Conference Agenda

Overview and details of the sessions of this conference. Please select a date or location to show only sessions at that day or location. Please select a single session for detailed view (with abstracts and downloads if available).

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Session Overview
Session
3-HP075 - 2/2: Production and Use of Knowledge on Governance and Development: Its Role and Contribution to Struggles for Peace, Equality and Social Justice - 2/2
Time:
Tuesday, 06/July/2021:
2:00pm - 3:15pm

Session Chair: Prof. Liisa Laakso, Nordic Africa Institute, Sweden
Session Chair: Prof. Gordon Crawford, Coventry University, United Kingdom

Session Abstract

The panel focuses on the state of research on governance, political transitions and democratic development in the face of autocracy and populism, and how a research agenda can be made more relevant to struggles for peace, equality and social justice. What are the key research issues in contexts of rising authoritarianism? Further concerns include: the independence of scientific thought and its protection by university autonomy; and countering asymmetries in knowledge production between scholars and institutions in the Global South and North. Relevant issues include elections, democratic participation, resistance to authoritarianism, conflict transformation, struggles for human rights, anti-corruption programmes, and more.

EADI Working Group: Governance


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Presentations

Political Dynasties And Human Development Investments: Evidence Of Linkage From Rizal Province, Philippines

John Emmanuel Borja Villanueva

University of the Philippines-Diliman, Philippines

Local government investments on human development, reflected in their level of expenditure on health, education, and social welfare, are necessary public investments geared towards enhancing human capital and enlarging human capabilities of their constituents. Therefore, human development spending represents a reasonable measure of good performance of incumbent local officials who may be dynastic or non-dynastic (Solon et al, 2009; Manasan, 1997). To empirically test whether dynastic mayors tend to have lower human development investments for their constituents, this study draws inference from a panel data composed of all 13 municipalities in Rizal, a well-known dynastic province in the Philippines, as a preliminary empirical investigation. These municipalities are dichotomized into dynastic or non-dynastic and observed over 17 years (i.e., 2001-2017). All identified political dynasties are categorized as fat dynasties—elected public officials occupying political seats simultaneously with their relatives over several incumbency periods. Based on the results of Panel-corrected Prais–Winsten Generalized Least Squares (GLS) estimation, this research finds that Rizal municipal governments led by fat dynastic mayors tend to have significantly lower human development investments, compared with non-dynastic counterparts. Specifically, they spend less on human development at the (1) aggregate level (i.e., total municipal expenditure on health, education, and social welfare), at the combined levels of (2) education and health, and (3) at the specific sector of education. These findings are in line with the prediction of the predatory view of political dynasties, particularly the fat type: with wider and deeper entrenchment of political power due to monopoly of multiple elective positions over consecutive years, fat political dynasties are inherently prone to be predatory—inimical to governance, socioeconomic outcomes, and development. Results are robust to various alternative model specifications and econometric estimation procedures.



Obstacles in Employee Involvement and Participation at a Selected City Council in Zimbabwe

Vonai Chirasha

Midlands State University, Zimbabwe

The study sought to assess the obstacles in employee involvement and participation in decision making at a selected city council in Zimbabwe. The political hostile environment which does not favour employee involvement and participation in decision making triggered the research. A qualitative case study was adopted and data was collected from primary sources such as semi structured interviews and face to face interviews. The sample size consists of 13 employees among which are 6 managerial employees and 7 workers committee members who were drawn making use of purposive sampling. The findings obtained showed that the major obstacle to employee involvement and participation in the organization are resistance to change by both management and employees, failure by management to acknowledge employee suggestions, employees feeling left out, involvement and participation used to undermine unionism, government interference, insecurity/fear of losing jobs by employees and lack of support from management and lack of trust. It is encouraged that the selected city council encourage employee involvement practices such as effective communication, placing suggestion boxes in the city hall where both employees and customers may feel free to contribute without victimization. For participation practices the study recommend that the selected city council rectify the equal representation for disciplinary hearing and that workers committee representative be allowed to sit in the full council which is the board which make important decisions for the employees. This help create a conducive working environment that encompasses peace and social justice.



The legitimizing effects of land-related interventions in Northern Uganda

Doreen Kobusingye1, Josh Maiyo2, Mathijs van Leeuwen3

1African Studies Centre, Leiden University, the Netherlands; 2United States International University, Nairobi, Kenya; 3Radboud University, Nijmegen, the Netherlands

Legitimate authority is an important concern of the international donor community, notably in conflict affected settings. There is substantial academic work on the diverse trajectories through which public authorities may (re)gain legitimacy, also in conflict-affected settings; on the gaps between international and local legitimacy of development organizations; and, more recently, on the legitimacy struggles in which international (development) organizations are involved themselves. A longer tradition within development literature has highlighted the practical and discursive impacts of intervention on the legitimacy of certain stakeholders and development policies/strategies. Considering that legitimacy has become a concern of peacebuilding and state-building interventions it is worth reviewing this earlier literature. This paper presents a framework for analyzing legitimation effects, and applies this to the case of land-related interventions in Northern Uganda. Ethnographic fieldwork brings out the diverse ways in which efforts by development organizations to support the capacities of local land administration impact legitimacy of state and non-state authorities, as well as the legitimacy of interventions and interveners themselves. Interventions legitimize particular stakeholders by shifting the division of land governance roles and responsibilities; by promoting certain practices and modes of land governance; and by feeding into discussion on how legitimacy is assessed. Intervening organizations tend to have strong ideas about who and what is legitimate, and so further feed into legitimacy struggles between state and non-state actors. Moreover, intervening organizations are prone to practices of (de)legitimation themselves.



 
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