that day or location. Please select a single session for detailed view (with abstracts and downloads if available).

 
Presentations

SP01: The Structural Transformation of Europe's Public Sphere in the Age of Extremes
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 9:00am-10:30am · Location: PD.2.34

The Multifaceted European Public Sphere(s): Socio-Cultural Dynamics

Nicolas Demertzis

National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece

Three overriding focal points deserve special attention: (a) the structural re-transformation, and (b) the unfettered emotionality of the public sphere in European societies, which center stage (c) the prospects of democracy for the decades to come. These points assume radical ambivalence as to the structuration of publicity and politics in postmodern information society. It is not that ICT just boost or vitalize democracy through participatory media, citizen journalism, social media, peer-to-peer technology, etc. It can also burst democracy to the extent that surveillance directed by governments and companies, the dark internet, and the narcissistic bias of the social media may refeudalize civil sphere and dissolve the very idea of the public interest. Although the emotions-politics nexus has been ever present, the more the information society assumes the form of the society of the spectacle the more the emotive expressions in public unleash unregulated. The emancipatory dimension of this dynamics is coupled by regressive affective reactions debilitating rather than empowering individualization processes. The “emotional public sphere” is formed by all media content; gone are the days where the media were telling us what to think about; through their emotional agendas they tell us what to feel about as well.

These ambivalences stem from four major factors: i) the intense commercialization of the cyberspace; ii) the neo-liberal pattern of homo debitor; iii) the cyber war against terrorism, and iv) the incremental informalization of manners and emotions. Thus a crucial question is likely to be re-posited in the neoliberal milieu: can the public sphere be effectively reconstituted under radically different socioeconomic, political and cultural conditions? Is democracy possible?

SHORT BIOGRAPHY:

Nicolas Demertzis is Professor at the Department of Communication and Media Studies, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens. He has published extensively in Greek and English journals and collective volumes. His academic and research interests include political sociology, political communication, and the sociology of emotions. Between 2004 and 2010 he has been Dean at the Technical University of Cyprus, where he established the Department of Communication and Internet Studies, and the 2010-2013 period he was the President of the Greek State Scholarships Foundation (IKY). Currently, he is the Director and President of the Administrators Board of the National Centre for Social Research (EKKE).


SP05: Anatomy of the Greek Crisis
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PD.2.34

Welfare Reform in Greece: A Major Crisis, Crippling Debt Conditions and Stark Challenges Ahead

Maria Petmesidou

Democritus University of Thrace, Greece

The presentation tracks the unfolding of the Greek crisis and examines the main policy reform options in the context of the conditions imposed by the “rescue-deals”. A raft of significant reforms since 2010 in labour market policies, social insurance and health and social care are assessed according to whether and to what extent fiscal consolidation has been balanced with concerns about improving protection and redressing inequalities, or whether standards of social protection have been forced ever lower.

Undoubtedly, neo-liberal austerity is the mantra of social adjustment under the successive bailout agreements. A “fightback” stance rejecting austerity and its neo-liberal assumptions in an attempt to reassert neo-Keynesianism acquired broad political significance with SYRIZA’s rise to power, which tapped into the discontent resulting from the harsh austerity measures. However, the government’s failure to translate the anti-austerity stance into a realistic economic policy and negotiate a better deal for Greece seriously narrows the scope for reform towards a sustainable redistributive welfare state.

The major questions raised are: How will the ongoing reforms impact upon the social structure, social cleavages and conflicts? More importantly, how will they impact on the large middle class strata in Greek society? Will the outcome be “a race to the bottom” in wages and social welfare? Could, instead, a socially-embedded form of liberalization and flexibilisation be followed (for example, along the lines of social investment)? These issues are examined in the light of a broader debate on welfare transformation in Europe and the changing socio-political cleavages and solidarities.

SHORT BIOGRAPHY:

Maria Petmesidou (Ph.D. Oxford University) is Professor of Social Policy at Democritus University (Greece) and Fellow of CROP/ISSC (Comparative Research on Poverty/International Social Science Council). She has published extensively on social policy and welfare reform in Greece and Southern Europe. Most recently she co-edited the books: Economic crisis and austerity in Southern Europe: Threat or opportunity for a sustainable welfare state? (London: Routledge, 2015) and Child poverty and youth (un)employment and social exclusion (Stuttgart: Ibidem, 2016). She is co-ordinating research on policy learning and transfer in the field of youth employment policies (funded under the EC FP7 programme).


SP05: Anatomy of the Greek Crisis
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PD.2.34

The Crisis in Europe and Greece: The Impact on Identities

Nicos Mouzelis

London School of Economics and Political Science, United Kingdom

The presentation analyses the basic developments leading to the crisis; as well as the impact these developments had on the "de"construction of European identities.

SHORT BIOGRAPHY:

Nicos Mouzelis is Emeritus Professor of Sociology, London School of Economics. He has written extensively in the sociology of organizations (Organization and Bureaucracy, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1967), sociology of development (Modern Greece: Facets of Underdevelopment, Macmillan, 1978; Politics in the Semi-Periphery: Early Parliamentarism and Late Industrialisation in the Balkans and Latin America, Macmillan, 1986); social theory (Post-Marxist Alternatives, Macmillan, 1990; Back to Sociological Theory, Macmillan, 1991; Sociological Theory: What Went Wrong?, Routledge, 1995; Modern and Postmodern Social Theorising, Cambridge University Press, 2008), and sociology of religion (Modernity and Religion: Secularization, Fundamentalism, Ethics (in Greek), Polis, 2014).


RN01_01b_IC: Care Policies
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Ypsilon II

Care gap and the Care Mix in Europe: Exploring Modes of Long Term Care across European Countries

Platon Tinios2, Thomas Georgiadis1, Zafiris Valvis2

1Panteion University of Political and Social Sciences, Greece; 2University of Piraeus, Greece

Ageing in Europe has increased the need for Long term care (LTC). LTC meets similar needs through strikingly different means in different contexts.This paper uses data obtained from the fifth wave (2013) of the Survey of Health Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) of people aged 50+ as a means to benchmark LTC in fifteen European countries from the North to the South. The focus is on two key indicators: The Care Gap, that is, the extent to which the need for care is not met by any kind of provision, and the Care Mix, that is, how the overall provision is split into formal (professional - public and private), and informal care (unpaid care by family, friends or neighbours). Basic findings for the 65+ population are supplemented by an analysis by large age groups and gender. The findings on heterogeneity by systemic features and by individual characteristics feed into an analysis that treats LTC as social investment. They can explain differences in the nature of social investment, the flows of potential costs and benefits and their distribution but also on the identity of those undertaking long term care social investment decisions.


RN18_01b_IC: Theatricalization, Contemporary Communication and Media Representations
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Aphrodite I

Introduction: the symbolic importance of political theatricalization in contemporary communication

Christiana Constantopoulou

Panteion University Social and Political Sciences, Greece

Theatricalization is an important aspect of social life in general, of political life in particular. Aspects of the political scene and action are given in mass and new media discourse as well as in mass cultural productions (as “narratives” of the contemporary society). Given that people understand reality first of all on the symbolic level, the analysis of these narratives is an ideal approach of the meaning given to politics and communication nowadays: images of the economic crisis, of the migrants and/or refugees, of identities (given by media discourse or by mass cultural productions), constitute a basic imprint of the expressions of the current “social myths”. Examples of emblematic media events (ex. the oath of office of the President of the United States) and of the political “stories” narrated in TV serials (ex. The Man and the City, Women of the House, The West Wing, 24, The Good Wife) and cinema (ex. All the President's Men, Fahrenheit 9/1, The Contender, The ides of March) will be given in order to figure out this essential side of the contemporary political symbolization reflected in the social representations.


RN08_01a_P: Disaster, Conflict and Social Crisis (General Session I)
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: PC.2.10

Multilevel governance and good government: A solution for urban poverty in Greece?

Dionyssis Balourdos1, Maria Petraki2

1National Centre for Social Research, Greece; 2National and Kapodistrian University of Athens

During the recession, a new surge of poverty struck urban areas in Greece. Slower economic growth both at national and local level, as well as the erosion of the welfare state, have contributed to this poverty surge. Moreover, there is a widespread perception that this poverty has become increasingly concentrated in certain neighborhoods, known as "inner city" or "poverty zone", and that such neighborhoods have mostly become the habitats of homeless, unemployed, immigrants groups and others. This is, of course, the one side of reality in Athens, as the “old poor” have become poorer and stay in poverty for extended periods of time, but at the same time, below the poverty line fall people who had never been there before.

The objective of this paper is (a) to approach methodologically urban poverty, (b) to describe briefly the situation in Greece compared with other EU countries, (c) to report on high-risk groups, (d) to examine whether the urban poverty is affected by the "quality of governance" and (e) to critically examine the question of why the possible policies addressing the phenomenon are not effective.

We use data from EU SILC and from a survey conducted in 2012 with a sample of 800 households of urban population (Athens municipality) in Greece. More precisely, statistical data will be discussed, with a view to focusing on proposals of new social interventions.

Our analysis suggests that the urban “new poor” groups should be recognized as a new target group. Thus active social policy should place emphasis on addressing the needs of this new group.


RN23_01b_P: Spaces of Sexuality
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: PC.4.25

Urban space and sexuality: The alternative geography of lesbian partying in Paris.

Aikaterini Stamatopoulou

Harokopio University of Athens, Greece

This paper aims to present the urban geography of lesbian and, to some extent, queer visibility in Paris. In particular, the focus is on the places lesbian and queer women frequent in order to meet and interact with each other. Through extensive bibliographical work, field research, two interviews with LGBTQ party organizers and informal communication with key informants, I tracked down the changes which have occurred in the LGBTQ Parisian scene since 2010 regarding the closing of lesbian businesses and the emergence of itinerant and ephemeral parties, which pass through the city, especially on the right bank of the Seine. Historical research, communication via Internet and social media, new venues for meeting people, informal networks and new cultural or festive associations are among the examined factors in conjunction with gentrification processes. The purpose is to present how the intersections of the urban place, gender and sexuality contribute to the (re)construction and promotion of more fluid lesbian and queer identities and geographies beyond the homonormative gay district of Marais. Taking into consideration the heterogeneity and multiplicity of lesbians and queer women, I suggest that LGBTQ parties interrupt the heteronormative continuum of public space and make the lesbian visibility more open, powerful and ubiquitous, even though they ought to be more inclusive.


RN04_01b_P: Children as Refugees and Migrants I
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: PC.2.9

Contested Childhoods: Independent Juvenile Migrants’ Social Navigation Strategies through Worlds in Crisis.

Sofia Vlachou

Panteion, Greece

My presentation discusses chronological Age as an additional field of Biopolitics exercise in the European migratory context. Based on research with independently migrating teenagers and young adults in Greece, it highlights some of those juveniles’ generational strategies to localize and create passages through the real, symbolic and material constraints imposed on them by spatial seclusion, economic and civic deprivation and exposure to racism during their efforts to reach an imagined ‘genuine Europe’. While examining the subjects’ sociopolitical situatedness with relation to further intersecting aspects such as ethnicity, nationality, sex and gender the presentation moreover traces eventual racialization, gendering and generationing rationalities that underlie public discourses around migrant Bogusness. It is finally argued that due to the existence of an additional, generational ‘bio- filter’ in matters of migration governance, in the case of young migrants, the natural process of reaching chronological adultness constitutes after all an instance to be feared of instead of being celebrated, once that it forms another threshold of exclusion from settlement options.


RN23_01b_P: Spaces of Sexuality
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: PC.4.25

Yet sexuality, is still a taboo. Gender spatial injustice in the case of Thessaloniki during a crisis era.

Maria Papadimitriou, Maria Sassalou

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece

The study of gender and the roles that spring from the social-identities is a controversial and a long-lasting issue that concerns not only academics and researchers but also the societies themselves. The prevalent patriarchal perceptions have established a sense of normality; the cis-male gender is considered as the dominant gender norm including also the view that women and lgbtq people are weak and inferior whilst the different sexual preferences have been condemned by society, as something unethical and abnormal. Based on queer, affective and intersectional approaches we realize, that there are cases of racism, social injustice and inequality, which are intensified in times of crisis. This social injustice is extremely interesting to be examined, not only for its sociological and psychological dimension but also for its spatial features. The spatial injustice comes into light as a result of the limited public appearance or by the risky appearance of those whose choices differ, concerning their sexual identity. From what was mentioned above, arise the following questions: Is it the same for a woman and a man to walk downtown at four o’ clock in the morning? Can transgendered individuals visit each square at any time? Can heterosexual and homosexual couples enjoy the same standards of entertainment? For the purpose of the paper we document, map and monitor the city center of Thessaloniki during 2016-2017, a multicultural society in a crisis-ridden period. The social data collected by participatory action research, autoethnography and militant ethnographic analysis. The reasearch aim is not only to contribute in theoretical analysis but also to enforce sexual solidarity and emancipation of sexual practices.


RN35_01c_P: Expectations and Attitudes
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: PC.3.15

On symbolic and economic threats: attitudes and perceptions of Greeks and Immigrants towards immigration, at a time of economic and refugee crisis

Angelo Tramountanis

National Centre for Social Research (EKKE), Greece

Over the past few years, Greece is struggling to cope with a double crisis. On the one hand, the economic crisis and the harsh austerity policies pursued since 2010, which have resulted to unemployment rates of 23% (44% for young persons under 25). On the other hand, Greece is facing the aftermath of the refugee crisis of 2015-2016, when over 800.000 migrants and refugees entered Greece on their way to other European countries, whilst following the closure of the Western Balkan route, over 60.000 people are stranded in the islands and on the mainland. Within this context, we aim to investigate how attitudes and perceptions toward immigrants vary among the native and migrant populations of the country. Of particular importance is the extent to which individual socio-demographic and economic characteristics can be used as valid determinants of people’s attitudes towards immigrants. The empirical part of this paper relies on research conducted in April 2016, with a sample of 1,332 individuals (505 migrants and 827 non-migrants), by means of a questionnaire based on the respective questionnaire of the European Social Survey (ESS).


RN17_01a_H: European Industrial Relations: Representation, Representativeness and Social Dialogue
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: HA.2.4

The Political Theory of European Works Councils; Transnational Trade Unions, Networks and Europeanization

Vasileios Koniaris

University of Macedonia, Thessaloniki Greece, Greece

The aim of this article is to take the current analysis concerning European Works Councils one step further by examining the new political theory behind this form of employees` information and consultation structure. It is suggested that in those successful cases, which are the minority of the current ones, elements of transnationality, networks and identities may constitute a new form of industrial relations based on collaboration between management and employees in the European multinational company. In those cases, attitudes of the representatives differ from traditional industrial relations approach when they are examined in the transnational framework. Also, European Works Councils may act as asymmetric "risk absorbents" concerning globalization, thus offering to the EU the capacity to re-balance her economic and social integration. Evidence for the article is being based on a set of semi-structured interviews that are conducted since the adoption of the Recast Directive 38/2009 and on literature concerning post-industrialism in the EU.


RN04_01b_P: Children as Refugees and Migrants I
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: PC.2.9

“The Experiences of Unaccompanied Minors before and during their migration to Greece”

Ourania - Eleni Zachariadou

University College London, Greece

This research attempts to explore the experiences of unaccompanied minors, before and during their migration to Europe. It aims to assist the better understanding of these children, hoping that this could help not only the improvement of services offered to them, but also influence people who are negative regarding children’s migration. This is a case study which took place in a shelter (directed by an NGO) in Greece. Before the beginning of the research an ethical application has been examined by the ethical committee of University College of London and a pilot research has been completed. The methods which are used are qualitative methods, such as group activities (the creation of drawings and posters) and group interviews. The participants were boys between 12 and 18 years old. Regarding the findings, minors seem to migrate in order to be safe from the terrorists and the war and to get a better life. Moreover, all participants have had painful experiences from the migration trip which was scary and dangerous for them. Greece is just a station for them, before their final destination. The decision for these minors’ migration, in most cases, had been made by their family or/and by their family and them personally. However, there were cases when children made this decision alone and/or against the will of their family. Participants present positive and negative aspects of their life before their migration with the main conclusions being that these children have survived several hazards, in order to start a better life.


RN11_02b_P: Emotions, Civic Action and Social Movements II
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PB.2.5

Affective and Moral Economies of mental health professionals and volunteers in the refugee regime in Greece

GEORGIOS KESISOGLOU, Philia Issari, Stavroula Laou, Antigoni Apostolopoulou

National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece

This presentation aims to discuss the affective and value practices of professionals and volunteers working with refugees in Greece through the concepts of affective and moral economy. It draws on an ongoing participatory action-research project on the needs and best-practices’ proposals of people involved in the refugee regime, i.e. mental health professionals (psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, nurses), cultural mediators, rescue workers and volunteers. In their everyday work with the refugees in the ad-hoc shelter and hospitality system of the Greek refugee regime, both professionals and volunteers are affected in various ways, while being in position to take up normative moral judgements and to uphold value practices vis-a-vis the present living conditions and the future of the refugees. Coming from a social psychological and counselling milieu, we have attested in pilot interviews that mental health professionals and volunteers register their need for best practices of supervision and psychosocial support again and again, which forms the core of the action-research groups of our study. Thus, this presentation aims to discuss the initial findings on the embodied experiences and affective/value practices elicited during the interaction of the action-research groups, both by the participants and the facilitators/researchers. Such embodied, affective, moral experiences in their work field are crucial for the professional formation and subjective constitution of the participants, in the context of a major social, economic crisis for Greece.


RN08_02a_P: Disaster, Conflict and Social Crisis (General Session II)
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PC.2.10

Can referendums face the rise of Euroscepticism in the European Union or can they threaten the process of the EU integration? Grexit versus Brexit.

Nikos Sarris

National Centre for Social Research, Greece

The outbreak of the economic crisis in Greece highlighted in an elegant way the crisis of the political system and the lack of confidence in representative institutions. Through a series of research findings (Eurobarometer, Pew Research Center, Public issue etc.), this paper presents the increasing distancing of citizens from the procedures of representation and the general lack of trust by both the Greeks and Europeans in institutions. According to Eurobarometer’s data, Greece holds the first position between EU-28 in many of distrust indicators.

Considering the European Union's political and economic predicament in contemporary states, referendums are a very attractive tool used to win the loyalty of voters. The democratic legitimacy of the European Union is being questioned, and moderate governments and their Euroskeptic opposition alike are turning to voters for their own political gain, using referendums as part of their electoral campaigns. Do referendums constitute a substantial way to mobilize citizens to overpass political apathy and the crisis of the Political?

Through a comparative analysis on the referendums in Greece in 2015 and in Great Britain in 2016, the paper attempts to answer the question whether forms of direct democracy, such as referendums, can substitute the lack of trust in representative institutions, particularly regarding European issues, and thus contribute to a better quality of democracy.

The paper argues that given that the two referendums had different goals, each government used the outcome in the most suitable way. In Greece the government ignored the plebiscite, while in Britain the referendum’s outcome is going to be implemented. A pan–European referendum under certain conditions could be an attractive tool for the empowerment of democracy in Europe.


RN12_02a_P: Resilience and Vulnerability
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PC.2.14

Examining Greece’s capacity for Environmental Sustainability (ES) under Syriza

John Karamichas

Queens University Belfast, United Kingdom

Syriza came to power after the snapped elections of January 2015 by forming a government in coalition with the right-wing populist, Independent Greeks (ANEL). Any fears expressed in relation to a possible downgrading of some liberal (e.g. same-sex unions, citizenship to second generation immigrants) and environmental sustainability (ES) proclamations that Syriza had made in its electoral manifesto (Thessaloniki programme) that ANEL and the old-left current may thwart them were put aside and the ES front appeared secured, after all the environmental portfolio was given to a prominent environmentalist. Since then, Syriza led the country to a referendum and a national election that was essentially asking for approval of a new austerity programme. After setting that background, this paper proceeds by subscribing to the rationale that in times of financial instability and uncertainty, the environmental concern is likely to be downgraded among the issue priorities of both the government and general citizenry. By extension, that concern appears to enter into an interdependent relationship to many environmental policy and governance parameters. As such, this paper uses environmental concern as a centrifugal separator and embarks upon an investigation of capacity for ES in Greece. The indicators will be compared to findings from the austerity period before the advents of Syriza. That comparison is complemented with findings by interviews with environmental activists. The concluding remarks reinforce the perception that any negativities identified in the Greek capacity for ES can be mostly attributed to perennial internal limitations rather than systemic, external imbued commands.

Key words: Capacity-building; environmental sustainability; austerity; Syriza, Greece


RN35_02a_P: A Global Discussion about Migration, Integration, Identity and Education II
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PC.3.19

The image of Ancient Greece as the tool for Europeanisation: tourism and migration

Liubov Klepikova

Moscow State University of Railway Engineering, Russian Federation

The tourism is one of the most profitable economic sectors in Greece. The country has not only the perfect climate and many holiday resorts, but also the very rich history and the antic sights. Greece is considered to be the Cradle of Western Civilization, while “Western” is the synonym for “Europe”, which is associated with The European Union. In this case the couple of questions arise: if the history and the heritage of Ancient Greece builds the Greek or the European identity, if this identity belongs to Greece or to all Europe, and who exactly constructs the image of Ancient Greece as the origin of the European civilization. We will research it on example of the tourist infrastructure on Crete. In the cities such Rethymno or Chania there are diverse “authentic” entertainments like the restaurants, where the “authentic” food is served, the souvenir shops, where the clients can find the specialties and the symbols of Ancient Greece, and the touristic agencies, which purpose to travel to the ancient places. Nevertheless, in these branches, which present themselves as “authentic” Grecian, are working the migrants from another countries including Albania, Russia, and the Ukraine. The article consists of the interviews, that were taken while field research on Crete in 2014-2015. We will use the concept of Crypto-Colonialism (M. Herzfeld), the social imaginary (A. Appadurai), the cultural identity (S. Hall) and the stage authenticity (D. MacCanell).


RN02_02a_P: Site-Specific Art & Public Space (Panel)
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PA.1.1

Urban Experiments in Times of Crisis: The Case of Svolou’s Neighbourhood Initiative in Thessaloniki/Greece

George Chatzinakos

Manchester Metropolitan University, United Kingdom

This participatory action research, critically engages with issues of community-building and place-making. It describes the development of an urban experiment that takes place in inner Thessaloniki. It is organised by a bottom-up neighbourhood initiative, which was founded in 2013, by a group of locals. Influenced by respective cultural practices that take place in Barcelona, our main action is a collective dinner. The first challenge that emerged in our discussions was whether it was possible to transfer in a sustainable way a cultural activity from another city of the European south to Thessaloniki. Apparently, this pilot urban experiment created a more fertile ground for carrying out various activities in the neighbourhood. Gradually, this enabled us to establish a new neighbourhood identity, by combining various local and socio-cultural attributes. Nowadays, our focus is to find ways that can add to individual responsibility, collective sensitivity and ‘sociological imagination’ towards the commons. Arguably, the denaturation of respective neighbourhood initiatives can create a spreading domino effect, dragging the history of this city in a new era of participation and solidarity; challenging the social conventions; strengthening social ties; creating a new relationship with public space. In Greece, due to the lack of a permanent institutional framework, people can’t (re-)produce in a sustainable fashion applicable actions that will respond to their individual needs and provide solutions to the collective problems of their place of residence. To this end, to what extent neighbourhood initiatives can present an alternative way of cities’ management and citizens’ participation in the midst of a more-than-financial crisis?

Keywords

Urban experiments; place-making; new politics of place; liminal cultures; critical event studies; action-research


RN37_02a_P: Reinventing the City: Urban Resilience and Participation Processes
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PC.6.30

(Re-)making the city in, against and beyond ‘austerity urbanism’: Self-management and social solidarity initiatives in Greece.

Lazaros Karaliotas1, Konstantinos Roussos2

1School of Environment, Education and Development,Hallsworth Research Fellow,University of Manchester, United Kingdom; 2Department of Government, University of Essex, United Kingdom

Everyday life in Greek cities is undergoing profound transformations in the midst of the so-called “Greek crisis”. The repercussions of six years of dogmatic neoliberal austerity policies mark the urban landscape through multiple lines of exclusion and precarity. While these policies and their implications have been widely discussed and criticized, however, relatively less attention has been paid on the emancipatory everyday politics unfolding in Greek cities. From makeshift markets ‘without middlemen’, through social solidarity health clinics, to co-operatives and self-managed workplaces, a multitude of urban socio-spatial experiments contest ‘austerity urbanism’ and trace alternative ways of collectively organising urban life. While decidedly localized, they articulate multiple, virtual and material, local and trans-local, links with other initiatives forming multi-faceted solidarity networks. Grounding our analysis on Athens and Thessaloniki, in this paper we seek to explore this incipient re-imagination and re-organization of urban everyday life through participatory collective action. We argue that such grassroots ventures and initiatives are (re-)making a city of solidarity and emancipation in, against and beyond the austere city. Drawing from a reading of politics as a process of political subjectification that unfolds in and through the opening of spaces, we explore the solidarities that are forged in and through these novel forms of collective action and trace the transformative dynamics that they foreground. In parallel, we unpack some of the challenges and limitations they face in moving beyond the dominant ordering of the urban.


RN02_02b_P: Institutionalization and Innovation in Cultural Industries
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PA.1.2

A cinema made in Europe? On the creation, production and marketing of contemporary Greek cinema.

Maria Papadopoulou, Eirini Sifaki, Anastasia Stamou

Hellenic Open University, Greece

Recent film production has been greatly influenced by the European Union’s legislation, funding and programs such as Creative Europe. This presentation examines the strategies used to create, produce, distribute and promote a number of recent Greek films that have become widely associated with the label « New Greek Wave» or «Weird Cinema». We will first explore the context and the agents in the specific art market that have enabled the emergence of a particular trend in Greek cinema, discussing the advent of a new generation of filmmakers and producers nurtured by European cultural projects and mobility and their ability to make aesthetic virtue out of economic necessity. Special insight will be given to the training, development and funding activities available to European directors and producers to develop and promote their works at an international level (training initiatives, talent campuses, script and project development labs, professional networks, databases, on line platforms, etc). The role played by festival markets, co-production schemes but also world sales agents in the further promotion and commercial exploitation of these films will be also discussed. Our analysis results from the extensive study of scientific literature, national and international film reviews, European institutions and gatekeepers’ public discourse and advertising material. Arguably, all these European initiatives and emerging “art worlds” have a great impact not only on the global exposure of contemporary Greek Cinema but also on the artistic practices and identity of the creative process. This research project was funded by the European Parliament (MEP G. Grammatikakis).


RN10_02a_IC: Educational Changes
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Athenaeum CC I

A Social Network Analysis of Comenius multilateral partnerships under the Lifelong Learning Programme

Theodoros Zevgitis, Anastassios Emvalotis

University of Ioannina, Greece

This paper deals with European Education policies as implemented in the Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP) by Comenius multilateral school partnerships. The study is based on a collection of data collected from the European Shared Treasure. The above data was grouped by country, recording the number of partnerships each country formed with other countries. Then the data was processed in accordance with the Social Network Analysis (SNA) theory. The use of SNA gave a new perspective and richer understanding at partnership structures. Calculations such as shortest path, betweenness centrality, closeness centrality were used to analyse the data.

The objective of the analysis was to understand how schools from different countries connected to each other and the relations and patterns they formed. A further aim was to clarify why these patterns occur and what their consequences are. In addition, the analysis was used to identify the countries whose schools played a central role in Comenius partnerships.

The main results of the analysis showed that the Comenius partnerships help the participants establish strong ties among them. However, the countries with the highest participation in partnerships are stronger networked and are more likely to collaborate with others. Additionally, the analysis revealed the central role schools from countries like Italy and Germany seem to play in partnerships. Specifically, only six countries handle the connection among the 33 countries which only two are distinguished. Finally, Italy and Spain played a central role in partnerships and are more likely to collaborate with other countries.


RN16_02c_H: Health and Disability: Health Policy for Autism
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: HA.1.3

Narratives of pain, narratives of struggle: The formation of autistic identities in the Greek context and the impact on health and education policies.

Theodosia Marinoudi

Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences, Greece

In recent years autism has emerged as an agonistic field of negotiations between agents, subjectivities and collectivities, which form social identities and communities on the basis of common experience. Different conceptualizations of autism manifest in the wide range of performed social trauma and disability in the Greek context. On one hand, narratives and practices of dramatization bring forth vulnerability and pain as a strategy of integration in the existing social structures. On the other hand, radical narratives of resistance emerge as social structures are considered to produce exclusion and pain.

In this paper I explore the performative force of these discourses and counter-discourses regarding autism in Greece. How have certain (bio) social dynamics affected the dominant representations of autism? Which was the impact of their perception of autism on health and education policies? Based on discourse analysis performed on the interviews of members and advocates of two groups, this paper focuses on the ruptures, continuities and discontinuities which emerge as the signifier “autism” is claimed by collectivities, social groups and individuals either in terms of pain or in terms of struggle. Although these different and multiple aspects of autistic forms of life are predominantly presented as contradictory, in this paper I argue that continuities and relations between pain, vulnerability, power and struggle are silenced. Drawing on the experiences of autistic people, I will investigate how the interactions and interrelations between these approaches can contribute to their empowerment and the consequent relief of their social suffering.


RN05_02b_H: Ethical and Political Consumption
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: HA.2.9

Political consumerism: towards a new typology of practices

Margarita Komninou1,2

1University of Patras, Greece; 2Technological Educational Institute of Western Greece

Consumer practices which do not render themselves to be easily commodified by the market, such as acts of DIY, downshifting, dumpster diving, reusing, sharing, shoplifting and occupying, are infrequently discussed in the literature of ethical and political consumption. Why does that happen and what insights can we draw from an attempt to incorporate such practices in the concepts of ethical and political consumerism?

Our failure to address the ideological context of ‘consumption’ has resulted in perceiving and measuring political consumerism mainly in terms of buycotting and boycotting. By viewing ‘consumption’ as only relevant to acts of ‘purchasing’ and ‘shopping’, the agency of the ‘consumer’ is bound to certain rules and mechanisms of a capitalist market. Moreover, by arbitrarily ascribing a strictly ‘non-economic’ motivation behind the ‘ethical’ and ‘political’ framings of consumption, we automatically exclude private (economic) troubles from the public sphere (ignoring thus their political nature). Consequently, the typical profile of the ethical/political consumer (well-educated, female gendered, well-off, middle to upper social-class) is perhaps nothing more than the reflection of a bias imposed by our tendency to measure only practices which do not breach the limits of the capitalist market (its internal logic and moral system).

This paper calls for an expansion of the repertoire of consumer action associated with political consumerism if we want to understand consumption as an “arena of politics” and a form of political participation in a democratic manner (where every person gets to “vote”). A working typology of political consumerism practices will also be presented and discussed.


RS14_02a_IC: Sociology of Morality III
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Omikron II

Solidarity or charity? On the moral orientations of the refugee helpers in Europe. A report from the sociological field research at the refugee camps in Iraq and Greece.

Iwo Tomasz Los

The University of Warsaw, Poland

The so called refuge crisis inspired the specific – both institutionalized and spontaneous – reactions of the people in Europe. In my presentation I will analyze different discourses and moral orientations characteristic for the social actors engaged in various forms of helping the refugees. One of the main discursive distinction defining the movements is built on the alternative: solidarity vs charity, or optionally: solidarity not charity. What does solidarity mean as opposed to the charity in the relevant axiological contexts of the refugee crisis?

