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Session Overview
Session
RN29_02a_H: Europe, Solidarity and the Problem of Social Integration I
Time:
Wednesday, 30/Aug/2017:
4:00pm - 5:30pm

Session Chair: Sanem Guvenc Salgirli, Fernand Braudel Center
Location: HB.1.14
HAROKOPIO University 70 El. Venizelou Street 17671 Athens, Greece Building: B, Level: 1.

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Presentations

The moral grammar of silenced and invisibilized social suffering

Benno Herzog

University of Valencia, Spain

Excluded or marginalized social groups often face problems of representation in the public sphere. What is more, the very notion of exclusion usually refers to communicative or discursive produced mechanisms of not being considered relevant for public processes of communication. Exclusion and marginalization could therefore be understood as processes of silencing or invisibilization of important social groups. The problems of representation are especially serious in the cases of social suffering, i.e. socially produced suffering and suffering that can be abolished or alleviated socially. Making silence heard, giving voice to the silenced and bringing the invisibilized back into the image of the public therefore is a fundamental task of solidarity in order to reach a higher degree of social integration.

The main aim of this presentation is to show how it is possible to disclose and understand the social grammar of normative claims of silenced and invisibilized social groups.

Therefore, and with the help of Axel Honneth’s Theory of Recognition I will develop a theoretic model of critique that permits understanding silent and invisible suffering as universal normative language (I). In a second step I then will develop a typology of silencing and invisibilization that allows to direct research interest to specific fields of normative claims with different pretensions of validity (II). And finally I will give some general advices on doing empirical research aiming at normative social critique and that takes into account the grammar of the silenced and invisible language of suffering.


From Mechanical over Organic towards Homeostatic Solidarity

Krešimir Žažar

University of Zagreb, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Croatia

The issue of principles of social cohesion has been one of the key sociological topics. Durkheim’s distinction between traditional types of society that are integrated due to mechanical solidarity, and modern types of societies that derive cohesion from organic solidarity, still represents a classical reference point considering this issue. The basic aim of this paper is to examine whether contemporary societies can still achieve integration based on organic solidarity. Namely, the attributes of societies in the 21st century are considerably altered compared to societies that Durkheim depicted. Hence, the crucial thesis evinced here is that organic solidarity cannot function nowadays, as huge contingents of population are completely excluded from (dominant) social life and cannot even be subsumed under the logic of division of labour. In current times characterized by diverse types of social exclusion, an increasing number of people living in precarious conditions, growing inequalities, disparities, discrepancies and divisions, it is urgent to find an efficient principle of social integration. An inevitable ingredient of the new evoked type of solidarity that is tentatively labelled as ‘homeostatic’ is – sympathy. However, it would be naive to conceive sympathy as solely sufficient to attain solidarity. Therefore, it should be institutionalized and embedded in a type of new social contract. Guaranteed minimum income could represent an effective mechanism in this direction, leading towards the development of a society full of diversities that would enhance social life. A society grounded on the principle of homeostatic solidarity would represent the first truly humanistic society.


Democratic iterations , Assembly and new frameworks for solidarity

Gilles Verpraet

University Paris ouest Nanterre, France

The theories of social State and its rationalization ( Weber, Habermas) comes to be challenged by the new theories of democracy from below ( Frazer, Benhabib, Butler). The conjunction and disjunction between these two domains proceed by iterative mobilization and by democratic redefinition. In this context ,we question the category of “democracy byiterations”, formulated by Sheyla Benhabib (2006), inside the policies of diversity and who shape the necessary links between local, national and the global issues. The conception of the “ We” requires negotiation between three levels of recognition and of political exercise. . So can be specified the social processes between rights and identities sustaining framework for solidarity between the phases of iterative democracy.

This framework for iterative democracy can be specified between three lines and repertoires of european issues :- a/Anti crisis mobilization with assembly of young generations for another politics ( Indignados, Syriza);

- b/ Iterative democracy and voting with focus on migrant hosting ( Germany, Austria); -c/ Mobilization and iterative democracy on the labor’s rights and the reforms for liberalization (France, Belgium)

So can be questioned how these new formulas of solidarities are combining democracy by assembly and social redefinitions of Welfare ( Butler, 2016). Iterative democracy combines the theory of social and political identities and the theories of solidarity ( reciprocity, restitution). Iterative democracy involved inside European processes require to combine rights, identities and solidarities. Theses processes and theoretical formulations have to combine, the we of identities, the we of assembly, the We of solidarity.



 
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