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Session Overview
RN31_07b_H: Ethnic Relations - Case Studies
Thursday, 31/Aug/2017:
4:00pm - 5:30pm

Session Chair: Felix Knappertsbusch, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen
Location: HB.2.17
HAROKOPIO University 70 El. Venizelou Street 17671 Athens, Greece Building: B, Level: 2.

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Students, perceptions and differences in schools: multiple discrimination and its effects

Maria José Manso Casa-Nova1, Rosanna Barros2, Maria Custódia Rocha3, Daniela Silva4

1University of Minho, Portugal; 2University of Algarve, Portugal; 3University of Minho, Portugal; 4niversity of Minho, Portugal

This paper is the result of a research project developed between September 2013 and December 2016, called "Democracy, Difference and Social and Educational Inequalities: Effects of Hierarchical Perception of Difference”. The main aim of this project was to study the perceptions and effects of inequalities that derive from difference (and inherent discrimination) in relation to school performance. One of the main issues of the project was to ascertain and understand how different school actors positioned themselves with regard to the hierarchy of differences and the complexity of its effects.

The first phase of the project consisted of the development, implementation and statistical analysis of a survey applied to 739 students attending basic and grammar school education in four schools located in the North and South of Portugal. From this analysis we highlight the fact that 36 students mention being victims of multiple discrimination. Of these 36, 22 present 4 or more causes of discrimination. Based on the data, of 40 students’ interviews, this paper highlights the students' perception with regard to the causes of the multiple discrimination they suffer and their effects, namely on behaviour and school performance. The content analysis allowed to construct categories that show that the greater discrimination is done by the peers and that the differences that appear as most striking and object of discrimination are physical appearance (being fat, ugly, small, deficient, black), psychological characteristics (being shy, fragile, having difficulty integrating into a group, being a nerd), the habitus (low class belonging and body language) and being gay or lesbian. According the students’ voices, the effects of this discrimination are visible in low self-esteem, isolation, absence from school and poor school results.

Ethnic and racial harassment and mental health: identifying sources of resilience



In this paper, using data from Understanding Society over the period 2009-2014, we find that ethnic minorities with lower socio-economic status and those who were born in the UK report worse mental health (GHQ). Those who report experiencing ethnic and racial harassment (ERH) also report worse mental health than those who do not. We also found that ethnic minorities living in areas with a higher proportion of co-ethnics reported better mental health. However, ethnic concentration was not protective; rather, ERH had a stronger negative association with mental health for UK born minorities living in such areas. We identified additional resilience factors: number of close friends and having certain personality traits – higher levels of Openness to Experience and Conscientiousness. We also found those who attend religious services more frequently and have higher levels of Agreebleness and Extraversion are poorly equipped to deal with ethnic and racial harassment.

Ethnic Relations and Social Boundaries among Ethno-Religious Groups in the Turkey-Syria Border Cities in Turkey

Zerrin Arslan

Hatay Mustafa Kemal University, Antakya, Hatay, Turkey

Border illuminates the sovereignty of states and socio-cultural boundaries nations and ethnic groups. Contemporary Turkey has multi-religious and ethnic groups. Ethnic relations and boundaries have different social, cultural, economic and political characteristics in/on cities. This study aims to understand and explain the borders and socio-cultural boundaries of national, ethnic and also religious identities and their construction processes on international border of Turkey-Syria. In this study, ethno-religious relations and socio-cultural boundaries in Hatay, Gaziantep and Mardin selected as cases of the Turkish-Syrian border cities are investigated and explained under the sui generis effects of border conflicts, international social, cultural, economic and political tensions. People in these cities lives under the effects of recent civil war in Syria and the Syrian refugee crisis of Europe. Within these contexts, this research is scrutinized the Turkish citizens’ construction processes of their national-ethnic identities, belonging and ethnic relations through their everyday and consumption practices in the Turkish-Syrian border cities.

This research tries to answer these fundamental questions: How everyday life and consumption as material culture are associated within ethno-religious identities and belonging in the border cities? How everyday life and consumption practices shed light on ethno-religious identities and belonging in the border cities? How borders affect and shape national and ethnic identities and belongings? The originality of this study is that it scrutinizes the relations between ethno-religious identities, everyday life and consumption in the Turkey-Syria border cities. In qualitatively designed research, data will be provided by in-depth and spontaneous interviews, ethnographical methods such as small talks and observation in these cities between January and July, 2017 and analysed in August, 2017. The findings will be shared in the presentation.

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