In 2014 I visited the official UNHCR-run refugee camp Kawergosk, Iraq. In 2016 I was in the unofficial Idomeni refugee camp, Greece. As part of my research I engaged in the informal volunteers group providing clothes and food for the refugees and organizing the painting stations for children leaving in the Idomeni camp. I will analyze the relevance of the “solidarity not charity” discourse and will verify if in fact the different discourses and moral orientations translate into different forms of alliances and help. Focusing on the unexpected alliance of the informal groups with the UNHCR office I will show what happens in practice when they cross each other. A will analyze the conditions for such an alliance and its sustainability. Among other social theories, I will ask my research questions in a relation to the findings of the anthropological research by James C. Scott described in his Weapons of the Weak and to the in-depth analysis of the late development of the Solidarity movement by David Ost.


RN02_02c_P: The Power of (D)evaluation in the Arts
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PA.1.3

The impact of film criticism and cultural evaluation on the formation and the emergence of a “Weird Wave” in Greek Cinema

Anastasia Stamou, Eirini Sifaki, Maria Papadopoulou

Hellenic Open University, Greece

“Is it just coincidence that the world’s most messed-up country is making the world’s most messed-up cinema?” The question was raised by film critic Steve Rose at Guardian (2011) concerning contemporary Greek cinema, which has gained great reputation in recent years, including numerous distinctions at festivals, media coverage and an Oscar nomination. First revealed in 2009, Yorgos Lanthimos, with his movie “Dogtooth”, symbolizes the coming of a new generation of filmmakers whose creativity and surrealist tendencies have been stimulated and exacerbated by the social and economic crisis. This presentation examines the way journalists and film critics both in Greece and abroad described, evaluated and labeled the emerged “Greek New Wave”. In line with cultural evaluation theory, we conducted a content analysis of film reviews in order to explore the criteria that professionals deploy to assess these films. By coding the collected texts using high art and popular aesthetic evaluation criteria and pointing out the forms of language (words and phrasings) used within media discourse, we detected critic’s perspectives towards this new phenomenon in order to define their contribution to its formation. We focused on the so-called “weird” aesthetics (a label used by critics to describe a mixture of recurrent elements in both form and content) and the way they were disseminated to the public. Finally, this presentation aims to provide a better understanding of the role that professional media critics play in the evaluation and subsequent legitimization of cultural products and genres. This research project was funded by the European Parliament (MEP G. Grammatikakis).


RN30_02b_P: Youth in changing societies
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PC.3.15

Youth and ‘Geneo-cid’: Greek National and European Union Factors Contributing to the Lost Generation of Greece

Sotiris Chtouris1, DeMond Miller2

1University of the Aegean, Greece; 2Rowan University, United States of America

Karl Mahnheim’s conceptualization of “generation as a social structure” provides a framework for understanding the structure of social and intellectual movements of our time. The destruction of the economic basis and work socialization processes are the factors that a generation is losing its social existence. We refer to this phenomenon as ‘geneo-cid,’ or a form of massive deconstruction of generation succession. Data from the IN4Youth study in Greece provides evidence that ‘geneo-cid’ is a result of the ongoing decline of the social and educational institutions, youth unemployment, and the decline in ability to transact intergenerational reciprocity and exchange (parents and grandparents are losing their saving (real estate, pensions etc.). Combined with a political system that fails to adequately respond to external forces from the European Union to mitigate the social, cultural and economic impacts of the impact of austerity on the youth population, young citizens question the government’s ability to perform its fiduciary responsibilities to support future generations. Hence the political elite’s actions that negatively impact the future of youth, or in some cases inaction in an era of economic crisis impact negatively on youth self-identity. The goal of this paper is to understand the forces that serve as a catalyst to bring about ‘geneo-cid’ and make recommendations specific to youth policy in Greece that can also be applicable across other similar contexts.


RN10_02a_IC: Educational Changes
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Athenaeum CC I

Changing Patterns of Governance in Education Today - What Changes? The Case of Greece – An Exploration

Vasiliki Kantzara

Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences, Greece

Many social scientists argue that the recent education reforms following the Bologna Process and other European Union treaties on education aim at improving education. Other scientists, on the contrary, maintain that education is being commodified and inequalities have increased instead of decreased.

In Greece, the major educational measures under conditions of crisis (2009-14), dealt with budgetary cuts and altering management structures. The budgetary cuts affected the provision of education services to several categories of pupils, as for example, preschool, compensatory or special education. At the same time, instead of finding funds for the aforementioned provisions, education policy focused among other things on changing patterns of governance, especially in tertiary education.

At closer look, the changed patterns and structures in the management of education are based on a kind of logic called “formal rationality", according to Weber. New management positions, both academic and non academic were created (e.g., faculty dean, and institution council). Additionally measures were introduced that affected the way work is being controlled, such as evaluation of work performance both at individual and collective level.

The questions I pose in this paper are, What kind of changes are introduced by the recent educational reforms in the structure of governance and what are the consequences?

The answer to the questions above is based on research material from Greece. The theoretical framework draws on the classical theories of Durkheim, and Weber, and on more recent approaches on governance.

The results show that due to the introduced changed, institutional relations of power tend to become more complex and opaque. Educators and students participate in a system that becomes more abstract and depersonalised. Do all these improve quality of education?


RN08_02a_P: Disaster, Conflict and Social Crisis (General Session II)
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PC.2.10

Cultural mobilities in migration studies: Albanian immigrants in Greece’s economic crisis

Maria Panteleou

University of the Aegean, Greece

In the modern globalized world, the multiple and frequent movements of immigrants, the complicated social networks that create and link two or more countries, the uncertain economic, social and political settings of the states directly affect the lives and future decisions of people pushing us to adopt new theoretical and methodological approaches, which can better grasp their transnational experiences. The approach of cultural mobilities suggested in this paper addresses the culturally and socially constructed aspect of modern mobilities through the lived experience of the immigrants themselves and studying within the specific social and economic contexts where it occurs. Ethnographer’s work is to follow mobile practices of immigrants, adopting a multi-sited approach, in order to capture all of their experience without distinguishing 'here' and 'there' which in modern times seem blurred, due to frequent movements, unforeseen paths and economic instability of countries. The case study of Albanian immigrants who work seasonally in Greece (Corinth) and often move inside the country in order to find work due to the economic crisis and visit several times a year their home to maintain their links with their relatives or other family matters demonstrates that the distinction between country of origin and destination obscured in contemporary times. Τhe mobilities of people affected by the economic and social conditions of countries thus seal the uncertainty of their future plans. These complex circumstances create mobilities; both of them are overlapping notions and must be studied together.


RN25_02b_IC: Remaking of Europe's Borders: Far Right Parties and the Migration Crisis
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Arcade II

From “cautious solidarity” to “ethnocentric cautiousness”: a tentative explanation of the rise of anti-migrant stances in the island of Chios

Thomas Goumenos

independent scholar, Greece

Chios is one of the five Greek islands of the Eastern Aegean that have served as the points of entry and first reception for almost 1 million refugees and migrants since 2015. After the signing of the EU-Turkey Statement (in March 2016), which assigns a significant role to the Eastern Aegean islands with regards to control and deterrence of migration and refugee inflows, 2,000 – 3,000 asylum seekers remain at camps in Chios.

The implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement has been the catalyst for the transformation of the dominant stance of the local population in Chios vis-à-vis refugees and migrants: from one of “cautious solidarity” to one of “ethnocentric cautiousness”. Although no hard evidence on the degree of anti-migrant radicalization exists until now, the strengthening of xenophobic attitudes and the gradual legitimization of anti-migrant discourse is evident. Moreover, Chios stands out from the other islands due to the emergence of a mass organization (the Pan-Chian Committee for Struggle) that opposes the operation of refugee camps and has successfully organized mass rallies and other events.

This paper highlights the reinforcement of the anti-migrant agenda in Chios through the examination of dominant discourses (of local media, parties and authorities), incidents of anti-migrant violence, and the activities of the “Committee”. Moreover, this paper argues that an explanation of the rise of anti-migrant stances in the islands of the Eastern Aegean has to take into account two crucial components of the local collective identity: “insularity”, i.e. the feeling of isolation that living in a small island entails, and “frontiermanship”, i.e. the (self-) representation of residents of border regions in Greece as symbolic and physical guardians of the national state.


RN18_02a_IC: Media Content – Image and Representation
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Aphrodite I

SUSTAINABILITY OF COMMUNITY NETWORKS IN THE UK AND GREECE: EVIDENCE FROM KEY ACTORS

Dimitris Boucas, Maria Michalis

University of Westminster, United Kingdom

Community networks have since the beginning of the 1990s comprised settings for providing Internet access for a community. The philosophy behind their development has varied, from providing connectivity where the market has failed to do so, to empowering the users to control more of their data. In doing so, they have adopted various models, ranging from the more formal and organised to the more improvised and informal. Moreover, they have often relied on external funding and voluntary work by key individuals or groups.

The paper seeks to address the problem of sustainability inherent in such networks. In doing so, it uses a conceptual framework on sustainability, which involves multiple dimensions, namely economic, political and socio-cultural. This is used as a starting point for evaluating the sustainability prospects of certain community network cases in the UK and Greece (selected through purposive sampling).

Being an interpretive study, the paper seeks to identify the important sustainability issues as experienced and understood by key actors involved in the development and management of these networks. To this aim, a set of interviews with these actors have been carried out using a semi-structured questionnaire derived from the conceptual framework mentioned above. The interviews verify the broad aspects of the framework but also provide additional insights as to the issues of economic, political and socio-cultural sustainability in the networks under examination. Conclusions are drawn as to the future of such networks in the era of sophisticated Internet platforms, cheap cloud computing and social media.


RS17_02a_H: 100 Years Charles Wright Mills: Sociological Imagination Today - Elite / Middle Class / Vulnerable Groups
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: HA.4.11

Who rules Greece? Greek prime ministers (1974 – 2016): Paths to leadership and/or leading to crisis

Despoina Valassi1, Gerasimos Karoulas2

1University of Crete, Greece; 2National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece

Following the sociological tradition of C. W. Mills and especially his writings on power elite we conducted a research study of the Greek prime ministers as the highest political leaders in the country. The intention of the authors, entering C. W. Mills theory into the Greek political field, is to highlight that Greek prime ministers, after 1974 and the restoration of Greek democracy, regardless their political traditions and ideological origins and differences, entered the Greek political field having, at least the majority of them, similarities in their social background, educational trajectories and recruitment patterns. Trying to describe their “paths to leadership”, we studied a number of factor/variables related to the political tradition of the Greek prime ministers, their inclusion in different elite groups, e.g. economic, bureaucratic, their families socio-economic status, their occupational trajectories and cosmopolitan cultural capital. C.W.Mills was one of the first sociologists highlighted the importance of “elite schools” and their clubs like the “old boys network”. In Greece the graduation from elite schools seems to be one of the most privileged and secured paths to high status strata and to the power elite. Also, we strongly believe that studying the Greek political elite and its linkages with other forms of power elite (economic, bureaucratic) it is possible to highlight reasons that “led to the socio-economic crisis”. The data collected through a mixed - qualitatively and quantitatively - methodological approach through the method of “prosopography” as the most adequate for an in-depth analysis, promoting us with the proper biographical details. The analysis encompass the prime ministers of Greece from 1974 until the last parliamentary term started in September of 2015.


RN25_02b_IC: Remaking of Europe's Borders: Far Right Parties and the Migration Crisis
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Arcade II

Exploring aspects of extreme right activism and xenophobic manifestations

Vasiliki Georgiadou1, Zinovia Lialiouti1, Anastasia Kafe1, Ioannis Galariotis2

1Panteion University, Greece; 2European University Institute

The recent migrant and refugee crisis unfolded anti-immigrant sentiments and xenophobic attitudes across the European continent. Moreover, the anti-immigrant political agenda seems to be an important component in the current appeal of extreme right parties in Europe. In the Greek context, the refugee crisis interacts with the ongoing economic crisis and its social consequences. The neo-Nazi party of Golden Dawn is far from being marginalized despite the prosecution of its leadership after the murder of Pavlos Fyssas. Furthermore, GD, taking advantage of the political opportunity presented with the influx of refugees in the past year, manifested its activism in public schools and refugee camps, targeting refugees and their children. This paper aims to provide a comprehensive overview of GD’s activism and to contextualize it by employing event analysis based on a collection of news sources focusing on violence against immigrants. In particular, we examine the role of two distinct actors: GD and the police seeking to explore potential links in this respect. Our empirical material was processed by computational social sciences methods and provides valuable insights on the evolution of GD and xenophobic activity in Greece since the early 1990s. Apart from the event analysis aspect, this paper also involves aspects of popular xenophobia by processing xenophobic messages in twitter communication during the economic crisis (2013-2016).


RN12_03a_P: Sociology and Climate Change
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: PC.2.14

Climate Change as a security issue in the case of Greece. An application of Q Methodology

Charis Gerosideris

Keele University, United Kingdom

Resource scarcity, environmental migration, land use and natural disasters, are only some of the examples which indicate the multi-dimensional effects of climate change and its impact on socio-political structures as well as on the everyday life and practices.

This study focuses on the on-going discussion on climate change as a security issue, which indicates that climate change should be understood as unsolved and threaten matter that seeks immediate and specific solutions in the security discipline. The examination of the issue developed focusing on the case of Greece, which is not only an indicative example of the south vulnerable EU countries.The paper develops an insight on the issue of climate change in Greece, pointing out the linkage to security/insecurity issues in regional level and its contemporary connections between environmental security, energy security, national and human security, in global level. Main consideration is given to the absence of approaching climate change as a security issue in Greece, not only in an institutional (state) level, but in a scientific level too.

The study examined four different stakeholders’ groups (Greek policy-makers, national NGOs, energy industry leaders, public/citizens) and their perceptions/opinions on the issue of climate change as a security issue by applying Q-methodology.The study critically examined the differences between the stakeholders’ perspectives and the existed academic ones on climate change as a security issue. This study points out a new and innovative research methodology in security studies, which, especially focusing in the climate change as a security issue in the case of Greece and the global recession context.


RN30_03c_P: Employment, Unemployment and Underemployment I
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: PC.3.16

Introducing an index of labour mobility for youth

Maria Symeonaki, Glykeria Stamatopoulou, Maria Karamessini

Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences, Department of Social Policy, Athens, Greece

Undoubtedly, there has been a growing demand for quantifying evidence on labour mobility, its trends across European countries, with a special emphasis put on the youth. The present paper proposes a new index of labour mobility, which can help researchers quantify “positive” movements or transitions between labour market states. The most commonly used mobility indices take into account either the probability of staying in the same state (Prais – Schorrocks mobility index and Prais – Bibby mobility index), or all transitions among labour market states (Bartholomew index). Firstly, we question whether those indices can represent a meaningful measurement of labour mobility, where one would be more interested in measuring only the “positive” transitions, meaning transitions from unemployment or inactivity to employment. A new index is therefore introduced and it is used to compare labour mobility of young individuals, aged between 15 and 29, between different European countries based on the latest evidence from the EU-Labour Force Survey (EU-LFS) raw data.


RS07_03a_H: Greece's Prospects: Structures of Core-Periphery and the EU
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: HA.2.7

E.U's fading lure

Angelos Kontogiannis-Mandros1, Corina Petridi2

1King's College London, U.K; 2University of Athens, Greece

Our aim in this paper is to examine the impact of the 2015 Greek referendum on attitudes towards the European project. In this broader context we pay special attention in the examination of people’s perception as to the relation between E.U. membership and Greek democracy’s robustness as well as the role played by the former in the unravelling of the Greek crisis. Something which brings us to public’s changing attitudes with regards to the role and importance of the national state vs that of supra-national unions such as the E.U. Such an analysis will provide the basis for a subsequent evaluation not only of the depth and character of the emerging Euroscepticism but also of its implications for the inability of the power bloc to articulate a hegemonic discourse able to resolve the legitimacy crisis that currently underlies the political system.

Methodologically speaking our analysis follows a mixed method approach that combines survey data and forty interviews with individuals from both sides of the yes/no divide. This enable us to illuminate better the differences that exist between the two groups (i.e. yes voters-no voters) while keeping track of the general development of these attitudinal trends with regards to the entire population.


RN35_03b_P: Migrants in Rural and Peripheral Areas of Europe I
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: PC.3.20

Precarities and mobilities in rural Greece: Taking stock of migrant labour trajectories in a period of economic downturn

Loukia-Maria Fratsea2, Apostolos G. Papadopoulos1

1Harokopio University of Athens, Greece; 2Harokopio University of Athens, Greece

The long presence of migrant labour is well documented in the last three decades. Their impact upon the rural economy and society of Greece is of immense importance. Their role in the rural/local social structure is often underplayed and/or considered as marginal. However, there are many issues which need to be taken into consideration when appraising their contribution and integration into the receiving society.

More particularly, migrant labour has been of pivotal for increasing agricultural productivity in labour intensive agricultural systems, while its impact in local societies and economies has been highly disputed. The hierarchy of migrants, the ethnic division of labour, the employment conditions and the increasing antagonisms/ conflicts between migrants and employers are major issues which will be discussed in the paper.

The paper will uncover the existing diversity among migrant labour on the basis of employment relations (permanent, seasonal, cyclical, casual), their precarity status (regular, semi-regular, irregular), the migrant divisions of labour and their education. The main focus of the paper is on the various relationship(s) between precarity and mobility, which are significant facets of migrant labour strategies of survival.

The paper will include a literature review on migrant labour precarity in Greece and southern Europe in general. Secondly, there will be an analysis of the various aspects of the relationship between precarity and mobility. Thirdly, the available statistical data (from various statistical sources) will be analyzed and commented upon in order to draw a wider picture of the interconnections between precarity and mobilities in rural Greece. Finally, the conclusion will stress the need for further research on the aspects of migrant labour precarity.


RS01_03a_P: (Un)Making The European Identity
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: PD.4.37

The Existential Crisis of the European Union

Sophia Kaitatzi-Whitlock

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece

This paper addresses the existential crisis of the European Union, consisting, on the one hand, in incapacity, unwillingness or failure to resolve long-standing, corrosive socio-economic problems, or even major destruction and crises. The existential crisis is marked, on the other hand, by astounding lack in solidarity between European peoples and by the glaring absence of a common European vision. There is no European narrative for EU citizens to believe in for their future, nor to create hope or trust.

Conversely, revelations of corruption cases tarnish the image of European élites and EU leaders. Is it a wonder that European societies have reached unprecedented levels of euro-skepticism, euro-hostility and, indeed, were lead to phenomena like 'Brexit'? Citizens wonder what the ‘European citizenship’ holds for them in reality? Whatever happened to the ideal of the ‘European Citizenship’ of 1993?

A number of strategic decisions and omissions lurk behind failures and the ensuing mass-deceptions. Implicit in these decisions and omissions are also acute problems of ethnocentrism and plain nationalist acts. These include cases of favouring particular interests against the general EU interest. Implicit to such acts were undue cases of boosting ‘the global industrial champions’ in order to dominate in exports at any cost. Consecutive corruption cases have however proved these also to be dead-end strategies. Moreover, despite early warnings about the dangers implicit in the democratic deficit practices, these were mocked or not considered. Consequently, the EU syndromes of today amount to the a most challenging, perhaps, insuperable existential crisis for the EU project.


RS07_03a_H: Greece's Prospects: Structures of Core-Periphery and the EU
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: HA.2.7

Greece after the world economic crisis: is there a last chance for a take-off within/without the E.U.?

Emmanuel Alexakis

University of Crete, Greece

In Greece we are already experiencing the seventh year in crisis and unfortunately the signs are anything but good: no exit in sight yet, although much effort has been undertaken, more so by those who are less responsible for our predicament.

In this paper it will be argued, first, that as far as the Greek economy is concerned, the crisis did not come as a result of the respective worldwide one but it preexisted, being thoroughly concealed by the political system itself. Secondly, and maybe more so important, it is urgent to realize that the Greek problem is far less economic/financial and much more a problem of political culture, that refers to the wider issue of the lack of rules and standards that generally modulate social life and action. And, thirdly, I shall try to delineate, in a most tentative manner, a possible course Greece could follow in the post-crisis era. My thesis is based on the following: a) the course of today’s globalization affects each and every one; let us also not forget that its most profound characteristics are of a neoliberal origin, b) the narrower context, within which Greece is found, is that of the European Union and, more specifically, that of the Eurozone, c) nowadays global and neoliberal capitalism differs significantly compared to that existed in the pre-1989, bi-polar world, so policies adopted to cope with it, should be accordingly different, and d) return to a situation similar to the pre-2009 state of affairs should be out of the question, both because of the wider-objective conditions as well as due to Greece’s all-important need of structural change and modernization.


RN29_03a_H: Social Theory
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: HB.1.14

A Turbulent World of Great Uncertainty. Hey you social scientists! You may not know what’s going on and you may be part of the problem….

Panagiota Georgopoulou

Panteion University, Greece

Why might social scientists not be aware of what’s going on? Because the social world is becoming enormously complex with a high degree of interconnectivity. As a result, uncertainty and opacity have increased. As Thomas Homer-Dixon (2010) argues “in a world of uncertainty and unknown unknowns, we are ignorant of our own ignorance; often, we don’t even know what questions to ask”.

Additionally, why might we be part of the problem of the ongoing economic, social and political crisis? Because as a group of highly educated creators of signs and symbols, we are members of the ‘power elite’ of the capitalist knowledge economy. Hence we run the risk of being out of touch with “ordinary” people such as the poor, unemployed, less-educated, immigrants etc. In this respect, revisiting Alvin Gouldner’s critique (1979) of the rise of the New Class of Intellectuals, I argue that while academic social scientists contribute to the culture of critical discourse, they are at the same time working in their own interest, bolstering their power and privileges.

Homer-Dixon T. (2010) “Complexity Science and Public Policy”. Canada: IPAC New Directions, May.

http://www.homerdixon.com/2010/05/05/complexity-science-and-public-policy/

Gouldner A. (1979) The Future of Intellectuals and the Rise of the New Class. New York: Seabury Press.


RN19_03a_P: Political Impact of Professionalism
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: PC.5.28

Foreign Correspondents in Greece: Analyzing the working routines and cultural challenges of the foreign press corps

Iliana Giannouli

National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece

Greece, like many small countries, usually goes unnoticed in the foreign press as a low interest country, mostly associated with specific types of stories. This ‘model’ has changed since the outburst of the global financial crisis, which sank the country and its economy into the deepest recession in its modern history. In the ‘era of the economic crisis’ Greece’s appeal for international news organizations has risen dramatically, leading to an unprecedented rise in the number of Athens based foreign correspondents.

By analyzing data collected via 30 in depth semi-structured interviews during the period 2011-2014 we try to examine both the occupational culture and organizational structures within which foreign correspondents work. In addition, we try to highlight the problems correspondents encounter as they exercise their daily duties, which affect their final dispatches.

The up to now findings suggest that despite the pressures and the challenges put forward by technology and the ‘deadline dominated culture’, foreign correspondents perceive themselves as ‘semiotic agents’, feeling ‘responsible’ for explaining Greece’s problems and complexities to their home audience. Although many commentators perceive foreign correspondence as a ‘dying occupation’ this ‘tribe of journalists’ proves that in a highly interconnected world ‘being there still maters’.

Foreign correspondents are still the only secure answer to the understanding of foreign affairs, as “through their eyes” we can hope to shape a more comprehensive image of the “global village” that is today smaller and yet more complex than ever before.


RS07_03a_H: Greece's Prospects: Structures of Core-Periphery and the EU
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: HA.2.7

Foreign investors and Greece during the sovereign debt crisis: an economic sociology approach

Nikolaos Souliotis

National Center for Social Research-EKKE, Greece

The paper will examine a number of selected particular foreign direct investment (FDI) projects in Greece during the sovereign debt crisis (such as the privatization of the ex-airport of Hellinikon). The main research questions of the paper are:

- How the bailout agreements affected the institutional framework that regulates FDI in Greece?

- Which are the specific configurations of institutions and actors that shape the investment projects under research?

The paper will comprise two parts which correspond to the above-mentioned research questions. The first part will analyze the changing FDI-related institutional framework during the crisis as a process of “state rescaling”, that is as a process of reorganization of political authorities at the national and supranational levels. The second part will present an analysis of the actors who are involved in the selected investment projects. For this purpose the paper will use socio-professional data in a Multi-Correspondence Analysis.

Data used in the paper will come from official documents, the press and interviews with policy-makers.


RN17_03a_H: The Role of Actors and Sectors
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: HA.2.4

The convergence of Industrial relations traditions in Greece and Ireland in the European crisis (2008-2016).

Barry P Colfer1, Christos Ioannou2

1University of Cambridge, United Kingdom; 2The Office of the Greek Ombudsman, Athens, Greece.

This paper investigates crisis-induced changes to industrial relations practices in Europe with a focus on Greece and Ireland over the course of the economic and social crisis since 2008.

The theoretical and analytical framework of the paper and the justification of the selection of these case studies are informed by Visser (2008; 2012)’s comprehensive classification of European industrial relations traditions, which places Greece in the state-centred tradition, and Ireland in the liberal-pluralist group.

In the state-centred group, involvement of the social partners with the state is traditionally low, and collective bargaining is decentralized. Policies are designed without systematic input from the social partners, with actors subsequently accommodated via flexible implementation processes often based on derogation from the law. The liberal-pluralist group traditionally displays higher organisational density, high collective bargaining coverage at a very decentralised level, and limited interaction between social partners and state authorities. Greece and Ireland conform to some of these conditions, but not to all.

This paper contends that crisis-induced EU-backed structural reforms have brought about a convergence between the industrial relations traditions in these countries, where the Greek model is being recast to resemble the Irish one. The role of EU and national authorities in this convergence, and in the general reordering of European industrial relations through the introduction of new economic governance measures, is also analysed.

The paper finally reviews trade union responses to these changes, including through the formation of new coalitions, through changing relationships with political parties, and through involvement with EU-level actors including ETUC.


RN25_03a_IC: Bringing Marxism in Social Movement Research? How to Study Capitalism from a Critical Standpoint
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Arcade I

The golden “salto mortale” in the era of crisis: primitive accumulation and social movements in the case of Skouries gold mining in Greece

Konstantinos Petrakos1, Vasiliki Makrygianni2, Charalampos Tsavdaroglou2

1National Technical University of Athens, Greece; 2Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece

As formulated by Marx (1990[1867], p. 200), “the leap taken by value from the body of the commodity into the body of the gold is the commodity’s salto mortale”. Following autonomous Marxists literature (De Angelis, 2007; Federici, 2011; Hardt and Negri, 2009), the circulation of capital could be interrupted by social, class, gender or ecological struggles. In order to unsettle this view, we build on recent critical scholarship on new enclosures, land grabbing and the permanence of primitive accumulation and we explore the inter-articulation of gold mining projects and neoliberal policies in the era of crisis. In this effort, we choose to examine the case of Greece a country in the epicenter of the recent financial and social crisis. During the last decade the Canadian company “Eldorado” has undertaken a gold mining investment in the environmentally sensitive area of Skouries. Against this project a fruitful social movement has emerged which has ecological, feminist, class, antiracist and inter-local features. Through this examination we want to investigate how the financial crisis provides an opportunity for multinational mining corporations to expand their zones of exploitation and how the social movements has the ability to contest, to postpone or even to cancel the circulation of capital and to reclaim the common resources. For the purpose of the paper, social data have been collected by participatory action research, militant ethnographic analysis and secondary literature through blogs and online materials.


RN02_03b_P: Sociological Perspectives on Cultural Policy
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: PA.1.2

Unmaking culture through austerity: Effects of material deprivation on visual artists

Alexandros Baltzis, Nikolaos Tsigilis

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece

The paper presents some results of an original survey in a sample of 591 visual artists in Greece, focusing on their living and working conditions. This sample represents 10% of the total members of the Chamber of Fine Arts of Greece (margin of error ±3.82%, 95% confidence interval). The questionnaire includes over 250 variables embracing a wide range of issues, including standard indicators of material deprivation, as well as questions comparing the situation before and after the introduction of the austerity programmes. The research was carried out by the School of Journalism & Mass Communications (Aristotle University of Thessaloniki), in collaboration with the State Museum of Contemporary Art and supported by the Chamber of Fine Arts of Greece. This survey is the first of its kind carried out in the country. The survey is part of a wider attempt to study cultural work in Greece and it is based on previous exploratory study with focus groups about the working conditions of visual artists and film makers.

An overall index of economic strain was calculated enhancing the material deprivation indicator with the enforced inability to afford an atelier (Cronbach’s Alpha = .893). Analysis of variance showed that respondents answer consistently about their income. The overall index of economic strain was used to compare variables about the living and working conditions of visual artists before and after the introduction of the austerity policies. The findings illustrate an extended deprivation of the material conditions required to work as a visual artist in Greece.


SE: Special Evening Plenary: (Un)Making Europe
Time: 30/Aug/2017: 8:15pm-10:15pm · Location: Niarchos

What Comes After Europe’s Failed Neoliberal Experiment? The Case for an Internationalist European New Deal

Yanis Varoufakis

University of Athens, Greece

The EU was founded as a corporatist project whose purpose was to take economic policy decisions out of the liberal democratic process across Europe. Once it developed a common currency condemned to unravel at the sign of the next global financial crisis, both the new currency and the neoliberal mantra that enveloped it at the level of ideology degenerated into a source of deflationary policies and increasing authoritarianism – both at odds with the logic of liberal democracy and dream of prosperity that the EU depended upon for its legitimacy and coherence. The pressing question for progressives now is: Can this EU be saved? Is it worth saving? Yanis Varoufakis’ answer turns on DiEM25’s proposal for an internationalist European New Deal.

SHORT BIOGRAPHY:

Yanis Varoufakis read mathematics and economics at the Universities of Essex and Birmingham and subsequently taught economics at the Universities of East Anglia, Cambridge, Sydney, Glasgow, Texas and Athens, where he holds a Chair in Economic Theory. He is also Honoris Causa Professor of Law, Economics and Finance at the University of Torino, Honorary Professor of Political Economy at the University of Sydney, Visiting Professor of Political Economy at King’s College, London, and Doctor of the University of Sussex Honoris Causa. His latest books include Adults in the Room: My struggle against Europe’s Deep Establishment (2017); And the Weak Suffer What They Must? Europe, Austerity and the Threat to Global Stability (2016); Economic Indeterminacy (2014), and The Global Minotaur: America, Europe and the Future of the World Economy (2011).

In January 2015 he was elected to Greece's Parliament and served as Greece’s Finance Minister (until July 2015). During his term he experienced firsthand the authoritarian inefficiency of the European Union’s institutions and had to negotiate with the Eurogroup, the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund. Varoufakis resigned the finance ministry when he refused to sign a loan agreement that perpetuated Greece’s debt-deflationary cycle. In February 2016 he co-founded DiEM25, the Democracy Europe Movement, which has grown in numbers across Europe since then.


RN06_04a_P: From Post-Growth Capitalism to Authoritarian Temptation: A World-Historical Sea Change?
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 9:00am-10:30am · Location: PC.3.15

Authoritarian neoliberalism paving the way to authoritarian statism?

Maria Markantonatou

University of the Aegean, Greece

This is a submission to the special session 'From Post-Growth Capitalism to Authoritarian Temptation: A World-Historical Sea Change?

