RN35_02a_P: A Global Discussion about Migration, Integration, Identity and Education II
4:00pm - 5:30pm
Session Chair: Rina Manuela Contini, University of Chieti-Pescara
Session Chair: Cinzia Pica-Smith, Assumption College
Session Chair: Gabriele Di Francesco, "G. d'Annunzio" University - Chieti-Pescara
PANTEION University of Social & Political Sciences
136 Syggrou Avenue
17671 Athens, Greece
Building: C, Level: 3.
The image of Ancient Greece as the tool for Europeanisation: tourism and migration
Moscow State University of Railway Engineering, Russian Federation
The tourism is one of the most profitable economic sectors in Greece. The country has not only the perfect climate and many holiday resorts, but also the very rich history and the antic sights. Greece is considered to be the Cradle of Western Civilization, while “Western” is the synonym for “Europe”, which is associated with The European Union. In this case the couple of questions arise: if the history and the heritage of Ancient Greece builds the Greek or the European identity, if this identity belongs to Greece or to all Europe, and who exactly constructs the image of Ancient Greece as the origin of the European civilization. We will research it on example of the tourist infrastructure on Crete. In the cities such Rethymno or Chania there are diverse “authentic” entertainments like the restaurants, where the “authentic” food is served, the souvenir shops, where the clients can find the specialties and the symbols of Ancient Greece, and the touristic agencies, which purpose to travel to the ancient places. Nevertheless, in these branches, which present themselves as “authentic” Grecian, are working the migrants from another countries including Albania, Russia, and the Ukraine. The article consists of the interviews, that were taken while field research on Crete in 2014-2015. We will use the concept of Crypto-Colonialism (M. Herzfeld), the social imaginary (A. Appadurai), the cultural identity (S. Hall) and the stage authenticity (D. MacCanell).
Between the narrative of return and diverse forms of circular migration in Southern Transylvania
Babes-Bolyai University, Romania
While the migration of ethnic Germans from Romania has been coined as an unidirectional ethnic migration, that would lead to the depletion of an entire ethnic group, recent processes taking place in Southern Transylvania show quite the opposite. Transylvanian Saxons that once saw no future available for them in Romania are now coming back. Some of them travel back to their former homeland in search for their roots and seeking restitution of their rich historical heritage and built properties. Others move back endeavouring in entrepreneurship activities and searching for alternative lifestyles in an economically diverse region. Some are building transnational social spaces between Germany and Romania while travelling seasonally back and forth between their summer residence in Transylvania and their regular residence in Germany. Some are coming back in order to enrol in university programs in Romania, while others are taking institutionally mediated and temporary employment in German ethnic organizations and in German companies that are opening new branches in Transylvania. Such processes of mobility are doubled by the participation of the local German speaking population, which is most of the time non-ethnic German, in organizations and institutions of the German minority, contributing to the remaking of the German culture and social life in southern Transylvania.
Second generation immigrants and sport: elements from a local study
Univ. of Teramo, Italy
Second generation of immigrants are traditionally the most problematic to integrate in host societies. The (even relative) remoteness of society of origin, the socialization process fulfilled in a society that frequently do not recognize a full citizenship for these persons, could lead to deviant behaviour due to the value conflicts and mismatched perceptions of these persons. Sport practice could, partly, fix this situation. Here is presented a small local study, leaded in Modena, a 185.000 inhabitants Italian town, where second generation immigrants are studied in organized sport setting. It is concluded that organized sport could lead to a higher level of integration in local society and could trig a positive imitation mechanism among the peer group.
Czechs in capitalistic foreign country – to the analysis of migration, assimilation and ethnicity in context of global capitalistic metropolis Chicago
Palacky University, Czech Republic
Mass migration from Czech lands has started in 1848 and was pointed into larger American cities. New York City was just transition point, the Czech immigrants mostly headed to settle down in industrial Chicago. As Czech citizens settled down in Chicago, they have become successful businessmen. Consequently the assimilation of Czech citizens occurred, as well as abandondment of the typical city neighborhoods such as Czech Plzeň (Czech Pilsner), Czech California, Nový Tábor (New Tabor), Vinohrady and others. These territories are later inhabited by Mexicans, which is then followed-up by establishing of mostly Mexican city districts. Our conference contribution analyses the process of assimilation in the environment of industrial capitalist metropolis and the impact of successful assimilation into capitalistic system of production on the community of Czech immigrants. It seeks an answer to the question, how there was a relatively quick and easy assimilation of Czech immigrants into American society, especially in the second generation. Although these immigrants come in varied generational situations and different historical contexts, the assimilation process is carried out according to the "traditional" theoretical assimilation schemes that already lost legitimacy in the academic discourse. Extraordinary role in the assimilation played the dynamics of the capitalist market. Report summarizes results of empirical research conducted in Chicago in 2014 - 2017.
Overcoming Temporariness: A temporal approach on Moldovan migration to Italy
Center of Migration Research Warsaw, Poland
Even if intended to be only temporary, the majority of migration trajectories of Moldovans in Italy prolonged years after the projected duration expired. The proposed paper is intended to illustrate the experience of protracted temporariness of labour migrants, often in a precarious if not irregular status. More precisely, it seeks to document how legal status and certain work conditions under the framework of a certain migration regime produce specific temporalities and affect migrants' agency/capacity of decision-making.
Based on ethnographic fieldwork in an Italian city with a large concentration of Eastern European migrants, this paper will address the time management of those who are not always in the position to "own" time, have a clear vision of what lies ahead and make informed decisions. In particular, this research examines migrants' strategies to cope with uncertainty and potential time pathologies (e.g.: asynchronies, free time deficit, long working hours, boredom, waiting etc.) resulted from irregularity and work conditions (high dependency on the employer), their practices of resynchronization and maintenance of togetherness with the family back home as well as their negotiation between multiple temporalities.