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RN23_02a_P: Regulating Boundaries: Sexual Politics and Rights
4:00pm - 5:30pm
Session Chair: Isabel Crowhurst, University of Essex
Location:PC.4.24 PANTEION University of Social & Political Sciences
136 Syggrou Avenue
17671 Athens, Greece
Building: C, Level: 4.
A ‘tolerant’ regulation or a refined control: the new prostitution law in Taiwan
National Sun Yat-sen University, Taiwan
In May 2009 two judges of Taiwan Yilan District Court filed a constitutional litigation claimed that the former prostitution law that punished female sex workers while tolerated male clients violated the equal protection of Taiwan’s constitutional law. The Justice of Constitutional Court ruled that criminalized sex workers was unconstitutional and gave the Legislative Yuan to come up a new regulation in two years in Dec 2009. The Legislative Yuan preferred the Swedish model that punishes clients. It therefore made both selling and buying sex as administrative sanctions in order to provide 'equal protection' to both clients and sex workers in Nov 2011. However, pimping and running a brothel are still criminal crimes.
Based on interviews with sex workers, judges of district courts, forefront police officers and 874 district court decisions regarding prostitution between 2009 and 2015, the article aims to analyze how the new regulation has been unevenly impacted on different sectors of Taiwanese sex industry and sex workers’ lives. Firstly, the seemly ‘tolerant’ regulation creates a paradox for Taiwanese sex workers’ rights movement. Currently, most sex workers prefer to ‘paying the fines when they got arrested’ and thus diminishing the momentum of the entire movement. Moreover, according to the court decisions, male clients are less punished by the police. Furthermore, small indoor sexual venues that involve the third parties, e.g. ‘Thai massage parlors’ and ‘Vietnam skin care’, have been gradually replaced streetwalkers as the key targets for police crack down. Chinese and Vietnamese immigrant women who concentrated in these sectors appear as the most vulnerable group under the new regulation.
Disability and sexuality in France : sketch of a social history.
Université Lille 1, France
In the last ten years, new views about the sexuality of disabled people have risen in French political and intellectual fields as well as in associations. They wonder about a possible legal recognition of the sexual surrogate status. Some see here a form of hidden prostitution; others insist on the importance of a "sexual surrogate" to a challenged person, for he or she to be a full-time citizen. If this demand seems to be new, the fact that disable people yearn for a conjugal and sexual life is not a novelty.
With a socio-historical approach, this paper will show how society answered to that claim in the past. We will also be interested in how the connection between sexuality and handicap evolved and changed since the beginning of the 20th century, through an analysis of views from scholars and/or professionals. Through the results of a systematic analysis and data reduction of archives — articles, books, conference proceedings, thesis, etc. — we will throw light on a very modern question by reconstructing its intricate history. This thinking is part of a more global thesis in sociology called "In the realm of the Senses: a sociological study on Love and Handicap", co-supervised by Jacques Rodriguez (Lille 3) and Geneviève Cresson (Lille 1).
LGBT prisoners in Brasil: subjects, policies and rights in dispute
marcio bressiani zamboni
Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil
The aim of this paper is to analyze from an historical and anthropological perspective the emergence of a set of public policies for LGBT (lesbian, gay, bissexual and transexual) prisoners in Brazil. The central locus of the research are male units of the penitentiary system of Sao Paulo (Brazilian province with the biggest prison population: more than two hundred thousand people). The objective is to understand, on the one hand, the ways in which these various policies define the LGBT population, the demands that led to their development (keeping in view the broader frame of human rights in South America) and the representations mobilized by the social actors involved in their implementation. On the other hand, the trajectories of the subjects aimed by these policies will be considered, noticing the identification and differentiation processes involved in these dynamics.