Abstract

Since 2010 austerity politics in Greece have caused a series of dramatic effects on the country’s economy (skyrocketing of public debt, recession, rapid cuts in public expenditure at the fields of health, education, welfare etc.) and society (rise in total and youth unemployment, pauperization, increase in inequality, precarity etc.). Despite intensified social resistance expressed not only by hundreds of strikes and protests, but, most importantly, by the transformation of the country’s political landscape of the last decades, austerity imposed by creditors remains unaltered. With reference to Greece – as the Eurozone country worst hit by the crisis which after 2010 stimulated the design of ultra-neoliberal Eurozone legislation and the creation of additional surveillance mechanisms for fiscal discipline –, the presentation will discuss current political efforts to impose liberalization. Similar efforts had been characterized as “conscious and violent state interventions” (K. Polanyi) in the context of the 1930’s crisis and as “authoritarian statism” (N. Poulantzas) in the context of the 1970’s crisis. The current crisis management in Greece and elsewhere increasingly tends to generalize in Europe a governance pattern characterized by shrunk national democracies, policies of “state of emergency”, the institutionalization of punishments to debtor countries and an increasing detachment of economic policy from national societies. As a result, the very idea of the monetary union and even the EU are all the more disputed, new conflicting models of economic governance and (geo)political tensions emerge, and authoritarian, extreme-right and nationalist political forces gain influence across Europe, seriously threating democracy and even leaving several dark future scenarios open.


RN08_04a_P: Globalisation, Liberalism and Economic Crisis: Experiencing Social Disasters
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 9:00am-10:30am · Location: PC.2.10

Dealing with a business enterprise in Athens during the crisis: the case of beauticians

DIMITRA KONDYLI

NATIONAL CENTRE FOR SOCIAL RESEARCH (EKKE), Greece

This case study concerns a small scale qualitative research conducted during spring and summer of 2016 in the area of Athens. In the context of this work, we focus on the following aspects: exploring incentives and challenges that young beauticians as entrepreneurs face during the current socio-economic crisis at the professional and private spheres, investigating ways and strategies that these professionals use in order to either develop or maintain their business enterprises , studying the dipole of beauticians exercising an entrepreneurial activity classifying to the category of “emotional labour” and women receiving services caring themselves of other people and leaving under similar conditions and finally investigating how they tackle with every day routine in order to meet professional ambitions and personal expectations. Additionally we their current situation as well as entrepreneurial prospects will be assessed. Concluding remarks will concentrate on eluciding prioritization and needs between professional and private spheres whilst we will also concentrate on a number of resilient policy suggestions.


RN29_04b_P: Social Theory and the Critique of Capitalism II
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 9:00am-10:30am · Location: PE.1.39

Marx and Luhmann: (re)thinking capital as communication

Michalis Skomvoulis

Panteion University, Greece

In the theoretical discourse of contemporary society, the concept of communication has been consolidated as the absolutely central term. This attributed importance to communication does not stem exclusively from the theoretical discussion but it also stems from the real transformations that the dynamics of contemporary capitalism generates. In this paper, we preoccupy initially ourselves with the general concept of communication as this is thematized by Luhmann’s systemic social theory as the common reference of procedures that concern highly differentiated social systems. The luhmannian social theory, we argue, adopts a dialectical/paradoxical way of systematization, which divides, in a non substantialist way, the unifying dimension of communication into internally differentiated and autonomized social systems. Communication is thus presented through the prism of formation of the pertinent social semantics that will make every autonomous system inherently self-referential. According to our argument, we can criticize Luhmann’s conception of communication by introducing the Marxian concept of capital as a form of social coercive unification: conceptualizing communication, the systemic social theory excludes from its horizon the possibility of conceptualizing the unifying dimension of communication for the social totality, although it presupposes this dimension. According to our perspective, this exclusion ensues from the effort of systemic social theory to keep the concept of communication at a distance from a dimension of domination. Certainly, the Marxian concept of capital (especially in its version of value-form theory) could be a privileged perspective that highlights this domination aspect of communication. In this context, through our critique of Luhmann’s social theory, we arrive at an equally transformative perception of the Marxian concept of capital, namely towards a non-substantialist form which thematizes the reificatory effects of communicative forms in contemporary capitalism.


RS07_04a_H: Refugees and Migrants into the Economic Crisis
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 9:00am-10:30am · Location: HA.2.7

Mobility and Social Justice: Theorizing migrant/refugee mobilities in crisis-stricken Greece

Apostolos G. Papadopoulos, Loukia-Maria Fratsea

Harokopio University of Athens, Greece

During the last six years Europe has been in the midst of the most severe recession since the Second World War. Migrants are amongst the most vulnerable groups and usually the hardest hit by the economic crisis. Although the impact of recession on migrant employment differs between sectors, rising unemployment rates are often accompanied by rising anxiety about the availability of labour market opportunities.

For the last couple of years migrant flows towards Europe and Greece has been escalating while an existing 'migration crisis' was recently paired with a refugee crisis leading to increasing concerns regarding the integration prospects and challenges.

Especially during the economic downturn much of discussions and research focuses on enduring territorial inequalities in Europe and increasing social cohesion taking into consideration the various spatial levels. However the relations between territorial inequality and mobility as well as between mobility and social cohesion and spatial justice remain unexamined.

The paper attempts to provide a bridge and link between the various facets of mobility (i.e. international migration/ internal migration/ refugee migration) with the concepts of territorial inequality and spatial justice. The paper elaborates statistical data from various sources (ELSTAT, EUROSTAT) and policy documents in order to explore the socio- economic characteristics and the settlement patterns of recent migration flows. The aim of the paper is to discuss the concept of spatial justice in view of the recent migration/ refugee flows towards Europe and to touch upon the challenges posed in the design and implementation of migration policy in Europe.


RS15_04a_P: Media Impact on General Opinion
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 9:00am-10:30am · Location: PD.4.35

The Spectacle of Terror

Yvonne Alexia Kosma

American College of Thessaloniki, Greece

The notion that the medium is the message is hardwired into acts of terrorism. Terrorism becomes a cultural act, a public performance in which death makes the statement, becoming a morbid work of art. Yet, the idea that terrorism is a theatre, a live-action spectacular, or a form of performance art is not particularly new. However, it is striking that there seems to be an effort to stage the enactment of violence in a way that it becomes ever more elaborate. In this context, the graphic violence of individual operations cannot be seen in isolation, but as an act within a larger trajectory of violence. However, instead of addressing each incident as an isolated occurrence, I will consider staged terrorist violence as a slow-motion, ever-evolving process, in which each new participant’s action makes sense in reaction to and in combination with those who came before. This way each act becomes a new link in a chain of meaning. Another important element to consider in this process is the amplification of its effects through the representation of the message by the mass media, that becomes the message in itself. In this procedure the terrorist act ceases to be just a news story related to current affairs, and becomes a sensory experience more akin to performance art that operates in multiple modalities—not only by way of the eye and ear. The task of the ‘performer’ is to ‘show’ sensory experiences that are invisible, or more accurately, to provide visual cues that evoke haptic and olfactory sensations, provoked by the horrid spectacle of the dying body. To understand this process I will draw from Granovetter's threshold model.


RS14_04a_IC: Sociology of Morality - General Session
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 9:00am-10:30am · Location: Intercontinental - Omikron II

Crisis of Morality: Value-Fundamentalism as a Contemporary Challenge to Sittlichkeit

Spyros Gangas

Deree -the American College of Greece, Greece

Sociology’s entanglement with the Enlightenment and with the European project of integration had always been sensitive to the role of values. Durkheim’s moral sociology, Parsons’ value-generalization as a code of integration in the social system as well as modernization theory’s shift to self-expression values constitute different but at points converging research programmes of moral sociology. At the other end, Weber’s and Luhmann’s skepticism with regards to value-integration has cautioned sociologists from placing excessive faith in morality’s integrative role in society. If we assume, as this paper will argue, that the project of a just/good ordering of the polis (configured as Sittlichkeit by Hegel and as ‘organic solidarity’ by Durkheim) is still worth pursuing as a normative ideal, then salvaging it requires confronting the maladjustment of value-standpoints, so typical of 21st century social and system disintegration. Apposite to this goal is Parsons’ category of ‘value-fundamentalism’. As I shall argue this concept not only aligns diagnostically with various contemporary fundamentalisms (market-driven, religious, political) that claim to monopolize the prospect of ‘value-integration’, but also operationalizes sociologically the theme of the ‘tyranny of values’ advocated by Nicolai Hartmann and Carl Schmitt. Given the rapid deterioration of consensus-based self-moderation of values in a global environment of populism, extremism, market crises and growing inequality, taking up the sociological toolkit of ‘value-fundamentalism’ can enable us to locate the institutional junctures where values (e.g. economic, political, moral) tend to claim ‘absolute’ status, to ‘devalue’ other values and, hence, to de-differentiate society.


RN09_04a_P: Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainability
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 9:00am-10:30am · Location: PF.1.43

CSR activity profiles in unfavourable economic circumstances. The case of the companies listed on the Athens Stock Exchange

Alexandros G Sahinidis1, Alina B Hyz2

1Technological Education Institute Of Athens, Greece; 2Technological Education Institute Of Piraeus, Greece

The purpose of this study is to identify the patterns of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) activities, in adverse economic circumstances, so as to understand the importance ascribed by the companies to each of their stakeholder categories. Social responsibility is a process by which companies manage their relationships with a variety of stakeholders which can have a real impact on the success of the business. In this paper we investigate the activities of CSR in Greece. We examine how companies spend their CSR resources in a depressed economy and the respective activity patterns among the companies listed on the Athens Stock Exchange (ASE). Our empirical evidence is based on the content analysis method. The study included 2014 data, collected at the end of 2015. Our results demonstrate that, contrary to our expectations, the most popular CSR activities related to the human resources and the least practiced were the society related ones. The findings show a concern for the employees of the companies and their morale, that supersedes the interest for the other stakeholder categories. Moreover, a significant difference emerged between the CSR programs of the various industries. This indicates that for reasons unbeknownst to us, companies de-emphasize the importance of the consumers and the ailing society and cater to the needs of their internal constituents. The significance of this study stems from the fact that it sheds light for the firms' policy during the period of financial constraints, which are apparently counterintuitive.


RN08_04a_P: Globalisation, Liberalism and Economic Crisis: Experiencing Social Disasters
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 9:00am-10:30am · Location: PC.2.10

Experiencing multi-dimensional disasters: the case of women notaries in Greece

Joanna Tsiganou, Maria Thanopoulou

NATIONAL CENTRE FOR SOCIAL RESEARCH, Greece

The contemporary ever-lasting economic crisis in Greece disguising the enforcement of neo-liberal transformations in both, the state and the labour market, have created new conditions for the practice of liberal professions as is the case of notaries. It is to be noted that the notary profession has been affected by the over-taxation, the collapse of the construction sector and the legal explosion. These conditions have deteriorated the practice of the notary profession and have annihilated its hitherto enjoyed merits and benefits: the exercise of public functions, authority, reputation, income, prestige.

Qualitative research has shown that notaries are nowadays experiencing an abrupt downward social mobility. Especially for the case of women notaries qualitative data suggest that they are experiencing multi-dimensional disasters in their personnal, professional and family lives such as poverisation, derregulation, frustration, de-professionalisation, uncertainty. The scope of the proposed paper is to present and discuss how the violent social transformations - social disasters at the macro-level are reflected on the societal micro-level and are experienced as personnal and professional disasters leading the middle social strata to insuperable difficulties and serious problems of social reproduction.


RS07_04a_H: Refugees and Migrants into the Economic Crisis
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 9:00am-10:30am · Location: HA.2.7

Facing the refugee crisis in Greece and Hungary. /Cognitive maps, social distance and national stereotypes

Nikos Fokas, Gábor Jelenfi, Robert Tardos

Eotvos Lorand University/MTA-ELTE Peripato Research Group, Hungary

The paper deals with images of immigration in Greece and Hungary based on a parallel online survey of MTA-ELTE Peripato Research Group in Budapest and National Centre for Social Research (EKKE) in Athens at the end of 2016.

Ingroup/outgroup foci are conceived as latent structures accessed by measures of national stereotypes, prejudices, concerns and expectations regarding immigration also implying aspects of trust and social distance. An array of attitudes and values is added by contextual variables like personal experience concerning refugees and various groups of migrants, just as various sources of news consumption.

Besides survey, a wide data-base of online dailies analysis of Peripato studies enables us to outline, applying network techniques as well a semantic web of mutual images in the contents of daily papers of various political platforms from both Greece and Hungary. The dual comparison is of special importance in the light of the attention the media of both countries devoted to the events that took place in the other one between August and October of 2015, a climax period of the refugee crisis.

As a pivotal element of our conceptual frame, trust is approached by the application of a recent idea of the measurement of trust radius. A classical comparative instrument by Buchanan and Cantril has been adopted for outlining differences of auto- and hetero-stereotypes in both countries. Adding to conventional ways of analyses, the elaborations also involve a (2-mode) network-like treatment of the bipartite matrix of attributes and national-ethnic entities for revealing the “cognitive maps” existing under certain settings in differentiated ways.

Keywords: ingroup/outgroup focus, stereotypes, media image, network analysis, comparative study


RN25_04a_IC: Precarious Solidarities with Refugees Since the Summer of Migration
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 9:00am-10:30am · Location: Intercontinental - Arcade I

Solidarity with refugees in Greece: Exploring volunteering during the refugee crisis

STEFANIA KALOGERAKI

University of Crete, Greece

Since 2015, Europe has been challenged by the increasing number of refugees fleeing conflict and persecution. With over 4 million people having been displaced by the conflict in Syria and the rapid increase in refugees from African countries rocked by war and violence, a refugee crisis has sparkled. A significant number of refugees have followed the Eastern Mediterranean route towards European countries via Greece; as a result over one million people in search of sanctuary have traveled through the country. Greeks have been challenged to cope with a two-fold crisis, i.e. the economic recession and the refugee crisis. Whilst the government has been tremendously strained by both the economic depression and the massive migration, thousands of ordinary people have joined efforts to help providing services and support to refugees arriving in the Greek shores. The volunteers have been instrumental in providing refugees with solidarity activities (such as food supplies, medical aid, legal and financial support) and the government has come to partly rely on volunteering contributions to tackle the refugee crisis. The main rationale of the paper is to explore the prevalence of volunteering with refugees as well as the profiles and motivations of volunteers in the context of the recent refugee crisis. The paper uses nationally representative data from the EU funded project TransSol (Transnational Solidarity at Times of Crisis) which provides a unique opportunity to explore volunteering as a form of Greeks’ transnational solidarity to thousands of refugees fleeing repression and conflict zones to seek safety in Europe.


RN32_04a_P: Radical Right-wing Populist Parties in Comparative Perspective I
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 9:00am-10:30am · Location: PD.2.33

“Parties of the crisis? The populist radical right in Spain and Greece”

Sofia Tipaldou

Panteion University of Athens, Spain

The 2014 European Parliament election resulted to the rise of xenophobic, anti-immigration, revanchist, and eurosceptic parties across the European Union. This paper explores the extent to which high levels of unemployment and political dissatisfaction (the ‘crisis theories’) can explain the rise of eurosceptic populist radical right parties within the EU – parties that turn against it. It draws on examples from two similar Southern European crisis-ridden environments with opposing trends of radical right support. In Greece, Golden Dawn became the fifth biggest force, while in Spain no similar radical right formation has managed to create a solid electoral base at the national level. My case study for the Spanish case is the Catalan radical right party Platform for Catalonia (PxC), the most successful party of its kind in regional level up to this point. Golden Dawn and PxC have moderated their discourse, following the example of Le Pen's National Front, and are now resembling other Western European populist radical right parties. Both Greece and Spain account for the highest unemployment—particularly youth unemployment—percentage in the EU; receive a big number of refugees; have a dictatorial experience; and have been shaken by immense popular protests during the last years. My research aims to introduce country-specific characteristics and movement dynamics (party ideology, leadership, and strategies) in the study of the electoral success of populist radical right parties, contributing thus to the ongoing debate on the role of economic crises on the rise of populist radical right parties, as well as on their potential indirect threat to democracy and to the European ideal.


RN10_04c_IC: Diversity and Schooling
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 9:00am-10:30am · Location: Intercontinental - Athenaeum CC III

Equality in Diversity at school: a research-based agenda from a Mediterranean comparative case

Liana M. Daher1, Augusto Gamuzza2, Anna Maria Leonora3, Susana Gómez Martínez4, Tsiona Vasiliki5

1University of Catania, Italy; 2University of Catania, Italy; 3University of Catania, Italy; 4University of Valladolid, Spain; 5East Macedonia - Thrace Regional Directorate for Primary and Secondary Education, Greece

Since its constitution, the EU social system was imagined as an increasingly mature multicultural society able to face the challenges of how socializing its main social institutions in coping with the “structural” and cultural diversity. In accordance to this long-term goal, the European educational systems were involved in a process of developing dedicated curriculums and school activities in order to effectively deal with differentiated ethnic and cultural background contexts. Teachers are the strategic actors of this process carrying into this their ideas about equality/inclusion in educational process. Moreover, they play the fundamental role of encouraging pupils to appreciate diversity as richness and cooperative approach to learning activity; they must support pupils in developing a shared educational tongue.

The paper presents the results of an Erasmus+ research project aiming at investigating and comparing teachers needs about challenges and constraints related to the fair managing of highly differentiated educational contexts as well as their strategic proposals to overcome diversities and implement intercultural practices. Ideally, equality into educational process through teacher’s action fosters the core of democratic values of liberty and unity.

A regional comparison between three European countries (Italy, Greece and Spain), focusing upon strategies and methods in multiethnic and multilingual settings, will be provided.

The mixed method approach – triangulating between (1) narrative interviews, (2) quantitative survey and (3) focus groups and focused interviews (next regional steps) – will enable unveiling unexpected results related to the complexity of the investigated school contexts stressing upon the teacher demand and participation to deeply renovate skills and practices.


RS15_04a_P: Media Impact on General Opinion
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 9:00am-10:30am · Location: PD.4.35

The perception of Visual Infotainment in the political news:A cultural approach through New Media

Lambrini Papadopoulou2, Irene Photiou1, Theodora Maniou1

1Frederick University, Cyprus; 2Panteion University, Greece

Traditionally, Infotainment has been introduced to refer to television programs and/or tabloid news which exhibit the trend of integrating in a single reportage two seemingly contrasting concepts in mainstream journalism: information and entertainment (e.g., Bonner & McKay, 2003, p. 119; see also, Berrocal-Gonzalo, Redondo-García, Martin-Jiménez & Campos-Domínguez, 2014). With its origins in the late 1980s, infotainment is not a fairly modern trend, however the discussion around it has never ceased while in the last decade seems to be widely re-framed (see, for example, Harrington, 2008). Especially with the introduction of the New Media in the post-truth era, Infotainment seems to be evolving in a characteristic trend affecting all areas of news reporting. The proposed paper aims to introduce the phenomenon of Visual Infotainment, regarding aspects of Infotainment in visual artefacts, deployed in the news. Specifically, the research focusses on visual elements (photographs, graphics, etc.) used in the New Media, when posting and citing political news. The case study of this paper is the Cyprus talks between Greek-Cypriots and Turkish-Cypriots, held in Mont Pelerin and Geneva in 2016 and 2017 respectively, aiming to resolve the Cyprus conflict. The study is based on a qualitative approach, using Visual Framing Analysis, on an effort to identify a consistent set of frames in order to determine the perception of Visual Infotainment in the political news and the specific ways in which hard news can be transformed into soft news.


RN11_04b_P: The Emotional Dynamics of Right- and Left-Wing Political Populism
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 9:00am-10:30am · Location: PB.2.5

Theorizing Political Εmotions

Nicolas Demertzis

National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece, National Centre for Social Research

Although the term “political emotions” has been coined in respect to the ever-growing sociological and psychological literature on politics and affectivity, little effort has been made regarding its definitional clarity. By defining them as lasting affective predispositions that play a key role in the constitution of political culture and the authoritative allocation of resources, this paper differentiates political emotions proper (or sentiments) from ‘politically relevant emotions’, i.e. transient affective experiences which play a marginal role in the longue durée of the Political. The paper argues that: (a) political emotions should not necessarily be consciously felt; (b) there are no exclusively political emotions but only ‘scenarios’ of political involvement and affect occurring in various figurations wherein any emotion may acquire political significance; (c) some typologies are more suitable than others in theorizing political emotions; (d) political emotion (in the singular) can be seen as an abstract conceptual category or as a general phenomenon which accommodates a variety of specific emotions; (e) political emotions are inherently relational and they are felt individually or collectively. An effort will be made to showcase that political emotions are absolutely necessary either for democratic or backlash politics.


RN35_04b_P: Social Mobility II
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 9:00am-10:30am · Location: PC.3.20

“I have a bad job and I’m alone here, but I’m not even thinking of going back home!” The Impact of Entrapment in Precarious, Low-Status Work and the Shattering of Familial and Community Networks of Solidarity on the Decision of Migrants to Return in their Origin Countries via the Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration Programme: Pakistanis, Bangladeshis and Afghans in Greece in Times of Crisis

Theodoros Fouskas1, Fotini-Maria Mine2

1PhD, Sociologist, Lab. Assistant, Department of Social Work, Technological Educational Institute of Athens, Greece; 2MSc in Sociology of European Law, Lund University, Sweden

Why do migrants stay in precarious, low-status/low-wage jobs for extended periods? Can they leave these jobs and enter the formal labor market? If not, do they want to return to their origin country? Since 2010, the Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) programme implemented by the International Organization for Migration in Greece has provided various forms of support to individuals wishing to return to their origin country including social and labor reintegration in their country. Focusing on results of in-depth interviews, the repercussions of entrapment in precarious, low-status/low wage jobs of migrants and how these affect their decision to return to their origin countries via the AVRR programme during the economic crisis in Greece are examined. Regardless of the socioeconomic conditions in their origin country, Pakistani, Bangladeshi and Afghan workers’ decision is negatively affected due to prolonged stay and isolation in such jobs and specific occupations with low or zero social and labor mobility, thus promoting their entrapment in precarious working conditions and their identification with the characteristics of these occupations. Prompted and entrapped by ethnic, racial and gender division of labor, interviewee migrant workers are alienated from primary and secondary solidarity groups and ties related to their origin county, i.e. family, community associations and compatriots, and develop indifferent attitudes towards them. They act in an atomistic manner, form materialistic beliefs, have low self-perceptions and expectations for social advancement and feelings of pessimism for themselves and deal with their social and work related problems alone, yet are not willing to participate in the AVRR programme.


RN26_04a_P: Marginalization and Poverty II
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 9:00am-10:30am · Location: PC.4.23

Fighting unemployment and poverty at a time of economic crisis: in need of a broader welfare framework

Olympia Kaminioti

National Insitite of Labour and Human Resources, Greece

Employment policies fight unemployment. Poverty policies fight poverty. Solidarity policies fight social exclusion. People usually face multiple problems. How successful can separate policies be if they address only a single aspect of a systemic problem? The current socioeconomic crisis in Greece (and elsewhere) has underlined the interrelating aspects of growth model, employment strategies, and welfare policies at a micro and macro level. At the micro level, the multiple problems of crisis sufferers cannot be addressed adequately by separate policy strategies. At the macro level the lack of a systemic perspective results in inefficiencies of policies and waste of scarce resources. Through the analysis of some existing policies, we propose ways in which a broader framework that addresses multiple problems of crisis sufferers and a specialized approach according to the targeted population taking into account the specific needs of this population could be beneficial at a time of great problems that need to be addressed with minimum resources. We aim to answer the question: How can we improve employment, poverty, solidarity and health at the same time? Integrative but specialized policies that are tailored to the needs of recipients are suggested.


RS07_04a_H: Refugees and Migrants into the Economic Crisis
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 9:00am-10:30am · Location: HA.2.7

Integration in an era of (forced) mobility: Ethnographic insights from the Piraeus refugee camp

George Mavrommatis

Harokopio University, Greece

The European refugee crisis abruptly changed the migration dynamics of many EU member states. As a result of this mass movement of refugees, the Western Balkan route was formed. Along this route, informal settlement camps were created to cater to the needs of people on the move. This paper is based on ethnographic fieldwork that took place at the port of Piraeus (Athens, Greece) camp. Through insights from participant observation, it brings to the fore imaginaries of movement and inclusion in Central, North and North-Western European societies along with ephemeral acts of local integration as a result of arrested mobilities on the ground. On an abstract level, migrant/refugee integration theory is characterized by a sedentarist, normative and/or heuristic thinking. It is defined by a strong analytical bias to structure than agency and by a single-minded emphasis on a sole geographical scale/space/place that does not take into account geographical movement. Can we think of another way to theorize integration for this era of intense mobility? Can we conceptualize it not only as stasis, but also, as a fragmented process on the move, too? These are some of the theoretical and empirical dilemmas that the European refugee ‘crisis’ has thrown out on us.


RN08_04a_P: Globalisation, Liberalism and Economic Crisis: Experiencing Social Disasters
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 9:00am-10:30am · Location: PC.2.10

On being a refugee: The Trauma of Forced Displacement as a Form of Social Disaster

CHRYSSANTHI ZACHOU1, ANASTASIA TATSI2

1American College of Greece-Deree; 2MA Goldsmiths College -University of London

Chryssanthi Zachou & Anastasia Tatsi

The global refugee crisis is notably perceived as primarily a European and Greek crisis. With over 21 million fleeing their countries mostly to escape conflicts and war, this massive phenomenon constitutes a large scale social disaster with global implications. It is perceived as a disaster by the individuals involved, their countries of origin, the receiving societies, the world at large. Although the causes of displacement are complex, the experience of dislocation as a form of disaster is to large extent shaped by a number of physical, and social barriers (i.e. border controls, state policies, active resistance by governments and citizens of host societies). Based on life stories of forcibly displaced individuals in Greece, this paper, analyzes the experience of dislocation and forced livelihood. It explores how individuals assess their current conditions of living in relation to the past, as well as the meaning they assign to the “asylum seeker” or “refugee”. Apart from the high death toll, their lives are disrupted in multiple ways. Their narratives reveal a number of losses: loss of loved ones, assets, human and social capital, physical, emotional/psychological health, loss of integrity. Stranded in protracted situations, they become dependent on humanitarian assistance, unable to work, provide proper schooling, and sustain an independent living. With the experience of dislocation defined as a major disaster that has radically transformed their lives, the paper further explores the individuals’ perceptions of the causes of their forcible displacement, as well as the ways of coping with the trauma in individual and collective terms.


RN27_04a_P: General Session: Southern European Societies: Current Issues
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 9:00am-10:30am · Location: PC.4.27

Theater as an educational tool in southern european societies

iliana pazarzi

university of piraeus, Greece

The importance of art and especially theater as a tool and not solely in the curriculum in educational systems is recognized by most European countries. My presentation will deal with theater as a necessary method in education because it develops significant life skills such as intuition, creativity, sensitivity, etc and it can be a mechanism for the socialization of the individual, and the participation of pupils to the societies. I will present the experience from Southern European countries


RS14_04a_IC: Sociology of Morality - General Session
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 9:00am-10:30am · Location: Intercontinental - Omikron II

Ugly surveillance versus privacy, trust and solidarity: Spying between neighbors, citizens and allies in the age of insecurity

MINAS SAMATAS

UNIVERSITY OF CRETE, Greece

This study analyzes the new ethics and morality of the emerging ‘glocal’ surveillance society vis a vis privacy, trust and solidarity.

Any kind of surveillance violating privacy and freedom can be considered as a negative practice; however, the real ‘ugly surveillance’ is spying between neighbors, fellow citizens and allies, nullifying friendship, trust and solidarity. Although citizens watching citizens (CWC) and spying between allies are not unusual and both are going on for centuries, they have been lately expanded and normalized due to the growing insecurity in local and global scale. Locally, in many democratic societies following neoliberal, antiterrorist and xenophobic policies, CWC is encouraged by the authorities and adapted by citizens and communities. In the global level, as the Snowden revelations have confirmed, the USA have practiced bugging of its European allies, which are also mutually spying. Yet, in our digital era, internet and Facebook surveillance, stalking and self exposure abolish privacy and sensitive data protection.

Our analysis will use pertinent ‘co-veillance’ data from post - 9/11 USA, UK, other European societies and especially from Greece under the current austerity crisis; we aim to elucidate the socio-economic, cultural and geopolitical reasons of the growth, success and failure of this ‘ugly surveillance,’ and its overall implications on morality and solidarity.


RN16_04a_P: Analysing the Relationship Between Migration, Health Conditions, Health Care Access and Utilization in a Time of Crisis
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 9:00am-10:30am · Location: PC.1.7

Vaccination for Refugees in Greece: The creation of “aliens” in the interface of Public Health Concerns, Humanitarian Aid and Racist Reactions to Austerity Policies

Sevasti Trubeta

Free University, Germany

This paper deals with vaccination campaigns directed toward refugees in Greece subsequent to the summer of 2015 and is based on ethnographic fieldwork. The analysis draws on sociological approaches to public health that consider the implementation of preventive measures, especially vaccination, as an indicator of the relationship between community and individual. The starting argument of the paper is that the vaccination actions for refugees are officially justified by the dual goal of humanitarian aid and the intention to include refugees in general public health systems. But the inclusion occurs with different conditions than those for ordinary citizens as soon as refugees are thought to pose an additional risk for the European societies because of their origins in world regions burdened with high risks of contagion. Thus, they become subjects to what Andrew Lakoff has described as two regimes of global health: global health security, in the western world and humanitarian biomedicine in the developing countries. What renders the Greek case profoundly different than other European cases are the austerity policies which are affecting large parts of the population and also public (health) services. In this context, vaccination for refugees has emerged as a controversial issue in Greek public sphere, revealing the troubled relationship between citizens and the state authority in this period of austerity with a part of citizens claiming vaccination as a public good that is being withheld from the “nationals” but provided to “foreigners”. In view of the racist outbreaks, local public institutions, medical professionals and the part of the local societies committed to solidarity use vaccination as a means of countervailing racism and advancing the inclusion of refugees in the local societies.


RN17_05a_P: Crisis, Post-Crisis and Employment Relations (special session 1)
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PC.6.30

Between a Rock and a Hard Place: Social Partners and Labour Market Reforms in Greece under Austerity

Andreas Kornelakis1, Horen Voskeritsian2, Michail Veliziotis3, Panos Kapotas4

1King's College London, United Kingdom; 2University of the West of England, Bristol, United Kingdom; 3University of Southampton, United Kingdom; 4University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom

Existing literature that sought to examine the recent developments on employment relations in Greece in the context of austerity and the Eurozone crisis (Kretsos, 2012; Wood et al, 2015; Ioannou, 2012; Koukiadaki & Kokkinou, 2016) has not managed so far to provide a convincing account of the social partners’ responses to the far-reaching reforms and institutional changes in the labour market during the Greek crisis. While several works broadly agree on the general direction of travel towards ‘deregulation’ (Ioannou, 2012) or ‘deconstruction’ (Koukiadaki & Kokkinou, 2016), they do not unveil the fault lines and the hidden fractures between and within peak-level trade unions, employers and policy-makers on the unprecedented agenda of labour market deregulation.

The present article will fill this gap exploiting rich data sources comprising primary documents (position papers, announcements, etc.) as well as in-depth face-to-face interviews with key actors representing labour, business and the state. The fieldwork was carried out in the period June-August 2016 and involved interviews with key representatives of GSEE, SEV, SMEs associations, and the Ministry of Labour. The thematic analysis will focus on three areas: collective bargaining and minimum wages; employment protection legislation; and policies towards undeclared work. The preliminary analysis suggests that the resistance to deregulation perspective is a simplistic account of this story. Instead, the fault lines between and within social partners have been more nuanced than expected and different actors conceded to the need for institutional recalibration, albeit in different directions.


RS07_05a_H: Subjective Experiences and Emigration from Greece
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: HA.2.7

Contemporary Greek emigration: professional groups’ resilience to crisis

Sokratis M. Koniordos

University of Crete, Greece

The focus of this paper presentation is on emigration from Greece, which forms a part of the new European migration. This migratory wave entails emigration from countries suffering from economic crisis, has largely been triggered by it and is primarily oriented towards western/northern European countries.

