The Second European Union Minoritites and Discrimination Survey (EU-MIDIS II): surveying immigrants and minorities in the EU today
European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), Austria
Despite the continuing demand for data on immigrants and ethnic minorities and an increasing availability of socio-economic migration statistics, a considerable lack of data comparable across the EU on fundamental rights issues concerning immigrants and ethnic minorities persists. The reasons are manifold such as diverging definitions of the target groups and difficulties to properly cover the target population with traditional data collection methods. One of the main challenges faced when surveying hard-to-reach groups is the lack of sampling frames or their incompleteness. A cross-country and/or cross-cultural survey design introduces additional complexity in surveying immigrants and ethnic minorities. The paper discusses these challenges by outlining the approach of the second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey (EU-MIDIS II), which the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) conducted in 2015-2016 to assess progress over the past seven years since the first EU-MIDIS survey was carried out in 2008.
This EU-MIDIS ii survey gathered comparable data in all 28 EU Member States to assist EU institutions in developing evidence-based legal and policy responses to respect, protect and fulfil the rights of persons with immigrant or ethnic minority background, including Roma. It covers topics such as experiences of discrimination in different areas of life, criminal victimisation (including hate crime), social inclusion and societal participation.
Expectations, hopes and fears among migrants and refugees in Germany – a longitudinal perspective
Criminological Research Institute of Lower Saxony (KFN), Germany
Every year around. 100,000 people move to Lower Saxony, a region in Germany, from abroad. Especially in summer, 2015 Europe was challenged by a heavy increase of refugees. It is known why these people decided to take this step but we are unaware, which fears and hopes are connected with their decision to leave their country and live abroad. In addition we do not know what kind of expectations the migrants have or how they estimate their own situation in Germany and how their fears, hopes and needs change over time
To answer those questions the Criminological Research Institute of lower Saxony (KFN) is currently conducting a longitudinal study among migrants in Germany. Data stem from the “Welcome to Lower Saxony” study. The study focus on migrants from Europe, Turkey, Serbia , China Syria, India and Africa .The study collects information about socio-demographic characteristics, language skills, income, housing situation, fears, attitudes and opinions. 2.334 immigrants participated in the first survey.
The presentation is based on the first survey, which is carried out in September 2015, and the second survey, which was realized six months after the migrants arrived in Germany. The presentation gives an insight about the migrants’ expectations, hopes and fears, especially about the change that has arisen in their attitudes. At the same time the presentation examines the question if immigrants of different origins vary between their fears, attitudes and how they describe their situation.
On symbolic and economic threats: attitudes and perceptions of Greeks and Immigrants towards immigration, at a time of economic and refugee crisis
National Centre for Social Research (EKKE), Greece
Over the past few years, Greece is struggling to cope with a double crisis. On the one hand, the economic crisis and the harsh austerity policies pursued since 2010, which have resulted to unemployment rates of 23% (44% for young persons under 25). On the other hand, Greece is facing the aftermath of the refugee crisis of 2015-2016, when over 800.000 migrants and refugees entered Greece on their way to other European countries, whilst following the closure of the Western Balkan route, over 60.000 people are stranded in the islands and on the mainland. Within this context, we aim to investigate how attitudes and perceptions toward immigrants vary among the native and migrant populations of the country. Of particular importance is the extent to which individual socio-demographic and economic characteristics can be used as valid determinants of people’s attitudes towards immigrants. The empirical part of this paper relies on research conducted in April 2016, with a sample of 1,332 individuals (505 migrants and 827 non-migrants), by means of a questionnaire based on the respective questionnaire of the European Social Survey (ESS).
Methodological challenges in migration research
Criminological Research Institute of Lower Saxony, Germany
Since 1970s migration studies are an important topic in social science. The focus of the scientific investigations is mainly on labor immigrants and the second generation of immigrants. Official statistics indicate that Germany is a country with a long tradition of immigration. Especially since the years 2014 and 2015, refugees have been increasingly finding a new place to stay in Germany.
In 2016, the Criminological Research Institute of Lower Saxony (KFN) started the research project “Everyday experiences and settings of refugees in Lower Saxony (ALFiN)”. The study aims to compile a picture of the situation among refugees recently arrived in Lower Saxony. Important topics of the study are: motives for the immigration, the journey to the west, and the consequences of flight for refugees. Refugees were asked about their expectations for the future and about their values. A further major focus is the everyday experience of refugees in Germany. A key point of attention in this regard is refugees’ social setting.
This presentation is based on a quantitative survey about refugees in Lower Saxony (Germany). It is especially focused the motivation of interviewers who are asylum seeker, hence not yet officially accepted and how this uncertain status seem to influence the willingness to participate (or the participation in generally). In addition, the presentation will inform about the accomplishment of a standardized survey in collective accommodations and the challenges social scientists have to expect. A particular note is the proper handling with different reading and writing competences. The presentation informs about possible ways to deal with these challenges.
Ethnic Diversity and Its Effects on Social Capital in Germany
Pennsylvania State University, United States of America
Many countries in Europe have seen considerable increases in immigration and ethnic diversity during the last few decades. The immigration wave during the years of 2015 and 2016 in particular led to heated debates about immigration policies within the EU states. Europeans are concerned about the integration of immigrants into their societies, which spurs new interest in the consequences of ethnic diversity. In this study I want to examine how ethnic diversity affects general trust, volunteering, and participation in Germany, and how these effects differ between subpopulations, e.g. between age groups, natives and foreigners, and rural and urban populations. Theoretically I rely on assumptions from constrict, conflict, and contact theory. The research questions will be examined with the restricted Allbus dataset from 2008. To examine the influence of ethnic diversity on several outcomes, sensitive regional identifiers will help to link these data to contextual data from the German federal office for statistics on the Gemeinde level. This will be a huge advantage compared to other studies in Germany that had to use higher level variables to calculate ethnic diversity, because it will be closer to the concept of “neighborhood”. The analysis is done using logistic regression models and spatial models. The main independent variable will be ethnic diversity on the Gemeinde level. Two separate dependent variables will be used: a variable on general trust and an index of several items on membership, participation, and volunteering. The models will control for several variables like age, gender, citizenship, and socioeconomic status.