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Session Overview
Session
RN17_11b_P: Occupations and Jobs
Time:
Friday, 01/Sep/2017:
4:00pm - 5:30pm

Session Chair: Peter Kerckhofs, Eurofound
Location: PC.6.31
PANTEION University of Social & Political Sciences 136 Syggrou Avenue 17671 Athens, Greece Building: C, Level: 6.

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Presentations

Inter-Occupations Inequality and Linguistic Work

Josep Ubalde, Amado Alarcón

Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Spain

Sociological theory and research has stressed the relevance of occupations as a source of social inequality in post-industrial societies. Pay-off to skills has been proposed as one of the main aspects to account for between-occupations inequality. Literacy, cognitive skills among other abilities and knowledge exert an important role on this processes. However, few works on skills and wages has specifically focused on analyse the role played by language work and the communicative and linguistic skills associated. Considering that internationalization and informationalism are producing a greater need for language-related work, in this paper we analyse how are rewarded these skills across occupations (taking into account different compositional, institutional and skill demand variables). We address empirically this question measuring language work in its multidimensional nature from ONET database and linking the measurements to the CPS earnings data. This research contributes to enhance sociological comprehension on postindustrial skills and income inequalities. The research is part of a project supported from the Ministry of Education and Science of the Spanish Government (CS02015-64247-P).


Becoming on-the-job trainers: the impact of changes in the world of work

Roberta BESOZZI

SFIVET, Switzerland

The Swiss dual VET system is the pathway followed by most young people after compulsory education. While on-the-job trainers play a key role in the training process, there have been very few studies about them.

From a perspective of the sociology of work, and in particular from theories about changes in work, professional identity and commitment to work, this contribution aims to shed light on the impact of changes in the world of work on the endorsement of on-the-job trainers’ positions.

This paper draws on a PhD thesis focused on on-the-job trainers’ trajectories in the French-speaking part of Switzerland, and is being carried out within a broader study on this theme (Projet FNS100017_153323).

Based on qualitative methods and data, this contribution relies on the analysis of semi-structured interviews conducted with on-the-job trainers (N=80) and focus groups (N=4) organized with future on-the-job trainers (N=28) working in companies of different sizes from a variety of sectors.

Our preliminary analysis has produced some unexpected results. Some on-the-job trainers show a strong professional identity and commitment to work that they want to transmit to their apprentices. Others also have a strong professional identity and their training duties offer them some room for manoeuvre to withstand their difficult working conditions. Finally, some, while committed to work, do not necessarily show a strong occupational identity. It appears that their position is a way of finding a new sense of meaning in their job.

This contribution will discuss the meanings of this position and the impact of changes in the world of work on this issue.


Destinated to become a restaurant worker?

Jack Lainpelto

Lund University, Sweden

A significant part of the labour market debate is devoted to issues concerning the problematic youth. Expressions like “the lost generation” is coined to address the very core of the matter: the current challenge for especially low educated young people is to gain a sustainable work life. In a strategy to increase employment opportunities specifically suited for the latter group, the Swedish government lowered the VAT for restaurant and catering services from 25 % to 12 % in 2012. The purpose was to make ground for an increase in demand for restaurant and catering services and by that also make ground for an increase in suitable employment opportunities. In this study I interview young men and women, who a few years after the implementation of the new VAT participates in a publicly funded training program in restaurant work. In the study I view the tie between the interviewees and the government strategy as a power relation, which frames the analysis of how personal experiences of both previous employment and unemployment contributes to form conceptions about restaurant work and a future as restaurant workers. The young men and women tell their personal stories at an intersection where the ambition to transform into an improved Self and the labour market strategy meet. At this intersection a space also emerges that becomes possible to relate to power, not through the political view point, but through the interviewees own perception of who they have been, who they are now, and who they want to become.


Survey of Career Plans of Sociology Senior Students After Graduation in Turkey

Aysen Satiroglu1, Melike Akbiyik2

1stanbul University, Turkey; 2stanbul University, Turkey

According to the statistics of Statistical Institute of Turkey, unemployment rate for life sciences, social & behavioral sciences and humanities is ranged from 10% to 15% in Turkey. Sociology has high number of students because of having both undergraduate, secondary and open-distance education systems. Sociology alumni started to work, as sociologist in public institutions is approximately 1560. Even though it is preferred by huge number of students, sociology alumni have difficulty to find a job.

“Survey of Career Plans After Graduation” applied to senior students as a part of quality improvement studies of Sociology Department of İstanbul University in Spring Semester of 2015 and 2016. The aim of the study is to find out what kinds of concepts and skills seniors think that they gained as a part of their majors, which skills they place on their resumes, and their future plans. In the questionnaire, students were asked why they chose sociology as a major, what skills and concepts they learned through program qualifications, what activities they participated in during four-year period, what they intend to do after graduation as future plans, and what kind of experiences they have during job search process.

The survey instrument is developed with the light of American Sociological Association studies about “what can bachelor level graduates do their degrees in sociology?” The result of the study will be described in three parts, which are demographic characteristics of students; students’ evaluations about the concepts and skills they learned in department, and their experiences; and job searching processes and their future/career plans. Moreover, Turkish senior sociology students’ results will be compared with the results of American ones.



 
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