The paper draws from a set of 230 face-to-face interviews with persons, most of which are highly educated professionals that have emigrated since the eruption of economic crisis in Greece. From this material it emerges that this migratory movement although individualized, nevertheless is patterned too. These patterns are presented and discussed.

This migration may be seen to operate in defusing some of the hardship-related tension and to alleviate economic strain that actors and their families experience. In addition, the particular migratory movement may be seen to play a rather significant role in achieving a modicum of resilience for particular categories of migrants and for their families too, both in the home country and in the host country so that they might, at a later stage, attempt to return. However, such resilience does not conform to a universal pattern. Instead, it correlates with specific social class backgrounds and levels of education/training and orientations.


RN18_05b_IC: News Production: Practices in Post-Factual Times
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Aphrodite I

Mapping the patterns of fake news

Ioanna Kostarella1, Sofia Theodosiadou2, Maria Touri3

1TEI of Western Macedonia, Department of Digital Media and Communication; 2Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece, Department of Journalism and Mass Media; 3Leicester University,UK, Department of Mass Media and Communication

It is becoming obvious after generations of relying upon traditional media to tell us what is going on in the world, people are now finding their news sources to be increasingly inaccurate or biased. This level of distrust has significant and permanent implications on how journalists do their job. Deceptive news result from disregard of one or more of journalistic professional norms, often taking the shape of fabrication or plagiarism.

Today’s journalism is openly threatened by the different versions of “truth”: deception, fake news, ‘pseudo – events’ are building the new profile of journalism. The theoretical point of departure for this research is the problematics of fake news in new media. The essence of the threat posed to democracy by the prevalence of “fake news” is that totally false allegations acquire power and therefore gain influence over public opinion. Sensationalism seems to prevail over traditional media formats, in an attempt to get more clicks.

Through a content analysis approach of some of the most popular ‘fake news’ sites, this research will try to reveal discursive and journalistic style patterns in online news. Concepts such as fake news/parody and irony will be coded, along with the use of specific writing styles (exclamation marks, use of capital letters, vague or promising titles), in an attempt to detect some of the most common patterns and combat ‘fake news’.


RN18_05c_IC: EU Fiscal Crisis and the Media
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Aphrodite II

Media coverage in the post-truth era: The case of refugee and financial “crises” in Europe

Christos Frangonikolopoulos1, Nikos Panagiotou2, Sofia Theodosiadou3, Stamatis Poulakidakos4

1Aristotle Univeristy of Thessaloniki; 2Aristotle Univeristy of Thessaloniki; 3Aristotle Univeristy of Thessaloniki; 4National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece

The aim of this proposal is to discuss the role of European Mass media in the post truth era. European Union is in the middle of a financial, political and social turmoil. The fiscal crisis in various member-countries and the ongoing refugee flows from the Middle East (predominantly from Syria), have created a context of internal political, financial and social transformation in the European Union.

Amidst this context, the information concerning the advances in the European structure, become of utmost importance. In 2016, we have encountered the emergence of a new term describing the “information condition”, both in the political and media domain, the so-called “post-truth”, signifying a circumstance in which objective facts are less influential in shaping public opinion than appeals to emotion and personal belief (Oxford Dictionary 2016). The proposed project seeks to formulate a comprehensive conceptual frame of post-truth era focusing mainly on the media and conduct research on the discursive characteristics of port-truth.

Our research will seek to address post-truth characteristics in the public discourse of politicians and journalists as expressed in mainstream Greek and German media, kathimerini.gr, efsyn.gr in Greece and Sueddeutsche Zeitung (SZ) and Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (FAZ) in Germany, regarding the coverage of the EU financial and refugee “crises”.

Among others, we will research the amount of reports referring to facts, compared to those covering the public expression of opinions, we will seek to locate the selective (or not) evocation to data and the evocation to feelings (either positive or negative ones).


RN27_05a_P: Education and Culture
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PC.4.27

Media literacy as an essential element for the full development of an active European citizenship

KYRIAKI PERTSINIDOU

University of Piraeus, Greece

This paper attempts to record European policies regarding media literacy which contribute to active citizenship. Reference is made to resolutions, communications, declarations, directives, amendments, research projects, working groups and conferences on behalf of the European Union in the field. Moreover the meaning of citizenship and active citizenship is clarified according to which citizens take an active and responsible part in the public sphere contributing to the coherence of the society. On the other hand, having given the concept of media literacy, which is the ability to access, analyze, evaluate and produce in a variety of forms -print and electronic-, its connection with active citizenship, is presented. The critical evaluation of information and research skills that media literacy involves, empower citizens and enable them to exercise an active role in a participatory democracy. Additionally it is made clear the important role of media education in creating active citizens, since it teaches students at a very early age not to accept information without critical thinking, and to set basic questions in order to reveal its motives, purpose and validity. The media education encourages exposure to a variety of different points of view which results in the cultivation of appreciation and tolerance of “the different”, necessary elements in a democratic society.

Also studies are presented showing the media literacy levels among the Member States and a comparison between Greece and Finland on the field is presented. The paper concludes by presenting proposals for strengthening media literacy level both at the EU and nationally.

Media literacy, media education, policies, European Union, active citizenship.


RN24_05a_P: Scientific Careers and Practices III
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PC.4.26

Research Misconduct: Causes and Impact for Science and Society

Georgia Koumoundourou, Ioannis Tsaousis, Vasiliki Petousi

University of Crete, Greece

All sciences are anticipated to provide accurate statements about the world we live in. Consequently, researchers are expected to practice research responsibly. Unfortunately, this is not always the case. For more than 25 years, policy makers and the research community have been continually debating on how to name, study and deal with research behaviours, deviating from responsible conduct of research. Research Misconduct (RM) has undoubtedly been proved to be harmful not only to science itself or research community, but also to the society. Putting all theoretical frameworks and research findings together with their limitations and literature gaps identified, the goal of the present study was to provide, using an international and interdisciplinary sample of researchers employed in both the academia and industry, an updated estimation of their perceived severity, their perceived prevalence and their actual involvement in an extended list of research practices deviating from research integrity. Additionally, the study aimed at identifying researchers’ reactions when faced with RM in their working environment, the potential causes (both individual and situational) of the phenomenon, and the perceived impact accompanying RM. Data were collected via an online survey questionnaire developed for the purposes of this study and analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Preliminary results will be presented and theoretical as well as practical implications for both, science and society, will be discussed.

This research is part of the HORIZON2020 funded program DEFORM: Determine the global and financial impact of research misconduct. Project ID: 710246.


RN29_05a_P: Social Theory
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PE.1.38

Social Imaginaries Reconsidered: The impact of Imagination on Social Action

Angelos Mouzakitis

University of Crete, Greece

The notion of “social imaginaries” has recently emerged as a potential field of inquiry in its own right by scholars who in a post-Durkheimian manner expand on the works of Cornelius Castoriadis Johann Arnason and Charles Taylor, as well as on phenomenological and post-phenomenological currents of thought. The notion of ‘social imaginary’ is an elaboration of the Durkheiemian concept of collective representations and the phenomenological idea of the lifeworld. It signifies a pre-theoretical, relatively structured manner of understanding the world, shared by large social groups or even whole social formations, informing practices and granting legitimacy to actions and institutions. Central to the social imaginaries problématique are the following interrelated questions: a. the question concerning the relationship between imagination and reason, b. the question concerning the relationship between subjective and collective forms of imagination and c. the question concerning the impact of imagination on social action. Drawing primarily –though not exclusively- on the works of Castoriadis, Taylor and Ricoeur, this paper aims to provide a response to these questions. More specifically, Castoriadis’s “radical social imaginary”, Charles Taylor’s “social imaginary” and Ricoeur’s theory of productive imagination will serve as points of departure for the elucidation of the aforementioned problems. Castoriadis’s recently published exchange with Paul Ricoeur allows us to juxtapose Castoriadis’s the possibility of radical transformations of social forms and Ricoeur’s conception of socio-historical change in terms of reconfigurations and transformative ‘events’.


RS13_05a_P: Social and Economic Rights at Risk: The Response of the Legal System
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PB.3.6

Social rights in peril – Right to housing in Greece

ELISAVET PANAGIOTIDOU

ARISTOTLE UNIVERSITY, Greece

Social rights derive from the social contract which gives to every state the freedom to use its authority in order to secure a minimum protection of these rights. References to social rights can be found in many international texts, such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and the International Convenant on Economic, Social and Cultural rights. During these hard times of economic crisis, it is necessary to redefine the scope of certain social rights. According to the article 25 of UDHR, the right to housing approaches the right to a real shelter, where someone can satisfy all his physical and emotional needs. This exact right in Greece seems to be irreversibly affected by the economic crisis. Since 2010, as an answer to prevent the total recession of this right, there is a special law in Greece (law 3869/2010), which aims to the protection of the principal residence in case that a debtor cannot pay his debts to banks or state agencies. However, which sacrifices should be made in order to be satisfied the economic-or even worse – the cash interest of the state? Because, despite the existence of this law, there are too many people who have lost not only their jobs, but also their houses during the past six years, without having any protection, as even the best legislation may not be correctly applied. This essay attempts to present that preservation of social rights is a matter of policy and continuity for every state.


RN18_05b_IC: News Production: Practices in Post-Factual Times
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Aphrodite I

Cultural Policy, Digital Communication and Fake News: The cultural model to regulate Fake News

George Gantzias

HELLENIC OPEN UNIVERSITY, Greece

Cultural policy and digital communication are changing the way to communicate and to access information in our everyday life. Faker news is a reality in digital communication. The mass media together with social media are making money by producing fake news i.e. stories that have the flavor and style of faithful journalism but are written in bad faith and without care for accuracy. According to Tim Cook, the boss of Apple is calling for governments to launch a public information campaign to fight of fake news, which is ‘Killing people’s minds’. Cultural policy in digital communication together with regulatory mechanisms and public interest theories are transforming the production of fake news into new digital propaganda both locally and globally. According to Swift, “American’s trust and confidence in mass media ‘to report the news fully, accurately and fairly’ has dropped to its lowest level in Gallops polling history, with 32% saying they have a great deal or fair amount of trust in the media. This is down eight percentage point from 2015”. This paper examines the theories of regulations and the role of digital propaganda in recent socio-economic crisis. It analyses cultural policy and digital communication as important factors to develop a cultural model to regulate fake news. It points out that ‘fake news’ debate is a deeper socio-cultural shift. Finally, It recommends developing a cultural policy algorithm to monitor fake news by using the public interest principles application program for producing news.


RN35_05b_P: Naming and Framing Migrants and Refugees - Processes of Inclusion and Exclusion II
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PC.3.20

Displaying displacement: Humanitarian representations of refugees' living environments in Europe and the world

Giorgos Kandylis

National Centre for Social Research, Greece

Shelter provision to refugees and internally displaced persons due to conflicts and disasters has been a crucial and controversial stake in the wider global international protection regime that has developed under the UN system since the early post-war era. UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, asserts (UNHCR 2014) that refugees' access to secure settlements and shelters are parts of a 'holistic approach' that wishes to 'foster an integrated social and economic way of life' and is meant to apply both to refugee camps and 'out of camps' populations. This paper is about the visualization of refugees' shelters and settlements in photographic material included in official documents and web pages of the UNHCR and other organizations that participate in the humanitarian response to the current 'refugee crisis'.

Inspired by Ilana Feldman's (2015) suggestion to understand refugee camps as humanitarian, political and emotional spaces and to analyze the competition between these different kinds of represented refugee lives, I examine the appearances of refugees' settlements/shelters as places of humans in need, places of humans that claim and places of humans that feel. To do so, I apply a combination of visual content analysis and visual social semiotics methods, while published images are also juxtaposed to their textual framing. The outcome of the analysis is a summary of the ways refugees' living environments are either positively or negatively imagined by humanitarian actors, allowing for a comparison of different perspectives among the latter, as well as for a comparison of different approaches between European and non-European environments.


RS13_05a_P: Social and Economic Rights at Risk: The Response of the Legal System
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PB.3.6

Legal institutions and household indebtedness in Greece: Judicial application of the concept of debt forgiveness under Law 3869/2010.

CHARILAOS PEITSINIS

AUTH, Greece

Consumer insolvency is a topic that has gained much prominence in the context of the greek debt crisis. Consumer bankruptcy proceedings have been recently introduced in the Greek legal order, through Law 3869/2010. The final stage of the procedure, which the debtor enters in the event creditors object to his debt restructuring proposal, purports to judicially regulate the debtor’s obligations. In practice this means that in cases where the debtor’s assets do not suffice, then the court taking into account the debtor’s income, determines an amount that the debtor will be obliged to pay to its creditors, and relieves him or her from the remaining part of the debt.

The purpose of this study is to research the judicial application of the Law, and especially of the concept of debt forgiveness, as a counter-measure, aimed at alleviating the excessive debt burden carried by consumer debtors. Based on the biggest and most inclusive court jurisprudential data base (NOMOS), we will research the demographic profile of debtors (age, sex, occupation etc) and the main reasons for their indebtness, to gain a truly sociological understanding of consumer bankruptcy. Furthermore, we will analyze the judgements justification with regards to the issue of debt relief, the criteria taken into consideration by the Judge, and the possible moral evaluations contained or lack thereof.


RS07_05a_H: Subjective Experiences and Emigration from Greece
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: HA.2.7

New Migrations from Greece to Germany in the Age of the Economic Crisis: Biographical Perspectives

Irini Siouti

University of Vienna, Austria

The paper focuses on the new migrations from Greece to Germany in the age of the economic crisis. In the first part of the paper the structural conditions of the new migration phenomena since 2009 will be compared with the so-called 'guest workers' migration from Greece to Germany during the 1960s. In the second part of the paper, the results from a qualitative research project on new migration processes to Germany will be presented, focusing on the biographical perspectives. It will be shown that the biographical research perspective is particularly well suited to the empirical investigation of the dynamics of the new migrations because it offers a way of empirically capturing the diversity and complexity of migration phenomena through reconstructive biographical analysis. Thus, the collective trajectories as well as the subjective coping strategies which are available to the subjects as ways of dealing with social structures can be examined. In the last part of the paper the thesis will be discussed that in the context of the socioeconomic crisis new migration forms and family networks as transnational social support are constituted, in which transmigration becomes established as a way of life through transgenerational subject practices.


RN24_05a_P: Scientific Careers and Practices III
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PC.4.26

Scientists’ practices, narratives and discourses on research integrity and research misconduct. An international and interdisciplinary perspective.

Eirini Sifaki1,2, Vasiliki Petousi2

1Hellenic Open University, Greece; 2University of Crete, Greece

Research misconduct, its extent, characteristics, causes and consequences for individuals, society and mainly social cohesion and stability constitute ‘grand challenges’ for European institutions, policy making and funding. Arguably, definitions, estimates and policies against misconduct reflect fundamentally different beliefs about the incidence of misconduct, its causes, and its implications for science and society. Although a rapidly increasing volume of research addresses the phenomenon, limited attention is given in the ways scientists themselves understand, interpret and assess research misconduct. Given the importance of scholarly publications for the endeavor of science, and in order to fill this gap in the literature, in this presentation we examine the content of scientific discourse on research misconduct and research integrity in scholarly publications. An historical overview of the formation and the configuration of the current discourse on research misconduct and research integrity will be presented through the analysis of a number of publications retrieved from PubMed, Scopus, and WOS. Our research shows that the narratives on scientific misconduct focus on practices, discourses and perceptions of scientific conduct that are deeply influenced by practices of work, trust, modes of analysis, and methods of interpretation, values, and institutional arrangements. Furthermore, researchers’ proposed responses to these societal, institutional and scientific challenges and the ways to deal with research misconduct and promote research integrity are examined. Findings are linked to institutional, structural and systemic changes on the ways research is performed in the 21st century. The research is part of the HORIZON2020 funded research program DEFORM: Determine the global and financial impact of research misconduct. Project ID: 710 246


RN37_05b_H: Living the City & the Neighbourhood
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: HB.2.17

Social groups and urban space: representations and intergroup relations in Athenian neighbourhoods

Prodromos Tzanetakos

Panteion University, Greece

The research in Metaxourgeio, Kerameikos and Gkazochori neighbourhoods in Athens has indicated that belonging and self- identification are factors of separation from other groups. The criteria of separation are mainly based on issues of aesthetics, political ideology, free time management and sexual orientation. The analysis of semi-structured interviews has shown that there is a clear differentiation between immigrants and refugees by most interviewees, expressing more negative opinions about the first, despite many interviewees having a migratory and/or a refugee background in their families. The individual’s status within the neighbourhood (e.g. habitant, employee, visitor), ideology, sexual orientation and the robustness of the district a visitor or an employee comes from, are factors that influence representations for immigrants, in contrast with locality, age and level of education. Other social groups lack visibility. The representation of sexual cultures are limited only in homosexuality and not in the broader spectrum of sexual expression. Non mainstream music cultures are also invisible due to the fact that social interest is less stimulated by music preferences, compared to sexuality. Moreover, it is rather interesting that interviewees are careful to express a more politically correct speech about sexual issues, in contrast with music. The research concludes that the identity of a neighbourhood is not formed by its members, but by its groups or subsets and their relations. Sexual cultures “provoke” the aesthetic standards of heteronormativity, while music cultures are not considered equally “dangerous” for deregulating normativity. These aesthetic standards are the main “fear of overlordship” in space, which determines the group relations.


RN10_05c_IC: Higher Education in Society
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Athenaeum CC III

“Quality” versus “equality” in European higher education policies

ELENI PROKOU

PANTEION UNIVERSITY, Greece

In the past, in many European countries, the fundamental aims of social policy (social justice / cohesion) - in higher education - were expressed through “equality of educational opportunities”. Expansion and massification, along with generous state funding, were governments’ efforts for social justice.

However, since the 1990s, emphasis has been less on “equity” and more on “quality” and “effectiveness”. Economic “efficiency” dominates in the era of globalisation and there are pressures for the creation of the “market-driven” university, which promotes the “knowledge society” and is associated with the individualisation of the responsibility for learning. At the same time, for “quality assurance”, evaluation mechanisms mean that the state exerts control from a distance (through “intermediary bodies”) with reference to the performance criteria of university institutions. Privatisation trends are an expected outcome of these policies, which are related with the reduction of public funding, in the framework of the withdrawal of welfare states, especially in times of economic crisis.

The paper argues that the aforementioned policies are also promoted by the Bologna Process and mostly by the Lisbon Strategy, which refer to issues such as: a) mobility, attractiveness and internationalisation of universities, b) promotion of lifelong learning and policies of accreditation through the generalisation of the ECTS and the introduction of the EQF, c) quality assurance and accountability, d) promotion of “new public management”, e) linking education and research with the labour market, f) promotion of interdisciplinarity, innovation and excellence, g) reduction of state funding in relation to the outcome of evaluation.


RN25_05a_IC: Social Solidarity Economy in Southern Europe in Times of Crisis
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Arcade I

Anti-neoliberal contentious politics: Movement dynamics and party politics.

Nikos Serdedakis

University of Crete, Greece

Neoliberal austerity policies implemented in Greece radically deteriorated the living conditions of the majority of the population, thus producing a great amount of grievances expressed in radical collective action. Despite the initial dynamic of this new cycle of protest, collective action soon started to relent in particular after the decline of the Greek Indignados “movement”.

In the first part of the paper we will examine the dynamics of protest using quantitative data resulting from a protest-event analysis research program conducted in the Department of Sociology (University of Crete). Emphasis will be given to mechanisms and processes that can explain the peak of collective action during the period 2010-2012 and the factors leading to the gradual decline of protest afterwords. In parallel we will focus on the square “movement” phenomenon suggesting an alternative to the current main stream understanding of its unity and of its internal differentiations, divisions and political outcomes.

In the second part of the paper we will explore the intersection between movement and party politics that can explain the retreat of protest and the electoral victory of SYRIZA. We argue that movement and party politics nexus in Greece can be traced in the transnational diffusion of protest after the “Battle of Seattle”. Innovative trends of network building and frame alignment processes, leading to the constitution of the Greek Social Forum and of the so-called “Space of Dialogue for Left's Unity and Common Action”, can reveal a deep relational path of intersection between movement and party politics in Greece.


RN35_05c_P: Participation and Reception
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PC.6.32

Between the market and human rights: the use of public procurement to provide for reception and protection needs in the context of the refugee ‘crisis’ in Greece

Lena Karamanidou1, Katharina Sarter2

1Glasgow Caledonian University, United Kingdom; 2University of South Wales

The governance of services provided to asylum seekers and refugees in the context of European asylum and reception systems has undergone significant changes over the last few decades. Mirroring broader developments of marketization (Bode 2009; Pollitt and Bouckaert 2011), these services have been increasingly provided through the use of public contracts (Darling 2016; Lethbridge 2016). While the European Commission holds public procurement - the purchase of services by public sector bodies – as a suitable mechanism for satisfying ‘adequately and speedily the most immediate needs of the asylum seekers’ (2015:2), market based provision of services for asylum seekers and refugees has been argued to undermine the quality of services provided as it prioritises profit (see Darling 2016; Gledhill 2016; Welch 2014).

Against this background, we present the results of an empirical study on market-based tendering of services for asylum seekers – namely interpretation and catering - in Greece, one of the countries most affected by the rapid increase in refugee arrivals and EU asylum and migration policies. We analyse key features of the calls for tender – such as contract specifications and award criteria - which indicate the importance given to price relative to the quality of contracted services. Our findings point to a prioritisation of costs over service quality and safeguarding appropriate standards of services. They also raise doubts about the appropriateness of current procurement practices to ensure essential services and to safeguard the human rights of asylum seekers in rapidly changing conditions characterised by acute humanitarian and protection needs.


RN27_05a_P: Education and Culture
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PC.4.27

Erasmus+ School-to-School Partnerships as a tool of Europeanization within schools. Τhe case of the 13th Kallithea high school.

Zoe Moniou

University of Piraeus, Greece

This paper presents the European Erasmus+ School Partnerships as a tool of Europeanization within schools. Through the literature review and the case study of the 13th Kallithea high school I will highlight the project’s impact on participating schools, educators and pupils. It will be concluded that, by participating voluntarily in this process of Europeanization, schools as a result are implementing innovative actions with European added value, are providing educational services of higher quality and are acquiring more qualified educators. Moreover, teachers and pupils acquire new skills and become more familiar with mobility, multilingualism and working outside the local and national framework. Erasmus+ School Partnerships have an overall positive effect in the European educational field, since they contribute not only to the schools’ needs for change and improvement, but also to the EU’s educational policy targets. It is, thus, imperative to integrate the Erasmus+ projects in the official greek school curriculum and to provide official motivation to participating teachers.


RN05_05b_P: Consumption and Crisis
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PA.1.2

Investigating the state of consumerism in times of debt crisis: Methodological issues and Conceptual tools

DIMITRIS LALLAS

HELLENIC OPEN UNIVERSITY/ SCHOOL OF HUMANITIES, Greece

Austerity policies, as part of neoliberal debt management, induce the decrease of consumption expenditure, concerning mainly the middle and lower strata. But, does the crisis of consumption mean crisis of consumerism? An affirmative response would mean that we reduce a cultural phenomenon just to its economic dimension. This paper purports to present the basic methodological orientations and conceptual tools of an ongoing postdoctoral research on the state of consumerism in period of economic recession. This research follows two methodological directions. Firstly, we examine whether and to what extent discourses, values, meanings and practices of consumerism have been delegitimized concerning the way that social subjects perceive, think and evaluate themselves and others, the world of goods/objects/commodities, the space and time of everyday life, and the way they signify, organize and perform their daily practices. Secondly, we have to examine contemporary forms of government and specifically whether there are techniques and discourses that ‘call’ individuals as consumers and so attempt to define their field of action and ‘conduct’ consumers’ conduct.

In order to follow these methodological directions, it’s necessary to move on a concrete conceptualization of ‘consumerism’ as a specific cultural trend. We have also to utilize theories of practices in order to study and critically evaluate consumer practices. And, finally, if we draw upon foucauldian term of ‘apparatus’, we will be able to constitute the conceptual tool of ‘apparatus of consumerism’, namely a set of institutions and techniques of government that purport to conduct individuals’ conduct and construct them as consumers.


RN19_05a_P: Professions in the European Market
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PC.5.28

Monitoring "change management": EU experts in the Task Force for Greece

Marylou HAMM

Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium, Sciences Po Strasbourg, France

Since 2010, the formulation and implementation of Structural reforms (SRs) in Member States (MS) are at the heart of the European economic governance. For countries considered fragile, specific mechanisms have been created and institutionalized. Significantly, the Macroeconomic adjustment programs, set up by the troika, make us of conditionality to promote SRs considered to be urgent and necessary. Reforms are presented as in line with objectives of best governance, based on strong indicators and rational thinking.

This contribution focuses on tools put in place by the European Commission for the coordination of European governance and especially the implementation of SRs - in parallel to its role in the troika. More specifically, I analyse practices linked to the claim of European expertise on change management and technical assistance. By looking closely at a specific group of civil servants who intervene as experts in countries “under programs”, specifically members of the Task Force for Greece, I ambition to bring sociological insight into an issue often accounted in rational terms or institutional bargaining. The study proposed here is an opportunity to study in depth what are the "best practices" and how they are transmitted, diffused, resisted. Relying on document analysis and interviews, this paper addresses several issues: What tools has the Commission used to further monitor the crisis resolution and foster structural reforms? How have they been organized and justified? What lies behind the claim of a “European expertise”? Who are the “experts” of change management and how do they operate?


RN23_05b_P: Sexual Violence and Education
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PC.4.25

USV React:Training on supporting victims of sexual violence at university: an example from Panteion University

Alexandra Zavos, Paraskevi Touri

Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences, Greece

This paper discusses the experience of setting up, for the first time, a training program on support-ing victims of sexual violence at university, at one of the leading public Social and Political Science Institutions in Greece, Panteion University.

The issue of sexual violence at university has, so far, not been the object of specific institutional policies or interventions either at Panteion, or at other Greek universities. The training program in-troduced at Panteion University aimed to address this vacuum. Delivered over a period of six months to members of the university community, including members of staff and administration, as well as students, the training focused on raising overall awareness on the issue, discussing possible strategies for supporting victims, as well as facilitating the development of grassroots level re-sponses that can feed into new institutional policies. Moreover, the links between sexual violence at university and gender based violence more generally were further explored, contributing to a broader understanding and evaluation of institutional academic culture in Greece.


RN27_05a_P: Education and Culture
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PC.4.27

Does the Erasmus motivate brain drain?

Georgia Tzivra

University of Piraeus, Greece

The mobility of students and teachers in higher education has considerably gained the interest of the European policy through the implementation of programs such as the Erasmus. The international literature has mainly explored the positive effects that the participants enjoy in their later working life. Aim: the present study attempts to investigate the negative effects of the above mentioned program and specifically its relation to brain drain. Material and method: quantitative data were collected by related published literature for seven countries of the Eurozone. The estimated years were 2007/8 and 2013/14 that reflect the periods before and during the economic crisis. The selected variables are about the frequency (N) of outgoing & incoming students, the frequency (N) of outgoing & incoming staff (teachers) and the index brain drain. The relation of the variables was tested through a simple statistical correlation test and statistical significance was set at p=0.01. Results: the brain drain index didn’t show any statistical significance with the other variables and therefore it does not occur negative effect on scientists’ flee to foreign countries. Nevertheless the other variables i.e. the N of participants to the Erasmus presented strong statistical significance between them demonstrating the dynamics of the program and the fulfilling of the mobility scopes. Conclusions: the experience of Erasmus does not motivate brain drain frοm one country, and therefore there is no negative impact in the domestic labor market.


RS07_05a_H: Subjective Experiences and Emigration from Greece
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: HA.2.7

Greece in crisis: The debt and guilt discourse and subjectivation processes

Maria Kontos1, Evangelia Tastsoglou2

1Institute for Social Research Frankfurt a.M., Germany; 2Saint Mary's University, Halifax, CA

The aim of this paper is to analyse the impact of the large moralising media campaigns in European countries, and especially in Germany, concerning the Greek debt and imputed guilt of both the Greek people and the Greek state for the current crisis, on subjectivation processes of Greek people. We explore subjectivation processes taking into account their complexity and dependence on class positions and downward socio-economic mobility processes set in motion by the profound economic and social crisis. Our method consists of discourse analysis of online fora emerging in the Greek online newspapers. In this paper, we present our findings form the analysis of a forum in the online publication of the newspaper Kathimerini from an early phase of the crisis, namely the year 2011. We discuss the complex processes of subjectivation by identifying (i) perceptions of the crisis and (ii) its reasons, (iii) individual and collective ways out of the crisis and (iv) identity processes visible in the contributions of the online forum. Our focus will be especially on the negotiation of the Greek national identity in relation to the arguments related to the guilt of Greek people for the generation of the crisis.


RN06_05a_P: Unravelling the Political Economy of Technocracy and Expertise
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PC.3.15

Hegemony and Power: Perceiving Rationality in an era of transitions

SOTIRIS KOSKOLETOS1, THEOFANIS PAPAGEORGIOU2, ANTONIS PAPANGELOPOULOS2

1HAROKOPIO UNIVERSITY, Greece; 2NATIONAL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY of ATHENS, Greece

Political economy thought has faced a significant period of ‘anomalies’ characterized by lack of hegemonic paradigm in the aftermath of 2008 crisis. In that specter, a new strategy of capital emerged, revolving around a new moral and ethical binding of the subjects, dominated by fear and punishment. The scope of this paper is to question the formulation of economic and political subjectivities and collective identities, by pointing out the critical dimension of the “lived experience”. Habitually, human behavior was perceived in terms of mere economic action giving way to ‘homo economicus’. Furthermore, neoliberal rationality, sketches aspects of criminalization and moralization of life drawing arguments from the ‘ordo-liberal’ narrative. On the other hand, the legitimization of the new rationality of capital colliding in the unwillingness of ‘people’ to adapt in this new regime. The Freudian ungreivable attachment to what is lost seems to motivate behaviour, making people counter-react to the mismanagement of crisis, and oppression performed by the European elites. Recent political developments seem to shed light into the pursuance of citizenship, welfare state, and the ethical and cultural regime of modernity. In this framework, a crucial question is located into the consideration of the binary nature of collective identities. Notwithstanding current dystopia, this question could be proved more than a simple optimistic assumption in the experimentation and further conceptualization of a new model explaining human behaviour.


RN12_05a_P: Social and Environmental Sustainability
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PC.2.14

Is This Sustainability? Food and Exclusion in the City

Gregory Katsas

Deree College - American College of Greece, Greece

Sustainability is a widely used concept but sometimes it is used as a politically correct, wishful thought. When this happens, it does not do a service neither to the concept, nor to its cause. This paper aims to deconstruct the use of the term ‘sustainability’ as it refers to food in urban settings.

The paper argues that the way food is consumed especially in an urban environment cannot be sustainable. This is supported by three arguments: The first is connected with the transformation of the economy: cities, especially in industrial and post-industrial economy, have nothing to do with food production. They create unequal access to food which is augmented by the stronger prevalence of globalization. The second argument is founded in the work of Thorstein Veblen and is connecting conspicuous consumption of food with absence of sustainability. Using the arguments of Veblen, it becomes clear that conspicuousness is virtually the opposite of sustainability. In addition, it accentuates inequalities as an increasing proportion of urban populations do not have the means to participate in these patterns of consumption. The third argument is environmental: cities, by their nature, produce more food waste than rural areas. This is also done in a conspicuous way, so it can not be sustainable. All the above create a situation of urban suffocation, contributing to the increasing problem of sustainability in cities.

The paper continues with suggested solutions, which, when studied from a critical perspective, are proven ineffective.


