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Session Overview
8-HP133: Protracted Crisis and the Humanitarian-Development Nexus
Thursday, 08/July/2021:
12:30pm - 1:45pm

Session Chair: Prof. Jörg Faust, DEval, Germany
Session Chair: Prof. Nadia Molenaers, Univeristy of Antwerpn, Belgium

Session Abstract

Millions of people are forcibly displaced by armed conflict and human right violations, creating a huge demand for humanitarian aid. Many of those conflicts have turned into protracted crises and resulting migration has affected neighbouring regions, which are themselves confronted with severe developmental challenges. Consequently, humanitarian aid and development aid today are to be organized in a more harmonized and context specific way if they want to promote short-term alleviation from physical threats and more long-term developmental goals such as peace, solidarity and social justice. Therefore, this harvest panel presents and discusses theory-driven empirical evidence from research and evaluation on the humanitarian-development nexus.

EADI Working Group: Development Cooperation Policies and Performance

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Building Bridges between Short-term and Longer-term Interventions in Neighbouring Countries of Syria – the Case of the Partnership for Prospect Initiative of Germany

Helge Roxin

German Institute for Development Evaluation, Germany

DEval has evaluated the effectiveness of German Development Cooperation in dealing with conflict-induced migration crises by the example of the Partnership for Prospect Initiative (P4P) in the Middle East. The findings for this harvest panel will concentrate on German contributions to enable refugees and internally displaced persons as well as vulnerable host populations to take control of their own lives again. Crucial topics that will be addressed are: What are the conditions, instruments and approaches of the P4P in order to successfully alleviate immediate negative consequences of the Syrian refugee crisis and create long-term outcomes for target groups.

This will be discussed along the effectiveness of the two main pillars of the P4P: First, the teacher salary programme, which seeks to contribute to more and better education for Syrian refugee children by paying salaries for Syrian (in Turkey) and Jordanian (in Jordan) teachers. Second, the Cash for Work programme in labour intensive sectors (such as road construction or waste collection) aimed at short-term employment for refugees and vulnerable groups of the host population alike.

Finally, we will consider the durability of the responses to the crisis as to the individual as well as the communal level and against the backdrop of national and international context factors.

The Community Protection Approach and the Humanitarian-development nexus: The case of Palestine and Lebanon

Maria Sassi1, Francesco Michele2, Maria Cristina Bentivoglio3, Pedro Enrique Arriaza Aldana4

1University of Pavia, Italy; 2WeWorld-GVC; 3World Food Programme; 4WeWorld-GVC

In the global context of increased complexity of crises, recurrent shocks, protracted displacement, limited government capacity and lack of resources for meeting growing humanitarian needs, development and humanitarian actors are joining forces to find innovative approaches. The Humanitarian-Development nexus is the new way of working. However, the international community appears to have great difficulties in working effectively in partnership. While this discussion exists in the development field from decades, there have been limited efforts to obtain quantifiable and measurable data on the results of these efforts.

The protection aspect becomes significantly relevant in a humanitarian setting every day more complex; where there is an emerging need to ensure protection to the vulnerable and affected population, as a central aspect of the humanitarian intervention.

This paper presents and discusses the Community Protection Approach (CPA) elaborated by We World – GVC, a methodology that comprises a context-specific process of multi-sectoral assessments to determine patterns of risks and understand the resilience capacity of a targeted population versus a specific risk. The CPA integrates community-based protection across humanitarian programmes and allows generating a baseline analysis able to develop evidence-based data for the selection of the most appropriate protection response in different humanitarian settings. The CPA is inspired to the Safety with Dignity approach designed by Action Aid in 2010 and to the “Egg Protection Framework” as a goal to work jointly towards a single shared objective of protecting communities. At the same time, the methodology and its integrated and holistic multi-sector and multi-stakeholder approach are an important practical and concrete attempt to filling the gap between the Protection Theory and the Humanitarian-Development Nexus.

This paper refers to a study aimed at analysing the CPA across the three selected criteria of Relevance, Consistency and Applicability. The study forms an evidence-based analysis around the application, innovation, value added, limitations and areas of improvements that the methodology has in achieving its outcomes and contribution in filling the gap between the Protection Theory and the Humanitarian-Development Nexus.

The paper articulates into four sections.

First, it provides a critical analysis of the literature on CPA within the Humanitarian-Development nexus.

Afterwards, it illustrates the issues related to the tools adopted and applied to the Palestinian and Lebanese cases: a semi-structured questionnaire and focus group discussions.

Third, it discusses results and, finally, concludes.

Results suggests the inclusion of the CPA methodology on a wide scale as an instrument to improve the overall efficiency of the humanitarian intervention in a specific country, by advancing a more integrated and multi-sectoral approach, improving data sharing and coordination and ultimately increasing accountability of humanitarian actors towards the beneficiaries along the lines of the humanitarian-development nexus. Among other, the developed analysis suggest sound efforts towards the allocation of resources in creating adequate human capital able to conduct technical analysis, extract, interpret the data produced by the CPA tools about communities, and develop reports/documents on a periodical basis, able to communicate CPA results to stakeholders and communities.

The paper is part of the European Union project “Aid Volunteers, getting involved in promoting a community based protection approach to building resilience and LRRD” (EUAV10, n.2017 -3661/011-011) coordinate by WeWorld-GVC.

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