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Session Chair: Emmanuel Alexakis, University of Crete
Location:HA.2.7 HAROKOPIO University
70 El. Venizelou Street
17671 Athens, Greece
Building: A, Level: 2.
Employment policies under the risk of default and their impact on vulnerable groups
Constantine Dimoulas, Despoina Papadopoulou
Panteion University Athens, Greece
The upsurge of the global financial crisis in 2008 found Greece unable to react on time and effectively in order to overcome its financial and employment deficiencies. In front the risk of default the successive Greek Governments asked three times, in a period of only five years, for the financial assistance from the European Central Bank and IMF whilst accepted very strict austerity measures which did skyrocketed the unemployment rates. Under the constraints of austerity and strict surveillance the until then dominant labour model which was based on full and stable employment is fully challenged with the widespread activation of a variety of flexible formulations and policy measures.
This paper investigates the employment initiatives undertook by the successive Greek Governments during the long lasting sovereign debt crisis and their impact on vulnerable groups (2009-2017).
Based on the results of the research conducted as part of FP7-INSPIRES project, we investigate how the policies promoted by international organizations in the field of employment and social policy during the crisis in Greece affected the vulnerable groups. By studying in depth the origins, the development and the implementation of policies focusing on to increase flexibility, to reduce further the labor cost, to strengthen welfare-to-work incentives and to improve the administrative capacity of employment services the paper analyse those factors and parameters that determine their implementation and their failure to reduce the fragility of vulnerable groups (youths, long term unemployed, migrants, disabled) whilst accelerated the embedded trend to transforms the existed dual social model to an absolute residual.
Financial crisis impacts on Albanian construction workers in Athens
University of Turin, Italy
Decline in the construction activity affected disproportionately male Albanian population in Greece, since it was mainly employed in this sector; until now the Greek construction industry is suffering as a result of the consequences of the financial crisis. In addition to few job opportunities, wage and welfare cuts put in higher risk migrant builders' livelihoods; collective bargaining is actually inexistent, and formal working arrangements (when exist) between employers and employees occur at individual level. In this context, migrants are at greater risk at falling into irregularity due to the rigid connection between the existence of work welfare stamps that certify formally builders’ working days and the stay permit renewal. What is more, unemployed or informal workers fail to meet the criteria to issue the health insurance card. Drawing on 29 in-depth interviews with dependent and self-employed construction workers, this paper aims at shedding light on the impact of the financial crisis on Albanian workers’ work and lives during the last 8 years. It also brings to the fore forms of social reaction with respect to migrants’ economic situation, that is expression of solidarity to and forms of resilience undertaken by migrant workers.
Historical and biographical dimensions of resilience in Greece during the socioeconomic crisis
The research program RESCuE was designed to analyze by making research into urban and rural areas, how households were affected by the economic crisis in 8 European countries and Turkey, how the households manage to face and to cope in the adversity of the crisis. In this paper we will present the longitudinal and biographical aspects of household resilience in Greece based on interviews taken between Septembre-2014 and February 2015 in two places (one urban and one rural).
Therefore this paper will develop insights into the longitudinal and biographical structures and processes of resilience development in families and households in Greece, by focusing on trajectories of adaptation, coping and resistance over time, and by examining how household resilience to the crisis varies according to family life stage and generational relations . It will examine similarities and differences in everyday patterns of resilience across family life transitions and stages, in different socioeconomic and institutional contexts, across the case study countries and regions. This work is very based on Elder (1994) classic article, which elucidated four central themes at the heart of the llife course perspective, namely: (1) lives and historical times; (2) the timing of lives; (3) linked lives; (4) agency. These four analytical pillars also formed the basis for the national reports from each country .
Patterns of Resilience during Socioeconomic Crises among Households in Europe Site: http://www.rescueproject.eu/
Unemployed experiences of citizens in Europe in times of crisis
Despoina Papadopoulou, Iakovos Pelekanos
Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences
In 2013, during the financial crisis, a European research was conducted among 7 European countries (France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Romania and Spain), which was financed and prepared by the European Commission. The study was named “Facing the crisis. The coping strategies of unemployed people in Europe”.
Some of the crucial questions that this study sought to answer were the following: Which survival policies are adopted by the long-term unemployed in the European Union, in times of economic crisis? Do unemployed Germans or French share the same feelings with the unemployed Greeks, Spanish or Portuguese? Do all countries activate the same confrontation strategies against the crisis and the long-term unemployment? Focusing on the Greek case, what conclusions can we draw?
Are institutions, such as the formal organizations for job seeking, or the family, activated in the same way in the different countries, in order to confront long-term unemployment?
What about the rupture (break-in) of the organic participative bond (one type of social bond), because of an inability to access labour - is it dealt and experienced in the same way in all European countries?
The main purpose of the study was to demonstrate the divergent ways and mechanisms with which poverty, social exclusion and long-term unemployment are confronted in the context of economic crisis.
The data for our analysis in this study have been extracted from a survey consisting of seven qualitative studies based on in-depth interviews.