RN25_05a_IC: Social Solidarity Economy in Southern Europe in Times of Crisis
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Arcade I

New repertoires of contention during crisis: the case of Thessaloniki

Katerina Loukidou

National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece

During the crisis period in Greece, apart from numerous collective protests against austerity measures, experience indicates an increase in informal organizations emerging “from below”, addressing demands to the state. They oppose state policies, often combining a “reforming” attitude towards the state with the launching of alternative responses to social demands, based on the principles of self-organization and direct democracy. Could that be indicative of a repertoire change, according to Tilly?

The paper attempts to examine civil society organizations through the lens of social movement theory, focusing on new associational examples during crisis in Thessaloniki, the second largest city in Greece. It offers a comparison between formal and informal organizations and provides findings of 50 personal interviews with prominent members of various organizations, who address demands to the state or oppose public policies. The interviews aim to reveal the reasons for choosing a registered or an unregistered type of organization and the interaction with the Indignants and other collective protests of the period 2011-2014.

The main hypothesis is that there is a new, alternative example of collective action, which consists of creating highly politicized civil society organizations, who avoid registration in formal archives and deny any kind of relationship with the state. This way, associations have the ability to access a wider range of means and resources in order to protest, creating new dynamics and changing the repertoires of contention.


RN35_06b_H: Naming and Framing Migrants and Refugees - Processes of Inclusion and Exclusion III
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: HB.1.15

Citizenship and immigration debates in Greece: new contexts, old dilemmas?

MARIA XENITIDOU1, ELENI ANDREOULI2, IRINI KADIANAKI3, LIA FIGGOU4, ANTONIS SAPOUNTZIS5

1UNIVERSITY OF SURREY, United Kingdom; 2OPEN UNIVERSITY, UK; 3UNIVERSITY OF CYPRUS, UK; 4ARISTOTLE UNIVERSITY OF THESSALONIKI, GREECE; 5DEMOCRITUS UNIVERSITY OF THRACE, GREECE

This paper draws on public deliberation discourses on a new citizenship law in Greece and discusses the lines of argument identified in the ways in which citizenship is negotiated in the context of ‘the current situation in Greece’ – the financial situation and ensuing political consequences internally and in the EU, and the refugee and migration issues, heightened since the beginning of 2015. The law, which included for the first time provisions for jus soli access to Greek citizenship, was uploaded for public deliberation on the online platform www.opengov.gr. We analysed the posts submitted to the platform focusing on the ones addressed to the article which concerned citizenship provisions for the children of immigrants. These were analysed based on the premises of rhetorical and critical discursive social psychology. In the posts throughout, commentators commonly introduced their comments on the citizenship law with an etymological definition of ‘ithageneia’ (‘directly descented’), followed by a distinction between ‘ithageneia’ and ‘ypikootita’ (‘subject of’). This distinction did not necessarily culminate into arguments in support of granting Greek citizenship to the children of immigrants. Rather, commentators also commonly mobilized nature or the laws of nature and institutional law, and drew a distinction between the two as incompatible, arguing that ithageneia is not reducible to institutional laws. In doing so, nevertheless, commentators drew on institutional laws and constructed the citizenship law as illegal and/or unconstitutional, appealed to universal laws on national determination, constructed immigrants as illegal or distinguished the people from the state and called for a referendum. We discuss the ways in which these arguments are implicated in processes of othering and inclusion in the context of current immigration debates.


RS07_06a_H: Employment in Crisis Conditions
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: HA.2.7

Employment policies under the risk of default and their impact on vulnerable groups

Constantine Dimoulas, Despoina Papadopoulou

Panteion University Athens, Greece

The upsurge of the global financial crisis in 2008 found Greece unable to react on time and effectively in order to overcome its financial and employment deficiencies. In front the risk of default the successive Greek Governments asked three times, in a period of only five years, for the financial assistance from the European Central Bank and IMF whilst accepted very strict austerity measures which did skyrocketed the unemployment rates. Under the constraints of austerity and strict surveillance the until then dominant labour model which was based on full and stable employment is fully challenged with the widespread activation of a variety of flexible formulations and policy measures.

This paper investigates the employment initiatives undertook by the successive Greek Governments during the long lasting sovereign debt crisis and their impact on vulnerable groups (2009-2017).

Based on the results of the research conducted as part of FP7-INSPIRES project, we investigate how the policies promoted by international organizations in the field of employment and social policy during the crisis in Greece affected the vulnerable groups. By studying in depth the origins, the development and the implementation of policies focusing on to increase flexibility, to reduce further the labor cost, to strengthen welfare-to-work incentives and to improve the administrative capacity of employment services the paper analyse those factors and parameters that determine their implementation and their failure to reduce the fragility of vulnerable groups (youths, long term unemployed, migrants, disabled) whilst accelerated the embedded trend to transforms the existed dual social model to an absolute residual.


RN18_06c_IC: Political Discourse and Mediatization of Politics
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Aphrodite II

From Referendum (2015) to Grexit: how and why the Greek media failed

Georgios Giannakis Pleios

University of Athens, Greece

On July 5, 2015 in Greece was held referendum on whether the Greek people will approve or reject the new measures or "3rd memorandum" proposed by the “troika”. But in a large part of the public debate the real question raised was whether Greeks accept any measures in order country will remain in the Eurozone or they reject such measures that conflict with the election program of Syriza government six months ago, even though it meant country's exit from the Eurozone. The Greek mainstream media which from the very beginning of crisis strongly accepted the austerity policy of “troika”, supported almost fanatically the proposed by the lenders measures, often breaking the Greek electoral law and any previous levels of (im)partiality as well.

Despite the extensive support by the Greek media of the proposed austerity measures and of the remaining in the Eurozone "at any cost", nearly 62% of the voters voted against. It seems that the Greek media failed in their advocacy and propaganda function, which raises many issues regarding the relation between the elites, the media and public, the media and the power relations etc in time of crisis.

In the proposed paper we: a) present an extensive content analysis of the media coverage of the referendum campaign by the 7 nationwide television stations, 12 national newspapers and the 5 bigger news portals, b) analyze the causes of media’s failure to enforce the elite’s strategy and c) discuss that failure in the frame of the theoretical analysis regarding media’s social function in contemporary capitalism in crisis.


RN27_06a_P: The Impact of Crisis on Various Institutions
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: PC.4.27

The Greek crisis and its significance for world capitalism

Kanakis Leledakis

Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences, Greece

Greece has a relatively high per capita GDP and structural similarities with advanced economies. In 2009 Greece’s sovereign debt was defined as ‘unsustainable’ which led to a series of ‘rescue’ packages enforcing, as a prerequisite of their contribution, austerity policies. These policies were unprecedented both as to their extent and as to the extremely short time scale they were implemented. The consequences for the economy were easily predictable: a drop of 25% of GDP and a rise of unemployment to 30% were observed with no visible prospects for recovery.

The most crucial consequence, however, concerns society as a whole. In this respect, we can focus on two crucial ‘subjectivities’, necessary prerequisites for the functioning of contemporary capitalist societies. The first is consumerism, a subjectivity on the level of everyday action, involving a ‘practical’ understanding of the self as a consumer and binding desire to consumption as such. The second is neoliberalism, providing a form of discursive subjectivity in which individuals identify with growth as an ideal. Austerity policies make the continuation of consumerism impossible while the universalistic character of the narrative of growth is undermined.

Although austerity policies have been present in most developed capitalist economies, they had never been implemented to such an extend. The long term stability of Greek society, therefore, is of general interest. Indeed, what we are faced with is a social experiment in real time, an experiment of importance far beyond the borders of Greece.


RN08_06a_H: Mass Migration and Refugee Crisis: Trends, Causes and Social Impacts I
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: HB.3.18

The Greek Response to the Mass Inlfux of M.E. Refugees and Migrants

Nicholas Petropoulos

Pedagogical Institute of Greece (formerly), Greece

The present paper has a fourfold scientific purpose: (1) to describe the trends of in-migration to and out-migration from Greece during the last three years 2014-2016 (2) to describe the response(s) of the Greek government and the Greek population to the mass emergency movement of populations (3) to delineate the main responses and problems of refugees and migrants in Greece and (4) to review the factors, internal (economic, political, civil protection organization etc.) and external (EU countries, conditions in entry countries, bilateral and multilateral agreements etc.) which have aggravated or mitigated the management of the mass influx of refugees/migrants in Greece. For documentation, the author will rely primarily on secondary data, i.e. on the statistics of national organizations (Governmental and NGO), the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), International Amnesty, social scientist analyses and the international/national press. The paper ends with recommendations for mitigating the mass emergency population movements.

Key words:

Mass influx, refugees, migrants,responses, aggravating/mitigating factors


RN10_06a_IC_RT_3: ROUNDTABLE: Controversial Issues
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Aphrodite II

Creativity as possibility: revisiting creativity in education

Maria Patsarika

The American College of Thessaloniki, Greece

The notion of creativity has received unprecedented attention in educational debates in an era marked by ongoing political change, societal challenges and competitiveness in the global job market. Seemingly opening up new horizons for learning, students’ attainment and social progress, there still remains ambiguity, however, as to how policy envisages creativity as part of everyday school practice, which the paper addresses with the following question: how are we to understand and enact creativity at the school? The paper critically examines relevant policy and creativity discourses, and problematizes the disconnect between understandings of creativity and pedagogical practice, to suggest that creativity in learning environments is better positioned in a framework of possibility. Informed by Gibson’s ‘affordances theory’ (1977), Craft’s ‘possibility thinking’ (2013), and critical pedagogy, such a conceptualization sees creativity as tied in with the everyday learning experience and relationships developed at school, and an ethos of experimentation that allows learners to think differently and explore alternatives together – critical conditions if we are to use creativity in education. Discussion of education models and curricula across the world showcases many ways to go creative, against the determinism of standardized approaches often underpinned by education policy. These examples serve as a reminder that creative practice is not far from what is already taking place at school.


RN18_06c_IC: Political Discourse and Mediatization of Politics
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Aphrodite II

Us vs them: Populist discourse in political communication

Roy Panagiotopoulou

National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece

Populism has become a key factor in today’s media representation. This kind of discourse frequently frames the news about economy, political decisions, immigration policy, et.al.; it dominates discourses of security, national priorities, euroscepticism, xenophobia, racism, and it permeates people’s lived experiences in precarious times.

Populist parties mainly of the far right wing are continuously gaining support by the voters in many EU countries. This stance is not only a result of the ongoing financial crisis and the new pressure coming from the massive migration flows since 2015, but also of the quick shrinking of the middle classes. It seems that in times of economic - political uncertainty, national policies tend to prevail and be sustained by larger parts of the population.

Populist ideology cast a shadow on the media and its power to shape and influence publics and audiences. Many Media express openly negative stances against other nations, refugees and asylum seekers. Thus, the migration issue develops to a major challenge for the future integration of the EU and for mutual solidarity.

This paper seeks to address the range of forms and practices within which populism is mediated in its many varieties of themes and expressions. We will analyze publications promoting narratives of safeguarding national priorities versus treats caused by the ‘others’. Articles published between September 2015 – 2016 in one national newspaper in Greece, Germany, Austria and France will be examined. Regarding the monitoring of news items we will use a combination of framing and content analysis.


RN25_06a_IC: Violent Repertoires of Action in Times of Economic Crisis
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Arcade I

Violent protests in times of crisis, comparing local environmental movements in Greece

Angelos Evangelinidis

University of Graz, Austria

The recent anti-austerity cycle of protest in Greece included many violent events against state authorities. These violent acts, however, did not occur in a vacuum but were a result of loss of legitimacy by both major parties as a result of the crisis. This is more evident in the ad hoc movement actors such as local environmental movements that only rarely resort to violence compared with the traditional social movements. Aim of this paper is to highlight the importance of violent repertoires in terms of efficiency and to provide a contextualization of the wider anti-austerity protests by looking into two NIMBY movements that unfolded under the same timeframe in a comparative perspective: the movement against the sitting of a waste landfill facility in the city of Keratea, and the movement against gold mining in Chalkidiki, in northern Greece. Their decision to use violent tactics, however constrained, was taken in order to have their claims heard and, at the same time, due to the inefficiency of other forms of protest. Local environmental protests are an ideal case-study for examining social movement radicalization processes and repertoires’ evolution due to their relative narrow scope and short time-frame. Although superficially identical the two cases above differ in their outcomes. In the former case, the movement succeeded in achieving its aims, the latter instead was defeated as a result of state repression. By addressing this issue, we contribute to the understanding of the causes and consequences of strategic choices by movements.


RN11_06a_P: Collective Emotions and Identity II
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: PB.1.4

“The emotion of shame within the context of financial crisis: A Greek case study”

MYRTO VOULGARAKI

UNIVERSITY OF ATHENS, Greece

The purpose of this paper is to explore the magnitude of intensification or transformation of the emotion of shame in a society which is experiencing a period of financial crisis; more specifically within the context of the Greek financial crisis. Is it possible that the financial crisis in Greece could be a direct cause of the redefinition of shame within a framework of established values? Moreover, which could be the consequences of a resultant increase in the emotion of shame?

The starting point of this approximation is that shame, which is one of the primeval emotions of human society, deriving from human communication and relationship, has been increased in civilized societies. According to Elias its development is the outcome of European cultural progress, aimed at social and self-control in everyday life. Shame reflects a feeling of fear generated in childhood; it is a painful experience because it concerns the entire human existence, one’s public image and his or her comparison with others; it may create a sense of personal failure or impasse. As a result one is immobilized even further because they feel shame for being shameful, and are thus more easily manipulated.

Shame as part of an ethical system which defines the human condition transmutes according to economic, sociopolitical, and historical circumstances of a given period of time. Therefore, this study focuses on Greece in a time of financial crisis, which is manifested as an increase in the unemployment rate, the impoverishment of the middle class, the general feeling of financial malaise, as well as an increase in the rate of suicide and crime.


RS13_06a_P: Citizenship, Migration & Justice Systems in Transition
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: PB.3.6

Greek Migration Policy between E.U.’s governance and citizenship participation

Helen Rethymiotaki, Ioannis Flytzanis

University of Athens, Greece

The paper will first sketch the guidelines of E.U.’s multilevel governance model of migration policy. Its embedment problems became acute after the mass influx of displaced by Syrian war. E.U.’s aporia to face the problem deepened both its regulative and legitimation deficit. Borders closed and xenophobic reactions have been fueled by extreme right rhetoric. The management of refugee’s crisis has revitalized the public discussion in Greece about how citizens can actively address its challenges.

The focal point of the discussion is the meaning of citizenship. Austerity had already thrown greek citizenship status, with its dual dimensions social and political, into severe crisis. Effective democratic participation in nation-state level is eroded and welfare policies are dismantled. The refugee’s crisis opened a new dimension of what citizenship means in the present context and who is to be included and excluded in Polity. Managing the refugee's crisis has given the chance to challenge the top down way to tackle the problem and to actively create an alternative bottom up approach.

E.U. besides the hotspots also finances programs of temporary housing which are realized by local governments and NGOs such as the program R.E.A.C.T (Refugee Assistance Collaboration in Thessaloniki). At the same time grassroots solidarity movements occupied empty buildings to host refugees in order to empower their self-organization abilities, such as three closed public schools in the center of Athens. Their efforts have been either received or rejected by local governments and public opinion.


RS07_06a_H: Employment in Crisis Conditions
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: HA.2.7

Historical and biographical dimensions of resilience in Greece during the socioeconomic crisis

Georgia Petraki

Panteion, Greece

The research program RESCuE was designed to analyze by making research into urban and rural areas, how households were affected by the economic crisis in 8 European countries and Turkey, how the households manage to face and to cope in the adversity of the crisis. In this paper we will present the longitudinal and biographical aspects of household resilience in Greece based on interviews taken between Septembre-2014 and February 2015 in two places (one urban and one rural).

Therefore this paper will develop insights into the longitudinal and biographical structures and processes of resilience development in families and households in Greece, by focusing on trajectories of adaptation, coping and resistance over time, and by examining how household resilience to the crisis varies according to family life stage and generational relations . It will examine similarities and differences in everyday patterns of resilience across family life transitions and stages, in different socioeconomic and institutional contexts, across the case study countries and regions. This work is very based on Elder (1994) classic article, which elucidated four central themes at the heart of the llife course perspective, namely: (1) lives and historical times; (2) the timing of lives; (3) linked lives; (4) agency. These four analytical pillars also formed the basis for the national reports from each country .

Patterns of Resilience during Socioeconomic Crises among Households in Europe Site: http://www.rescueproject.eu/


RN12_06a_H: Participation, Citizenship and Environmental Democracy
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: HA.3.10

Investigating the social-ecological dynamics in the region of Corinth, Greece

Erasmia Kastanidi

Harokopio University, Greece

Local spaces are associated with a flux related to the constant reshaping of their structures through interactions between social, political and economic processes. When considering social spaces as geographic entities embedded in their ecological environment, the nexus of interactions increases with the inclusion of ecological processes. These interactions, driven by internal and external forces, are more evident in rural areas, where the spatial characteristics have been co-developed by human activities and natural processes, and where social and personal well-being is associated with the presence of ecosystem services. The supply of ecosystem services, such as soil fertility and water availability, is affected by climate change which puts pressure on agriculture. Furthermore, reforms on rural and environmental policies coupled with the effects of the economic crisis have introduced Greek rural areas to an era of high instability. This study focused on understanding the factors that affect the ability of the rural areas in Corinth to cope with these forces of change and maintain a satisfactory standard of living. Rural areas in the region have been found to be dealing with the pressures in different capacities based on a variety of factors, ranging from the social and ecological characteristics to the ways the stakeholders from the relevant sectors think and act in relation to their area of interest. However, a common pattern emerges with many of the interviewed stakeholders expecting that new opportunities are being created through the re-construction of nature and its services as commercial products.


RN18_06c_IC: Political Discourse and Mediatization of Politics
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Aphrodite II

“Us” and “Them”. Construction of Brexit in the German Press. Exploring the Hegemonic Contemplations of Germany

Emmanouil Takas

Panteion University, Greece

The way the German Press constructs the “why” of the Brexit and the “what implications” Brexit has is a way of understanding, evaluating and processing Brexit itself, since any phenomenon is being understood through its causes and its implications (Heider, 1958). This construction does not function as an “objective” description of the phenomenon, but as an element of representation and examines how the depiction of reality is being understood. As an element of representation this process is also affected by cognitive biases (Weiner, 1986). Aim of this study is to explore how the German Press constructs the causes and implications of Brexit. 170 newspaper articles referring to Brexit were examined (Deutsche Welle = 87 and die Zeit = 83) for a period of one week, starting at the day of the UK Referendum. Content analysis is employed with the use of an observation sheet and attribution theory (Weiner, 2004) was operationalized. The research questions driving this research are:

- Which are the causes and implications of Brexit according to the German Media?

- How is the British, German and European identity constructed in the German Media and how do cognitive biases affect this construction?

Findings underline the “unwillingness” of Germany to domesticate Brexit into the German rhetoric, by constructing a two-level identity. The first one refers to “Us” the Europeans vs “Them” the UK and the second “Us” the stable German economy vs “Them” Europe that needs to be strengthened.


RN04_06a_P: Children’s Citizenship I
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: PC.3.17

Heteropolitical Pedagogies, Citizenship and Childhood in Contemporary Greece

Yannis Pechtelidis

University of Thessaly, Greece

Yannis Pechtelidis explores an alternative option in education, pedagogy, and children’s participation in public life and citizenship in contemporary crisis-ridden Greece. He describes the everyday life of a public elementary school and a pedagogical community run by its members. He argues that a hetero-political activity unfolds within specific heretopic pedagogical space-time constellations. The concept of heterotopia is used strategically in order to clearly distinguish these alternative pedagogical spaces from the concept of utopia and the tradition of excessively rationalistic dream societies. The author critically discusses the contributions of the pedagogical social realities of the study to the empowerment of children’s status, and the embodied subjective features that are crafted within these heteropolitical sites. He is especially focused on the intergenerational construction of citizenship, and the production of a hetero-political habitus within these specific heterotopic pedagogical and educational groups.


RN27_06a_P: The Impact of Crisis on Various Institutions
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: PC.4.27

THE IMPACT OF THE ECONOMIC CRISIS IN HELLENIC FIRE BRIGADE’S PERSONELL: A PROPOSAL FOR THE ORGANIZATION A SPECIAL PSYCHOSOCIAL UNIT

KALLIOPI VILARA

UNIVERSITY OF PIRAEUS, Greece

The personnel of the Hellenic Fire Brigade faces psychosocial impact in their personal and family life because of the special conditions that the nature of their profession has. So, special attention and psychosocial support is required in both personal and family level.

Since the beginning of economic crisis these psychosocial problems have been increased in such a degree that action must be taken immediately.

In this paper special mention will be given to a) the impact of economic crisis in Fire Brigade’s personnel, b) the experience of the existing psychosocial units and other interventions already applied in national and international level and c) a proposal for the Organization of a special psychosocial unit concerning that problem by the Section of Hygiene and Safety of Hellenic Fire Brigade.

*** This work has been partly supported by the University of Piraeus Research Center. ***


RN35_06b_H: Naming and Framing Migrants and Refugees - Processes of Inclusion and Exclusion III
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: HB.1.15

Willy Nilly Belonging: The Fears and Exclusionary Practices of/against Greece Turks and Anatolian Greeks after Population Exchange

Ozlem Akay DINC1, Bayram Unal2

1OHU, Turkey; 2Research Affiliate, FBC SUNY B

The French Revolution at the end of the 18th Century was an important milestone in shaping political structure of Europe through the next two eras. By the 19th Century nationalism dramatically spread all over the Europe including the Ottoman Empire. Then based on the Lausanne Convention thousands of people had to expulse simultaneously between Greece and Turkey for the sake of the nationalism requires homogeneity by its own nature.

However, this expulsion had caused exclusionary paradoxes since both the Christian Greeks in Turkey and Muslim Turks in Greece have been framed through ipso facto culture unique to their former habitus. Therefore the population exchange had not been in line with the expected cohesion based on the national and religious patterns at both sides. On the contrary, the exchange program has further caused the social exclusion and in turn their marginalization in their new homes along with the fear against their de facto habitual societal values.

In this study, we aim at historical comparison of the fears and exclusionary experiences of bilaterally exchanged people of Greeks in Corfu and Turks in Yesilburc Village at Nigde Turkey. Additionally we aim to underline the patterns and dynamics of solidarities at both communities since they developed a communal identity based on the solidarities. The findings will be gathered through the in-depth interviews and narratives at both sides.

Keywords: Population Exchange, Greeks, Turks, Exclusion, Fear, Solidarity


RS07_07a_H: Changing Structures and Responses in Crisis Baffled Countries
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: HA.2.7

A changing media landscape in Greece: New and alternative business models

Nikos Leandros, Lambrini Papadopoulou

Panteion University, Greece

Media industries worldwide are undergoing a process of transformation under the impact of technological, economic, regulatory and political developments of crucial importance. In the emerging information and communication environment, the traditional media business model is considered to be outdated and media content is now produced, disseminated and consumed in a new communication paradigm that is characterized by connectivity, interactivity and convergence (Leandros, 2008; Van der Wurff, 2012).

However, in Greece, seven years after the onset of the Greek economic crisis, there still seems to be no record of the ways in which media organisations are trying to respond and adapt to all these changes and challenges.

The proposed paper aims to trace, record and analyse the new and alternative media business models that emerge in the current Greek communication environment. Specifically this study aims to investigate the way the new digital players respond to all of these changes, as well as the efforts of alternative media initiatives to adapt and survive in the new digital environment. The case study of this paper is the website news247.gr, and the cooperative newspaper Efimerida ton Syntakton.

The study is based on a case study methodology and aims to map for the first time the new media landscape that has been formed since the onset of the Greek economic crisis in 2010.

Leandros, N. (2008). Corporate strategies in the media sector. Athens: Kastaniotis.

Van der Wurff, R. (2012). The Economics of Online Journalism. Ιn E. Siapera, & A. Veglis (Εds), The Handbook of Global Online Journalism (231-251) Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.


RN37_07b_P: Urban Crisis & Austerity
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PC.4.25

Lessons from the Greek public debt crisis: The indebted subject as the paradigm of a new urban dweller

Eleni Ploumidi, Maria Markou

National Technical University of Athens, School of Architecture, Greece

This paper delineates the manifestation of the subjectivity of the debtor as the new sovereign paradigm of the urban dweller in the context of the Greek public debt crisis. In Maurizio Lazzarato's approach, debt represents both an ethico-political activity of constructing the subjectivity of the debtor, morally devoted through guilt to repay debt, and an adaptation of governing policies to the austerity dogma. Following that scheme, we examine the shift in the self-representation and behavior of the urban dweller in Greece through a binary process. On the one hand, the incrimination of house and land ownership as a main factor for the increase in public debt through various semiotics, result to the construction of a guilty subject introjecting responsibility to repay his personal share of it. On the other hand, the implementation of austerity measures that concern heavy house and land taxation and strict mortgage regulations, result to the alteration of housing practices from a social security mechanism —established in the context of the welfare system that the country developed throughout the postwar period, constituting the fundamental tool for the social mobility of Greek urban populations— to the unattainable management of a heavy financial burden. The indebted subject, deprived of his —prior to the crisis— strategies of social reproduction, manifests his existence —as trapped— in urban space through rapid growth of homelessness, generalized energy poverty and insufficient maintenance of the building stock, contributing to vast changes in the social geography of Greek cities.


RS13_07a_P: Subjectivities in Law under Crisis: Theory and Method
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PB.3.6

Research Integrity in Europe: from definitions to methodology

Stamatia Garani1, Vasiliki Petousi2

1National School of Public Health, Greece; 2University of Crete, Greece

This paper has been produced within the context of the DEFORM project (Defining the Global and Financial Impact of Research Misconduct) in order to provide a robust theoretical building block for the specific objectives of the project. This review of integrity revolves around two main issues: firstly what is integrity? And secondly, how can it be determined and when does a researcher comply with this principle? These questions are approached with the help of a pathway starting from the definition of integrity as the shaping of a certain concept, moving to the criteria, namely the measurable conditions which fulfill the definition and lastly focusing on the methods facilitating the measurement of research misconduct as the behaviours violating the principle. The study elucidates the importance of principles, values and ethical norms pertaining to scientific research integrity, by investigating its long history, the nature of the regulatory efforts, the dominant typology of RM ( Fabrication, Falsification and Plagiarism), the legalization of the issue and adopts the position that only after the theoretical issues are addressed in a way which has gained public acceptance and broad consensus, measurement tools and indicators can be developed. This approach is followed in order to meaningfully support the attempt of this project to proceed to quantitative methods as part of policies for preventing, monitoring and regulating research misconduct. It also introduces the importance of a systemic approach of the RM phenomenon through a human rights normative perspective linked with the critical reflective character of Bioethics.


RN17_07a_P: Crisis, Post-Crisis and Employment Relations (special session 3)
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PC.6.30

Unemployment and precarious employment experiences in Greece in times of crisis

CHRISTINA KARAKIOULAFI

University of Crete, Greece

The Greek debt crisis combined with austerity measures have led to soaring unemployment rates to unprecedented for the Greek labor market levels and to the formation of a workplace landscape marked by increasing employment precariousness and deregulation of labor relations . In this context and in view of their intensity, the concepts of unemployment and of precariousness seem to acquire a different content and scope. However, in Greece the scientific analysis of unemployment and precariousness is mainly of statistical character. Although statistical analysis allows us to register households or individuals affected by situations such as unemployment, they do not however allow us to see how these households and the unemployed experience their unemployment situation and how they manage to cope with unemployment. In the same way, it is difficult for statistical analysis to take account of and to register the various forms of employment precariousness and insecurity which are present in the Greek labor market. The aim our paper is to investigate how men and women experience and cope with unemployment and/or employment preciousness (and insecurity) as well as how they perceive their present and future general working (or non-working) situation. Our work is based on in-depth qualitative interviews examining both subjective experiences and significations of unemployment and and/or employment preciousness, as well as how the broader situation of economic crisis and rising unemployment impacts on these experiences and significations. It seems that in this context unemployed people demonstrate a certain pessimism with respect to their ability to escape their unemployment situation. Finally, we also examine the role of traditional supporting networks such as the family protecting unemployed (and their families) from extreme deprivation.


RS13_07a_P: Subjectivities in Law under Crisis: Theory and Method
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PB.3.6

Reconstructing “Missing Links” between Education Law and Practice: The case of “Creative Project” in Greek Secondary Education

Evangelia Koutidou

Institute of Educational Policy, Greece

Education policy implementation poses major challenges for the Greek society, currently still experiencing recession circumstances. If “making” national economy work presupposes “re-making” education and utilizing its dynamic forces to the benefit of people, then a key question is how education policies are translated from law into practice.

The present paper aims to propose a socio-legal lens, through which school education policy can be perceived and implemented in daily practice. A much less explored terrain lying between the development of policies and the impact of those policies is put forward, concerning the development of guidelines in which legislative intent is translated into administrative prescription for action. Legal data sources examined concern a case study on the “Creative Project” in lower and upper secondary education, as recently re-initiated in schools by two presidential decrees.

Firstly, it is discussed how non normative data affect, directly or indirectly, the implementation of an education policy institution, enacted but remaining inactive in the Greek education policy-practice continuum. Additionally, key questioning includes three successive classifications: first, distinguishing between law/presidential decrees and guidelines; next, as regards guidelines, distinguishing between requirements and recommendations; and finally, in relation to both data sources, law and guidelines, distinguishing between explicit and implicit requirements and recommendations. More theoretical legal issues, namely the twin evils of excessive statutory specificity and excessive bureaucratic discretion are also mentioned.

In conclusion, a socio-legal perspective offers the methodological framework, within which education policy-makers can develop effective ways of tracing and reconstructing “missing links” between education law and practice.


RN27_07a_P: Urban Forms of Crisis
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PC.4.27

Wall Slogans and Graffiti as urban forms of expressions in the time of the crisis

MICHAEL TSANGARIS, ILIANA PAZARZI

University of Piraeus, Greece

When economic crisis emerges and there are increasing requests for refugee spaces and support, people turn to easy and economical ways to communicate their political messages. As Greek economy struggles to recover, the civil unrest can be detected in the political statements on public walls. In times of crisis Metropolitan walls became arenas of the ‘public sphere'. Wall graffiti and slogans consist alternative artistic mediums of expression and communicate the social bitterness and discontent. By occupying public spaces those unconventional, long lasting artistic forms of political activism are reviled by the authorities as acts of civil disobedience and belong to the sphere of contentious politics.

Based on the investigation of central urban districts walls in the city of Athens this paper explores the ways in which those genuine demonstrations of individual expression represent the people’s resistance against the crisis on the symbolic level. Through those mediums is demonstrated a wide range of opinions, illustrating the diversity and the variety of reactions to crucial social issues. Using the semiotic approach we attempt to decode visual representations and symbolisms and clarify the political reasoning of the graffiti artists.

** This work has been partly supported by the University of Piraeus Research Center. **


RS08_07a_P: Literature, Music and Memory
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PE.3.40

Aural Borders and Archival Silence: Field Recording and the Politics of Sonic Memory

Tom Western

Independent scholar, Athens, Greece, Greece

Nationalism is back at the top of the political agenda across Europe. Borders are closing, and various voices are calling for the protection of national cultures. Music is enrolled in these developments, and the resurgence of nationalism has run in parallel with an explosion of interest in historical field recordings of traditional musics. Heard as truthful transmissions of national pasts, these field recordings are understood as existing outside of mass culture, feeding into desires for national purity.

