Regard for institutions and construction of parenting
1University of Limoges, France, GRESCO; 2University of Picardie, France, CURAPP-CNRS
This paper will investigate the construction of parenting during the first year of a child’s life and its variations according to social groups, from the more deprived families to the well off and educated ones. The conceptions of family, care practices and early education practices can be related to parents’ regard for institutions, social justice and gender relations. This period of life is critical for couples, involving a series of implicit norms, particularly for couples with different social backgrounds, according to their school trajectory and the social position they take up in the labor market. An important division appears thus within working classes, between very precarious classes, which are far off the institutions, and the more integrated ones, more considerate of middle class standards. Inside upper classes parents are distinguished by their consideration of awakening, obedience and fulfillment of the child. This paper will be based on the first results of ELFE (Etude Longitudinale Française depuis l’Enfance) as well as on a quantitative inquiry conducted during 5 years with 50 families coming from different social backgrounds.
Charlotte Faircloth, Diane M. Hoffman and Linda L. Layne (eds.), Parenting in global perspective: negotiating ideologies of kinship, self and politics, London and New York: Routledge, 2013.
Bertrand Geay, Pierig Humeau, « Becoming parents. Differentiated Approaches to the Procreation Imperative », Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales, 4/2016 (N° 214), p. 4-29.
Annette Lareau, Unequal Childhoods: Class, Race, and Family Life, Berkeley, University of California Press, 2003.
Experience and displaying of early parenthood in narratives of young mothers and fathers
Faculty of Philosophy University of Belgrade, Serbia
The paper deals with interpretation of narratives of young parents related to their experience of early parenthood with a newborn child. It is based on the analyses of narratives from in-depth interviews with twelve mothers and twelve fathers age 30 from Serbia done in 2012. It aims to explore to what extent the experience of early parenthood is related to normatives from dominant discourses of motherhood and fatherhood, as well gender differences in its displaying. I also explore satisfaction with early parenthood experience related to features such as: objective conditions (of pregnancy and delivery, mother’s and child’s postnatal health, etc.), expectations and received amount and type of support (from partner, from female relatives), fulfilling of gender parental role expectations etc. The analysis of narratives reveals significant gender differences that could be associated with primary and secondary experience of early parenthood: the mothers displayed experience and satisfaction that are more distinctive, differentiated and personalized as compared to the fathers. Displaying early motherhood as positive experience and displaying satisfaction are more related to mother’s expectations of support and their fulfillment regardless of objective conditions (e.g. health issues). Fathers’ narratives reveal that their early parenthood experience is partly secondary and not personalized, for instance realized through expected undifferentiated help and support from their parental families for young family as a whole that is perceived as satisfactory. Their narratives display mostly their individualization - acceptance of a new role as increasing responsibility and new personal challenges, and thereby they are reflecting heteronormative discourse of masculinity.
The Impact of Youth Delinquency on Parenting: Towards a Bi-Directional Framework of ‘Child’ and ‘Parent’ Effects
University of Surrey, United Kingdom
A considerable volume of studies assessing multiple harms which parents inflict on children. Child delinquency is one such area which has commonly been explained through factors including neglectful, hostile or abusive parenting practices. This ‘deficit model’ of parenting research, whilst compelling, largely neglects investigation of the broader array of structural factors, family processes and bi-directional effects which shape family lives. We operationalise a model which takes account of the effects which parents have on children (parent effects), and children have on parents (child effects). This draws on a large mixed methods study of parents/main caregivers with children involved in serious delinquency comprising survey data (n=184) and in-depth interviews (n=60). Our data highlight considerable harms which delinquency has on family processes and parenting capacities, with some evidence of recourse toward more punitive parenting within these circumstances. The broader impacts of these adversities on parents’ social disadvantage are further examined.
The Influence of Children’s Number on Mental and Physical Health of Parent in Germany
Heidelberg University, Germany
While there are many studies concentrating on how exercises the parent’s behavior great influence on children’s health, few attention has been paid to the significant effect from children to their parent. However, being a parent means both good and bad for adults. According to the Life-Course Perspective, because the relationship between living situations of parent and of children is extraordinary tight, the negative relation with children and the problematic life of children will cause obvious parent’s depression and bring about passive influence on their mental health. Besides, having children means financial burden and time consumption in some ways. So children have also negative effects on the physical health of parent.
This empirical study seeks to provide a correlation between the number of children in family and the mental as well as physical health of parent in Germany. By analyzing data in The German Socio-Economic Panel with OLS-Regression and Fix-Effect-Regression and taking effects from income, gender and age into account, we arrive at a conclusion that the number of children has significant passive influence on both the mental and physical health of parent in German society.