This paper listens to the production of field recordings in Europe after World War II, hearing how folklorists, anthropologists and archivists worked within transnational media infrastructures to produce national musics. Drawing on recent work on borders—wherein nations are understood as the products of processes of bordering—the paper posits field recordings as political objects that were created to salvage nations and secure aural borders in postwar Europe. As a result, minorities, migrants and placeless people have been denied representational space in sonic histories of nationness.

The paper thus also explores the consequences of these histories in the present. As recordings return to the aural public sphere, online sound archives at once open a space for negotiating ideas of national memory, but also provide fixed representations of national cultures, limiting inclusivity and feeding into current political problems. Histories of colonialism and displacement remain silent. The paper concludes with examples of how current artistic practices utilise these recordings: either by celebrating these signs of the nation, or by drawing attention to archival silence.


RN16_07a_P: Unemployment, precarious work, and health (care) from a comparative perspective: Contributions to the development of an institutional approach.
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PC.1.7

EU PATHWAYS Project: An effort in combating unemployment and increasing (re)integration in the workforce for persons with chronic diseases

Anastasia Vlachou1, Olga Roka1, Panayiota Stavroussi1, Beata Tobiasz-Adamczyk2, Barbara Wozniak2, Aleksandra Pilat2

1University of Thessaly, Greece; 2Jagiellonian University Medical College, Poland

Persons with chronic health conditions often encounter challenges in finding and maintaining employment as well as returning to work after long-term sick leaves. The rising prevalence of chronic diseases in the European working age population increases the risk of labour market exclusion and has negative consequences at individual, national and European level. This threat becomes more visible in the context of the current European economic crisis.

In response, PATHWAYS (Participation to Healthy Workplaces and Inclusive Strategies in the Work Sector), a three-year EC-funding research project, aims at developing innovative approaches for professional (re)integration of persons with chronic diseases and support their participation in the workforce. PATHWAYS Consortium consists of 12 partners from 10 European countries with expertise in employment and health issues.

A specific objective of the PATHWAYS project is to determine the effectiveness of employment (re)integration strategies within the European context. This presentation aims to disseminate preliminary findings from a systematic review of scientific publications evaluating employment (re)integration strategies for persons with chronic diseases in European countries. Particular emphasis is given to the strategies emerged as affecting positively the workforce participation.

The search strategy identified a total of 101 scientific articles published between 2011 and 2016; almost half of these targeted primarily to a quantitative evaluation of the strategies’ effectiveness to improve employment outcomes. Positive change has been reported in 23 scientific publications for 12 strategies, including mostly services rather than policies or systems. The findings are discussed in order to support the implementation of innovating and effective employment (re)integration strategies.


RN20_07a_H: Whose Side are we on? Ethics and Action in Qualitative Research
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: HB.1.13

From “public” to “open”, then onto “big” data: Ethical and methodological considerations about online social research

Styliani Barmpati, Georgios Vagias, Konstantinos Koskinas, Maria Koletsi, Alexios Brailas

Panteion University of Social and Political Science, Greece

The transition from Web 1.0 to Web 2.0 and, recently, to Web 3.0 resulted from changes and transformations concerning the technologies of interaction, communication and networking. From ΗΤΤP protocols and websites emerged blogs, social networking media, wikis and folksonomies, and subsequently, the semantic web, open technologies and “big” data. This transition was paralleled by an unprecedented explosion in the volume of information and data that is daily produced and delivered in the context of the political economy of the internet. According to the Internet Live Stats, which is overseen by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), the rate at which users of the cyberspace create, publish and “consume” digital content – posts and comments in communities, fora, blogs and social media platforms (Facebook, Twitter, Youtube, etc.) – is truly frantic. This is an unprecedented wealth of information that simultaneously generates but also occurs as a result of the virtual (as a convergence of online /offline social interconnections) life of individuals. Furthermore, it is a volume of data that social scientists can quite easily find (searchability), retrieve (accessibility /openness) and study, provided that this is found in a permanent and trusted location in cyberspace. With the above in mind, the paper will explore: a) the methodological tools and limitations social scientists should deploy in a virtual context; b) the code of ethics that protect both the researcher and the users; c) the appropriate methods that ensure validity and reliability of the findings, given that these are at the same time part of the content – from an academic and research point of view – of the web.


RN14_07a_P: Gender and Austerity
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PC.4.22

Long Term Care, Gender and the Crisis in Greece: Comparing pre and post-crisis microdata

Antigone Lyberaki1, Platon Tinios2, Zafiris Valvis2, Thomas Georgiadis1

1Panteion University of Political and Social Sciences, Greece; 2University of Piraeus, Greece

The Greek crisis was exceptionally deep and implied major realignments in income roles and retrenchment in public welfare services. These realignments are likely to have been felt especially in the field of Long Term Care (LTC) and more especially in gender roles in its provision. This is supplied in Greece by a hybrid welfare state, comprised of a ‘formal’ state-based system and an ‘informal’ family-based system, centred on women. Thus, both aspects -gender and retrenchment – are likely to be highlighted through examining the changes in LTC provision and finance through the crisis.

The proposed paper compares microdata from SHARE (Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe) wave 2 (2006/7) with data of the same survey for wave 6 (2015). Though Greece did not participate in SHARE w4 and w5, there nevertheless exists substantial longitudinal information in SHARE w6 (3000+ individuals) who had participated in pre-crisis waves and are now included.

The empirical investigation lies in three directions: First, how LTC needs altered during the crisis. Second, whether the crisis changed the pattern of response to these needs, as a reaction to retirement patterns or household incomes. Third whether the crisis led to a change in gender roles in LTC as a reaction to formal sector retrenchment.


RN10_07a_IC: Education: Mobility, Teachers, and Students
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Athenaeum CC I

Reasons to become a teacher. A study on the attractiveness of the teaching profession.

Antigoni Alba Papakonstantinou

National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece

Teaching is considered as one of the most demanding and challenging professions worldwide. People successfully practicing teaching are thought of as patient, creative, skilled and according to some researchers talented, devoted and strongly engaged in their work. Last decade’s research, though, indicates luck of teaching personnel in many European countries, as skilled persons of different specialties do not choose to work in the educational field. On the contrary, Greece is a country with a large group of well skilled and specialized individuals that face high unemployment rates due to the limited demand for teaching professionals.

The present study aims to investigate the reasons that drive graduate students of diverse specialties pursue working as professors in secondary education. More specifically, we tried to answer the following questions: a. What are the expectations of graduate students following seminars on pedagogy and teaching?, b. Which are the positive aspects that they identify in the teaching profession?, c. What are the difficulties that they expect to face when teaching in school?. 200 questionnaires of open questions were distributed and 10 interviews were conducted with graduate students that had followed such seminars. Data were analyzed with content analysis.

Preliminary results indicate that students participating in our research chose to attend the specific seminars in order to get to work as teachers in public or private school units. Most of them consider teaching to be difficult and tiring, but also interesting and rejuvenating. Moreover, they underline their low expectations from the educational system, they appear pessimistic with regard to their professional rehabilitation and recognize the difficulties in teaching in today's classrooms.


RS07_07a_H: Changing Structures and Responses in Crisis Baffled Countries
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: HA.2.7

The Crisis in the Parliament: A comparative analysis of the evolution of parliamentary discourses on austerity in Greece and Portugal (2009-2016)

Chrisanthos Tassis3, Tiago Moreira Ramalho1, Kostas Kanellopoulos2

1Sciences Po, Centre d’études européennes (CEE); 2University of Crete; 3Democritus University of Thrace

The bailout programmes signed by Portugal and Greece to face the sovereign debt crisis that progressively hit southern Europe since 2009 implied the adoption of a number of structural reforms. Yet, the implementation of the policy-agenda of the Memoranda of Understanding, monitored by the Troika (European Commission, European Central Bank and International Monetary Fund), often required a parliamentary process of discussion and legislation. These successive processes that lasted for several years and were handled by different parliamentary compositions reveal the evolution of the stances of the different parties in parliament to the whole reform agenda. In order to capture different degrees of appropriation or rejection of the policy agenda and underlying crisis narrative of the bailout programmes, the paper analyses comparatively a sample of transcripts of parliamentary debates in the two countries during the period 2009-2016. Examining the discourses of political elites at their source allows for a deeper understanding not only of the processes of policy-making during austerity, but also of the changes and realignments that occurred in these countries’ political systems in recent years.


RN27_07a_P: Urban Forms of Crisis
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PC.4.27

THE PHENOMENON OF THE HOMELESSNESS IN PATRAS, A LARGE MUNICIPALITY IN SOUTHERN GREECE

ADAMANTIA GIATRA1, PREZERAKOS PANAGIOTIS1, ATHANASIOS SACHLAS2, FOTEINI TZAVELLA1

1Department of Nursing, University of Peloponnese, Greece; 2Department of Statistics, Athens University of Economics and Business, Greece

OBJECTIVE: The study examines the phenomenon of homelessness in Patras, a large municipality of Southern Greece, in Peloponnese.

METHODS: The sample of this study included interviews by eight (8) homeless individuals and questionnaires by 120 local residents. The questionnaire was constructed on a five-point Likert scale.

RESULTS: The homeless are dominated by a feeling of social exclusion since they are deprived any public and social goods. They evaluate as a key challenge of their everyday life, the lack of food and of clothing. They also emphasize their preference to reintegration not in permanent structures but into "open" support schemes. From the quantitative research it became apparent that sensitivity levels were equal to 59.06 (± 10,468) units. There is a high level of trustworthiness in the data elicited from the new questionnaire (Cronbach’s a = 0,732) while “the exploratory product analysis”, produced 9 statistically significant factors.

CONCLUSIONS: Over the years seems as the homeless people feel socially excluded, with only companion their experiences, in a social confusion and they can not distinguish good from evil. People’s awareness, in both theoretical and practical level, may contribute positively towards eliminating this phenomenon, in a society where unfortunately the governmental sector do not seem sufficient.


RN04_07b_P: New Theories for Understanding Childhood II
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PC.2.10

Changes in The Model of Child Care in 21st Century Through Historical Records of Child Care Centres in Crete, Greece

Calliope Markaki, Sokratis koniordos

University of Crete, Greece

There is a constant evolution of the measures and approaches which derive the social care policies through the years. The past theories of childhood, represented primarily by Aries, Mitterauer, Sieder and Pollock, withdraw under criticism whereas further experience is gained through increase in the data from empirical observation and current social research, which challenge the established perceptions of childhood. The social status of children has undergone radical changes from the 19th century until recently.

This research investigates the socio-economic characteristics of children and families who accessed a representative number of Child Care Centres in Crete from 1970 to 2016, and explores the reasons for children’s admission and duration of their stay. The research findings indicate how perceptions around childcare have evolved through the various changes that took place in Greece in the last 46 years.

The research findings confirm the new trend in childhood study in sociology, which emphasises that childhood and perceptions around child protection are influenced by a wide range of economic, political and ideological factors, and that children can become a separate observation unit and can constitute a separate statistical category, in order to gain an insight on these factors.

In this view, childhood and child protection perceptions are not predetermined but defined by factors and conditions similar to other cultural products. Through our research, child protection is considered a dynamic social and historical construct; a continuously generated social phenomenon, which is regarded as having value in the present, past and future; and it is being conceptualised as an integral part of the social structure, which affects and is affected by social relations.


RN19_07a_P: Subjectivity in Professional Work
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PC.5.28

Industrial relations at crossroads: The case of “briefcase professions” in Greece

Charalampos Arachovas1, Valia Aranitou2

1Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences, Greece; 2University of Crete

There is no doubt that the recent economic crisis has seriously affected the world economy and has changed western societies’ functions, outlook and expectations. Social welfare becomes less generous while notions like debt viability, austerity, leverage, competitiveness and productivity manage to attract again the interest of policy makers. Under these new circumstances many economists suggest that the fastest and safest way out of the crisis is through the deregulation of labour markets, especially for countries which are dealing with serious debt problems.

Greece is probably the most glaring example. The economic crisis has been proven to be much deeper, and the economy hasn’t recovered yet, despite the three Memorandums signed so far. Instead, Greek economy suffers from extremely high unemployment rates,huge private sector’s output shrinkage and a collapsing society, while the pressure on labour market is unprecedented.

This paper will attempt to shed some new light on the nature of informal employment, whether it has altered itself during the crisis and explore the reasons for which employees "choose" to engage themselves in informal economic activities.

More specifically, it will try to a) analyse the undeclared work challenge in Greek economy, b) clarify the real self-employed issue given the very high self-employment level in Greece, focusing on how informal small producers actual work for big enterprises especially in the tourism sector and c) analyze the so called «briefcase professions» and their inflows.

The latter reflect a new type of economic activity which becomes increasingly important in Greece and it is carried out by professionals who have close down their businesses but who are still active in the market in absolute informal forms, as a survival strategy.


RS13_07a_P: Subjectivities in Law under Crisis: Theory and Method
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PB.3.6

Personal data in social science research: legal framework, ethics and integrity

Evgenia Smyrnaki1, Vasiliki Petousi2

1University of Crete, Greece; 2University of Crete, Greece

The purpose of this paper is to identify and critically analyze the interrelations between aspects of sociological research and legal provisions pertaining to personal data protection issues. Collection and handling of personal data is largely inherent in social science research methods. Nevertheless, technological advances have increased both the ease and the volume of personal data collected and processed. High level technological and digital tools facilitate the fast, automated collection and processing of personal data. Taping devices, online questionnaires, technically obtained consent, digital processing of data, automated generation of results, and storage of simple or sensitive data for indefinite time are only some of the research methods of increasing appeal; methods however which create significant ethical challenges. This paper addresses the legal and ethical issues related to personal data processed for research purposes. Furthermore, the paper addresses research ethics challenges researchers face when dealing with data sources and tools easily accessible and available online. The analysis will consider the legal framework and case law at the EU and Greek level with special reference to the General Data Protection Regulation (679/2016). Special attention will be given to practical guidance in identifying and complying with personal data regulation. The above will be considered in light of the principle of freedom of research, the need to protect research participants’ rights as well as the mandate for research integrity.

This research is part of the HORIZON2020 funded program DEFORM: Determine the global and financial impact of research misconduct. Project ID: 710246


RN17_07a_P: Crisis, Post-Crisis and Employment Relations (special session 3)
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PC.6.30

Vocational habitus in liminal contexts: the case of a Greek training voucher in Tourism sector

Giorgos Bithymitris1, Orestis Papadopoulos2

1Panteion University of Social & Political Science, Greece; 2Keele University

The paper addresses the issue of precarisation in the making, as manifested in traineeships in the Greek tourism sector. The research explores recent experiences of 20 young trainees (up to 29 years old) who received 80 hours of theoretical training in 7 tourism-related professions and gained 420 hours working experience as interns (June 2016 - March 2017). Our findings suggest that the trainees –mostly those with working-class backgrounds and lower levels of social capital- instead of identifying and enriching their career prospects, they endorse precarity as a general rule, preparing themselves for an endless and sometimes purposeless drifting into a vaguely conceived post-crisis labour market. The concept of liminality is coined her for this existential condition, which describes both the “between and betwixt” position of the young trainees and the vocational habitus of the "protean" multi-tasking service employee. The paradox that we seek to address with our analysis could be described as follows: the dominant national and EU policy paradigm considers the individualized learning on how to cope with precarity, as a strategy to overcome this condition and enter labour market, first as an intern and then (hopefully) as an employee. In reality, the unintended consequences of this approach, points to the opposite direction: a spiral of precarity with service economy and tourism sector being at the epicentre with multiple political and social implications.


RN26_07a_P: Regimes on the Move
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PC.4.23

“New social policy paths through external trajectories: The impact of the Economic Adjustment Programmes on the Greek Welfare State reform”

Gabriel Amitsis

Technology University of Athens, Greece

Greece is the EU Member State most impacted by the 2008 - 2009 financial crisis, given that there were neither primary social safety nets for those unable to meet their needs through market or family settings, nor supplementary policies in case of specific needs. The national social protection model was strongly fragmented, and public spending was focused on civil servants salaries and state pensions.

A radical welfare reform was a high priority issue within the structural agenda of the three Economic Adjustment Programmes (known also as Bailout Programmes), which were implemented since May 2010 by major lending international partners (European Commission, European Central Bank, International Monetary Fund). These institutions identified serious problems and shortcomings in the regulation and funding of welfare, and they adopted a controversial social policy agenda with strong financial but limited social effects, which puts into question the traditional balance of power between national and international competences in the welfare policy-making process. This is a unique agenda, given that it may be considered as the first attempt to introduce for the very first time a broader external operational welfare trajectory in Europe, which changes dramatically values and ideologies of the European Social Model and may influence its solidarity and redistributive effects in the near future.

In this respect, the objective of this Paper is to discuss the impact of the Economic Adjustment Programmes on the Greek Welfare State reform and highlight the framework of relevant key national initiatives, as the Greek National Social Inclusion Strategy (adopted by the Greek Government in 2014 and re-affirmed by the European Commission in 2015).


RN32_07b_P: (Post-)Secular Subjectivities in European Societies I
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PD.2.34

“Unmaking Europe: it is just God’s will”

Dimitra Mareta

Panteion University Of Social and Political Sciences, Greece

Among the several centrifugal processes showing towards the unmaking of Europe, one seems to set the tone: this of the radical right parties. Although for many years the attention was turned on the critique from the counter-globalisation movements, lately it seems that the attacks from the extreme Right become stronger and more influential.

In this paper I explore the central points of the opposition of the nationalist parties against Europe focusing on the role of the religion in politics. In order to do so, I will focus on two southern countries, Spain and Greece, and I will investigate the rhetoric of the main nationalist Spanish and Greek parties as it is expressed either at the Parliament or in their political and ideological texts.

More specifically, I will focus mainly on Alianza Nacional, Democracia Nacional, Falange Española de las JONS and España2000 – in the case of Spain - and Golden Dawn – in the case of Greece. I will concentrate on the way the critique against Europe is articulated with regard to the formation of central policies based on religious terms and affected by a religious perception of politics.

I intent to investigate their total stance against making of Europe with a specific attention on the new emergence of the religion as politics and as a source of political order and authority. By locating the commonplaces - and any differentiations there might be - of this rhetoric, I will try to interpret what this new dynamics might mean for societies and politics.


RN14_07a_P: Gender and Austerity
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PC.4.22

Women in Greece during the crisis: A social investment programme evaluation

Alexandra Koronaiou, Georgios Alexias, Georgios Vagias, Alexandros Sakellariou

Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences of Athens

Despite the fact that the economic crisis that runs its seventh year in Greece had a severe impact on men and women respectively, the truth is that women’s place in the labour market is still worse compared to their male counterparts. Female unemployment is still very high and women are less paid compared to men. Within such an environment the implementation of social investment projects on women is of crucial importance. The purpose of this paper is to present the findings of an evaluation of a social investment programme called “Promotion and strengthening of women’s participation in trade unions and their representation bodies” designed and implemented in Greece (2011-2014). This programme aimed at promoting and ensuring the active participation of women workers in positions of responsibility at all levels and types of trade unions. Through the in-depth qualitative analysis of documents, focus groups and semi-structured interviews with women who took part in the programme and staff employed during its implementation the following questions raised: Did women participated in the programme? Were women interested in such an intervention? Which were the advantages and disadvantages of the programme? Were there any side effects and/or unexpected outcomes? Which were the outcomes of the evaluation of the programme? How such programmes of social investment could help in confronting the economic crisis? The paper is based on the findings of Innosi (Innovative Social Investment: Strengthening Communities in Europe) a Horizon 2020 research project (2015-2017) on social investment and social innovation.


RN01_08a_IC: Active Ageing Policies
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Ypsilon III

Effective active ageing policies: High Performance Work Systems for elder employees

Eleanna Galanaki, Nikolaos Pahos

Athens University of Economics and Business, Greece

The world is ageing rapidly (Loeppke et al., 2013). Population ageing is perhaps the most significant feature of global demography, given the fact that never before in human history has our planet contained such a large share of old-age population. From an economic perspective, the emergence of graying populations is related to a decreasing number of younger employees. In contrast to the existing pressure for older employees to exit the workforce early, mature workers will be needed longer in the coming years (Taylor, 2007). In a competitive environment which changes constantly and requires creativity, innovation and adaptability, their work performance, their experience and their potential for further learning (Paloniemi, 2006) become valuable assets.

The need for organizations to adapt Human Resource Management (HRM) practices for an ageing workforce and develop new ones is already urgent and will soon become critical (Patrickson & Ranzijn, 2004). Building upon the broad research question on the link of Human Resource Management with employee performance, this paper examines the relationship among High Performance Work Systems (HPWS), age and employee performance, using data from 1254 employees. Our aim is to explore which of the HPWS are most effective into sustaining the employment performance of older employees. Our results show that all HPWS have a significant effect on employee performance and that age moderates the relationship between High Performance Work Systems and employee performance. From all HPWS, training & development seem to be the most crucial for fostering a high performance of aging employees. Results will be discussed under the light of the challenges that they pose for the management of ageing human resources.


RN25_08a_IC_RT_2: ROUNDTABLE: Immigration Related Activism
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Aphrodite II

Far right activism and racist violence against Syrian refugees in Greece.

Karmen Misiou

Panteion University of Athens, Greece

This research is an attempt to record the timeline of incidents of racist violence against refugees in Greece, between June 2015 and December 2016. Our aim is to investigate the forms of racist violence and the far-right actors who are involved in the above- mentioned events. Furthermore, the rhetoric extreme right groups and practice and their resonance in the local societies are examined, as well as the cooperation between members of far right parties (ex. Golden Dawn), ‘outraged’ citizens and police authorities. There are dozens of incidents that have been documented, such as racist speech, insults, abuses, physical and verbal attacks, beatings, constitution of militias and civil guards, bombings, commodities and housing destruction and obstruction. The incidents are analyzed based on the type of violence and actors. The reference material has been collected by newspapers (paper-based and electronic), news websites (regional and national wide), NGOs and solidarity group websites. Furthermore, named complaints have been used. The goal is to examine in which ways does the massive entry of Syrian refugees, during the last two years, have influenced the attitude of local societies and whether right wing activism and racist behaviours tend to become more acceptable because of the refugee crisis. The aim of this research is to highlight the aspects of racist violence, to investigate police authorities’ attitude, to explore if local governments’ speech and approach encourage the assaults and to outline Golden Dawn's role, thereby confirming members’ participation and addressing in which ways does the party action entitles and diffuses.


RN32_08b_P: (Post-)Secular Subjectivities in European Societies II
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: PD.2.34

Religion and atheism in contemporary Greek society: The construction of the atheist identity within a Greek-Orthodox milieu

ALEXANDROS SAKELLARIOU

Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences of Athens, Greece

Until very recently the dominant perception for the Greek society was that more than 95 per cent of the population was Greek Orthodox. In 2012 an Atheist Union was founded in Greece and many people have started to discuss their atheism or non-belief especially through the social media. The purpose of this paper is to present some preliminary findings of an ongoing qualitative research about Greek atheists. The main questions that are going to be answered in this paper are: who are the Greek atheists in contemporary Greek society? How they ‘de-converted’ from the Greek-Orthodox traditional religion and how their family responded to this rapture with their past? Which are their beliefs about God, religion, morality and life? The main purpose is to understand how the atheist identity is constructed in contemporary Greek society, which is a Greek-Orthodox society and the Orthodox Church still maintains powerful bonds with the state functioning as its ideological apparatus. On the other hand, the Greek state, far away from being considered as fully secularised, collaborates with and protects the Orthodox Church in case it feels threatened by either ‘religious others’ or non-believers, atheists and secularists. The material of the analysis is based on conducted semi-structured interviews with people who are self-characterised as either atheists or agnostics both male and female.


RN17_08a_P: Crisis, Post-Crisis and Employment Relations (special session 4)
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: PC.6.30

Returns of Education. Labour Market Inequalities in times of crisis.

Olga Papadopoulou

University of the Aegean, Greece

The study of the labour market and of the triptych “labour market, human capital and earnings” is an extremely important issue for the competitiveness of the economy. Dealing with labour market and the formation of individuals’ earnings through human capital are the main objects of the paper, which aims to contribute to the current scientific debate.

This paper focuses on the Greek labour market, within the framework of national economy that characterised by a great transformation, because of the crisis that began in 2010.

The main research question, which connects economic inequality and educational inequality in the context of the labour market, is formulated as follows:

“Do differences in human capital or education lead in inequality on individuals’ earnings and consequently in inequality on the labour market of Greece?”

The main research question is summarised to the following subquestions:

- “In which extent workers’ human capital-characteristics (such as education and experience) explain possible variations in individuals’ earnings in the Greek labour market?”

- “Are individuals’ earnings determined by a series of other personal characteristics (such as gender or marital status)?”

In order to answer the above questions, human capital theory will be used as the main theoretical framework, together with application of Mincer equations. Specifically, the relationship between earnings and a number of explanatory variables will be investigated using a microdata set from Household Budget Surveys 2011, by Hellenic Statistical Authority. Results showed that education and professional experience positively associated with individual earnings, with university education showed the highest performance.


RN15_08a_H: Part I Belonging and Online Participation; Part II Distributed Papers
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: HA.1.2

"One 'leader' to rule them all"? Social, political and psychological reflections on leadership and hegemony in cyberspase

Georgios Vagias, Konstantinos Koskinas

Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences, Greece

The ways we talk about the internet, the web and especially cyberspace, the ways we behave in these “areas” are mostly characterized and driven by a direct or indirect inference to a notion of singularity. Theoretical and empirical research usually approaches and perceives these areas as a “single” space, e.g. “one” internet, “one” web, “one” cyberspace. On the one hand, this makes presentation and analysis of research findings much more accessible and conceivable. Yet, on the other hand, it seems to complicate our attempt to fully understand what is truly virtual about cyberspace: the textures, the interconnections, the form and the content of all kinds of online social relations. And also, the source, the pathways and the procedures through which relations of power, of control, and of authority emerge, unfold, and are enforced. One possible way to resolve this is to approach cyberspace on a global level as a multi-layered, multi-dimensional and multi-fragmented space, which is formulated as a dynamic terrain of ongoing contest. Building on the theoretical grounds of virtual reality as a philosophy of culture, cyberspace and online networks, allows us to think about the potential and the actual realities. Moreover, to reflect on them and to raise questions over leadership and hegemony in cyberspace: who is in control of the multiple cyberspaces? where do the virtually numerous cyberspaces intersect and how do they intertwine with each other? which groups (government agencies, corporations, hackers, etc.) prevail each time and what are the social, political and psychological processes that define sovereignty as legal and legitimate respectively?


RN12_08a_H: Migration and the Environmental Crisis
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: HA.3.10

Do immigrant shepherds contribute to tackling generational renewal in euro-Mediterranean pastoralism ?

Domenica Farinella1, Michele Nori2, Athanasios Ragkos3

1University of Cagliari, Italy; 2European University Institute, Italy; 3Technological Educational Institute of Western Macedonia, Greece

While the societal demand for the products as well as the services of pastoral systems is growing, this does not seem to translate into an improvement in the living and working conditions of those who work in this sector. Current dynamics rather indicate that the sons of breeders often seek alternatives outside pastoralism, thus favoring the depopulation of mountain areas and exposing pastures to a problem of generational renewal. This is the context witnessing a growing presence of immigrant shepherds, who reach southern Europe from other pastoral areas in the Mediterranean, coming to provide skilled labor at a relatively low cost. The paper analyzes in a comparative key the role of immigrant salaried shepherds in four different Mediterranean countries (Italy, Spain, France and Greece). Their presence enables maintaining alive and productive the pastures, reproducing the patterns of a generational renewal associated to an ethnic substitution that has characterized Euro-Mediterranean pastoralism in the last century. The transition from manual labor to entrepreneurship and livestock ownership in this sector shows very low rates for migrants, and this undermines the ability of the incoming population to contribute to the future of the pastoralism. Immigrants only represent though one of the options to revive this sector. In order to promote the sustainability and the development of the pastoralism, it is necessary to ensure decent living and working conditions for extensive breeders and shepherds (foreign and local) alike, and to provide a perspective of upgrading in social as well as economic terms. Sustainable pastoralism will therefore be the result not only of a system of aid and subsidies, but it rather requires the articulation of an enabling political framework.


RN27_08a_P: The Dimension of the Gender
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: PC.4.27

Economic Crisis and its Impact on Women in Greece

NANCY PAPALEXANDRIS

ATHENS UNIVERSITY OF ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS, Greece

Most of the industrialized world entered a deep recession in 2008–2009 as the financial crisis that began in the USA evolved to a global recession with multiple economic, employment, and social implications. Despite measures taken by governments worldwide, unemployment, poverty, inflation, and national debts rose in an unprecedented manner (Eurostat, 2009; World Bank, 2009). Southern Europe has been affected the most. As a result, the European Union (EU) reacted with harsh anti-crisis austerity policies, creating growing unemployment, falling real wages, cuts in the social security system, erosion of the collective agreement system and privatisation of public property (Busch, Hermann, Hinrichs & Schulten, 2013).

Women and young people have suffered most from this situation. Although attitudes towards the ability of women to move ahead are improving, the economic situation limits available opportunities and favours the equality gap.

In this paper we will present the overall economic crisis and its impact on women in employment, in education, in decision making and in entrepreneurship. We will then discuss initiatives which aim at supporting women in order to face the current crisis in Greece. Despite the limited results of supportive measures our research shows that there is a growing awareness that women can play a crucial role in helping the country exit its crisis.

Greek Society is accepting the fact that women should participate more in family, political or social decisions and have a stronger voice in proposing solutions for facing the existing situation. Hopefully, when the present economic crisis is over, women will face a smaller gender gap due to the high level of educational qualifications and ability to cope with harsh difficulties during the crisis.


RN32_08a_P: Transformations of European Welfare States II
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: PD.2.33

Migrant Integration through Adult Education in Finland and Greece. Redefining integrationist concepts and policymaking beyond ‘Eurocentrism’ with the help of historical perspectives beyond national histories

Ioana Tistea

University of Oulu, Finland

Politics rely on ‘confined’ national history as legitimacy for present polity and policies. Whose histories could then be included, based on an expanded historical responsibility theory?

I am using postcolonial, critical race theory and theorizations of neoliberal governance and racism to develop a critique of multiculturalism, affirmative action, diversity management and migrant integration.

I am developing a postcolonial critique of Finnish migrant integration policies, examining the role adult education plays in them, and in the institutionalization of what Lentin and Titley (2011) call “racism in a neoliberal age”. Integration through adult education is aimed at responsibilising migrants and creating an assimilated-enough diverse subject. Individual responsibilisation is a typical way in which neoliberal governmentality acts. This line of inquiry will allow me to explore the links between racism, the liberalisation of the labour market and the restructuring of the welfare state, since training and adult education are used also to retrain the unemployed and turn them into flexible and employable subjects.

Finland has two migrant integration acts, issued in 1999 and 2010. The law regarding reception of asylum seekers was drafted in 2010; before that, it was under the same law as the integration of migrants with residence permits. This legislative separation was motivated by the desire to reduce asylum seekers’ monthly income support; it went against the welfare state’s egalitarian principles, and institutionalised differential treatment.

Furthermore, I will participate in an EU funded project on social inclusion of minorities in Athens, from February to July 2017. Greece is also a good case to study the link between neoliberal economic restructuring and institutionalised racism and differential treatment of migrants with/without (different categories of) residence permits.


RN04_08a_P: Children’s Everyday Lives I
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: PC.3.17

Teenagers' traces: exploring the spatial footprint of adolescent activities in Athens

Stefanos Tsigdinos, Maria Latinopoulou

National Technical University of Athens, Greece

It is generally known that adolescence is a period of personal development, not only physically but also mentally and socially. One of the biggest fears among all adolescents is social exclusion. Thus, they are vulnerable to peer influence and the seek of the sense of belonging. While being an adolescent, one gets more and more independent, making his/her own decisions. During this period, they look for places within the city where they feel safe and fulfill their needs for social interaction, but at the same time they search for places that provide them with the possibility of self-expression and retreat.

But not all public places are appropriate for this kind of social encounter. In today’s cities where insecurity and individualism seems to be the most common feelings in public places, those suitable places get more and more diminished. In this research, personal choice is the variable that defines the appropriateness of a public place for a kid. The sample that it’s put under investigation are adolescents, since a younger kid is not that free to make his/her own choices about where to go and when. Furthermore, this article focuses on public spaces in the municipality of Athens.

Data analysis is done in a Geographic Information Systems (GIS) environment and aims at mapping of adolescent activities, description of their characteristics and their association with both social features of acting subjects (e.g. age, place of residence) and the characteristics of the urban environment (land use, square formation etc).

In conclusion this presentation intends to outline the choices being made by adolescents in the city of Athens and their impact on the urban public space.


RN25_08a_IC_RT_4: ROUNDTABLE: Economic and Political Crisis
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Aphrodite II

The struggle for a new politics in a post-ideological world. The case of the ‘We Do Not Pay’ social movement in Greece

Anastasia Veneti1, Maria Rovisco2, Stamatis Poulakidakos3

1BOURNEMOUTH UNIVERSITY, United Kingdom; 2University of Leicester, United Kingdom; 3University of Athens, Greece

The twenty-first century witnessed the emergence of an unprecedented series of protests around the world. The global wave of post-2010 activism illuminates how depoliticization, civic disaffection and the rise of individualism go in tandem with the struggle for people’s social and economic rights and the crisis of legitimacy of representative democracy. Looking at the case of the anti-austerity Greek social movement ‘We Do Not Pay’ Movement (To kinima den plirono), this project seeks to examine whether and how the protestors attempt to define their political presence and identity by exercising a new form of politics that responds to the challenges of a post-ideological world. In order to answer our main research objective, we explore the following issues: the message of the movement and the tactics used to mobilize the people that support it; whether the movement has allegiances to particular civil society groups and other partisan groups nationally and globally; how the protestors respond to austerity policies and ideologies at the national level and beyond; and whether the movement has been inspired by other social movements. To achieve such research aims, we have employed a qualitative approach by conducting semi-directive interviews with key members of the movement, including those involved in setting up and maintaining the movement’s online presence in the web page (http://www.kinimadenplirono.gr/) and Twitter and Facebook accounts.


RN10_08c_IC: Bullying and Violence in Schools
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Athenaeum CC III

‘Risk talk’ and ‘vulnerable’ youth: cyberbullying experiences among children with disabilities

Sonia Kontogianni

School of Economics and Political Sciences.University of Athens, Greece

Historically, research exploring the experiences of children with disability, has largely been undertaken without their involvement. Personal accounts of their internet use receive scant attention as well. Given the fact that, cyberbullying has attracted a widespread public concern in recent years, this paper explores the cyberbullying practices and experiences amongst young people with disabilities. By adopting a historical approach to modern childhood, in order to contextualize bullying, I will draw from Hilgartner’s and Bosk (1988) useful conceptualization of social problems as products of collective definition and of the processes of problem-amplifying and problem-dampening. Taking also into consideration, the proliferation and reiteration of a ‘narrative of risk’ Cradock (2004) when it comes to children in the past decades, I attempt to gain more in-depth knowledge about what lies behind children’s and teenagers’ with disabilities online experiences of cyberbullying. This paper draws on findings from qualitative research conducted in Athens with students with disabilities and their teachers, in order to explore whether, and if so, how, they experience cyberbullying as a result of their disability, either by other people with disabilities or by non-disabled people.

Keywords: cyberbullying, disability, moral panics, risk-talk


RS07_08a_H: Solidarities and Innovative Attempts to Cope with the Crisis
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: HA.2.7

“Food for thought”: Exploring new consumer-producer relations in crisis hit Greece

Athanasios Lakrintis, Sophia Skordili

Harokopio University, Greece

Alternative agro-food initiatives have attracted considerable attention over the last decade. This burgeoning area of the literature, which is mostly built upon empirically grounded approaches, adopts the umbrella term “Alternative Food Networks” (AFNs). AFNs are notably conceptualised as forms of food provisioning counteractive to the conventional agro-food system. However, they encompass diverse practices that redefine consumer-producer relations by reviving or reinventing the traditional route “from field to fork”. Their starting point reflects the consumers’ desire for quality, healthy and affordable food with a smaller ecological footprint and fair trade terms for producers. The existing examples vary from collective and community oriented schemes (e.g. farmer markets, community supported agriculture, etc.) to innovative business models of small artisanal agro-food firms and start-ups.

In Greece, during the crisis, several alternative agro-food initiatives have flourished. Consequently, new consumer-producer relations can be identified and new “foodscapes” become visible especially in urban areas. The big picture could be compared to trends in Europe and Northern America. When taking a closer look, though, the empirical findings reveal “idiosyncratic” characteristics linked to the incentives and the spatial context of these initiatives. In some cases, their aim is to ensure household access to quality and affordable food products and/or to create a food security safety net for vulnerable groups of the population. In other cases, they are seen as the solution for ensuring employment and income. To conclude, it is evident that the crisis has been the catalyst not only for the emergence of such initiatives, but also for the ambiguities and contradictions that characterize them.

Keywords: consumption, production, food, alternative agro-food networks, Greece, crisis.


RN12_08a_H: Migration and the Environmental Crisis
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: HA.3.10

Bridging the GM divide: Towards a consensus-based mediated dialogue

Aristeidis Panagiotou

Hellenic Federation of Enterprises, Greece

The recent EU Directive 2015/412, which has allowed Member States to restrict or prohibit the cultivation of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) on their territory, has brought to light three major dimensions of the GM controversy. Namely, the lack of scientific agreement on central aspects of the technology, the significant pressure on the political field from both GM advocates and skeptics for more robust regulation, and the public distrust towards this particular type of biotechnology. This paper suggests that while these three issues are institutionally distinct as they are anchored in different fields (scientific, political, public/civil), they can be fruitfully streamlined through a face-to-face participatory deliberation process. By critically synthesizing various models of mediated dialogue from the multi-disciplinary field of Conflict Resolution, a seven-stage consensus-based approach is proposed. The aim of this approach is twofold. Firstly, to foster intra-scientific dialogue through specific techniques that the appointed facilitator can routinely employ during specific stages of the process. Secondly, to substitute the typically crystallized in formal frameworks dichotomy of science-based evidence and value-base opinion with the idea of inclusive governance where scientists, decision-makers, and stakeholders are considered as equally influenced by the external environment of action and their own personal idiosyncrasies. Being flexible in its scope and complexity, the suggested informal dialogue can complement national and international decision-making processes as part of a holistic risk governance framework.


RN10_08c_IC: Bullying and Violence in Schools
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Athenaeum CC III

Digital anti-bullying program. An e-learning, bullying prevention platform

Evgenia Adamopoulou1, Panagiota Dionysopoulou2

1Computer science teacher in Secondary education, Greece; 2Hellenic Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs, Greece

Violent acts in school are one of the primary problems threatening school safety. Definitions of violence vary according to different environments and cultures. The WHO (World Health Organization) defines violence as; “the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, that either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm or deprivation".

This project is about a school prevention program, which is based on two European programs, the Europe's Anti-bullying Campaign “e-abc” and “Teachers4Europe” program.

We organized five meetings, one per week, which included the projection of a specific animated video about physical, psychological and verbal violence or cyber bullying incident and the related -to the topic- discussion as well. All videos were posted at our e-learning “Digital anti-bullying” platform. In addition, after the implementation of this part of the project, using the “Digital storytelling” method the students created their digital stories –presentations, games, quizzes, posters, videos and mind map presentations-. This educational method helps students not only to understand but also to deepen to the serious school violence issue. The students also participated in a survey about school violence and about their behavior at school and how this project helped them to improve it.

In conclusion, this platform may be used by teachers as an effective bullying prevention program. They can use the animated videos that we have created and we have posted at the site and then they study their case by using our questionnaires. Finally they may implement the digital storytelling method by teaching their students how to create digital presentations.


RN16_08a_P: General Call: Health Determinants
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: PC.1.7

Inequalities and Inequity in utilisation of health care among the older people in Greece during the pre-crisis period from 2004 till 2009

ISMINI DRAKOU

London School of Economics and Political Science, UK

The objective of the study is to employ quantitative empirical methods (Horizontal Index and Odds Ratios) to explore key aspects of equity in the receipt of health care in Greece among the older population 50+, via two nationwide (SHARE, Greek HIS) and one urban setting (PatraHIS) datasets and shed light on the equity issue in the use of health care before and after Greek NHS major reforms of 2001-4 and 2005-7.

The findings suggest that inequalities in health care exist mainly for the probability of specialist and dentist private visits. Income- related inequalities are less apparent in inpatient admissions and outpatient visits, favoring the less advantaged. Moreover, intra and interregional inequalities exist in most of health care services use except for probability of GP visits, favoring residents of thinly-populated areas. They are not apparent for inpatient care, as well. Furthermore even though we signify territorial disparities in the probability of specialist visit favoring the better off, once the positive contacts of specialist visits are included, the elderly have equal probability to make a specialist private visit, irrespective of their income and their region of residence. In addition, there is a regressive trend in OOP amount for inpatient admission in terms of ability to pay and region of residence favoring residents of thinly-populated areas and Central Greece region- who tend to be less advantaged. For outpatient care, there is a progressive trend in OOP amount in terms of ability to pay, SHIF coverage and region of residence.


RN37_08a_P: Urban Planning & Gentrification
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: PC.4.26

Middle class education strategies and segregation processes in mixed neighbourhoods in Athens

Penelope Vergou

University of Thessaly, Greece

This paper focuses on the explanation of different forms of middle classes education strategies centered on school choice in the city of Athens. The competition for education advantages and social mobility creates more class struggle and multiplies social racism especially in working-class areas of the city, with high mixture of groups with diverse socio- economic and ethnic and cultural differences.

In a period where financial crisis diminishes the financing of public goods, the powerful neoliberal economic relations makes the competition for education advantages more class oriented. Moreover, cities became the central issue of socio-spatial debate as the main units of receiving refugees either in state camps or in social housing. At present, refugees and asylum seekers are facing major problems especially in housing and education where local policies, bureaucratic practices and blocking strategies of ‘gatekeepers’ play an important role in segregation.

To this end the paper attempts to answer questions, such as: Which are the different educational strategies of middle class social strata and how their choices empower segregation? How the institutionalization of difference and inequality through education processes reproduce social segregation? How local policies and the institutions respond to ‘diversity’?

The empirical material is based mainly on data collected from secondary schools (grades, drop-out rates, transfers etc.) that are further supported with data from semi-structured in-depth interviews with parents, teachers and key actors. The result of the empirical research presents a closer examination on different forms of middle classes education strategies and focuses on the explanation of social segregation.


RS07_08a_H: Solidarities and Innovative Attempts to Cope with the Crisis
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: HA.2.7

Ventures of Solidarity in the Greek Crisis

Nikos Kourachanis1, Varvara Lalioti1, Dimitris Venieris2

1Panteion University, Greece; 2University of the Peloponnese

This paper explores conceptually and empirically current dimensions of solidarity in Greece during the long huge crisis. Utilizing a broad range of secondary and primary data, including interviews for four case studies, our aim is to delve into the notion and expressions of solidarity, as these are reflected in policy changes and solidarity activities in four core areas of need: health, employment, housing and education. The paper begins by identifying sociological ideas about solidarity and facets of inequality in Greece. Next, the analysis turns into the respective four core social policy areas. It is argued that while the crisis resulted inter alia in the deterioration of the services provided in the fields of health, employment, housing and education, it also enforced a range of solidarity manifestations. For each policy area the discussion of the implications of the crisis is followed by the examination of solidarity activities and one case study, that is: social clinics, as exemplified by the social solidarity clinic in Corinth in the field of health; labour market, voucher programmes in the field of employment; the 'Housing and Reintegration Programme' in the field of housing; and solidarity schools, as exemplified by the 'Mesopotamia' solidarity school in Moschato in the field of education.


RS01_08a_P: (Un)Making Solidarities III
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: PD.4.37

Capitalism, Solidarities and Unmaking Europe: Dismantling "European" Social Policy during the Greek crisis

DIMITRIS VENIERIS

University of the Peloponnese, Greece

This work provides an account of un-making Social Europe during the Greek crisis. The initial argument is that the austerity international plan enforced is at odds with the very idea of Europe and threatens the remaining principles of the European Social Model. Its first objective is to identify the stark imbalances of the residual Greek social policy system and to provide a narrative for the urgent reform imposed. Its second one, is to highlight the huge social implications of this violent change and its alarming discontinuities with the notion of European solidarity. Its third one, is to signify the uncontrolled inherent contradictions of deregulated capitalism which promote inequality and devalues labour. The neoliberal 'rescue' plan imposed by the EU/IMF/ECB concentrated upon cutting budgets by abolishing social and squeezing political rights. In the country with the highest European unemployment and poverty rates, this plan strongly contradicts the notion of remaking Europe.

In particular, the paper provides an interpretation of the European role in institutionalised solidarity in Greece during the current crisis and focuses upon the social consequences of the austerity plan. The retrenchment strategy imposed highlights a sharp (and, for many, unjustified) contradiction between the policy choices made by the EU in response to the Greek economic crisis and the values embraced by ‘Social Europe’, including the Europe 2020 strategy. These choices enforce social devaluation and deprivation. Post-war Europe, an economic cooperation founded on political and social rights, focused on a commitment to full employment and social security. This appears not to be the case for remaking Europe today. Notably, we have to be concerned by the tendency to use 'Europe' as a metonym for the EU. The same applies for the use of the term 'European Social Policy' as a metonym of the 'Social Policy of the EU' -thank God, there are several other manifestations of supranational social policy within Europe.

The residual Greek welfare state has failed to tackle inequalities and to challenge market outcomes. The value deficit embedded in socio-political relations reproduced clientelism and commodification in welfare provision. But, the social policy agenda imposed because of the fiscal crisis contributed to a set of violent changes, which minimized social provision and maximized social deprivation. The ‘aid plan’ is based on overall devaluation in terms of income, welfare protection and labour rights. Austerity emerged as the standard policy response to boosting social need.

At the national front, loss of jobs, income and provision became the norm during the Greek crisis and produce huge and unjust social implications. At the international front, the austerity recipe prescribed for Greece aims at macroeconomic restoration at the expense of European welfare rights. The emerging inconsistency between economic austerity and social welfare threatens Europe not less than 'Brexit' and reproduces not only 'Euroscepticism' but also conservatism, populism, nationalism and, after all, racism all along the continent.


RN27_08a_P: The Dimension of the Gender
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: PC.4.27

Migrant women in Greece, integration process and citizenship

Laoura ALIPRANTI-MARATOU

University of Athens, Greece

While immigration in Greece started in the early 1980s, the first important influx of economic migrants to Greece took place in 1990s, making Greece a new destination country. It is also worth mentioning that, in the population migrating to Greece, there is a large share of women migrants, searching for employment and a better life.

Concerning the integration process of migrant women many studies highlight the crucial importance of citizenship issues. In particular, the fact that women are not enjoying their rights to have access to social goods (in particular to social security) and their rights to participate in social and political life of the countries of residence are key indicators used internationally to measure the degree of social integration of economic migrants. Accordingly, migrant women’s active political participation means a higher level of integration.

On the issue of migrants’ social integration in new destination countries, a research has been conducted by EKKE (National Centre for Social Research) in 2010- financed by the European Integration Fund-, on a sample of 600 economic women migrants having had residence and work permit.

The present paper presents some research conclusions of the above mentioned survey, regarding the integration process of migrant women, living on a legal status in our country . Moreover, the paper focuses on the issues of the interest and participation of the women migrant in political life as well as in collective political activities and organizational schemes.


RN12_08b_H: Science, Technology, and Innovation I
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: HA.2.8

Social media and the environmental movement in Greece, the case of #Skouries

Ioanna Ferra1, Charis Gerosideris2

1University of Leicester, United Kingdom; 2Keele University, United Kingdom

The study of the Greek environmental movement developed focusing on the case of Skouries forest in Halkidiki and the mobilizations against the mining activities of the Canadian Eldorado Gold. This case is considered to be as one of the most contemporary and indicative examples of the Greek environmental movement, which highlighted the contribution of in the emerge of collective actions and activism in the Greek crisis context, and at the same time, it pointed out the limitations and the vulnerabilities of the traditional/offline mass media too.

Focusing on these two points, the study developed through the analysis of online data (Twitter), which collected during the period March 2015 to March 2016 (#skouries). The analysis of the data concentrated on the investigation of online networks, pointing out online coalitions, communities and dominant actors (SNA), as well as on the examination of the hashtag #skouries, developing an insight on the evolution of hashtag and discourse (Semantic analysis). The collection and visualization of the data completed using NodeXL and Gephi, whereas the analysis of the data developed having based on the theoretical framework of Cyberconflict, indicating the contribution of digital media in the emerge of collective action, social movements and the socio-political conflict.

At the same time, a major consideration of the study is to understand the linkages between the Greek environmental movement and the contemporary wave of protests and movements, as raised both during the Greek crisis era (e.g. anti-austerity protests, etc.) and the global recession (e.g. OWS, Standing Rock Protest, etc.).


RS07_08a_H: Solidarities and Innovative Attempts to Cope with the Crisis
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: HA.2.7

The Neoendogenous approach and the resilience of Rural Greece: Looking deeper into the remedy of Rural Development

Alexandra Theofili

Harokopio University, Greece

During the past two decades Greek rural areas have undergone a series of social and economic transformations, mainly in the form of population change and economic restructuring. Agriculture is no longer the backbone of rural economy, employment and income generation resulting from traditional, primary sector activities have declined and farm household members have turned to other productive sectors of the rural economy or even migrated to the urban areas.

However, the «de-ruralization» process suggested above, appears to be reversed during the long recession that the Greek economy is undergoing since 2010. Although the austerity measures led to unprecedented unemployment rates and severe income reduction, Greek rural areas compared to the urban proved to be more «resilient». According to Greek Statistical Authority unemployment rates in rural areas remained below the national average, the contribution of agriculture sector to GDP has raised, the number of the employees in the agricultural sector remains stable and moreover an outward migration towards the rural areas has been recorded.

Taking under consideration the evolution and consolidation of Neoendogenous Rural Development (NERD) theories, which stress out the role of non-local actors in the potential of rural areas to shape their future, this paper will attempt to describe the social and economic transformations that took place in the Greek countryside, present how the long economic recession affected the «de-ruralization» process and attempt to identify any links between the counter urbanization and the implementation of LEADER initiative -a European NERD policy- in the Greek countryside.


RN10_08c_IC: Bullying and Violence in Schools
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Athenaeum CC III

Violence in Secondary education, An Empirical study in Greece

Magdalini Eleftheroglou

Panteion University, Greece

The purpose of this paper is to examine the relations of violence developed in the school environment, between students and professors in Secondary Education in Greece. For the purposes of our research we chose the qualitative method and in particular the sampling ratio with semi-structured interviews of students. Through students’ recorded incidents of violence we try to understand firstly the way in which relations of violence are expressed, the types and the frequency of violent incidents between students and professors, the graduation and extent of different forms of violence, the kind of school that violent incident take place, the factors affecting the occurrence of violent incidents and also the factors affecting the occurrence of violent relationship that violent incidents presuppose and entail.

The main purpose of this paper is to examine the way that students perceive the violence between themselves and their professors. Additionally, we try to understand how students assess the violent incidents. Finally, we also try to understand if professors meet the expectations of their students and additionally what kind of relationships would students like to have with their professors.


RN25_08a_IC_RT_2: ROUNDTABLE: Immigration Related Activism
Time: 31/Aug/2017: 6:00pm-7:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Aphrodite II

“You can not evict a movement”. No Border Actions and Refugee Common Spaces in Idomeni and Thessaloniki

Charalampos Tsavdaroglou

Aristotle University Thessaloniki, Greece

The ongoing refugee streams that derive from the Middle East and North African conflict areas are a central issue to the growing socio-spatial debate about the different facets of contemporary crisis. While borders, in the era of globalization, constitute porous passages for capital goods, at the same time they function as new enclosures for migrant and refugee populations. Nevertheless, the moving populations contest border regimes and exclusionary policies and create a nexus of emerging common spaces.

A noticeable body of literature is currently emerging, exploring aspects of social philanthropy, NGOs’ activities and State immigration policies related to the ongoing refugee crisis. However, there is little attempt to research how the refugees themselves self-organize and enact the production of seemingly anonymous, however highly personal and collective common spaces. The proposed paper aims to fill this gap.

The paper focuses empirically on Greece, which is situated at the epicentre of the refugee crisis, and on Idomeni and Thessaloniki in particular. Idomeni is the main exodus point where during 2015-2016 it was established a makeshift settlement with almost 20.000 people seeked to survive in appalling and precarious conditions. Thessaloniki is the city with the highest ratio of refugees per residents across the EU and in July 2016 it was organized a transnational No Border Camp, where activists from all around Mediterranean and Europe come together with migrants in a self-organized and direct-democratic gathering.

Following the background context, in this presentation, which is based in participatory action research and militant ethnography, I explore how the newcomers challenge the existing socio-spatial power relations and produce unique and porous common spaces, spaces in movement and threshold spaces.


SP11: Care Labour and Affective Labour in the Global Care Chain
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 9:00am-10:30am · Location: PC.1.7

On the Global and Local Intersections of Care and Technology-Assisted Reproduction: Internet-Mediated Surrogacy in Greece and Cyprus

KONSTANTINA DAVAKI

LONDON SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS, United Kingdom

This presentation examines issues of surrogacy in the context of two EU countries (Greece and Cyprus) which share significant characteristics. Both are or have been subject to EU-imposed austerity programmes; both are entry points to Europe; finally, they are the only EU member states which allow altruistic surrogacy.

The presentation analyses the impact of recession and austerity policies on the supply of surrogate mothers in the two countries for commercial purposes.

The presentation will focus on the narratives of prospective surrogates and intended parents involving the notions of solidarity, altruism, sisterhood, as well as the role of the mainstream and social media in informing the public debate on the issue.

To examine the above, the presentation will use desktop research methods to identify websites providing surrogate services. The content of such websites is expected to give a sense of the extent of online-arranged surrogacy in the two countries. We will also analyse interviews given to the media by gynaecologists and intended parents, available on the web and identify the ways in which the phenomenon is communicated to the media. In addition, through scrutinising the relevant blogs and social media we will attempt to analyse the contributions and comments of the surrogates themselves using critical discourse analysis, so as to identify the perspectives of surrogates and the ways in which their experience is presented online.

SHORT BIOGRAPHY:

Dr Konstantina Davaki is Research Fellow in Social Policy at the London School of Economics. Her main research interests are gender, comparative social policy, bioethics, care, work/life balance, violence against women, mental health and welfare ideologies in a globalised world. Since 2010 she has been advising the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality (FEMM) of the European Parliament. Her academic publications include articles in peer-reviewed journals, book chapters and reports: Davaki,K. (2017) ‘Surrogacy arrangements in austerity Greece: policy considerations in a permissive regime’ in Davies,M. (ed) Babies for Sale?:Transnational Surrogacy and the Politics of Reproduction, Zed Books; Davaki, K. (2016) Demography and Family Policies from a Gender Perspective, DG IPOL. European Parliament; Davaki,K. (2016) Differences in Men’s and Women’s Work, Care and Leisure Time, DG IPOL, European Parliament; Brunet,L. Davaki,K et al. (2013) A Comparative Study in the Regime of Surrogacy in EU Member States, DG IPOL, European Parliament.


SP13: Public Sociology and Public Intellectuals in Times of Europe's Crisis
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 9:00am-10:30am · Location: PC.2.14

Solidarities Confronting Europe’s Crises Through Alternative and Transnational Action Organizations

Maria Kousis

University of Crete, Greece

Solidarities confronting hard times in European spaces have been increasing since the recent economic and refugee crises. This presentation will offer main findings on solidarity initiatives and practices since 2007, which have been produced in LIVEWHAT and TransSOL, two European Commission funded research projects covering solidarity experiences in nine and eight countries respectively. More specifically the presentation will document major features of Alternative Action Organizations as well as Transnational Solidarity Organizations, using fresh data produced with a new method, Action Organization Analysis. Created for the needs of the specific research on solidarity initiatives, the method is based on protest event, protest case and political claims analysis and uses a hubs-website approach to build its randomly selected national samples.

These Action Organizations embody citizens’ initiatives and networks of cooperation amongst civil society actors engaging in strategic alternative/solidarity actions in the public sphere, and aiming to provide alternative ways of enduring day-to-day difficulties and challenges under hard times, especially relating to urgent needs (food, health, shelter), the economy, environment, communications, alternative consumption/food sovereignty, self-organized spaces, culture, and others. These initiatives/organizations are not operated or exclusively supported by mainstream economic and political organizations (i.e. corporate, state, or EU related agencies).

The data show that different patterns of solidarity are evident across European spaces unveiling varying organizational types, beneficiaries and participants, solidarity orientations, aims, action types as well as supplementary activities to reach them.

SHORT BIOGRAPHY:

Maria Kousis (PhD University of Michigan 1984) is Professor of Sociology and Director of the Centre for Research and Studies in Humanities, Social Sciences and Pedagogics at the University of Crete. Her work focuses on political, economic and environmental contention, as well as social change and impacts of the recent crises. She was coordinator of the EC DGXII project ‘Grassroots Environmental Action & Sustainable Development in the Southern European Union’ and partner in EC projects including TEA, PAGANINI and MEDVOICES. Publications include 11 edited volumes/books/special issues and more than 60 articles/book chapters, including Economic and Political Contention in Comparative Perspective (co-edited with Charles Tilly; Paradigm, 2005). She is more recently involved as partner in the European Commission projects LIVEWHAT and TransSOL where she is leader of work packages on alternative forms of resilience and innovative paths to transnational solidarity, respectively. Furthermore, with Jochen Roose she has co-ordinated the GGCRISI project on public sphere attributions of responsibility in Germany and Greece (2009-2013) funded by the Greek and German Ministries-http://www.ggcrisi.info/.


RN35_09b_P: Figuring Migrants and Migration
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PC.3.19

Fluid populations: “flows,” control and the migration crisis in Greece

Giannis Gkolfinopoulos

Panteion University, Greece

Migration, already an expressly critical issue for both the Greek nation-state and the European Union, has acquired an even more prominent position in public discourse since 2015, elevated to the status of a crisis with Greece as its epicenter. Framed either as “migrant”, “refugee” or “humanitarian”, this crisis feeds into the ubiquitous crisis-discourse inscribing unauthorized human mobility in the securitized field of problems (threats) that need to be urgently managed, such as the (vulnerable) economy, poverty, crime, unemployment and terrorism.

As part of a wider project aiming to unravel the meaning of migrant crisis through discourse analysis, this paper focuses on its “official” (state and EU discourse) and “popular” (media) representations in contemporary Greece from the spring of 2015 to the present. Taking the hydraulic/managerial discourse of "flows" as point of entry, the paper maps the specific form of the challenges migration is seen to pose to the established social and political order and seeks to elucidate the very perspective from which contemporary migration emerges as crisis. Drawing from a body of work that grasps state power and the law as constitutive of the form of migration, the paper argues that this crisis comprises a social process inextricably intertwined with the nation state and the European Union project and critically addresses the hierarchical separation between illegal(ized) migrants and refugees.


RN25_09a_P: (Re)Doing Europe: the Making and Breaking of Transnational Solidarity Networks in Times of Economic Crisis
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PB.2.44

Migration in Solidarity or Solidarity-tourism? Greece between anarchism, civic volunteers and NGOs

Leslie Carmel Gauditz

University Bremen, Germany

Greece has become one of the major stages for transnational solidarity activism. Especially since the 2015’s “summer of migration” the Aegean islands, but also metropolitan areas or camps at the border like Idomeni have attracted pro-refugee supporters from all over the world. This created and creates a very heterogeneous field consisting of anarchist activists, civic volunteers with humanitarian goals (and some free time between university or work) and professional NGOs. More often than not, the scene is completed by refugee-migrants (possibly belonging to one of the groups above) who decided to stay and help. It is a largely under-researched wave of temporary migration to Greece: depending on the site, active Greeks almost seem to be outnumbered by people from abroad. All these different actors carry very different power resources, and the question arose: In what way does short-term activity produce and effect the scene of refugee-solidarity in Greece? Activists have to negotiate who takes responsibility for decisions made for local projects, that want to help refugees but which could harm refugees or Greek infrastructures. At the same time, the material resources as well as energy and motivation of supporting migrants are pivotal to sustain a lot of projects. At the ESA2017 I would like to present partial analysis of a field stay in 2016, which was part of my ongoing PhD project. I will outline and cluster problems and advantages that can arise when a) different cultures (of country of origin and political cultures) produce friction and b) the time dimension produces very different needs for actors supporting refugees.


RS01_09a_P: (Un)Making Solidarities 4
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PE.3.40

Social Clinics and Pharmacies of Solidarity (SCPS)

Chryssa Kousoulenti, Georgia Petraki

Panteion University, Greece

Social Clinics and Pharmacies of Solidarity (SCPS) are structures developed as a rejoinder of the citizens to the austerity policies that led to the degradation of public healthcare and medical services and to the consequent creation of millions of uninsured citizens. They are voluntary self-organized structures, which, under the slogan "No one alone in crisis", operate on three levels:

A) On the provision of health and medical services to uninsured, unemployed, economically weak, migrants and refugees, without racial, class, sexist or other discriminatory.

B) On highlighting, recording and denouncing both of the changes in the health sector and the dramatic consequences associated with those.

C) On claiming free health care for everybody without exceptions.

The so far empirical study has shown that SCPS adopt radical kinematic characteristics, since they operate with direct democratic procedures, co-decision and without formal hierarchies. They reject in practice dominant capitalistic values such as taking money or adopting sponsors, while they offer highly professional services. Furthermore, they redefine the concept of volunteering as a political act of social solidarity and offer, detached from charity. Additionally, they promote the social economy and the concept of participatory social planning, which, despite its inherent weaknesses, seems to have significant advantages. Finally, the empirical example of SCPS sets an urgent demand for structural social and political change, while at the same time sets in practice the guidelines of this change.


RN27_09a_P: General Session: Solidarity and Work in the South
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PC.4.27

Vulnerable States' pursuit of solidarity as a necessity for democratic equality in the European Union

NIKITAS ALIPRANTIS

Strasbourg University and Democritus University of Thrace, Greece

In spite of the illusion created by the Charter of Fundamental Rights, the EU has aligned itself with the transmuted international capitalism and its break from the fundamental democratic principle of equality between States and their citizens in some fields. According to recent official statistics, the want of political solidarity has led four EU countries (Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Bulgaria), to assert that their participation in the EU is not advantageous to them.

To overcome the unmaking of Europe, it is indispensable and of vital importance, from the sociological point of view, to create political solidarity, joined with and supported by social forces (i.e. working and unemployed people as well as people hit by the austerity measures) not only of Mediterranean countries but - as it has already been suggested in the past - also of Balkan countries (and, perhaps, Ukraine in the future). They are all victims of inequality, inequity and one-sided arbitrary decisions, even if these are often formally presented as bilateral or multilateral, but in real terms they have become marginal.

Under present conditions, the objective of such large, energetic and engaging action would be, on the one hand, to enlighten these countries as to their gradually increasing indebtedness, social degradation and lack of fundamental principles, and, on the other hand, to prompt them to pursue real equality. If such initiative and activity does not succeed in altering today’s reality, the disintegration of the EU seems to be inevitable.


RN16_09b_P: Chronic Siseases and New Health Policies in the Capitalist Era II
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PC.2.9

Difficult return to the labor market: professional re/integration of people with chronic health conditions in Greece and Poland (results from the PATHWAYS research project)

Aleksandra Pilat1, Barbara Wozniak1, Beata Tobiasz-Adamczyk1, Anastasia Vlachou2, Panayiota Stavroussi2, Olga Roka2

1Department of Medical Sociology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Poland; 2Department of Special Education, University of Thessaly, Greece

In European countries the situation of people with disabilities at the labor market is regulated, unlike the situation of people with specific health conditions, but not having the “certificate of disability”. Among these conditions there are depression, chronic headaches, diabetes, musculoskeletal disorders, COPD and cardiovascular disease. Specific solutions to improve work ability and employability of these groups of patients are needed, like policies, systems and services tailored to their needs and abilities restricted by health problems.

PATHWAYS project contributes to the development of innovative approaches to promote the professional re/integration of persons with chronic health problems. The main aim of the project is to increase participation of chronically ill individuals in the labor markets through increasing their work ability. Work ability is a result of a combination of different factors, including individual-level and workplace-related factors (Ilmarinen 2009). Identification of systemic solutions and work-related conditions that are favorable to professional activity of persons with chronic conditions is among main objectives of the project.

The first stage of the PATHWAYS project research was aimed to investigate the policies, systems and services addressed to the people with restricted ability to work, existing in ten European countries. Mixed-methods approach was employed, including literature review, expert in-depth interviews with representatives of public, private and NGOs agencies providing support in professional re/integration to people with specific health conditions and internet survey with experts representing organizations working in the field of professional activization and re/integration of chronically ill individuals.

Aim of the presentation is to analyze results of the research conducted in Poland and Greece and to discuss them against the background of the situation in other European countries.


RN25_09a_P: (Re)Doing Europe: the Making and Breaking of Transnational Solidarity Networks in Times of Economic Crisis
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PB.2.44

Networks of social movements in Greece and their transnational dimensions during the Euro-crisis

Sevasti Chatzopoulou

Roskilde University, Denmark

The importance of networks in social movements studies has been extensively acknowledged in the literature (Diani & McAdam, 2003; Krinsky and Crossley, 2014; Diani, 2015). In the literature, 'networks are often conceived either in structural terms through their role in connecting prospective activists to a protest opportunity, or in interpretative terms by shaping identity, which is essential in order to become involved in contention’ (Passy and Monsch, 2014:24). Since the European Sovereign Debt (ESD) crisis, one important question on social movements’ mobilization, concerns the extent to which social movements develop interactions within emerging networks at different levels -local, national or transnational- in order to make use of emerging and evolving political opportunity structures.

This article maps and analyses the emergence of networks of social movements since the ESD crisis in Greece and their transnational dimensions. Specifically, the article investigates how networks’ relations (ties) among the social movements (nodes) affect diffusion of information and exchange of resources in their effort to target and influence policy decisions (austerity measures) and their institutionalization processes. In doing so, the article uses the Social Network Analysis (SNA) method based on data collected through surveys. By using SNA statistical measurements, the article presents different dimensions of the network structures and levels (local, national and transnational) that these networks operate.

The analysis of the relations of the movements in the network shows that there are cognitive links (targets, issues) that tie the movements together in the network and enhance collective mobilization activities. Moreover, the network structures present noticeable transnational dimensions with respect to their relations (ties) but also concerning issues, targets and solutions since the ESD.


RN18_09b_IC: Social Media, Connection or Disconnection?
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Aphrodite II

Smartphones, Individual And Group Use: Introduction To a ‘Smart’ Era.

Nikolaos Sfakianos

Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences, Greece

The history of mobile technology dates back to 1983, when the first mobile phone was invented. Smartphones are the evolution of the first mobile phones and comprise a technologically advanced gadget. When it comes to everyday life, it is identified that people spend more and more time on these devices. This observation lead to questioning whether this use has social consequences and if it changes the way social subjects interact. This paper focuses both on individual and group use of smartphones, trying to identify what makes smartphones so attractive to use, how does this device affect social relations and if it can replace our human friend. To answer these questions a preliminary research was conducted, results of which are presented in this essay, and use of bibliographic information was made. In addition, the social and communicative context of modern society is defined and a description of how things works at the time of information age is given. Coming to an end, we will see that connectivity differs from communication, that information it’s not the same with knowledge. But the main question still remains: can smartphones get us closer to a ‘smart’ era?

Key words: Smartphones, communication, information age, smart era.


RN27_09a_P: General Session: Solidarity and Work in the South
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PC.4.27

The impact of applying alternative definitions to the European Union Labour Force Survey measurement of the unemployment rate for Southern Europe 2008-2014

Aggeliki Yfanti, Catherine Michalopoulou, Anastasia Charalampi

Panteion University of Political and Social Sciences, Greece

Background: The unemployment rate is an important indicator with both social and economic dimensions considered to signify a country’s social and economic wellbeing. For its measurement the European Union Labour Force Survey (EU-LFS) is using a synthesized economic construct according to the International Labour Organization (ILO) conventional definitions of the employed, unemployed and inactive. However, in the literature, the need for using more than one measure especially in recessionary times is emphasized.

Purpose: To investigate by applying two broader alternative definitions the social profile of unemployment as it compares to the conventional definition.

Method: The analysis is based on the 2008-2014 datasets of the EU-LFS for Southern Europe: Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain. Two alternative definitions of the employment status are formulated as variations of the ILO conventional definitions. The social profile resulting from the alternative definitions of unemployment is then compared to that of the conventional definition.

Results: Applying these two broader alternative definitions to the Southern European LFS data, the findings show an increase of the official unemployment rate. Also, they reveal threatening unemployment rates for women, the young and those with no formal education.

Conclusions: Although, the changes in the definitions presented do not exhaust all possibilities, the results indicate the need, especially in recessionary times, for implementing alternative measures of unemployment to the EU-LFS in the tradition of the Current Population Survey.


RN08_RN35_09a_P_JS: JOINT SESSION: The European Refugee Crisis: Information Needs and Information Systems
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PC.6.32

Refugees and unaccompanied minors in Greece: evidence from the field.

Theoni Stathopoulou

National Centre for Social Research-EKKE, Greece

The unprecedented migration flows that Europe has witnessed since the spring of 2015 have become the focus of intense public debate and concern, fuelling social and political tensions across EU member-states. The EU-Turkey agreement has further complicated the lives of nearly 60.000 people entrapped in Greece, among them a considerable number of unaccompanied minors.

The paper will present the findings of the “REHEAL” survey conducted by the National Centre for Social Research in Greece in six refugee camps across the country during the summer of 2016 as well as the results of the “REHEAL-UaM” a pilot study on unaccompanied minors during the same period.

The main goal of the survey was to examine the reasons for fleeing the homeland, evaluation of living conditions in Greece, as well as self-reported health status, health care needs, and discriminative and traumatic experiences of the refugee population residing in the selected camps. REHEAL-UaM was conducted in the shelters of Attica with the use of adolescent depression scales and a questionnaire designed specifically for the pilot by the HRT (Harvard Program in Refugee Trauma)


RN02_09b_P: Cultural Heritage and Memory
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PC.3.20

Social engagement for heritage management and protection: public discourse on preserving modern architectural heritage in Greece

Maria Leni

Hellenic Ministry of Culture and Sports, Greece

Cultural heritage is protected and preserved by specific legislation. However, some cases of architectural heritage management and maintenance have implicated social actors’ involvement in the protection process.

According to the Greek Law “For the Protection of Antiquities”, the architectural works dating after the establishment of the Modern Greek state (1830) are protected when classified as monuments. Some 19th and 20th century buildings were listed as such and saved from demolition thanks to the vigorous intervention of different social groups.

Most of the social engagement and public discourse on architectural management policies share the same characteristics: the buildings have an important history and often special symbolic meaning, their management engaged the scientific society that published their anxiety on their preservation, there were political and scientific conflicts and, above all, many social groups were pressing on the subject, using all possible means of publication and communication of their positions.

As case studies, we are going to focus on different types of social involvement for the protection of some 19th and early 20th century buildings in Athens: Prime Minister D. Rallis’s house is one of the few remaining buildings of the early neoclassical period; the risk of its imminent demolition for the purposes of a new building construction mobilized cultural and social actors in order to save it. Accordingly, the protection of the neoclassical apartment buildings near the Acropolis Museum engaged not only the national, but also the international social community. Similarly, the determination to maintain the refugee apartment buildings on Alexandras Ave. led some social groups to the Council of State.


RN24_09a_P: Science, Technology, Innovation & Society II
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PC.4.26

Virtual Bodies and Sport Activities: The case of the Avatars in Second Life Fitness Club

Nikolaos Patsantaras, Irene Kamberidou

National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece

Virtual environments (VE) are virtual social spaces that provide powerful means for creating, activating and modifying virtual bodies—Avatars—without dependencies on biological factors,formal rules and explicit conventions. VE offer unlimited possibilities to create the desired body and express personal bodily preference in virtual sport spaces without restrictions regarding established roles and behavioural expectations. Such a VE is Second Life (SL) in which the user is represented by an Avatar. This study focuses on a virtual sport space: the Fitness Club of Second Life. It examines the rules and regulations of this virtual space along with the role of 26 Avatars as bodily representations, including their bodily behaviours-exercises-practices in the SL Fitness Club. The data for this study was selected through systematic observation of 26 Avatars (apx. 180 hours) during March, April and May 2015, followed by detailed descriptions of single phenomena. Regarding the structure of space and bodily behavior, the results indicate less differences between sport virtual spaces and sport physical spaces, the opposite of what we had originally assumed. According to the results, the Avatar Fitness Club appears to be a highly individualistic and narcissistic environment. Moreover, every user can perform his/her bodily activities in a rather liberating way, occasionally surpassing biological limitations. When the Avatars exercise they imitate the movements of the physical sport world, namely they mimic the physical body. Further studies are needed to show the influence of an Avatar’s performance-bodily exercises on the real user, the individual behind the computer screen. KEYWORDS: Avatars, Fitness Club, Second Life, bodily exercises


RN29_09a_P: Social Theory
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 11:00am-12:30pm · Location: PE.1.38

Democracy as a ‘form of society’. Claude Lefort’s post-foundational approach

Spiros Makris

University of Macedonia, Greece

According to the well-known French political and social philosopher Claude Lefort (1924-2010), democracy is not just a political regime but first and foremost a special ‘form of society’ (Lefort’s expression). To put the matter differently, democracy, in the sense of democratic revolution (1789), is the metonymy of modern society or modernity in general. As far as Lefort is concerned, the question of democracy in modernity is by definition the social question per se. In Lefort’s terms, ‘‘democracy (…) proves to be the historical society par excellence’’. This Claude Lefort’s Tocquevillean-inspired social theory of democracy is too crucial today because brings into focus the relevant question of right-wing populism in Europe and theoretically the question of Totalitarianism in contemporary political and social political theory. In accordance with the France philosopher, democracy is a form of society that is characterized from the phenomenon of disincorporation. This means that the locus of social power becomes an empty space. In other words, democracy as the main political form of modern society is an empty space. From this specific perspective, it is worth noting that democracy, as an open social space, includes within its ontological possibilities the ontological threat of Totalitarianism. So, democracy is always in a state of risk due to this ontological openness. Authoritarianism and Totalitarianism are always ante portas. Lefort’s democratic approach builds an agonistic theory of democracy, where citizens (here especially European citizens) should not take democracy for granting, but they need to constantly perceive it as a crucial stake or, in Jacques Derrida’s terms, always as a ‘democracy to come’.

Key words: democracy, form of society, democratic revolution, post-foundationalism, disincorporation, empty space, agonism


RN21_10a_P: Methodological Challenges of Quality of Life Research in Europe
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: PC.3.16

Investigating the structure of the 2006 European Social Survey measurement of wellbeing

Anastasia Charalampi, Catherine Michalopoulou, Aggeliki Yfanti

Panteion University of Political And Social Sciences, Greece

Background: In 2006, a module on personal and social wellbeing was included in the European Social Survey (ESS) questionnaire. Although, wellbeing was defined as a multidimensional construct, in the literature, to the best of our knowledge, there is no evidence on its structure (dimensionality) and psychometric properties.

Purpose: To investigate the structure and assess the psychometric properties of the personal and social wellbeing included in Round 3 of the ESS.

Method: ESS data of 2006 for Portugal and Spain were used. Each sample was split randomly into two halves. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) was performed on one-half sample in order to assess the construct validity of the scale. Then, the structure was validated by carrying out Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) on the second half sample. Based on the total sample, subscales were constructed according to the six key dimensions proposed for ESS: evaluative wellbeing (EV); emotional wellbeing (EM); functioning (FUN); vitality (VI); community wellbeing (CW); supportive relationships (SR). The subscales’ reliabilities and internal consistencies were investigated.

Results: EFA resulted in a six and four factor solution for Portugal and Spain, respectively. CFA showed an adequate fit for both the Portuguese ─ EM (negative), EV, EM (positive), FUN, CW, VI ─ and the Spanish model ─ EV, EM (negative), EM (positive), FUN.

Conclusions: Although our analysis did not confirm the theoretical structure of the ESS measurement of wellbeing, it did produce reliable and valid subscales. Our results suggest that further research is necessary at country level to provide subscales suitable for use in analyses.


RN05_RN09_10a_P_JS: JOINT SESSION: Financialisation of the Everyday I
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: PC.5.28

Living in Debt: Gendered Experiences of Household Indebtedness in Greece and Turkey

Pelin Kılınçarslan

Koç University, Turkey

In the last decades, use of credit cards and consumer loans has become a prominent phenomenon. Debt-based consumption is now such an ordinary practice that many households depend on credit to sustain basic needs. Easier availability of financial means, weak schemes of social protection, commodification of social life and growing socioeconomic inequalities have all played a role in creating the reliance on debt. Lower-income groups in particular are forced into borrowing for the necessities of social reproduction with credit operating as a neoliberal mode of inequality management. Given the pervasiveness of the phenomenon, it is essential that we know more about how debt and indebtedness is experienced: How do the recipients of credit perceive and practice indebtedness? What kind of intersectional subjectivities does debt create? What are the possibilities of politicization and depoliticization in these subjectivity formations? This paper aims to explore these questions comparatively in the everyday experiences of women who are residents of indebted households from low-and middle-income groups in Athens and Istanbul. On the one hand, the two cases represent weak economies, where debt is relatively a new phenomenon, and they currently share the highest rates of growth in household indebtedness with highest levels of household consumption among the OECD countries. On the other hand, they differ from one another in terms of gender inequality patterns. Based on in-depth interviews with women in the two contexts, this paper will point out the importance of the need for understanding indebtedness as a gendered process blurring the boundaries between production and reproduction, households and markets, the broader environment and daily life.


RN18_10a_IC: Media Coverage of Migration and Solidarity Networks
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Aphrodite I

Do alternative media in Greece build ‘politics of connection’ among diverse democratic struggles?

Pantelis Vatikiotis1, Dimitra Milioni2

1Kadir Has University, Turkey; 2Cyprus University of Technology, Cyprus

The rhizome metaphor has been used to describe alternative media and capture their characteristic diversity and fluidity, as well as the elusiveness and contingency of alternative media identities. The rhizome concept is about a network, and the non-lineal, nomadic ways in which the various points in the network connect to each other. It therefore implies the concept of the counterpublic sphere or sphericules. Rhizomatic media are necessarily diverse and do not operate within fixed set of rules; rather, rules are constantly being remade and new linkages are being formed (or existing linkages are being broken). However, what is also salient is the need for this diversity to link democratic struggles allowing the common articulation of different struggles and build a “politics of connection”, a nodal point that articulates different elements of radical politics into a coherent project able of realizing structural changes. Even within postmodernist accounts, thinkers call for joint action of alternative media with radical actors, internationalism and collective action.

Against this background, the present study maps the subjective, structural and informational relations and connections within the Greek alternative mediascape, drawing on interviews with media producers in 13 media alternative projects in Greece and a social network analysis (SNA) of their informational linking patterns. The analysis reveals various linkages and absences of linkages (sometimes where least expected), the presence of both cooperation/solidarity and isolationism/fragmentation, and the key role of how the various projects situate themselves in regard to (their own definitions of) ‘ideology’. Lastly, we discuss how these findings feed back into the concept of the rhizome in the context of alternative media.


RN10_10c_IC: Migration and Education II
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Athenaeum CC III

Immigrant integration opportunities in comparative context, and the changing role of education

Dionysios Gouvias

University of the Aegean, Greece

One of the most influential form of comparative assessment of teenagers over the past decade, has been the OECD’s PISA programme. During its successive stages (from 2003 to 2015), the PISA programme has shown –among other interesting things— that immigrant students score considerably lower than students without an immigrant background. However, immigrant students are not a homogenous group, which is based only on their place of birth, since their educational and occupational ‘pathways’ are shaped by the interplay between economic, cultural and social “capital” of their family, and numerous other personal characteristics (gender, IQ level etc.) and structural properties (e.g. sectoral structure of the economy) of their place of place of living. Given the --evident from sociological studies-- mediating role of familial “capital”, especially that of “economic” and “cultural capital”, on student achievement, we will use variables that correspond to parental “socio‑economic status” (SES) and “educational level”, to draw some preliminary conclusions about their strength and direction of association with immigrants’ achievement (overall and subject-specific) in the PISA testing.

Using cross-sectional data from successive rounds of the PISA assessment, we will try to evaluate

1. the actual change in performance of immigrant teenagers (i.e. 15-year olds) across time;

2. the between-countries differences in the change of performance across time;

3. the within-countries differences in the change of performance across time;

4. the correlation between immigrant students’ performance in PISA and their parental SES and education;

5. the change in the above correlations, across time and countries.


RN18_10b_IC: Theatricalization in Contemporary TV Fiction
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Aphrodite II

IMMIGRANT WOMAN: THAT DESPICABLE WHORE – images of women immigrants in two Greek T.V. serials of the 2000’s.

Regina Zervou

Institute for Education Policy, Greece

During the 90’s the structure and economy of Greek society changes due to the massive influx of immigrants coming from Middle East, Eastern Europe and Africa. The Greeks, being themselves an immigrant nation only a few decades before, seem perplexed in copying with the new situation. Fear, mistrust and stereotypes prevail. After having entered in the news broadcast on a daily basis, the immigrant narratives found their way to the family TV serials. But not just any immigrants: immigrant women, being the weakest link, are the ones mostly exposed to media maltreatment.

This study concerns two similar cases of immigrant woman’s representation in two very popular serials of greek T.V. in the beginning of the 21st century, right before the outburst of the economic crisis. ‘Ten minutes of sermon’ and ’50 – 50’, displayed during 2000-2003 and 2005 – 2007 respectively, were comic serials dealing with the problems of contemporary middle class families, such as divorce, adultery, adolescence, parent – child relations. The protagonists were ‘next door’ men and women that the audience could easily identify with. In both of them an immigrant woman with the exact characteristics makes her appearance as the ‘temptation’ of the married householder. These dominant images of female immigrants portray the way immigration and gender have been elaborated by the mass media, especially the mass cultural productions. The analysis considers the intersection between gender and race in the context of the problematic status of female immigrants through qualitative content analysis of the relevant episodes in those two TV serials.


RN08_10a_P: Linking Disaster Research and Conflict Theory
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: PC.6.32

Which growth model is the “fairest of them all”? Striving for equality and inclusiveness in times of austerity.

Sotiria Liakaki

Independent Researcher, Greece

In this paper, we will attempt to shed light on the content of the public debate that accompanies the concepts of growth and social justice in crisis-ridden Greece during the last two years.

Emphasis will be given to the repertoire of ideas invoked and policy measures implemented in various fields by the SYRIZA-led government, whose reference to and use of the "fair growth" term are omnipresent in its public discourse, encompassing an important conceptual and strategic role for said government’s policy choices.

First, our contribution will attempt to discern the very concept of the “fair growth” notion as well as the complex nexus of social justice, economic growth and equality of opportunity through a systematic examination of the “equitable” and “inclusive” growth approaches encountered in literature and research.

Secondly, this conceptual endeavor will be followed by an attempt to identify “fair growth” instances in current Greek public policy. What measures could be considered as promoting "fair growth" and what does it mean in terms of governance and democratic participation?

Thirdly, utilizing theoretical tools introduced and elaborated by the Quality of Government Institute (University of Gothenburg), we will turn to the crucial relationship between quality of government, equality and growth in search of policies enhancing social cohesion.

Finally, in our closing remarks we will conclude with a brief but concise note on the ideological and political framing of the Eurozone crisis. Is there any “window of opportunity” left for pursuing the “fair growth” model, not only within each member-state but also in the context of the EU as a whole?


RN02_10b_P: Arts as Theories, Arts as Research and the Sociology of the Arts
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: PC.3.20

What does the Crisis signify for the Greek Art?

Phillipos Goutzos, Fani Giannousi

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece

After the 2008 global economic crisis, Greece has been experiencing a tumultuous economic and political situation with massive riots, multiple political crisis and elections that shattered political, economical and social stability. Amidst this upheaval, the refugee crisis has further destabilized an already dazed and confused society. Art and culture have been affected, nevertheless, it has been posited that the crisis has probably further enhanced production, international visibility and mobility in the Greek artistic field. An increasing number of foreign artists is relocating in Athens, there is a plethora of performances and exhibitions, with special emphasis on the refugee crisis, receiving attention in Greek and international press.

This interest appears to eco predominantly a certain leitmotif; artistic creation is encouraged or has emerged directly as a response to the economic and humanitarian crisis. This may stem from the system of values that runs across the art world: the correlation of socio-political situation and art. This rhetoric suggests that art and subversive politics, creativity and social turmoil are closely interrelated. But to this argument there is a retort. It is pointed out that this approach is either part of a bio-political program of control, or the fashionable response of a cosmopolitan elite, institutions and high profile artists to the problems of global capitalism. Instead, a precise examination of the specific variations or manifestations of this phenomenon in local artistic fields is required. This presentation attempts to investigate the transformations of “the contemporary art in crisis” in Greek socio-cultural context.


RN30_10b_P: Social Exclusion
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: PC.3.15

And yet they have always been moving! An intergenerational account of labour mobility and precarity

Dimitrios Parsanoglou

Panteion Univerity of Social and Political Sciences, Greece

The discourse on precarity has been developed since the early 1980s in order to encompass all possible shapes of unsure, not guaranteed, flexible types of work: from illegalised, seasonal and temporary employment to homework, flex- and temp-work to subcontractors, freelancers or so called self-employed persons. While discourses on labour market flexibility, developed during the same period, insisted on the economic optimisation that flexible working arrangements could generate within an increasingly competitive globalised environment, discourses on precarity highlighted the degrading effects of the ‘flexibilisation’ or ‘casualisation’ of labour markets on workers’ lives.

In this paper, we will put precarity into a historical, more precisely into an intergenerational perspective. Our presentation will be based on empirical material retrieved from 33 life course interviews with men and women of three age cohorts (i.e. people born in 1950-55, 1970-75 and 1990-95), in the framework of the HORIZON 2020 project “NEGOTIATE: Overcoming early job insecurity in Europe”. Through the interviews, albeit strong differentiations regarding the macroeconomic environment, i.e. the resounding effect of post-2008 financial crisis on contemporary young workers, one can find persisting forms of precarity, accompanied by diverse patterns of mobility. Drawing from experiences during the early work life, linked to one way or another to structural characteristics of each respective period, we will try to provide a diachronic account of precarity and mobility in the context of the Greek labour market(s).


RN18_10a_IC: Media Coverage of Migration and Solidarity Networks
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 2:00pm-3:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Aphrodite I

Online practices of migrant solidarity networks across Greece and Turkey

Eylem Yanardagoglu, Pantelis Vatikiotis

Kadir Has University, Turkey

The contribution of existing and emerging activist groups and solidarity networks to the refugee/migrant crisis has put the use of online tools and social media at heart of debates regarding further mobilization and formation of action frames.

Different approaches point out, more or less, the determining role of the social technologies in the formation and organization of activist processes and practices on the basis of ‘networked sharing activities’.

The present study critically reflects on the development of networking and sharing patterns across the formation of solidarity groups for the refugees and immigrants and the organization of relevant actions in Turkey and Greece.

In theoretical level, the study draws on the theoretical framework of ‘connective’ action developed by Lance Bennett and Alexandra Segerberg (2012) and evaluates the shortcomings and challenges of communicating messages/events and organizing solidarity actions through local, national and transnational networks.

In empirical level, it probes into eight migrant solidarity groups in Turkey and Greece (four in each case) which have significant online presence in order to explore the ways in which they use social media for mobilizing and organizing actions. The data includes in-depth interviews conducted in Athens, Thessaloniki, Istanbul and Izmir, as well as participant observation of the No Border Camp 2016 in Thessaloniki.

Solidarities may be fragmented between societies across Europe while skepticism towards new media and social technologies is enduring. However, the economic and political crisis seem to facilitate the constitution of new solidarities as activist groups increasingly appear to be more open to utilize digital media tools to reach out other networks.


RN20_11a_P: General Issues in Qualitative Research II
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PC.4.22

Collective identity and anti-austerity protest: Graffiti from Athens’ city-center

Dimitris Serafis1, Dimitris Kitis2, Argiris Archakis3

1University of Neuchatel, Switzerland; 2University of the Witwatersrand, Johannersburg; 3University of Patras, Greece

This paper examines the way that collective identity was discursively constructed during the anti-austerity protests of June 28 and 29, 2011 on the environs of the Greek parliament. Drawing on the framework of Critical Discourse Analysis, we study the interrelation between macro-level of dominant values and views (e.g. austerity), and micro-level of individual positions as expressed in graffiti slogans, which appeared during the protests. We conduct a systemic functional (SF) analysis to scrutinize the transitivity structures of graffiti slogans and we employ the notion of anti-language as central at the micro-level. We draw on the notion of collective identity, as this is examined in studies of collective action and social movements, to frame the graffiti at the macro-level. Among our main findings is that the writers of graffiti slogans construct their collective identity on a two-fold oppositional axis: the first consists of the dominant institutions (e.g. government, IMF) or “others”, which are negatively represented, while the second consists of a positively represented and inclusive in-group or “we”. We provide representative examples to illustrate the aforementioned findings.


RN12_11b_P: Environmental Behavior and Attitudes
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: PC.2.13

MULTI-STAKEHOLDER PERCEPTIONS OF BIOENERGY IN GERMANY, GREECE AND THE UK: A COMPARATIVE STUDY

Eugenia Petropoulou1, Vasiliki Petousi1, Constantinos Iliopoulos2, Irine Theodorakopoulou2, Hanneke Mol3, Neil Simcock4, Rebecca Whittle5

1University of Crete, Department of Sociology, Greece; 2Agricultural Economics Research Institute, Athens, Greece; 3University of Northumbria, Department of Social Sciences, UK; 4University of Manchester, Department of Geography, UK; 5University of Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre, UK

Over the last decade, bio-energy has been included in the broader policy framework for renewables in many EU member countries. The impact and consequences of bio-fuels has predicated complex relationships between different state, capital and society stakeholders, often highly specific to a particular locale. On a global level, bio-fuel debates are framed in terms of biodiversity, conservation and climate justice. This presentation will identify the frequent mismatch between global and local concerns as exemplified by local stakeholders in the context of three European countries namely: Germany, Greece and the UK. At the same time we are concerned with the discursive frames through which bio-fuels are promoted or opposed by different stakeholders from the three countries under study. What are the issues that unite and divide key stakeholders of the three countries around bio-fuels? What are the institutional structures and culture of energy consumption on which a bio-fuels complex depends? What alternative political and ecological visions are emerging to call the bio-fuels complex into question? Are there alternative bio-fuel development trajectories that support local livelihoods, protect the environment and are rooted in principles of social justice?

Based on qualitative research, this presentation addresses and answers the above mentioned questions through the utilization of personal interviews between different stakeholders involved in the bio-fuels regime in the cases of Greece and Germany and a focus group in the case of the UK.


RN18_11b_IC: Digital Activism and (Alternative) Media
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Aphrodite II

Celebrity activism during the Greek refugee crisis

Sofia Nika

National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece

The ongoing Greek refugee crisis has attracted a plethora of celebrities who wanted to witness the drama of thousands of war-torn people striving to reach the shores of the North Aegean islands. Global and national celebrities have offered their solidarity to the refugees’ plight, and praised the local communities for responding to the situation with responsibility and generosity. In their effort to mobilise public support and raise awareness, they utilised their personal social media, publicised the accounts of their visits, participated in media campaigns and fundraising events. Whereas these actions were received to a great extent with fervour, some were subjected to a hail of criticism and sparked controversy (e.g. celebrities wearing emergency jackets took selfies at the Cinema for Peace gala, the cover of the Greek magazine “Down Town” which featured celebrities posing as refugees). Of course, criticism levelled at celebrity activism is not uncommon. Celebrities’ motives behind their involvement in humanitarian causes and the sincerity of their philanthropy are often questioned. Nonetheless, it’s still of particular interest why Greek celebrities’ actions of solidarity during the refugee crisis were largely decried. This paper, through the discourse analysis of media articles covering Greek celebrities’ humanitarian actions for the refugees and relevant tweets in the Greek Twittersphere, will examine why both the Greek media and public were highly critical of Greek celebrity activism. It will be argued that the disapproval of Greek celebrity activism interrelates with the idiosyncratic structure of the Greek celebrity system, as well with the recent socio-economic conditions.


RN18_11a_IC: Twitter, the New Political Communication Medium?
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Aphrodite I

Twitter and Populism: The case of four Greek political leaders

Iosif Chalavazis

National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece

In this thesis I analyze how populism, the thin-centered ideology, transforms into the world of Twitter. Is still the same populism as we knew from the past, or the new media technologies lead in to a new dogma? By using a framing model, I measure the populistic rhetoric of four party leaders (Alexis Tsipras of SYRIZA, Kyriakos Mitsotakis of ND, Fofi Genimata of PASOK and Panos Kammenos of ANEL) and after that, by combining quantitative and qualitative methodologies I attempt to describe the new form of populism and its characteristics. Also in this paper I examine the theories around Twitter as a tool of Political Communication and their methological research problems.


RN18_11a_IC: Twitter, the New Political Communication Medium?
Time: 01/Sep/2017: 4:00pm-5:30pm · Location: Intercontinental - Aphrodite I

Social Media. The political expression aspect

Marina Rigou

Panteion University of Athens, Greece

Social media, a proper subset of new media, has changed the way we communicate in a revolutionary way. It does not only constitute a new multilevel and multifaceted communication model, but a new culture as well: The culture of continual connectivity. Based on user participation and user generated content, social media gave people the power to express themselves, to interact and to networking, and also to mobilize others for causes. It was a promise for revitalizing the public sphere and enhancing the political procedure and political communication. But this promise was not fulfilled. This paper examines the causes of this “frustration” and analyses the conditions of this “new political communication” using the 2008 USA elections campaign (“This campaign is about you”) which established social media as a useful personalized tool for raising money and supporters.

Social media gave the power to people to raise their voice and intervene whenever they think is necessary. Politicians also bypass the traditional media gatekeeping. Christine Lagarde felt the pressure of the people when in an interview with Guardian on May 2012, said she had more sympathy for the little kids in Niger than the stricken by the economy crisis people in Athens. Angry Greeks waged Facebook war against IMF head and she was forced to post a statement saying she was "very sympathetic to the Greek people". This paper examines also the comments on her post and the separate Facebook page that had sprung up titled "Greeks are against Lagarde" and answers to the questions that this kind of expression arise: What kind of public sphere social media constitute and which are the consequences on politics and society.

 
 
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